Bernini’s Early Italian Fountains

Bernini’s Early Italian Fountains Bernini's earliest fountain, named Barcaccia, is a breath taking work of art seen at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. Roman residents and site seers who appreciate verbal exchanges as well as being the company of others still flood this spot. Bernini would undoubtedly have been happy to know that people still flock to what has become one the city's most fashionable areas, that surrounding his amazing fountain. Dating back to around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII mandated what was to be the earliest fountain of the artist's career.Bernini’s Early Italian Fountains 80343596559124.jpg A large ship slowly sinking into the Mediterranean is the fountain's central theme. Period writings dating back to the 16th century indicate that the fountain was constructed as a memorial to those who lost their lives in the great flooding of the Tevere. In 1665 Bernini journeyed to France, in what was to be his sole extended absence from Italy.

Interior Wall Water Features are Great for Home or Office

Interior Wall Water Features Great Home Office 78641836311500379.jpg Interior Wall Water Features are Great for Home or Office Your interior living space can benefit from an indoor wall fountain because it embellishes your home and also lends it a contemporary feel. Your home or workspace can become noise-free, worry-free and peaceful places for your family, friends, and clients when you have one of these fountains. Moreover, this type of indoor wall water feature will most certainly gain the admiration of your staff members as well as your clientele. Your interior water element will undoubtedly capture the attention of all those in its vicinity, and stymie even your most demanding critic as well.

You can relish in the peace and quiet after a long day at work and enjoy watching your favorite program while relaxing under your wall fountain. Indoor fountains generate harmonious sounds which are thought to emit negative ions, eliminate dust as well as allergens, all while producing a calming and relaxing setting.

The Impact of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

The Impact of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Landscaping Anglo-Saxons experienced great modifications to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. Architecture and gardening were attributes that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But before centering on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population.Impact Norman Invasion Anglo Saxon Landscaping 2050265222720.jpg Castles were more basic constructions and often erected on blustery hills, where their tenants spent both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were major stone buildings, commonly located in the widest, most fertile hollows. Tranquil pastimes such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is symbolized in Berkeley Castle, which is perhaps the most untouched illustration we have. It is said that the keep was developed during William the Conqueror's time. As a technique of deterring attackers from tunneling underneath the walls, an immense terrace surrounds the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an old yew hedge cut into the shape of crude battlements.

Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Systems

Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Systems Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, citizens residing at higher elevations had to depend on local springs for their water. If citizens living at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the remaining existing solutions of the time, cisterns that gathered rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from under ground. To deliver water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they utilized the emerging approach of redirecting the stream from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. The aqueduct’s channel was made available by pozzi, or manholes, that were positioned along its length when it was initially engineered. During the some 9 years he possessed the residence, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi used these manholes to take water from the network in containers, though they were originally established for the function of cleaning and maintaining the aqueduct. He didn’t get an adequate amount water from the cistern that he had manufactured on his residential property to obtain rainwater.Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Systems 7952768723531708.jpg To provide himself with a more streamlined way to gather water, he had one of the manholes exposed, giving him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

A Small Garden Space? Don't Fret! You Can Still Have a Water Fountain

A Small Garden Space? Don't Fret! You Can Still Have a Water Fountain The reflective properties of water means it can make small spaces appear bigger than they are. In order to generate the maximum reflective properties of a water element or fountain, it is best to use dark materials. Night time is a great time to draw attention to the illuminated, colored underwater lights in your new water feature. profit from the sun’s rays by using eco-lights during the day and underwater lights during the night. Alleviating stress and anxiety with their relaxing sounds are some of the uses in nature medicine.

Your outdoor vegetation is a fantastic place to incorporate in your water feature. Your pond, man-made river, or fountain is the perfect feature to draw people’s interest.Small Garden Space? Don't Fret! Can Still Water Fountain 3055090178532163.jpg The versatility of water features is that they can be installed in large backyards as well as in small verandas. The best way to improve the atmosphere, place it in a good place and use the right accompaniments.

The Dissemination of Water Feature Design Innovation

The Dissemination of Water Feature Design Innovation Spreading practical hydraulic facts and water fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the printed papers and illustrated books of the time. An unnamed French fountain developer came to be an globally celebrated hydraulic pioneer in the late 1500's. His experience in making landscapes and grottoes with integrated and brilliant water features began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. The book, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” penned near the end of his lifetime in France, became the fundamental writing on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Modernizing principal hydraulic advancements of classical antiquity, the publication also highlights contemporary hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the developer of the water screw, had his work featured and these included a mechanized way to move water. Natural light heated up the liquid in a pair of hidden containers adjacent to the decorative fountain were shown in an illustration.Dissemination Water Feature Design Innovation 58566874248512161.jpg The end result: the water fountain is triggered by the hot liquid expanding and ascending up the pipelines. Garden ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature designs are incorporated in the publication.

The Source of Modern Outdoor Garden Fountains

The Source of Modern Outdoor Garden Fountains Pope Nicholas V, himself a well educated man, reigned the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of old classic Greek documents into Latin.Source Modern Outdoor Garden Fountains 70011671298.jpg He undertook the beautification of Rome to make it into the model capital of the Christian world. Restoration of the Acqua Vergine, a ruined Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away, began in 1453 at the bidding of the Pope. Building a mostra, an imposing celebratory fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the arrival point of an aqueduct, was a custom revived by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the space previously filled with a wall fountain crafted by Leon Battista Albert, an architect employed by the Pope. The Trevi Fountain as well as the well-known baroque fountains found in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona were eventually supplied with water from the altered aqueduct he had reconstructed.

Choose from Countless Exterior Wall Fountain Designs

Choose from Countless Exterior Wall Fountain Designs You can create a place to relax as well as add a touch of style to your porch or yard with a wall fountain since they are excellent adornments to fit into small area. Traditional, antique, modern, or Asian are just some of the styles you can choose from when looking for an outdoor wall fountain to your liking.Choose Countless Exterior Wall Fountain Designs 0599357944039949889.jpg It is possible to have one custom-made if you are unable to find a prefabricated fountain to suit you.

The two types of fountains available to you are mounted and freestanding models. Little, self-contained mounted wall fountains can be hung on any surface. Wall fountains made of resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass are usually lightweight so they can be easily hung. In large free-standing fountains, otherwise referred to as wall fountains, the basin is situated on the ground with the smooth side positioned against a wall. Normally made of cast stone, these water features have no weight restrictions.

Custom-built fountains which can be integrated into a new or existing wall are often recommended by landscaping designers. Placing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work needs a expert mason to do it correctly. It is also essential to include a spout or fountain mask to build it into the wall. A custom-made wall fountain blends into the landscape instead of standing out because it was a later addition, which adds to a unified appearance.

The Attraction of Simple Garden Decor: The Large Garden Fountains

The Attraction of Simple Garden Decor: The Large Garden Fountains These days you can just put your garden water fountain near a wall since they no longer need to be connected to a pond. Nowadays, you can eliminate excavations, difficult installations and cleaning the pond. Due to the fact that this feature is self-contained, no plumbing work is required. Regularly adding water is the only necessity. Drain the water from the basin and add clean water whenever the surrounding area is not clean.

Stone and metal are most common elements employed to construct garden wall fountains even though they can be made of other materials as well. You must know the look you are shooting for in order to decide on the best material. It is best to shop for exterior wall fountains which are easy to hang, hand-crafted and lightweight. The fountain you buy needs to be easy to maintain as well. While there may be some cases in which the setup needs a bit more care, generally the majority require a minimal amount of work to install since the only two parts which demand scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging equipment. You can relax knowing your garden can be easily enlivened by installing this type of fountain.

Keeping Your Garden Fountain Tidy

Keeping Your Garden Fountain Tidy Appropriate care and regular cleaning are important to the longevity of water fountains. A common concern with fountains is that they tend to gather dirt and debris, so it is vital that you keep it free from this. Another factor is that water that is exposed to sunlight is susceptible to growing algae. To prevent this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add directly into the water. Bleach can also be mixed into the water, but this is not the ideal option because it can sicken birds or other animals.

No more than 3-4 months should go by without an extensive maintaining of a fountain.Keeping Garden Fountain Tidy 802392665.jpg The initial step is to empty out all the water. When you have done this, scrub inside the water reservoir with a gentle detergent. If there is detailed artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas. Do not leave any soap residue inside of or on the fountain.

Calcium and fresh water organisms could get inside the pump, so you should disassemble it to get it truly clean. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it easier to clean. If you want to eliminate build-up in your fountain, use rain water or mineral water versus tap water, as these don’t contain any ingredients that might stick to the inside of the pump.

One final recommendation for keeping your fountain in top working condition is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. If the water level slides below the pump’s intake level, it can hurt the pump and cause it to burn out - something you do not want to happen!

Ancient Greece: Architectural Statuary

Ancient Greece: Architectural Statuary 99904196947159512461.jpg Ancient Greece: Architectural Statuary Most sculptors were paid by the temples to accentuate the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods right up until the period came to a close and countless Greeks began to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more typical for sculptors to portray ordinary men and women as well. Often times, a depiction of wealthy families' ancestors would be commissioned to be located within huge familial burial tombs, and portraiture, which would be copied by the Romans upon their conquering of Greek civilization, also became customary. All through the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of aesthetic development, the use of sculpture and other art forms greatly improved, so it is inaccurate to say that the arts delivered merely one function. Greek sculpture is perhaps enticing to us all nowadays as it was an avant-garde experiment in the ancient world, so it doesn't make a difference whether its original function was religious zeal or artistic pleasure.

Modern Garden Decor: Outdoor Fountains and their Beginnings

Modern Garden Decor: Outdoor Fountains Beginnings 6664490723.jpg Modern Garden Decor: Outdoor Fountains and their Beginnings A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

The main purpose of a fountain was originally strictly practical. Inhabitants of cities, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains had to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water supply, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Designers thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to supply clean water and honor the designer responsible for creating it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often used by Romans to beautify their fountains. To replicate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were intended to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts entered the city of Rome

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Impressive water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the force of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Nowadays, fountains adorn public areas and are used to honor individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

The Positive Benefits of installing a wall fountain in Your Living Space

The Positive Benefits of installing a wall fountain in Your Living Space You can improve your exterior area by including a wall fountain or an outdoor garden water feature to your yard or gardening project. Historical fountains and water features have sparked the interest of contemporary designers as well as fountain manufacturers.Positive Benefits installing wall fountain Living Space 876526262714.jpg As such, the effect of adding one of these to your interior decor connects it to past times. In addition to the positive attributes of garden fountains, they also produce water and moisture which goes into the air, thereby, attracting birds as well as other creatures and harmonizing the environment. Flying, irritating insects, for instance, are scared away by the birds congregating around the fountain or birdbath.

Spouting or cascading fountains are not the best alternative for a small yard since they require a great deal of space. Either a stand-alone fountain with an even back and an attached basin placed against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted kind which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the possibilities from which you can choose. Both a fountain mask located on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are equired if you wish to include a fountain. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this type of job requires know-how, so it is best to hire a skilled person rather than do it yourself.

The Source of Modern Day Garden Fountains Himself a highly educated man, Pope Nicholas V led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 till 1455 and was responsible for the translation of scores of age-old texts from their original Greek into Latin.... read more


Anglo Saxon Gardens at the Time of the Norman Conquest The Anglo-Saxon way of life was dramatically changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century.The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power.... read more


The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Garden Design Anglo-Saxons experienced incredible changes to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans.The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power.... read more


The Distribution of Water Fountain Industrial Knowledge in Europe The published documents and illustrated books of the day contributed to the advancements of scientific technology, and were the chief methods of transmitting practical hydraulic information and water feature ideas throughout Europe.... read more


The Charm of Wall Water Features A wall fountain can be an important design element in your home or office, enough so that it makes a good impression on your family and friends alike.The dazzling elegance a wall water feature lends to any space is in addition to the gentle background sounds it produces.... read more


What Are Outdoor Water fountains Made From? Most modern-day garden fountains come in metal, although various other types exist.Metallic fountains, with their clean lines and sculptural accents, come in in a variety of metals and can accommodate any style or budget.... read more