Anglo-Saxon Grounds During the Norman Conquest

Anglo-Saxon Grounds During the Norman Conquest The Anglo-Saxon way of life was significantly changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The expertise of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and agriculture at the time of the conquest.Anglo-Saxon Grounds Norman Conquest 499371256611533.jpg But before concentrating on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Most often built upon windy summits, castles were straightforward structures that permitted their inhabitants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings commonly placed in only the most fecund, broad valleys. Relaxing pastimes such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. Berkeley Castle is possibly the most complete model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. It is said that the keep was developed during William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an impediment to assailants attempting to dig under the castle walls. A picturesque bowling green, covered in grass and enclosed by battlements clipped out of an ancient yew hedge, makes one of the terraces.

The First Documented Outdoor Water Features of History

The First Documented Outdoor Water Features of History As initially developed, water fountains were crafted to be practical, directing water from creeks or reservoirs to the residents of cities and settlements, where the water could be utilized for cooking food, washing, and drinking. Gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the end of the nineteenth century, using the forceful power of water traveling downhill from a spring or brook to push the water through valves or other outlets. Inspiring and spectacular, large water fountains have been constructed as monuments in nearly all societies. If you saw the very first fountains, you probably would not recognize them as fountains. Crafted for drinking water and ceremonial reasons, the first fountains were simple carved stone basins. The initial stone basins are believed to be from about 2000 B.C.. The force of gravity was the power source that controlled the oldest water fountains. These original water fountains were created to be functional, usually situated along aqueducts, creeks and rivers to furnish drinking water.First Documented Outdoor Water Features History 43414493129641881168.jpg Fountains with decorative Gods, mythological monsters, and animals began to appear in Rome in about 6 BC, crafted from natural stone and bronze. The impressive aqueducts of Rome supplied water to the spectacular public fountains, most of which you can go see today.

A Small Garden Area? You Can Have a Water Feature too!

A Small Garden Area? You Can Have a Water Feature too! Since water causes a reflection, small spaces will appear bigger. In order to attain the optimum reflective properties of a water feature or fountain, it is best to use dark materials. When the sun goes down, you can use underwater lights in different colors and shapes to illuminate your new feature. Benefit from the sun’s rays by using eco-lights during the day and underwater lighting fixtures during the night. Often utilized in natural therapies, they help to reduce anxiety and tension with their calming sounds.

The foliage in your yard is a very good spot to fit in your water feature. People will be centered on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your garden.Small Garden Area? Can Water Feature too! 3474729588598954.jpg Examples of places where you can install a water element include large lawns or small patios. The best way to perfect the atmosphere, place it in a good place and use the right accompaniments.

Outdoor Elegance: Fountains

Outdoor Elegance: Fountains Having a pond near your garden water fountain is no longer required because they can now be placed on a wall near by. Nowadays, you can eliminate excavations, complicated installations and cleaning the pond. There is no plumbing work necessary with this kind of self-contained water feature. Adding water on a regular } basis is essential, however. Your pond should always contain clean water, so be sure to drain the basin whenever it gets grimy.

Stone and metal are most common elements employed to make garden wall fountains even though they can be manufactured from other materials as well. The most suitable material for your fountain depends entirely on the design you choose.Outdoor Elegance: Fountains 3012413013763329577.jpg Garden wall fountains come in many forms and sizes, therefore ensure that the style you decide to buy is hand-crafted, simple to hang and lightweight. The fountain you purchase needs to be easy to maintain as well. Generally, most installations are straight forward since the only parts which may require examination are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a bit more difficult. You can relax knowing your garden can be easily enlivened by putting in this type of fountain.

Gian Bernini's Outdoor Fountains

Gian Bernini's Outdoor Fountains There are lots of famed Roman water fountains in its city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the most brilliant sculptors and artists of the 17th century developed, created and built nearly all of them. Also a city architect, he had capabilities as a water feature designer, and marks of his life's work are evident throughout the streets of Rome. Eventually moving to Rome to completely express their artwork, chiefly in the shape of public water features, Bernini’s father, a famed Florentine sculptor, guided his young son. An excellent employee, the young Bernini earned compliments and patronage of various popes and important designers. Originally he was recognized for his sculpting skills. Most famously in the Vatican, he made use of a base of experience in historical Greek architecture and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble. He was influenced by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest effect on his work.

The Root of Contemporary Wall Fountains

The Root of Contemporary Wall Fountains Pope Nicholas V, himself a learned man, reigned the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of ancient classic Greek documents into Latin. In order to make Rome worthy of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope decided to embellish the beauty of the city. Reconstruction of the Acqua Vergine, a ruined Roman aqueduct which had carried fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away, began in 1453 at the behest of the Pope. Building a mostra, a grandiose commemorative fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the arrival point of an aqueduct, was a custom revived by Nicholas V.Root Contemporary Wall Fountains 5615048174.jpg The present-day location of the Trevi Fountain was previously occupied by a wall fountain commissioned by the Pope and constructed by the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The water which eventually furnished the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona came from the modified aqueduct which he had renovated.

The Basics of Herbaceous Garden Plants

The Basics of Herbaceous Garden Plants An Introduction to Containers Gardening & Herbaceous Plants. They're incredibly painless to grow both indoors or outdoors, and provide instant gratification as you can make use of them in a wide array of recipes including soups, marinades and sauces. Though you may think you have to get out and prune every day with an herb garden this is not correct, but even better you can keep it going all year long by moving your pots inside in the fall. Since perennial natural herbs don't die easily or require replanting every end of the year, they are a practical (and fun) addition to your garden.Basics Herbaceous Garden Plants 99956569219676766.jpg In addition, the varieties of herbs you like to cook with should affect your personal herb selection. Customize your herb garden to the kind of food you most routinely cook. For instance, plant cilantro if you prefer Mexican or Thai food. If you prepare more Italian food, absolutely plant basil, oregano, and thyme. You must determine where your herb garden will be grown in order to determine which herbs will mature best. To make the undertaking a lot simpler, plant directly in the ground if you live in a moderate climate with no harsh winters or summers This makes it so you do not have to be concerned about making planters. It is also a stunning way to landscape your garden. Are you worried that your area has horrible climate that might cause your plants to die or become dormant? Try out planters because with their versatility and practicality allows you to move the herbs in the house at any time.

Water Delivery Solutions in Ancient Rome

Water Delivery Solutions in Ancient Rome Rome’s first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, citizens residing at higher elevations had to depend on natural streams for their water. If citizens living at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to rely on the remaining existing solutions of the day, cisterns that compiled rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from under ground. To provide water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they employed the emerging process of redirecting the current from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. During its initial building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were located at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. Whilst these manholes were developed to make it simpler and easier to preserve the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use buckets to extract water from the channel, which was utilized by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he bought the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. He didn’t get adequate water from the cistern that he had manufactured on his residential property to obtain rainwater. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat just below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him access.

What Makes Interior Wall Water Fountains Perfect for You

What Makes Interior Wall Water Fountains Perfect for You Hospitals and health care facilities have been using interior fountains to create tranquil, stress-free environments for many years now. Softly cascading water lulls people into a state of introspection.Makes Interior Wall Water Fountains Perfect 2920326214954.jpg

Quicker healing is thought to be brought about by indoor fountains as well. They are understood to be a positive part of dealing with a variety of ailments according to many medical professionals and mental health providers. PTSD patients as well as those struggling with severe sleeplessness are thought to feel better after listening to the calming, gentle trickle of water.

Numerous reviews show that having an indoor wall water feature can help you attain an increased sense of calm and overall safety. The existence of water in our surroundings is essential to the existence of our species and our planet.

The life-altering power of water has long been regarded as one of two crucial components used in the teachings of feng-shui. The central principle of feng-shui is that by harmonizing our interior environment we can find peace and balance. It is important to add a water element someplace in our homes. The front of your home, including the entrance, is the ideal place to set up a fountain.

Any one of a number of options in water walls, such as a wall mounted waterfall, a freestanding feature or a customized fountain, will undoubtedly provide you and your family many benefits. Placing a fountain in a main room, according to some reports, seems to make people happier, more content, and relaxed than people who do not have one.

Can Outdoor Water fountains Help Detoxify The Air?

Can Outdoor Water fountains Help Detoxify The Air? You can liven up your environment by setting up an indoor wall fountain. Setting up this type of indoor feature positively affects your senses and your general health. The science behind the idea that water fountains can be good for you is irrefutable. Modern-day machines emit positive ions which are balanced out by the negative ions released by water features.Can Outdoor Water fountains Help Detoxify Air? 3474729588598954.jpg When positive ions overtake negative ones, this results in greater mental and physical health. The higher serotonin levels resulting from these types of features make people more aware, serene and energized. Indoor wall fountains {generate negative ions which serve to heighten your mood and remove air pollutants. In order to rid yourself of allergies, impurities in the air and other annoyances, be sure to install one of these. Finally, these fountains absorb dust particles and micro-organisms in the air thereby influencing your general health for the better.

Classic Greece: The Origins of Outdoor Statue Design

Classic Greece: The Origins of Outdoor Statue DesignClassic Greece: Origins Outdoor Statue Design 44435318858.jpg Even though the majority of sculptors were paid by the temples to embellish the detailed columns and archways with renderings of the gods, as the period came to a close, it became more common for sculptors to represent average people as well mainly because plenty of Greeks had started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. Portraiture became widespread as well, and would be accepted by the Romans when they conquered the Greeks, and sometimes affluent households would order a representation of their progenitors to be placed inside their huge familial burial tombs. During the the years of The Greek Classical period, a time of visual development, the use of sculpture and many other art forms greatly improved, so it is erroneous to think that the arts delivered merely one function. Greek sculpture is probably fascinating to us at present as it was an avant-garde experiment in the historic world, so it doesn't matter whether or not its original function was religious zeal or artistic pleasure.

The Many Styles of Wall Fountains

The Many Styles of Wall Fountains Placing a wall fountain in your yard or patio is ideal when you want to unwind. You can also make the most of a small area by having one customized. Whether it is stand alone or fitted, you will need a spout, a water bowl, internal piping, and a pump. There are any variety of models to pick from most notably traditional, contemporary, classic, or Asian.

Normally quite big, freestanding wall fountains, also known as floor fountains, have their basins on the ground.

It is possible to incorporate a wall-mounted fountain onto an already existent wall or built into a new wall. This style of fountain adds to a cohesive look making it appear as if it was part of the landscape rather than an added feature.

Contemporary Garden Decor: Garden Fountains and their Beginnings

Contemporary Garden Decor: Garden Fountains and their Beginnings The dramatic or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to supplying drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

The primary purpose of a fountain was originally strictly practical. Inhabitants of cities, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash, which meant that fountains needed to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring.Contemporary Garden Decor: Garden Fountains Beginnings 616493873037.jpg Until the late 19th, century most water fountains functioned using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Designers thought of fountains as amazing additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and honor the designer responsible for building it. Roman fountains usually depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of metal or stone masks. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. To mark the entryway of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. The creation of special water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational gatherings.

Keeping Your Wall fountain Clean

Keeping Wall fountain Clean 83471039805367.jpg Keeping Your Wall fountain Clean It is vital to carefully maintain water fountains for them to perform properly. A typical problem with fountains is that they tend to collect dirt and debris, so it is essential that you keep it free from this. On top of that, algae can be a problem, as sunshine hitting the water allows it to form quickly. Either sea salt, hydrogen peroxide, or vinegar can be mixed into the water to eliminate this issue. Bleach can also be put into the water, however this is not the ideal option as it can sicken birds or other animals.

Experts suggest that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough scrubbing every three-four months. To start with you must empty the water. When you have done this, scour inside the water reservoir with a gentle detergent. If there are any small grooves, use a toothbrush to get every spot. Make sure all the soap is completely rinsed off.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and cleaning the inside properly. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it quicker to clean. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to prevent any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

And finally, make sure the water level is always full in order to keep your fountain operating smoothly. Permitting the water level to get too low can cause damage to the pump - and you certainly don't want that!

The Various Construction Materials of Garden Fountains

Various Construction Materials Garden Fountains 49382631797017711.jpg The Various Construction Materials of Garden Fountains Although they come in different materials, modern garden fountains tend to be made of metal. Metals tend to create clean lines and unique sculptural accents and can fit almost any style or budget. Your outdoor design should complement the style of your house.

Today, a lot of people choose copper for their sculptural garden fountains. Copper is common for both inside and outside use and is frequently found in tabletop and cascade fountains, among others. Copper is also adaptable enough that you can choose a range of styles for your fountain, from contemporary to whimsical.

Brass water fountains are also common, though they tend to have a more classic look than copper ones. You will see a lot of brass fountains, as their intriguing artwork makes them common even if they are on the more traditional side.

Of all the metals, stainless steel is recognized as the most contemporary-looking. For an immediate increase in the value and comfort of your garden, get one of the contemporary steel designs. Just like other water features, they come in a variety of sizes.

Because it is both lighter and more affordable than metal but has a comparable look, fiberglass is quite common for fountains. Caring for a fiberglass water fountain is quite easy, another benefit that consumers love.

Taking Care Of Landscape Fountains

Taking Care Of Landscape FountainsTaking Care Landscape Fountains 5566291064.jpg An important facet to consider is the size of the outdoor wall fountain in respect to the space in which you are going to mount it. A strong wall is absolutely needed to hold up its overall weight. Areas or walls that are small will call for a lightweight fountain. In order to run the fountain, an electrical socket will need to be nearby. Since there are many types of outdoor wall fountains, installation procedures vary, however the majority include user-friendly instructions.

Everything you will need to correctly install your outdoor wall fountain is normally provided in easy-to-use kits. The kit includes a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir. Depending on its size, the basin can normally be hidden quite easily amongst the plants. Once your wall fountain is in place, all that is required is consistent cleaning and some light maintenance.

It is necessary to replenish the water regularly so that it stays clean. Leaves, branches or dirt are examples of debris which should be cleared away quickly. Safeguarding your outdoor wall fountain from the freezing winter temperatures is vital. Bring your pump inside when the weather turns very cold and freezes the water so as to avoid any possible harm, such as cracking. All in all, an outdoor wall fountain can last for any number of years with the right maintenance and cleaning.

The Magificent Early Masterpieces by Bernini

The Magificent Early Masterpieces by Bernini Bernini's earliest fountain, named Barcaccia, is a breath taking work of art seen at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. This spot continues to be filled with Roman locals and tourists who like to exchanging gossip or going over the day's news. Today, the city streets around Bernini's water fountain are a trendy area where people go to meet, something which the artist would have been pleased to learn.Magificent Early Masterpieces Bernini 426118699.jpg In around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII helped Bernini launch his career with the construction of his very first fountain. People can now see the fountain as a depiction of a commanding ship gradually sinking into the Mediterranean. The great 16th century flood of the Tevere, which left the entire region inundated with water, was memorialized by the water fountain according to writings from the period. In 1665 Bernini journeyed to France, in what was to be his sole prolonged absence from Italy.

The Many Good Reasons to Include a Wall Fountain

The Many Good Reasons to Include a Wall Fountain You can perfect your outdoor area by adding a wall fountain or an outdoor garden water feature to your property or gardening project.Many Good Reasons Include Wall Fountain 5024146819.jpg Many modern designers and artisans have been influenced by historical fountains and water features. You can also strengthen the link to the past by adding one of these to your home's interior design. The water and moisture garden fountains release into the atmosphere draws birds and other creatures, and also balances the ecosystem, all of which contribute to the benefits of having one of these beautiful water features. For example, birds attracted by a fountain or birdbath can be helpful because they fend off annoying flying insects.

Putting in a wall water feature is your best solution for a little garden because a spouting or cascading fountain occupies too much space. You can choose to install a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an connected basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and hung from a wall. Be sure to include a fountain mask to an existing wall and a basin to collect the water at the base if you want to add a fountain to your living area. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this type of work requires training, so it is best to employ a skilled person rather than do it yourself.

Interior Wall Water Elements are Great for Home or Workplace Decorate and update your living space by including an indoor wall fountain in your house.These types of fountains lower noise pollution in your home or office, thereby allowing your family and clients to have a worry-free and tranquil environment.... read more


Anglo-Saxon Grounds at the Time of the Norman Conquest Anglo-Saxons felt great changes to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans.Engineering and gardening were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation.... read more


Architectural Statues in Old Greece Although the majority of sculptors were paid by the temples to embellish the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods, as the period came to a close, it became more prevalent for sculptors to represent ordinary people as well mainly because plenty of Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred.... read more


Fountains And Their Use In Crete & Minoa During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, a variety of kinds of channels have been discovered.These were used to supply cities with water as well as to lessen flooding and get rid of waste.... read more


Your Landscape Fountain: Maintenance & Routine Service A crucial first step before installing any outdoor wall feature is to analyze the room you have available.It will need a solid wall to support its overall weight.... read more


The Benefits of Having an Interior Wall Water Element in your Home or Work Place Your interior living space can benefit from an interior wall fountain because it embellishes your home and also gives it a contemporary feel.You can create a noise-free, stress-free and comforting ambiance for your family, friends and clientele by installing this type of fountain.... read more