The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens

The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century substantially altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. Still, home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the entire population. Because of this, castles were cruder buildings than monasteries: Monasteries were often significant stone buildings located in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were built on windy crests where their residents dedicated time and space to projects for offense and defense. Gardening, a peaceful occupation, was impracticable in these unproductive fortifications. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is exemplified in Berkeley Castle, which is conceivably the most unscathed sample we have.Impact Norman Conquest Anglo-Saxon Gardens 758213804710.jpg The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A big terrace intended for exercising and as a way to stop enemies from mining below the walls runs around the building. On one of these parapets is a picturesque bowling green covered in grass and enclosed by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

The Intriguing Beauty of Wall Fountains

The Intriguing Beauty of Wall Fountains Your family and friends will appreciate the charm a wall fountain brings to your decor. Your wall water feature will not only add beauty to your living area but also provide soothing background sounds. In order to leave a lasting memory on your friends, share the beauty and delicate sounds of your water feature with them.Intriguing Beauty Wall Fountains 80831748346021296750.jpg

Wall elements are an ideal choice if the space you occupy is more modern in appearance. Also available in modern-day materials such as stainless steel or glass, they can add flair to your interior decor. Is the floor space in your home or office scarce? The best option for you is adding a wall water fountain. They take up no space since they are placed on a wall. You may notice that many bustling office lobbies have fountains. Inside spaces are not the only places to hang a wall fountain, however. Look into using fiberglass or resin for your outdoor wall water feature. Back yards, porches, or other outdoor spaces needing a stylish touch should include a water fountain made of one of these weather-proof materials.

Wall fountains can be manufactured in a multitude of different designs ranging from contemporary to classic and provincial. You can choose the best style based upon your individual tastes. A city dweller’s design ideas might call for polished glass whereas a mountaineer might choose a more traditional material such as slate for a mountain lodge. You can select the material most appropriate to your needs. No doubt however, fountains are sure to add to your quality of life and impress your guests.

Can Outdoor Wall Fountains Help Detoxify The Air?

Can Outdoor Wall Fountains Help Detoxify The Air?Can Outdoor Wall Fountains Help Detoxify Air? 0505080294605.jpg You can liven up your surroundings by setting up an indoor wall fountain. Putting in this type of indoor feature positively affects your senses and your general well-being. If you doubt the benefits of water fountains, just look at the research supporting this theory. The negative ions generated by water features are counterbalanced with the positive ions released by modern-day conveniences. Indisputable favorable improvements in mental and physical health emerge when negative ions overpower positive ions. You can become more alert, calm and lively due to an increase in the serotonin levels resulting from these types of features. Due to the negative ions it releases, an indoor wall fountain can improve your mood and also eliminate impurities in the air. In order to rid yourself of allergies, impurities in the air and other aggravations, be sure to install one of these. And lastly, dust particles and microbes in the air are removed and lead to improved health.

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Numerous Designs on the Market

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Numerous Designs on the Market Small patios or courtyards are an ideal place to set up wall fountains since they add style to an area with little space. Whatever design of outdoor wall fountain you are searching for whether it be traditional, contemporary, classic, or Asian you will undoubtedly find the one you like best. Your preferences determine the type you buy so while there may not be a prefabricated fountain to satisfy you, you do have the option of having a customized one.

The two types of fountains available to you are mounted and stand-alone models. You can install a mounted wall fountain because they are little and self-contained. Wall fountains made of resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass are typically light so they can be easily hung.Exterior Wall Fountains: Numerous Designs  Market 43414493129641881168.jpg In large stand-alone fountains, otherwise known as wall fountains, the basin is set on the ground with the smooth side positioned against a wall. Generally composed of cast stone, this style of water feature is not restricted in weight.

Custom-built fountains which can be integrated into a new or existing wall are often prescribed by landscaping designers. A expert mason is required to install the water basin against the wall and correctly install all the plumbing inside or behind the wall. You will need to incorporate a spout or fountain mask into the wall. If you want a cohesive look for your garden, buy a customized wall fountain because it becomes part of the panorama rather than an afterthought.

The Elegance of Simple Garden Decor: The Outdoor Fountain

Elegance Simple Garden Decor: Outdoor Fountain 100586089280398802.jpg The Elegance of Simple Garden Decor: The Outdoor Fountain Having a pond in the vicinity of your outdoor water fountain is no longer necessary because they can now be placed on a wall close by. Due to the myriad possibilities available, it no longer necessary to contend with excavations, complcated installations or cleaning the pond. Since this feature is self-contained, no plumbing work is necessary. Regularly adding water is the only necessity. Drain the water from the basin and add clean water whenever the surrounding area is dirty.

The most utilized materials used to construct garden wall fountains are stone and metal, even though they can be made out of any number of other materials. The most suitable material for your fountain depends completely on the style you choose. Garden wall fountains come in many forms and sizes, therefore ensure that the style you choose to purchase is hand-crafted, easy to hang and lightweight. The fountain you purchase must be easy to maintain as well. The re-circulating pump and hanging hardware are normally the only parts which need extra care in most installations, although there may be some cases in which the installation is a bit more complicated. You can easily perk up your garden with these kinds of fountains.

The Countless Construction Materials of Fountains

The Countless Construction Materials of Fountains Most contemporary garden fountains come in metal, although many other types exist. Metallic fountains, with their clean lines and sculptural accents, come in in a variety of metals and can accommodate any style or budget. The interior design of your residence should determine the look and feel of your yard and garden as well.

A prevalent choice today is copper, and it is used in the designing of many sculptural garden fountains. Copper is trendy for both inside and outside use and is frequently found in tabletop and cascade fountains, among others. If you decide to go with copper, your fountain can be any style from fun and whimsical to modern.

If your style is more old-fashioned, a brass water fountain might work for you. Although it is not the most stylish, the creatures and sculptural features you find on fountains are mostly made of brass, thus making them very popular.

Most people today see stainless steel as the most modern alternative. If you pick a cutting-edge steel design, both the value and tranquility of your garden will get a nice lift.Countless Construction Materials Fountains 6345588268533584.jpg Just like other water features, they come in a variety of sizes.

For people who want the appearance of a metal fountain but want a lighter weight and more affordable option, fiberglass is the answer. The maintenance of fiberglass water fountains is quite simple, so they have many benefits that people appreciate.

Outdoor Water fountains: The Perfect Decor Accessory to Find Serenity

Outdoor Water fountains: The Perfect Decor Accessory to Find Serenity Simply having water in your garden can have a considerable effect on your well-being.Outdoor Water fountains: Perfect Decor Accessory Find Serenity 147748661268.jpg The noise in your neighborhood and surrounding area will be masked with the tranquil sounds of a fountain. This is the perfect spot to relax and experience the natural world near you. Water treatments are common these days and often take place in the mountains or near beaches and rivers. If what you seek is a calming place where you can take your body and your mind to a faraway place, set up a pond or fountain in your garden.

A Small Garden Area? You Can Own a Water Feature too!

A Small Garden Area? You Can Own a Water Feature too! The reflective properties of water means it can make smaller spaces look bigger than they are.Small Garden Area? Can Water Feature too! 03077399510630.jpg In order to attain the maximum reflective properties of a water element or fountain, it is best to use dark materials. If your objective is to highlight your new feature at night, underwater lights in varied colors and shapes will do the trick. Eco-lights fueled by sunlight can be used during the day whereas you can use lights to brighten your backyard at night. Natural treatments use them because they exude a calming effect which helps to relieve stress as well as anxiety.

The greenery in your backyard is the perfect place to situate your water feature. Your pond, man-made river, or fountain is the perfect feature to draw people’s interest. Water features make great add ons to both large gardens or little patios. Considerably transforming the ambience is possible by placing it in the most suitable place and include the finest accompaniments.

Bernini's Earliest Masterpieces

Bernini's Earliest MasterpiecesBernini's Earliest Masterpieces 387435104358147.jpg The Barcaccia, Bernini's very first water fountain, is a striking chef d'oeuvre built at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. To this day, you will find Roman residents and vacation goers occupying this area to revel in chit chatter and being among other people. One of the city’s most fashionable gathering places are the streets surrounding Bernini's fountain, which would undoubtedly have brought a smile to the great Bernini. The master's first fountain of his career was built at around 1630 at the behest of Pope Urbano VIII. The fountain’s central motif is based on a massive ship slowly sinking into the Mediterranean Sea. Period reports dating back to the 16th century indicate that the fountain was constructed as a memorial to those who lost their lives in the great flooding of the Tevere. In 1665 Bernini traveled to France, in what was to be his sole extended absence from Italy.

How Technical Designs And Styles of Outdoor Spread

How Technical Designs And Styles of Outdoor SpreadTechnical Designs Styles Outdoor Spread 300296415.jpg Throughout the European countries, the primary means of spreading useful hydraulic information and fountain design ideas were the circulated pamphlets and illustrated books of the time, which added to the evolution of scientific development. An internationally recognized innovator in hydraulics in the later part of the 1500's was a French fountain engineer, whose name has been lost to history. His experience in making gardens and grottoes with built-in and brilliant water attributes began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. The publication, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” written towards the end of his life in France, became the definitive writing on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Classical antiquity hydraulic developments were detailed as well as updates to key classical antiquity hydraulic advancements in the book. Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, had his work featured and these included a mechanized way to move water. Sunlight heating liquid in two containers hidden in a room adjacent to an beautiful water feature was presented in one illustration. The end result: the water feature is stimulated by the heated liquid expanding and rising up the pipes. Yard ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature creations are included in the publication.

Indoor Wall Water Fountains Can Help You

Indoor Wall Water Fountains Can Help You For many years now, hospitals and health care facilities have utilized interior fountains to establish a stress-free, serene environment. The relaxing effect of cascading water can be conducive to a meditative state.

In addition, convalescence is thought to go faster when interior fountains are used in treatment. According to many doctors and therapists, patients are believed to recuperate more quickly when these are added to the treatment plan. The soothing, melodious sound of moving water is thought to help those with PTSD and acute insomnia.

Numerous reviews show that having an indoor wall water feature can help you attain an increased feeling of calm and overall safety. Human beings, as well as this planet, could not survive without the sight and sound of water.

Based on the philosophy of feng-shui, water is thought to have life-altering properties and be one of the two essential components contributing to the continuation of our species.Indoor Wall Water Fountains Can Help 666514092573805643.jpg Harmonizing our inner environment so that it promotes relaxation and peace is one of the main beliefs in feng-shui. It is important to include a water element somewhere in our homes. Installing a fountain in front of your house or close to your entrance is ideal.

Whatever you decide on, whether a mounted waterfall, a free-standing water element, or a customized fountain, you can be certain that your brand new water wall will be advantageous to you and your loved ones. Adding a fountain in a main room, according to some reports, seems to make people happier, more content, and calm than people who do not have one.

Backyard Fountains A Definition

Backyard Fountains A Definition A water feature is one which is a big element through which water runs.Backyard Fountains  Definition 97055944229689.jpg The broad variety of choices available vary from a simple suspended wall fountain to an elaborate courtyard tiered fountain. Known for their versatility, they can be utilized either indoors or outdoors. Ponds and pools are also included in the classification of a water element.

Garden wall fountains are worthwhile additions to your living areas such as yards, yoga studios, cozy patios, apartment verandas, or office buildings. There is nothing better to comfort you while also stimulating your senses of sight and hearing than the gratifying sounds of gently flowing water in your fountain. Their visibly satisfying form adds to the embellishment of any space as well. Gently moving water not only leads to a feeling of peace, it also masks irksome noises and produces an enchanting water show.

Archaic Greek Artwork: Large Statuary

Archaic Greek Artwork: Large Statuary The Archaic Greeks developed the very first freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi were considered by the Greeks to represent beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising rigidity to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, brawny, and unclothed. In around 650 BC, the differences of the kouroi became life-sized. A massive period of improvement for the Greeks, the Archaic period brought about more forms of government, expressions of artwork, and a greater comprehension of people and customs outside of Greece. But in spite of the disputes, the Greek civilization continued to progress, unabated.

The Origins Of Wall Fountains

The Origins Of Wall Fountains A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to provide drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Up to the late 19th century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and more elevated than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move downwards or jet high into the air. Acting as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. Roman fountains usually depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. Fountains enjoyed a considerable role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature.Origins Wall Fountains 08767759217607309.jpg Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to exalt their positions by including decorative baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

The end of the 19th century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

These days, fountains decorate public areas and are used to honor individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

Contemporary Sculpture in Old Greece

Contemporary Sculpture in Old GreeceContemporary Sculpture Old Greece 2730068309676.jpg Sculptors adorned the lavish columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the period came to a close and more Greeks had begun to think of their theology as superstitious rather than sacred; at that instant, it became more standard for sculptors be paid to depict ordinary people as well. Portraiture, which would be accepted by the Romans upon their annexation of Greek society became traditional as well, and thriving families would often commission a rendering of their forebears to be placed in immense familial tombs. The use of sculpture and other art forms differed over the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of artistic progress when the arts had more than one goal. Whether to fulfill a visual craving or to commemorate the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was actually an artistic approach in the ancient world, which may well be what draws our focus currently.

The Father Of Roman Fountain Design

The Father Of Roman Fountain Design There are lots of famous Roman water fountains in its city center. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, virtually all of them were planned, conceptualized and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. He was also a urban designer, in addition to his expertise as a fountain designer, and traces of his life's work are evident throughout the avenues of Rome. Eventually transferring to Rome to totally show their artwork, primarily in the shape of public water fountains, Bernini’s father, a famed Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son. An exemplary employee, Bernin received encouragement and the patronage of popes and well known artists.Father Roman Fountain Design 68501000.jpg He was originally renowned for his sculpture. He made use of his ability and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. Though many artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo influenced him the most.

Outdoor Fountains Come in Many Shapes and Sizes

Outdoor Fountains Come in Many Shapes and Sizes Have you ever considered turning your garden into an oasis of serenity? The comforting feeling created by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of adding a water feature in your garden.Outdoor Fountains Come Many Shapes Sizes 8733621002.jpg

Sending a stream of water shooting into the air, spouting fountains leave a striking impression. Large, existing ponds can have one of these incorporated without much trouble. These kinds of fountains are often seen in parks or historical manor homes.

Pick a stylish wall fountain to put outside. These sorts of fountains make great water features even if you only have a small garden. While spouting fountains leave behind an impressive effect, wall fountains are rather understated water features. In a very straightforward process, the water flows out of a spout, trickles down a beautifully textured wall only to be pumped back to the top.

Putting in a fountain with a theme depends totally on the layout of your garden. In a rustic themed bungalow or garden, a classical styled statue for your fountain could include cherubs holding the spout. Something unique and striking could be an option for more modern gardens. Just permit your imagination to run loose.

The main trait of tiered fountains is the multiple levels spewing out water. Water flowing down multiple tiers of this water feature is the main characteristic of a cascading fountain.

Due to the fact that outdoor fountains can take up a lot of space, hang a wall fountain or a pondless fountain if the space you have is limited. Due to the fact that the reservoirs necessary for these kinds of fountains are hidden below the ground, you can make the most of the room at your disposal.

If you seek a feeling of serenity and calmness, put in a Japanese fountain as these are considered to bring about such sensations. In this style of water feature the water flows through bamboo sticks. The cycle of water falling into a rustic-styled bucket or a shaped stone repeats itself again and again.

Fountains created from glass are another type on the market. Providing a more classical appearance are trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Gardens with many sharp edges as well as contemporary forms and designs are better for these types of water features. A wondrous effect is produced when water runs down the sheets of glass. Some fountains also include colorful LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water cascades downwards. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water slowly flowing down its façade.

The feature which distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its middle. The bubbling and gurgling at the uppermost part of this type of fountain are brought on by the water being pushed upward at low pressure. Water then streams as a slow trickle down the sides of the rock to its base. Little gardens are ideal for this type of fountain. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is ideal because it prevents water from being sprayed around in windy weather.

Solar driven fountains have become more popular recently because they run on sunlight. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electric bills, and the positive effects they have on our ecosystem. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in countless different styles, therefore, you will not have to settle on which one to buy.

Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems

Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water ProblemsAcqua Vergine: Answer Rome's Water Problems 4042645740391917.jpg Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, started out delivering the men and women living in the hills with water in 273 BC, even though they had relied on natural springs up until then. Throughout this period, there were only two other technologies capable of supplying water to higher areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which gathered rainwater. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by using the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. The aqueduct’s channel was made accessible by pozzi, or manholes, that were positioned along its length when it was initially built. Even though they were initially manufactured to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started out using the manholes to get water from the channel, commencing when he obtained the property in 1543. The cistern he had constructed to collect rainwater wasn’t sufficient to meet his water specifications. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran directly below his residence.

The Original Outside Water Fountain Designers

The Original Outside Water Fountain Designers Frequently serving as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-faceted individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was renowned as a inventive genius, inventor and scientific virtuoso. He methodically recorded his findings in his now much celebrated notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the properties and mobility of water. Converting private villa settings into amazing water showcases complete of symbolic significance and natural wonder, early Italian water fountain designers coupled resourcefulness with hydraulic and gardening expertise.Original Outside Water Fountain Designers 9420136471945319749.jpg Known for his incredible skill in archeology, design and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, delivered the vision behind the magnificence in Tivoli. Well versed in humanistic themes and classical technical readings, some other water feature designers were masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water features and water pranks for the numerous mansions around Florence.
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Greece: Cultural Statues Sculptors garnished the complex columns and archways with renderings of the greek gods until the period came to a close and most Greeks had begun to think of their theology as superstitious rather than sacred; at that instant, it grew to be more accepted for sculptors be compensated to depict ordinary people as well.... read more


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