The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Garden Design

Results Norman Invasion Anglo Saxon Garden Design 1497507777886110.jpg The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Garden Design Anglo-Saxons experienced incredible changes to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But the Normans had to pacify the entire territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Because of this, castles were cruder buildings than monasteries: Monasteries were usually significant stone buildings located in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were constructed on windy crests where their inhabitants dedicated time and space to tasks for offense and defense. The calm method of gardening was unlikely in these dreary bastions. Berkeley Castle, potentially the most unspoiled model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists today. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A large terrace intended for walking and as a way to stop attackers from mining under the walls runs around the building. A picturesque bowling green, enveloped in grass and enclosed by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, makes one of the terraces.

Garden Fountains for Compact Spots

Garden Fountains for Compact Spots You can make your space look bigger due to the reflective effect of water.Garden Fountains Compact Spots 200343723459.jpg Water features such as fountains profit from the reflective qualities stemming from dark materials. If your objective is to highlight your new feature at night, underwater lights in various colors and shapes will do the trick. Solar powered eco-lights are excellent during the day and submerged lights are perfect for nighttime use. Often utilized in natural therapies, they help to diminish anxiety and tension with their calming sounds.

The foliage in your yard is a very good spot to fit in your water feature. People will be focused on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your garden. Examples of places where you can install a water feature include large lawns or small patios. The right accessories and the best location for it are worthwhile if you want to improve the atmosphere.

How Mechanical Designs of Water Fountains Spread

How Mechanical Designs of Water Fountains Spread Spreading pragmatic hydraulic facts and fountain design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the printed papers and illustrated books of the time. An un-named French water feature developer was an internationally renowned hydraulic pioneer in the late 1500's. With imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his career in Italy, acquiring experience in garden design and grottoes with built-in and imaginative water hydraulics. In France, near the closure of his life, he published “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a publication which turned into the essential text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering.Mechanical Designs Water Fountains Spread 80831748346021296750.jpg The publication updated crucial hydraulic breakthroughs since classical antiquity as well as explaining modern day hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, had his work showcased and these included a mechanical way to move water. Two concealed vessels heated by sunlight in a room adjacent to the decorative fountain were shown in an illustration. The end result: the water fountain is triggered by the heated water expanding and rising up the pipelines. Yard ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature concepts are included in the book.

Your Herb Garden: The Basic Concepts

Your Herb Garden: The Basic Concepts Herb gardening is a topic that many gardeners are attracted to. They're effortless to grow inside the house or out, and offer immediate gratification when used in marinades, various recipes, sauces and soups. When frost starts to come around you could prune your herbal plants, but if you are clever and have them planted in pots all that you have to do is move the pots inside the house to shield them.Herb Garden: Basic Concepts 54970655.jpg It is often sensible to allow perennial herbs to comprise the bulk of your garden, as these will not die and require replanting at the end of the year. Your flavor and texture preferences in preparing food with herbs are key considerations in determining which herbs to grow. Consider the dishes you desire when picking out which herbs to plant in your garden. For instance, if you cook a lot of Italian food you may want to plant basil and oregano. If you like Latin food, go with cilantro. You must choose where your herb garden will be planted in order to figure out which herbs will mature best. If you live in a mild climate, with warm winters and relatively cool summers, it may be easiest to plant straight into the ground. It is both an attractive way to landscape your yard and an effortless alternative because you do not need to assemble or buy planters. There is nothing you can do to get away from harsh weather conditions conditions that might impact your plants. However, there is hope because planters can be relocated indoors whenever there's bad weather outdoors so they are flexible and convenient for your herbs.

Can Wall Water Fountains Help Cleanse The Air?

Can Wall Water Fountains Help Cleanse The Air? You can animate your living area by installing an indoor wall fountain. Pleasant to the senses and advantageous to your well-being, these indoor features are an excellent addition to your home. Scientific research supports the hypothesis that water fountains are good for you. Modern-day appliances emit positive ions which are balanced out by the negative ions discharged by water features. When positive ions overtake negative ones, this results in improved mental and physical health. A rise in serotonin levels is experienced by those who have one of these water features making them more alert, serene and lively. The negative ions generated by indoor wall fountains promote a better mood as well as get rid of air impurities from your home. Allergies, air-borne pollutants among other annoyances can be done away with by these water features. And finally, water fountains are great at absorbing dust and microbes floating in the air and as a result in improving your overall health.

Select from Any Number of Exterior Wall Fountain Designs

Select from Any Number of Exterior Wall Fountain DesignsSelect Number Exterior Wall Fountain Designs 327649939.jpg Wall fountains are well suited to little verandas or yards because they do not take up too much space while also adding a touch of flair and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. Whatever design of outdoor wall fountain you are searching for whether it be traditional, modern, classic, or Asian you will undoubtedly find the one you like best. While there are countless prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a custom-built fountain if none of these are appealing to you.

The two kinds of water features available to you include mounted and stand-alone models. Small, self-contained models can be placed on a wall are known as mounted wall fountains. Wall fountains made of resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass are normally lightweight so they can be easily hung. In large stand-alone fountains, otherwise known as wall fountains, the basin is situated on the ground with the smooth side positioned against a wall. Water features such as these are usually manufactured of cast stone and have no weight limitations.

Custom-built fountains which can be integrated into a new or existing wall are often prescribed by landscaping designers. Hiring an expert mason is your best option to construct the basin and install the required plumbing. You will need to incorporate a spout or fountain mask into the wall. Customized wall fountains add to a unified appearance because they become part of the scenery rather than look like a later addition.

Ancient Greece: The Inception of Garden Statue Design

Ancient Greece: The Inception of Garden Statue Design Sculptors adorned the complex columns and archways with renderings of the greek gods until the period came to a close and most Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred; at that point, it became more accepted for sculptors be paid to portray everyday people as well. Portraiture started to be prevalent as well, and would be accepted by the Romans when they conquered the Greeks, and sometimes wealthy households would order a representation of their progenitors to be positioned inside their grand familial burial tombs. A time of aesthetic enhancement, the use of sculpture and other art forms transformed during the Greek Classical period, so it is inexact to assume that the arts served only one function. Whether to satisfy a visual craving or to celebrate the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was an innovative practice in the ancient world, which may be what attracts our attention currently.

Where did Garden Water Fountains Come From?

Where did Garden Water Fountains Come From? A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

Pure practicality was the original role of fountains.Garden Water Fountains Come From? 150323418996.jpg Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to provide potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water supply, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and memorialize the artist. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times utilized by Romans to beautify their fountains. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains built to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

The end of the nineteenth century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Modern fountains are used to adorn public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

The Wide Range of Outdoor Water Features

The Wide Range of Outdoor Water Features Make your dream a reality by making an haven of tranquility in your yard. Add a feeling of peace to your garden with an exterior fountain and profit from all the positive benefits of a water feature.

A striking impact is produced when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water high into the air. If your pond is significantly big, it can be incorporated without difficulty. You may have seen one of these in a recreation area or an old estate.

Outdoor water features come in varied shapes and sizes, one of which is a fancy wall fountain. These sorts of fountains make excellent water features even if you only have a small garden. Wall fountains are not flamboyant water features when compared with a spouting fountain. It is straightforward undertaking wherein a small jet of water pours outwards in front of a beautifully textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.Wide Range Outdoor Water Features 927003133085.jpg

Themed fountains are perfect when the style of your garden allows for them. A cherub grasping a spout is one of the possible types of classical-styled statues you can use if you want your fountain to compliment a rustically themed cottage or garden. Modern gardens, on the other hand, benefit from something more audacious. Feel free to let your hair down and choose something interesting and intrepid.

Tiered fountains are unique because the water flows down multiple levels. Water runs down multiple tiers in a cascading fountain.

A significant amount of space is needed for an outdoor fountain, so another option is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Due to the fact that the reservoirs necessary for these kinds of fountains are hidden below the ground, you can make the most of the room at your disposal.

Serenity and well-being are some of the chief sensations imparted by Japanese fountains. The water passes through bamboo sticks in this type of water feature. The repetition of water flowing into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main attributes of this kind of fountain.

Fountains created from glass are another type on the market. A more vintage look is provided by trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Water features such as these are ideal for yards with many sharp corners as well as modern forms and designs. As the water flows over the surface of the glass it produces a dazzling impact. In some cases, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows over the glass sheets. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain makes for an interesting façade as the water gently flows downwards.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with openings and then filled in the center with tubes. In this type of fountain, water is pushed upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. Downward flowing water appears as soft trickle as it moves down the sides of the rock to go back to its base. Gardens with little space are good places to include this style of fountain. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is ideal because it prevents water from being sprayed around in breezy weather.

Solar powered fountains have become more popular recently because they run on sunlight. There are numerous reasons for this newly found appeal such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a decrease in electricity bills, and the benefits to the environment. The numerous designs in outdoor solar-powered fountains signifies you will not have to compromise on style.

What Makes Interior Wall Water Features Right for You

Makes Interior Wall Water Features Right 53843397.jpg What Makes Interior Wall Water Features Right for You Hospitals and health care facilities have been using indoor fountains to create tranquil, stress-free environments for many years now. The relaxing effect of cascading water can be conducive to a contemplative state.

Quicker healing is thought to be brought about by indoor water features as well. A number of sicknesses are thought to improve with their use, as such they are suggested by physicians and mental health therapists. The comforting, melodious sound of moving water is thought to help those with PTSD and acute insomnolence.

Numerous reviews show that having an indoor wall water feature can help you achieve an increased sense of calm and overall safety. As humans we are naturally drawn to the sight and sound of water, both of which add to our well-being and the conservation of our eco-system.

One of the two essential components in the art of feng- shui, water is considered to have life-changing effects. The key principle of feng-shui is that by harmonizing our interior environment we can achieve peace and balance. Our homes need to include some kind of water element. A fountain should be placed close to your front door or entrance to be most effective.

You and your loved ones will undoubtedly benefit from the addition of a water wall in your home, whether it be a wall mounted waterfall, a freestanding water feature or a custom-built one. Having a fountain in a central room appears to influence people’s state of mind, their happiness as well as their level of contentment according to some research.

Outdoor Garden Fountains A Definition

Outdoor Garden Fountains A Definition The description of a water feature is a large component which has water flowing in or through it. The broad array of choices available range from a simple suspended wall fountain to an elaborate courtyard tiered fountain. Known for their versatility, they can be used either indoors or outside. Water elements comprise ponds and swimming pools as well.

Consider putting in a water feature such as a garden wall fountain to your expanisive backyard, yoga studio, cozy patio, apartment balcony, or office space. In addition to helping you relax, both sight and sound are enticed by the comforting sounds of a water fountain. With their visibly pleasing form you can also use them to enhance the style in your home or other living area. The water’s comforting sounds lead to a feeling of tranquility, drown out disagreeable noises, and provide a delightful water display.

The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Features

The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Features In Rome’s city center, there are many famous water features. One of the best ever sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini planned, conceptualized and built almost all of them. Also a city builder, he had skills as a water fountain designer, and marks of his life's work are noticeable throughout the avenues of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. An excellent worker, the young Bernini received compliments and patronage of many popes and influential designers. Initially he was renowned for his sculpting skills. Working effortlessly with Roman marble, he utilized a base of knowledge in the historical Greek architecture, most especially in the Vatican.City Rome, Gian Bernini, Water Features 993689472660026.jpg Although many artists had an impact on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

The History of Outdoor Water Fountains

The History of Outdoor Water Fountains Hundreds of classic Greek documents were translated into Latin under the auspices of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V, who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455.History Outdoor Water Fountains 5213005549778785.jpg He undertook the beautification of Rome to turn it into the model seat of the Christian world. At the bidding of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a damaged aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into Rome from eight miles away, was reconditioned starting in 1453. The ancient Roman tradition of marking the arrival point of an aqueduct with an magnificent celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. At the behest of the Pope, architect Leon Battista Alberti undertook the construction of a wall fountain in the place where we now find the Trevi Fountain. The aqueduct he had refurbished included modifications and extensions which eventually enabled it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

Outdoor Water Features Recorded by History

Outdoor Water Features Recorded History 9482031098183713204.jpg Outdoor Water Features Recorded by History Villages and communities relied on working water fountains to channel water for preparing food, washing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like ponds, channels, or springs. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the movement and send water squirting from the fountain's spout, a system without equal until the later half of the 19th century. Fountains all through history have been designed as memorials, impressing hometown citizens and tourists alike. If you saw the first fountains, you wouldn't identify them as fountains. Designed for drinking water and ceremonial reasons, the first fountains were basic carved stone basins. 2000 B.C. is when the earliest known stone fountain basins were used. The very first civilizations that made use of fountains relied on gravity to drive water through spigots. These ancient fountains were designed to be functional, often situated along aqueducts, creeks and rivers to supply drinking water. Fountains with elaborate decoration started to show up in Rome in approximately 6 BC, usually gods and wildlife, made with natural stone or bronze. A well-engineered collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

Rome’s First Water Delivery Solutions

Rome’s First Water Delivery Solutions Rome’s very first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, inhabitants residing at higher elevations had to rely on local creeks for their water. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the lone techniques around at the time to supply water to segments of greater elevation. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill through the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine.Rome’s First Water Delivery Solutions 2858428723.jpg Through its original construction, pozzi (or manholes) were installed at set intervals alongside the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it easier to clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to remove water from the aqueduct, as we saw with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he operated the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to satisfy his needs. That is when he made a decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran underneath his residential property.

Archaic Greek Artistry: Large Statuary

Archaic Greek Artistry: Large Statuary 211266981642.jpg Archaic Greek Artistry: Large Statuary The initial freestanding sculpture was improved by the Archaic Greeks, a distinguished accomplishment since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of young and nice-looking male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi were considered by the Greeks to embody beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising rigidity to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, sinewy, and nude. The kouroi became life-sized beginning in 650 BC. A substantial era of modification for the Greeks, the Archaic period brought about more forms of government, expressions of art, and a higher comprehension of people and cultures outside of Greece. Equivalent to other times of historical conflict, disagreements were commonplace, and there were battles between city-states like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos.
The Dispersion of Water Feature Design Technology Dissiminating practical hydraulic information and water feature design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the written documents and illustrated publications of the time.... read more


The Father Of Roman Public Fountain Design There are many popular fountains in the city center of Rome.One of the most distinguished sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini fashioned, conceptualized and constructed nearly all of them.... read more


Outdoor Fountains Recorded by History Water fountains were initially practical in purpose, used to deliver water from canals or creeks to towns and villages, providing the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, wash, and prepare food with.... read more


The Magificent Early Masterpieces by Bernini Bernini's earliest fountain, named Barcaccia, is a breath taking work of art seen at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna.To this day, this spot is filled with Roman locals and travelers alike who enjoy conversation and each other's company.... read more


Garden Wall Fountains: An Amazing Sight A wall fountain can be an important design element in your home or office, enough so that it leaves a good impression on your family and friends alike.In addition to the relaxing background sounds a wall water feature adds to any living space, it also imparts beauty.... read more