Rome’s Early Water Transport Solutions

Rome’s Early Water Transport SolutionsRome’s Early Water Transport Solutions 61057180180511.jpg With the development of the 1st raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to depend solely on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. If people living at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the remaining existing techniques of the time, cisterns that gathered rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from under ground. In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to make use of the water that flowed below the ground through Acqua Vergine to deliver water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were made at standard intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. During the some 9 years he possessed the property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi employed these manholes to take water from the network in containers, though they were previously built for the function of maintaining and maintenance the aqueduct. It appears that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t enough to meet his needs. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat just below his property, and he had a shaft established to give him accessibility.

Outdoor Garden Fountains: An Ideal Decor Accessory to Find Peace

Outdoor Garden Fountains: An Ideal Decor Accessory to Find Peace You can find peace and tranquility by just having water in your garden.Outdoor Garden Fountains: Ideal Decor Accessory Find Peace 86288100820262803292.jpg The trickling sounds coming from your fountain will be helpful in masking any unpleasant sounds in your surroundings. Nature and recreation are two of the things you will find in your garden. Water therapies are common these days and often take place in the mountains or near beaches and rivers. So if you want a little piece of heaven nearby, a pond or fountain in your own garden is the answer.

Interior Wall Water Elements are Ideal for House or Workplace

Interior Wall Water Elements are Ideal for House or Workplace Your indoor living space can profit from an interior wall fountain because it beautifies your home and also gives it a modern feel.Interior Wall Water Elements Ideal House Workplace 344510076.jpg Your home or office can become noise-free, worry-free and tranquil areas for your family, friends, and clients when you have one of these fountains. Installing one of these interior wall water features will also gain the attention and admiration your staff and clients alike. In order to get a positive reaction from your loudest critic and enthuse all those around, install an interior water feature to get the job done.

While sitting under your wall fountain you can indulge in the serenity it provides after a long day's work and enjoy watching your favorite sporting event. The benefits of an indoor water feature include its ability to release negative ions with its gentle sounds and eliminate dust and pollen from the air while creating a calming environment.

How Mechanical Designs of Water Fountains Spread

Mechanical Designs Water Fountains Spread 123918418105552.jpg How Mechanical Designs of Water Fountains Spread The circulated reports and illustrated publications of the day contributed to the development of scientific innovation, and were the primary means of spreading practical hydraulic concepts and water fountain ideas all through Europe. In the later part of the 1500's, a French water feature architect (whose name has been lost) was the globally recognized hydraulics innovator. By creating gardens and grottoes with integrated and amazing water attributes, he began his career in Italy by earning Royal mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. He authored a book named “The Principles of Moving Forces” toward the conclusion of his lifetime while in France which became the fundamental tome on hydraulic technology and engineering. The publication updated crucial hydraulic discoveries since classical antiquity as well as describing modern day hydraulic technologies. The water screw, a mechanical way to move water, and invented by Archimedes, was highlighted in the book. Sunlight heating water in two vessels unseen in a room next to an ornamental fountain was displayed in one illustration. The hot liquid expands and subsequently rises and shuts the pipes consequently activating the fountain. Concepts for pumps, water wheels, water features and garden ponds are also mentioned in the publication.

"Old School" Water Fountain Creative Designers

"Old School" Water Fountain Creative Designers Frequently serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as an ingenious genius, inventor and scientific expert. The forces of nature guided him to investigate the properties and motion of water, and due to his curiosity, he methodically documented his findings in his now renowned notebooks. Converting private villa configurations into imaginative water showcases full of symbolic meaning and natural wonder, early Italian water feature creators combined resourcefulness with hydraulic and gardening ability. The magnificence in Tivoli were provided by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was celebrated for his skill in archeology, engineering and garden design. Well versed in humanistic subject areas and classical scientific texts, some other water fountain designers were masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water functions and water jokes for the numerous properties near Florence.

The Beautiful First Masterpieces by Bernini

The Beautiful First Masterpieces by BerniniBeautiful First Masterpieces Bernini 883003224.jpg The Barcaccia, Bernini's very first fountain, is a magnificent chef d'oeuvre built at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. To this day, you will find Roman locals and vacation goers filling this spot to revel in chit chatter and being among other people. One of the city’s most fashionable gathering places are the streets surrounding Bernini's fountain, which would certainly have brought a smile to the great Bernini. Dating back to around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII mandated what was to be the earliest fountain of the master's career. The fountain’s central motif is based on an enormous ship slowly sinking into the Mediterranean. Period writings dating back to the 16th century show that the fountain was built as a monument to those who lost their lives in the great flooding of the Tevere. In what became his only prolonged absence from Italy, Bernini {journeyed | traveled] to France in 1665.

The Various Construction Materials of Garden Water fountains

Various Construction Materials Garden Water fountains 27494840560225817.jpg The Various Construction Materials of Garden Water fountains Though they come in different materials, contemporary garden fountains tend to be made of metal. Metallic fountains, with their clean lines and sculptural accents, come in in a range of metals and can accommodate any style or budget. The interior design of your residence should establish the look and feel of your yard and garden as well.

One of the most common metals for sculptural garden fountains these days is copper. Copper is popular for both inside and outside use and is widely found in tabletop and cascade fountains, among others. Another advantage of copper fountains is they are versatile and come in a wide variety of styles.

If you are drawn to more conventional -looking water fountains, brass is probably what you want. Although it is not the most stylish, the creatures and sculptural features you find on fountains are commonly made of brass, thus making them very popular.

Arguably the most cutting-edge of all metals is stainless steel. If you choose a cutting-edge steel design, both the value and tranquility of your garden will get a nice bump. As with any type of fountain, they are available in many sizes.

Fiberglass is a common material for fountains because you can get the look and feel of metal at a much lower price, and it is lightweight and easier to move than metal. The upkeep of fiberglass water fountains is quite simple, so they have many merits that people appreciate.

A Concise History of the First Water Features

A Concise History of the First Water Features Water fountains were originally practical in function, used to deliver water from canals or springs to towns and villages, supplying the residents with clean water to drink, bathe, and cook with.Concise History First Water Features 83907679667.jpg The force of gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the close of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling down hill from a spring or brook to force the water through valves or other outlets. Frequently used as memorials and commemorative edifices, water fountains have inspired people from all over the globe throughout the centuries. When you enjoy a fountain at present, that is definitely not what the very first water fountains looked like. A natural stone basin, crafted from rock, was the 1st fountain, utilized for holding water for drinking and religious purposes. The oldest stone basins are believed to be from about 2000 BC. Gravity was the power source that operated the initial water fountains. Drinking water was delivered by public fountains, long before fountains became elaborate public statues, as attractive as they are practical. The Romans began creating ornate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were bronze or stone masks of creatures and mythological characters. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Installation of a Fountain In Smaller Yards

Installation of a Fountain In Smaller Yards The reflective properties of water means it can make small spaces appear bigger than they are.Installation Fountain Smaller Yards 51664140964.jpg Increasing the reflective attributes of a fountain or water feature are possible by using dark materials. If your intention is to highlight your new feature at night, underwater lights in varied colors and shapes will do the trick. Sunshine is indispensable to power eco-lights during the day time while submerged lights are great for night use. The comforting effect created by these is oftentimes used in nature therapies to alleviate anxiety and stress.

Your backyard vegetation is a fantastic place to incorporate in your water feature. Turn your water feature such as a pond, artificial river, or fountain to become the central component of your backyard. Water features make great additions to both large gardens or small patios. The best way to improve the atmosphere, place it in a good place and use the right accompaniments.

The Genesis Of Wall Fountains

The Genesis Of Wall FountainsGenesis Wall Fountains 214474774569558806.jpg A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were simply meant to serve as functional elements. Inhabitants of urban areas, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash, which meant that fountains needed to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains operated using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Designers thought of fountains as amazing additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and celebrate the designer responsible for building it. Bronze or stone masks of animals and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were intended to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Urban fountains created at the end of the 19th century functioned only as decorative and celebratory adornments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

These days, fountains adorn public spaces and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design

The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The skill of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the conquest. But nevertheless home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the rest of the populace.Effect Norman Invasion Anglo-Saxon Garden Design 8471342222723.jpg Because of this, castles were cruder buildings than monasteries: Monasteries were frequently immense stone buildings set in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were constructed on windy crests where their inhabitants dedicated time and space to tasks for offense and defense. Peaceful activities such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. Berkeley Castle is possibly the most unchanged model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. It is said that the keep was introduced during William the Conqueror's time. A spacious terrace meant for strolling and as a way to stop attackers from mining below the walls runs around the building. On one of these terraces sits a quaint bowling green: it is coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.

Architectural Statuary in Ancient Greece

Architectural Statuary in Ancient Greece Historically, the vast majority of sculptors were compensated by the temples to adorn the involved pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, but as the era came to a close it became more common for sculptors to present ordinary people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. Portraiture, which would be recognized by the Romans upon their annexation of Greek civilization became customary as well, and wealthy family members would at times commission a portrait of their forebears to be placed in immense familial tombs. It is incorrect to say that the arts had one function during the course of The Classical Greek period, a duration of creative accomplishment during which the use of sculpture and various other art forms changed. Greek sculpture is probably fascinating to us nowadays seeing that it was an avant-garde experiment in the historic world, so it does not matter whether its original function was religious zeal or artistic pleasure.

An Introduction to Garden Herbs

An Introduction to Garden Herbs Countless gardeners are attracted to herbs because they can make use of them in so many distinctive dishes. Herbal plants are very simple to grow indoors or outdoors and offer near-instant pleasure, they are utilized in marinades, sauces, soups and other great dishes. Herbs are very simple to manage and often do not demand daily care, but even better you can move these plants indoors with the pots to assure they are going to be able to survive the winter weather that tends to be cold and deadly for all plants. There are a few advantages of having perennial herbs in your garden such as the fact that they do not call for replanting at the conclusion of the year or don't die. Your flavor and texture preferences in preparing food with herbs are key considerations in deciding which herbs to grow. Consider the cuisine you like when choosing which herbs to plant in your garden. For instance, if you cook a lot of Italian food you may want to cultivate basil and oregano. If you like Latin food, select cilantro. The placement of your herb garden will establish what herbs can be planted and how long they will survive. To make the undertaking less difficult, plant directly in the ground if you live in a moderate climate without severe winters or summersIntroduction Garden Herbs 200343723459.jpg It is both an attractive way to landscape your yard and an easy choice because you do not need to construct or buy planters. If you do not want to your plants to perish or become dormant after being subjected to intense weather conditions, you can always rely on planters. They are convenient and convenient and you can transfer inside at any time.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Water Fountains

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Water Fountains In Rome’s city center, there are countless easily recognized fountains. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed, created and constructed almost all of them. His skills as a water fountain developer and also as a city architect, are obvious throughout the roads of Rome. Eventually transferring to Rome to completely show their artwork, chiefly in the form of public water features, Bernini’s father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, guided his young son. An diligent worker, the young Bernini earned compliments and the backing of various popes and influential artists. At the start he was celebrated for his sculptural expertise. Working faultlessly with Roman marble, he used a base of expertise in the classic Greek architecture, most obviously in the Vatican. Although many artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo influenced him the most.

The Positive Benefits of Adding a wall fountain in Your Living Space

Positive Benefits Adding wall fountain Living Space 7344510257.jpg The Positive Benefits of Adding a wall fountain in Your Living Space The area outside your residence can be enhanced by including a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project. Contemporary designers and fountain builders alike use historical fountains and water features to shape their creations. As such, the impact of adding one of these to your home decor bridges it to past times. Among the many properties of these beautiful garden water features is the water and moisture they discharge into the air which attracts birds and other wild life as well as helps to balance the ecosystem. For example, birds attracted by a fountain or birdbath can be useful because they fend off bothersome flying insects.

The area required for a cascading or spouting fountain is substantial, so a wall fountain is the perfect size for a small yard. You can choose to install a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an connected basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and hung from a wall. A water feature can be added to an existing wall if you include some kind of fountain mask as well as a basin to gather the water at the bottom. Since the plumbing and masonry work is substantial to complete this type of job, you should employ a professional to do it rather than try to do it alone.

Fountains And Their Use In Ancient Minoa

Fountains And Their Use In Ancient Minoa A variety of sorts of conduits have been unveiled through archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, the cradle of Minoan society. These were applied to supply towns and cities with water as well as to lessen flooding and remove waste. They were for the most part constructed from clay or rock.Fountains Use Ancient Minoa 0148729073.jpg Terracotta was employed for channels and conduits, both rectangle-shaped and round. These included cone-like and U-shaped clay water lines that were distinctive to the Minoans. Knossos Palace had an state-of-the-art plumbing system made of clay conduits which ran up to three meters under ground. These Minoan water lines were additionally used for amassing and storing water, not just distribution. Therefore, these conduits had to be effective to: Below ground Water Transportation: Initially this process seems to have been created not for comfort but to offer water to specific individuals or rites without it being seen. Quality Water Transportation: There’s also proof which indicates the pipes being utilized to supply fountains separately of the local system.

Keeping Your Landscape Fountain Clean

Keeping Your Landscape Fountain Clean Adequate care and regular cleaning are important to the longevity of water fountains. Leaves, twigs, and bugs often find their way into fountains, so it is important to keep yours free from such things. Additionally, anywhere light from the sun combines with still water, algae can form. In order to stay clear of this, there are some simple ingredients that can be mixed into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. Another option is to blend bleach into the water, but this action can sicken wild animals and so should really be avoided.

No more than three-four months should go by without an extensive cleansing of a fountain. Before cleaning, all the water must be removed. Then use a soft rag and gentle cleanser to scrub the inside.Keeping Landscape Fountain Clean 59418135.jpg A helpful tip is to use a toothbrush if there are little hard-to-reach spots. Any soap residue left on your fountain can harm it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and washing the inside carefully. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it much less difficult to clean. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to eliminate any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

One final recommendation for keeping your fountain in top working shape is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. If the water level falls below the pump’s intake level, it can hurt the pump and cause it to burn out - something you don't want to happen!

"Primitive" Greek Art: Large Statuary

"Primitive" Greek Art: Large Statuary Archaic Greeks were well known for creating the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were constructed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Kouros figures, statues of adolescent, good-looking male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the bulk of the sculptures. Symbolizing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were made to appear rigid and always had foot forward; the males were healthy, strong, and nude. In around 650 BC, the variations of the kouroi became life-sized. The Archaic period was an extraordinary time of transformation for the Greeks as they extended into new modes of government, formed unique expressions of art, and achieved information of the men and women and cultures outside of Greece. Nevertheless, the Greek civilization was not slowed down by these struggles.

The Subtle Appeal of the Wall Fountain

The Subtle Appeal of the Wall Fountain Your family and friends will appreciate the elegance a wall fountain adds to your decor. Your wall water feature will not only add elegance to your living space but also provide soothing background sounds. Imagine the positive effects it will have on guests when they experience its wondrous sights and sounds.

A wall fountain can add a great deal of elegance, even to today's living areas. If you wish to embellish your modern-day decor, think about adding one made of stainless steel or glass.Subtle Appeal Wall Fountain 074931087260798.jpg Does your home or business have a small amount of space? The perfect alternative for you is adding a wall water fountain. Since they are displayed on a wall, these features do not take up valuable space. Busy entryways in office buildings are often decorated with one of these kinds of fountains. Inside spaces are not the only places to display a wall fountain, however. Fiberglass and resin are ideal materials to use for outside wall water features. Enliven your garden, deck, or other outdoor space with a water fountain made of these water-resistant materials.

Wall fountains can be made in a wide array of different looks ranging from contemporary to classic and provincial. Your decorating ideas determine the most appropriate kind for your needs. The components utilzed to decorate a mountain lodge are different from that needed to beautify a high-rise apartment, the former perhaps requiring slate and the latter better served with sleek glass. It is up to you to choose the right material for you. One thing is certain, however, fountains are elements which will no doubt dazzle your guests.

The Grace of Simple Garden Decor: The Outdoor Wall Fountain

The Grace of Simple Garden Decor: The Outdoor Wall Fountain Nowadays you can just put your garden water fountain against a wall since they no longer need to be hooked to a pond. Due to the various options available, it no longer necessary to deal with excavations, difficult installations or cleaning the pond.Grace Simple Garden Decor: Outdoor Wall Fountain 79273027464753.jpg There is no plumbing work required with this type self-contained water feature. All the same, water must be added regularly. Your pond and the nearby area are sure to get dirty at some point so be sure to drain the water from the basin and replace it with clean water.

The most utilized materials used to manufacture garden wall fountains are stone and metal, despite the fact that they can be made out of many other elements. The design you are looking for determines which material is best suited to meet your wishes. It is important to buy hand-crafted, light garden wall fountains which are also easy to set up. The fountain you choose must be easy to maintain as well. Generally, most installations are straight forward because the only parts which may require scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a bit more difficult. You can easily perk up your garden with these types of fountains.

The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Landscaping The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle.At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation.... read more


The Many Styles of Outdoor Fountains Is it possible for you to transform your yard into a haven of peace?The soothing feeling created by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of including a water feature in your garden.... read more


Rome’s Early Water Transport Solutions With the development of the 1st raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to depend solely on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements.... read more


Your Outdoor Living Area: An Ideal Spot for a Fountain You can improve your exterior space by including a wall fountain or an outdoor garden water feature to your yard or gardening project.Historical fountains and water features have sparked the notice of modern-day designers as well as fountain manufacturers.... read more