Early Water Delivery Techniques in The City Of Rome

Early Water Delivery Techniques in The City Of Rome Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, started out supplying the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, even though they had relied on natural springs up till then. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only technologies available at the time to supply water to areas of higher elevation. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill via the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. During its initial building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were positioned at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. During the some 9 years he possessed the residence, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi employed these manholes to take water from the channel in containers, though they were initially built for the function of cleaning and servicing the aqueduct. It appears that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t adequate to meet his needs. To provide himself with a much more efficient means to gather water, he had one of the manholes exposed, offering him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

Your Garden: The Perfect Place for a Garden Fountain

Your Garden: The Perfect Place for a Garden Fountain You can perfect your outdoor space by including a wall fountain or an outdoor garden water feature to your yard or gardening project. A myriad of present-day designers and fountain artisans have found ideas in the fountains and water features of the past. As such, integrating one of these to your interior is a superb way to connect it to the past. Among the many properties of these beautiful garden fountains is the water and moisture they release into the air which attracts birds and other wild life as well as helps to balance the ecosystem. Flying, annoying insects, for instance, are frightened off by the birds congregating around the fountain or birdbath.

Wall fountains are a good alternative if your yard is small because they do not need much space in contrast to a spouting or cascading fountain. You can choose to set up a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an connected basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and suspended from a wall. Both a fountain mask located on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are equired if you wish to add a fountain. Since the plumbing and masonry work is substantial to complete this type of job, you should employ a professional to do it rather than attempt to do it alone.

The Origins Of Garden Fountains

The Origins Of Garden Fountains A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinkable water, as well as for decorative purposes.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were soley there to serve as functional elements. Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to supply drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their origin of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity.Origins Garden Fountains 3983334202156507.jpg Artists thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and honor the artist responsible for building it. The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. To illustrate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages introduced fountains to their designs. To show his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to laud their positions by adding decorative baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity enabled fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Decorating city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

The Source of Modern Day Fountains

Source Modern Day Fountains 7712039149.jpg The Source of Modern Day Fountains Himself a learned man, Pope Nicholas V led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 till 1455 and was responsible for the translation of scores of ancient texts from their original Greek into Latin. He undertook the beautification of Rome to make it into the model seat of the Christian world. In 1453 the Pope commissioned the repairing of the Aqua Vergine, an ancient Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away. The ancient Roman tradition of building an awe-inspiring commemorative fountain at the point where an aqueduct arrived, also known as a mostra, was revived by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the area previously filled with a wall fountain crafted by Leon Battista Albert, an architect employed by the Pope. The Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains found in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona were eventually supplied with water from the altered aqueduct he had rebuilt.

Backyard Elegance: Outdoor Garden Fountains

Backyard Elegance: Outdoor Garden Fountains 47715695761.jpg Backyard Elegance: Outdoor Garden Fountains It is also possible to place your exterior water fountain near a wall since they do not need to be connected to a nearby pond. Excavating, installing and cleaning a nearby pond are no longer needed. Since this feature is self-contained, no plumbing is needed. Consistently adding water is the only necessity. Clear away the water from the bowl and place fresh water in its place when you see that the space is unclean.

Any number of materials can be used to make garden wall features, but stone and metal are the most frequently used. Knowing the style you wish for shows the best material to use. The best designs for your garden wall fountain are those which are hand-crafted, simple to put up and not too big to hang. Moreover, be sure to purchase a fountain which requires minimal upkeep. Even though installing certain fountains can be hard, the majority require little effort because the only parts which demand special care are the re-circulating pump and the hardware to hang them. Little effort is needed to liven up your garden with these types of fountains.

The Godfather Of Roman Fountains

The Godfather Of Roman FountainsGodfather Roman Fountains 428688029340397.jpg There are any number of famed Roman fountains in its city center. One of the best ever sculptors and artists of the 17th century, almost all of them were designed, conceptualized and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Marks of his life's efforts are obvious all through the roads of Rome because, in addition to his abilities as a water feature creator, he was additionally a city architect. A celebrated Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father mentored his young son, and they eventually went to Rome to totally express their art, mainly in the form of public water fountains and water features. The young Bernini earned encouragement from Popes and relevant artists alike, and was an exceptional employee. He was initially recognized for his sculpture. He used his expertise and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most significantly in the Vatican. Although many artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo inspired him the most.

An Introduction to Garden Herbs

An Introduction to Garden Herbs An Introduction to Container Gardens & Herbal Plants. They are easy to grow indoors or out, and offer instant gratification when used in marinades, various recipes, sauces and soups.Introduction Garden Herbs 35739397.jpg Maintaining your herb garden all year is effortless to do as you can cultivate the natural herbs in pots and move them in when the weather starts to turn cold. If you are thinking of adding perennial herbs to your backyard, you are making a good choice due to the fact they don't die easily or need replanting after every year goes by. In addition, the varieties of herbs you prefer to cook with should affect your personal herb selection. Think about the dishes you prefer when choosing which herbs to plant in your garden. For instance, if you cook a lot of Italian food you may want to grow basil and oregano. If you like Latin food, select cilantro. You must decide where your herb garden will be planted in order to decide which herbs will mature best. If you live in a mild climate it may be better to plant right into the ground due to the warmer winters and cool summers. This makes it so you do not have to worry about making planters. It is also a magnificent way to decorate your garden. Are you concerned that your location has bad climate that might cause your plants to die or become dormant? Try out planters as with their flexibility and practicality allows you to move the herbs in the house at any time.

Attractive Wall Water Features

Attractive Wall Water Features 564227385492324.jpg Attractive Wall Water Features Your loved ones and friends will appreciate the charm a wall fountain brings to your decor. The dazzling grandeur a wall water feature lends to any space is in addition to the soft background sounds it produces. You can leave an enduring impression on your guests with the visual elegance and the inviting sounds of this sort of feature.

A wall fountain can contribute a great deal of elegance, even to modern living areas. If you wish to embellish your modern-day decor, consider adding one made of stainless steel or glass. Is your house or commercial space in short supply? A wall water fountain is perhaps the best solution for you. You can save your invaluable space by installing one on a wall. You may note that many hectic office lobbies have fountains. Wall fountains are not restricted to interior use, however. Look into using fiberglass or resin for your outdoor wall water feature. Gardens, porches, or other outdoor spaces needing a stylish touch should include a water fountain made of one of these weather-proof materials.

There is wide assortment of distinctive styles in wall fountains ranging from the modern to classic and rustic. The type you select for your space is dictated by your individual decoration preferences. The kind of material used depends on the type of area which needs to be decorated such as slate for a traditional lodge or sleek glass for a modern residence. It is up to you to choose the best material for you. There is no questioning the fact that fountains are features which impress visitors and add to your quality of life.

The Earliest Water Features

The Earliest Water Features Water fountains were at first practical in purpose, used to convey water from rivers or creeks to towns and hamlets, supplying the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, bathe, and prepare food with. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a system without equal until the later part of the 19th century. Fountains throughout history have been designed as memorials, impressing hometown citizens and travelers alike. Crude in style, the very first water fountains did not appear much like present fountains.Earliest Water Features 187751191947921.jpg Created for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the very first fountains were simple carved stone basins. Rock basins are believed to have been first used around the year 2000 BC. The spraying of water emerging from small jets was pressured by gravity, the only power source creators had in those days. The placement of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll normally find them along aqueducts, canals, or streams. The Romans began creating decorative fountains in 6 BC, most of which were bronze or stone masks of animals and mythological heroes. The Romans had an intricate system of aqueducts that delivered the water for the countless fountains that were located throughout the city.

A Wall Water Feature to Match Your Design

A Wall Water Feature to Match Your DesignWall Water Feature Match Design 372037038.jpg Having a wall fountain in your backyard or on a terrace is excellent when you seek to relax. You can have one custom-built to suit your requirements even if you have a minimum amount of space. Whether it is stand alone or fitted, you will require a spout, a water bowl, internal piping, and a pump. Traditional, modern, antique, and Asian are just a few of the styles from which you can choose.

Freestanding wall fountains, otherwise known as floor fountains, are considerably big and feature a basin on the ground.

You can choose to place your wall-mounted feature on an existing wall or build it into a new wall. This type of fountain contributes to a cohesive look making it appear as if it was part of the landscape rather than an added feature.

Your Landscape Fountain: Maintenance & Routine Service

Your Landscape Fountain: Maintenance & Routine Service A very important first step is to think about the proportions of the outdoor wall fountain with regards to the space you have available for it. A strong wall is absolutely necessary to hold up its total weight. Areas or walls which are smaller will require a lightweight fountain. You will need to have an electrical plug in the vicinity of the fountain so it can be powered. There are many different types of fountains, each with their own set of simple, step-by-step instructions.

Most outdoor wall fountains come in easy-to-use kits that will give you all you need to properly install it. The kit contains a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir. If the size is average, the basin can be hidden away among your garden plants. Once your wall fountain is installed, all that is needed is consistent cleaning and some light maintenance.

Replace and clean the water on a regular basis. Rubbish such as twigs, leaves or dirt should be cleared away quickly. Make sure that your outdoor wall fountain is protected from bitterly cold winter temperatures. In order to avoid any damage, such as cracking, from freezing water during the cold winter season, move your pump indoors. All in all, an outdoor wall fountain can last for any number of years with the right maintenance and care.

The Myriad Styles of Water Wall Fountains

The Myriad Styles of Water Wall FountainsMyriad  Styles Water Wall Fountains 66711620342217.jpg If you want to create a place to relax as well as add some pizzazz to a small area such as a patio or courtyard, wall fountains are ideal because they do not occupy much space. Traditional, antique, contemporary, or Asian are just some of the styles you can pick from when looking for an outdoor wall fountain to your liking. Your preferences dictate the type you buy so while there may not be a prefabricated fountain to satisfy you, you do have the option of having a custom made one.

Mounted and free-standing fountains are available on the market. You can place a mounted wall fountain because they are small and self-contained. Fountains of this kind need to be light, therefore, they are usually made of resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass. In large free-standing fountains, otherwise referred to as wall fountains, the basin is located on the ground with the smooth side positioned against a wall. Typically made of cast stone, these water features have no weight restrictions.

Many qualified landscapers favor custom-built fountains which can be integrated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. Placing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work needs a expert mason to do it correctly. You will need to integrate a spout or fountain mask into the wall. The unified look provided by customized wall fountains make them appear to be part of the landscape instead of an afterthought.

The Countless Construction Materials of Wall fountains

The Countless Construction Materials of Wall fountains Though they come in different materials, today’s garden fountains tend to be made of metal. Those made from metals have clean lines and attractive sculptural elements, and are flexible enough to fit any budget and decor. Your landscape should complement the style of your house.

Today, many people elect copper for their sculptural garden fountains.Countless Construction Materials Wall fountains 58799932344182.jpg Copper is trendy for both inside and outside use and is commonly found in tabletop and cascade fountains, among others. If you decide to go with copper, your fountain can be any style from fun and whimsical to contemporary.

If you are drawn to more classic-looking water fountains, brass is probably for you. Although it is not the most modern, the creatures and sculptural features you find on fountains are commonly made of brass, thus making them very popular.

Most folks today see stainless steel as the most modern choice. If you pick a cutting-edge steel design, both the value and tranquility of your garden will get a nice lift. As with any type of fountain, they are available in numerous sizes.

For people who want the appearance of a metal fountain but desire a lighter weight and more affordable option, fiberglass is the answer. It is simple to clean and maintain a fiberglass water fountain, yet another reason they are trendy.

The Original Outdoor Water Feature Artists

Original Outdoor Water Feature Artists 267576035369.jpg The Original Outdoor Water Feature Artists Commonly working as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-faceted individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the artist as a imaginative wizard, inventor and scientific expert. With his immense fascination concerning the forces of nature, he explored the attributes and movement of water and methodically annotated his findings in his now celebrated notebooks. Remodeling private villa settings into amazing water exhibits complete with symbolic interpretation and natural beauty, early Italian fountain creators paired imagination with hydraulic and horticultural expertise. Known for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, offered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Other fountain engineers, masterminding the fantastic water marbles, water features and water humor for the many mansions near Florence, were well-versed in humanist themes and traditional scientific readings.

The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Gardens

The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Gardens The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the rest of the populace. Castles were more basic designs and often constructed on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were major stone buildings, commonly situated in the widest, most fruitful hollows. Peaceful pursuits such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. Berkeley Castle is perhaps the most complete model in existence nowadays of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. It is said that the keep was developed during William the Conqueror's time. A massive terrace serves as a discouraging factor to invaders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and surrounded by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

Use a Outdoor Garden Fountain To Help Improve Air Quality

Use Outdoor Garden Fountain Help Improve Air Quality 66283736863060778.jpg Use a Outdoor Garden Fountain To Help Improve Air Quality If what you want is to breathe life into an otherwise uninspiring ambiance, an indoor wall fountain can be the answer. Pleasant to the senses and advantageous to your well-being, these indoor features are an excellent addition to your home. The science behind the idea that water fountains can be good for you is undeniable. Modern-day appliances emit positive ions which are balanced out by the negative ions released by water features. Positive changes to both your mental and physical well-being take place when the negative ions are overpowered by the positive ions. A rise in serotonin levels is experienced by those who have one of these water features making them more alert, peaceful and lively. Due to the negative ions it produces, an indoor wall fountain can improve your spirits and also eliminate impurities in the air. Water features also help in eliminating allergens, pollutants among other sorts of irritants. And lastly, dust contaminants and microbes in the air are removed and lead to improved health.

The Use of Backyard Fountains As Water Features

The Use of Backyard Fountains As Water Features A water feature is a large element which has water flowing in or through it. A simple hanging fountain or an elaborate courtyard tiered fountain are just two examples from the vast range of articles available.Use Backyard Fountains Water Features 68501000.jpg The versatility of this feature is practical since it can be placed indoors or outside. Water features comprise ponds and swimming pools as well.

Garden wall fountains are worthwhile additions to your living spaces such as yards, yoga studios, cozy patios, apartment balconies, or office complexes. The comforting sounds of trickling water from a fountain please the senses of sight and hearing of anyone nearby. The most important consideration is the aesthetically eye-catching form they have which enhances the interior design of any room. Gently moving water not only results in a sense of peace, it also masks bothersome noises and produces an enchanting water show.

The Countless Construction Materials of Wall fountains Though they come in alternative materials, today’s garden fountains tend to be made of metal.Those made from metals have clean lines and unique sculptural elements, and are flexible enough to fit any budget and decor.... read more


The Distribution of Water Fountain Industrial Knowledge in Europe The published documents and illustrated books of the day contributed to the advancements of scientific technology, and were the chief methods of transmitting practical hydraulic information and water feature ideas throughout Europe.... read more


Anglo-Saxon Grounds During the Norman Conquest The Anglo-Saxon way of life was significantly changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century.The expertise of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and agriculture at the time of the conquest.... read more


The Water Features As originally developed, water fountains were designed to be functional, directing water from creeks or aqueducts to the citizens of cities and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking, washing, and drinking.... read more


Where did Landscape Fountains Originate from? The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to enhance your home.... read more


The Positive Benefits of installing a Water Feature in Your Living Area The area outside your residence can be polished up by including a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project.Historical fountains and water features have stirred the interest of contemporary designers as well as fountain designers.... read more