Bernini's Early Showpieces

Bernini's Early Showpieces Bernini's earliest water fountain, named Barcaccia, is a breath taking work of art found at the bottom of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna.Bernini's Early Showpieces 90381481601180737.jpg Roman locals and site seers who appreciate conversation as well as being the company of others still flood this spot. The streets neighboring his fountain have come to be one of the city’s most trendy meeting places, something which would certainly have pleased Bernini himself. The master's very first fountain of his career was built at around 1630 at the request of Pope Urbano VIII. The fountain’s central theme is based on an enormous ship slowly sinking into the Mediterranean. The great 16th century flooding of the Tevere, which left the entire region inundated with water, was memorialized by the fountain according to documents from the time. In 1665 Bernini traveled to France, in what was to be his only lengthy absence from Italy.

The Dissemination of Outdoor Fountain Design Knowledge

Dissemination Outdoor Fountain Design Knowledge 32644823280209152.jpg The Dissemination of Outdoor Fountain Design Knowledge Instrumental to the advancement of scientific technology were the published letters and illustrated books of the day. They were also the main method of transmitting practical hydraulic facts and water fountain design suggestions throughout Europe. An unnamed French water feature engineer came to be an globally celebrated hydraulic leader in the later part of the 1500's. With Royal commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his work in Italy, developing expertise in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and imaginative water hydraulics. In France, towards the closure of his lifetime, he published “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a book that became the fundamental text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Replacing vital hydraulic discoveries of classical antiquity, the publication also explains contemporary hydraulic technologies. The water screw, a technical means to move water, and invented by Archimedes, was showcased in the book. Sunlight warming liquid in a pair of containers hidden in a room next to an beautiful fountain was displayed in one illustration. What occurs is the heated liquid expanded, goes up and closes up the conduits leading to the fountain, consequently leading to stimulation. The book furthermore includes garden ponds, water wheels, water feature concepts.

Where did Large Garden Fountains Begin?

Where did Large Garden Fountains Begin? The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to enhance your home.Large Garden Fountains Begin? 7569822655838748776.jpg

Pure practicality was the original role of fountains. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs in the vicinity. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains functioned using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Serving as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also supplied clean, fresh drinking water. Roman fountains often depicted images of animals or heroes made of metal or stone masks. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create smaller depictions of the gardens of paradise. To demonstrate his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

The end of the 19th century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Impressive water effects and recycled water were made possible by replacing the force of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for open spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational activities.

The Rewards of Having an Indoor Wall Water Element in your Home or Work Place

Rewards Indoor Wall Water Element Home Work Place 455544295502448016.jpg The Rewards of Having an Indoor Wall Water Element in your Home or Work Place Add a decorative and modern twist to your home by adding an indoor wall water feature. Your home or workspace can become noise-free, worry-free and tranquil areas for your family, friends, and clients when you have one of these fountains. Moreover, this sort of interior wall water feature will most likely gain the admiration of your staff members as well as your clientele. In order to get a positive reaction from your most difficult critic and impress all those around, install an interior water feature to get the job done.

Your wall feature guarantees you a relaxing evening after a long day’s work and help create a tranquil place where can enjoy watching your favorite sporting event. Indoor fountains generate harmonious sounds which are thought to release negative ions, remove dust as well as allergens, all while creating a comforting and relaxing setting.

A Brief History of the First Outdoor Garden Fountains

A Brief History of the First Outdoor Garden Fountains The water from rivers and other sources was initially provided to the citizens of nearby communities and cities via water fountains, whose purpose was mainly practical, not aesthetic. The force of gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the end of the nineteenth century, using the forceful power of water traveling downhill from a spring or brook to push the water through spigots or other outlets.Brief History First Outdoor Garden Fountains 58086287649532.jpg Fountains spanning history have been created as monuments, impressing hometown citizens and tourists alike. If you saw the very first fountains, you probably would not identify them as fountains. Crafted for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the initial fountains were basic carved stone basins. 2000 BC is when the oldest known stone fountain basins were originally used. The very first civilizations that used fountains relied on gravity to push water through spigots. The location of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along reservoirs, canals, or rivers. The Romans began constructing elaborate fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were bronze or stone masks of wildlife and mythological heroes. A well-engineered system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Godfather Of Roman Fountains

The Godfather Of Roman Fountains There are lots of celebrated Roman fountains in its city center.Godfather Roman Fountains 2692723766127.jpg Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the best sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, conceptualized and built virtually all of them. His abilities as a water fountain creator and also as a city architect, are obvious throughout the roads of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. The young Bernini received praise from Popes and influential artists alike, and was an exceptional employee. At the start he was recognized for his sculptural expertise. Most famously in the Vatican, he made use of a base of expertise in classic Greek architecture and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble. He was influenced by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest effect on his work.

Use a Garden Fountain To Help Improve Air Quality

Use a Garden Fountain To Help Improve Air Quality If what you want is to breathe life into an otherwise boring ambiance, an indoor wall fountain can be the answer. Pleasant to the senses and advantageous to your well-being, these indoor features are an excellent addition to your home. If you doubt the benefits of water fountains, just look at the research supporting this theory. Modern-day appliances emit positive ions which are balanced out by the negative ions released by water features. The negative ions produced by these types of water features overtake the positive ones resulting in positive changes to both your psychological and physical health. You can become more alert, calm and lively due to an boost in the serotonin levels resulting from these types of features.Use Garden Fountain Help Improve Air Quality 24743173775904613.jpg Due to the negative ions it releases, an indoor wall fountain can improve your spirits and also eliminate impurities in the air. In order to rid yourself of allergies, impurities in the air and other aggravations, be sure to install one of these. Finally, these fountains absorb dust particles and micro-organisms in the air thereby affecting your general well-being for the better.

A Wall Water Feature to Match Your Design

A Wall Water Feature to Match Your Design A small patio or a courtyard is a great spot to put your wall fountain when you need peace and quiet.Wall Water Feature Match Design 68786055.jpg You can have one made to suit your requirements even if you have a small amount of space. A spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump are necessary for freestanding as well as mounted types. You have many models to a lot to pick from whether you are searching for a traditional, popular, classical, or Asian style.

Freestanding wall fountains, otherwise known as floor fountains, are relatively big and feature a basin on the ground.

You can decide to place your wall-mounted fountain on an existing wall or build it into a new wall. A cohesive look can be achieved with this style of fountain because it seems to become part of the landscape rather than an added element.

The Positive Benefits of Adding a wall fountain in Your Living Space

Positive Benefits Adding wall fountain Living Space 25883820922.jpg The Positive Benefits of Adding a wall fountain in Your Living Space The area outside your home can be polished up by including a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project. Many current designers and craftsmen have been inspired by historical fountains and water features. As such, introducing one of these to your home design is a superb way to connect it to the past. The water and moisture garden fountains release into the environment draws birds and other creatures, and also balances the ecosystem, all of which contribute to the benefits of having one of these beautiful water features. Birds enticed by a fountain or bird bath often scare away irritating flying pests, for instance.

The space necessary for a cascading or spouting fountain is substantial, so a wall fountain is the ideal size for a small yard. You can choose to set up a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an attached basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and hung from a wall. Adding a fountain to an existent wall requires that you include a fountain mask as well as a basin at the base to gather the water. Since the plumbing and masonry work is extensive to complete this type of job, you should employ a specialist to do it rather than try to do it alone.

Early Crete & The Minoans: Water Features

Early Crete & The Minoans: Water Features Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were commonly created from clay or rock. There were terracotta conduits, both round and rectangle-shaped as well as pathways made from the same material. These included cone-like and U-shaped terracotta water lines that were exclusive to the Minoans. The water provision at Knossos Palace was managed with a strategy of clay piping which was placed beneath the floor, at depths starting from a few centimeters to several meters. The water pipes also had other functions including amassing water and directing it to a centralized area for storing.Early Crete & Minoans: Water Features 01605906348.jpg Hence, these pipelines had to be able to: Underground Water Transportation: Originally this technique would seem to have been fashioned not quite for comfort but rather to supply water to certain people or rituals without it being seen. Quality Water Transportation: Some scholars feel that these water lines were employed to build a separate distribution technique for the palace.

Architectural Statues in Early Greece

Architectural Statues in Early Greece In the past, the vast majority of sculptors were paid by the temples to adorn the involved columns and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the period came to a close it grew to be more accepted for sculptors to portray regular people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their institution as superstitious rather than sacred. Portraiture became prevalent as well, and would be accepted by the Romans when they conquered the Greeks, and quite often wealthy households would order a representation of their progenitors to be put inside their huge familial tombs. A time of artistic progression, the use of sculpture and alternate art forms morphed during the Greek Classical period, so it is inexact to assume that the arts served only one function. Whether to fulfill a visual desire or to commemorate the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was an imaginative practice in the ancient world, which may well be what attracts our focus today.

Choose from all Kinds of Outdoor Fountains

Choose Kinds Outdoor Fountains 9350819434997.jpg Choose from all Kinds of Outdoor Fountains Is it possible for you to transform your garden into a haven of peace? The calming feeling created by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of adding a water feature in your garden.

A dramatic impact is made when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water up into the air. Large, existing ponds can have one of these built-in without much hassle. You can find these in public recreational areas or old mansions.

Select a stylish wall fountain to put outside. These sorts of fountains make great water features even if you only have a little garden. Wall fountains make a subtle impression, contrary to the big impact created by spouting fountains. It is straightforward process wherein a small jet of water propels outwards in front of a splendidly textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Dependent on the look you have chosen for the garden, you could consider a themed fountain. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your home or garden is rustic in style. Modern-day gardens, on the other hand, benefit from something more adventurous. Feel free to let your hair down and choose something fun and intrepid.

Water flows down multiple levels in a tiered fountain. Cascading fountains is another term used to identify this type of fountain because water streams down multiple levels.

A considerable amount of space is needed for an outdoor fountain, so another option is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. The reservoirs necessary for these kinds of fountains are buried underground which helps you better use your limited space.

If you seek a feeling of serenity and calmness, put in a Japanese fountain as these are considered to bring about such sensations. Bamboo sticks function as the tubing from which water flows in these kinds of water features. The repetition of water flowing into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main characteristics of this sort of fountain.

Fountains composed of glass are another type on the market. Trellis-style fountains of this sort, showcase molded metalwork which provides a more conventional look. However, this style of water feature is better suited to backyard gardens with many sharp corners as well as contemporary forms and design. The water produces a stunning effect when it runs down the outside of the glass. Some fountains also include colored LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water streams downwards. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain makes for an interesting façade as the water softly flows downwards.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with openings and then filled in the middle with pipes. The gurgles and bubbles at the top are the product of the low pressure used to propel the water upwards. Flowing towards the base of the fountain, the water comes back as a slow dribble down the sides of the rock. Small gardens are ideal for this kind of fountain. Water is moved at low pressure in this type of fountain, so you can rest assured that it will not spray all over should the wind pick up.

Solar fountains have recently gained in popularity because they are powered by sunlight. There are numerous reasons for this newly found appeal such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a reduction in electricity bills, and the benefits to the environment. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in countless varying styles, therefore, you will not have to settle on which one to purchase.

Statuary As a Staple of Classic Art in Historic Greece

Statuary As a Staple of Classic Art in Historic Greece Archaic Greeks were well known for developing the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi were seen by the Greeks to represent beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising rigidity to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, brawny, and undressing. In around 650 BC, the variations of the kouroi became life-sized. The Archaic period was an awesome time of change for the Greeks as they extended into new modes of government, created novel expressions of art, and gained information of the people and cultures outside of Greece. Conflicts like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars among city-states are indicatory of the tumultuous nature of the time, which was similar to other periods of historical upset. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

Early Water Delivery Techniques in Rome

Early Water Delivery Techniques in Rome Prior to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was constructed in Roma, residents who lived on hills had to journey even further down to gather their water from natural sources.Early Water Delivery Techniques Rome 917917801478673724.jpg Throughout this time period, there were only 2 other techniques capable of supplying water to high areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which amassed rainwater. In the very early 16th century, the city began to use the water that flowed below ground through Acqua Vergine to furnish water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made accessible by pozzi, or manholes, that were added along its length when it was 1st built. The manholes made it less demanding to maintain the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we saw with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he possessed the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. The cistern he had constructed to collect rainwater wasn’t sufficient to meet his water demands. To provide himself with a more streamlined means to gather water, he had one of the manholes exposed, providing him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

Taking Care Of Outdoor Fountains

Taking Care Of Outdoor Fountains Installing an outdoor wall fountain demands that you bear in mind the dimensions of the space where you are going to put it. A solid wall is definitely necessary to hold up its total weight.Taking Care Outdoor Fountains 99956569219676766.jpg Areas or walls which are small will call for a lightweight fountain. You will need to have an electrical socket in proximity to the fountain so it can be powered. There are many different types of fountains, each with their own set of simple, step-by-step instructions.

Most outdoor wall fountains are available in easy-to-use kits that will give you everything you need to properly install it. The kit includes a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir. Depending on its size, the basin can normally be hidden quite easily amongst the plants. Since outdoor wall fountains require little care, the only thing left to do is clean it consistently.

Replace the water frequently so it is always clean. Leaves, branches or dirt are examples of debris which should be cleared away quickly. In addition, your outdoor wall fountain should not be subjected to freezing winter weather. Bring your pump inside when the weather turns very cold and freezes the water so as to eliminate any possible harm, such as cracking. The bottom line is that if you properly maintain and care for your outdoor fountain, it will bring you joy for years to come.

The Source of Modern Day Fountains

The Source of Modern Day Fountains Pope Nicholas V, himself a learned man, ruled the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of ancient classic Greek documents into Latin. It was important for him to embellish the city of Rome to make it worthy of being known as the capital of the Christian world. At the bidding of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a ruined aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into Rome from eight miles away, was renovated starting in 1453. The ancient Roman custom of building an imposing commemorative fountain at the point where an aqueduct arrived, also known as a mostra, was resurrected by Nicholas V. At the bidding of the Pope, architect Leon Battista Alberti undertook the construction of a wall fountain in the spot where we now find the Trevi Fountain. Modifications and extensions, included in the repaired aqueduct, eventually provided the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water supply.

The Benefits of Interior Wall Water Features

The Benefits of Interior Wall Water Features For many years now, hospitals and health care facilities have utilized indoor fountains to establish a stress-free, serene environment.Benefits Interior Wall Water Features 7674458971568392560.jpg Softly falling water lulls people into a state of meditation.

Quicker recovery is thought to be brought about by interior water features as well. They are thought to be a positive part of treating a variety of illnesses according to many medical professionals and mental health providers. Those with PTSD or sleeping disorders, as well as other medical conditions, are thought to recuperate better with the comforting, delicate sounds of flowing water.

An indoor wall water element is believed to produce an overall feeling of well-being and security according to countless studies. The sight and sound of water are crucial to the existence of the human species and planet earth.

Feng-shui is an ancient school of thought which claims that water is one of two essential components in our lives which has the ability to transform us. Harmonizing our inner environment so that it promotes tranquility and peace is one of the central tenets in feng-shui. It is essential to include a water element someplace in our homes. The front of your home, including the entrance, is the ideal place to set up a fountain.

You and your loved ones will undoubtedly benefit from the addition of a water wall in your home, whether it be a wall mounted waterfall, a freestanding water feature or a custom-built one. Adding a fountain in a central room, according to some reports, seems to make people happier, more content, and calm than people who do not have one.

A Smaller Garden Area? You Can Have a Water Feature too!

A Smaller Garden Area? You Can Have a Water Feature too! Since water is reflective, it has the effect of making a small spot appear bigger than it is. In order to achieve the maximum reflective properties of a water element or fountain, it is best to use dark materials. Use underwater lights, which come in many different designs and colors, to show off your new feature at night. Solar powered eco-lights are great during the day and underwater lights are perfect for nighttime use. Alleviating stress and anxiety with their relaxing sounds are some of the uses in nature medicine.

Your backyard vegetation is a fantastic area to incorporate in your water feature. People will be centered on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your yard. Water features make great additions to both large gardens or small patios. The most appropriate accessories and the best location for it are worthwhile if you want to better the atmosphere.

Garden Wall Fountains: An Amazing Display Adding a wall fountain as a design element will make a good impression on your family and friends.Having a wall water feature in your daily life not only stimulates the eyes with its beauty but also your ears with the soothing background sounds it creates.... read more


Attractive Wall Fountains A wall fountain can be an important design element in your home or office, enough so that it makes a good impression on your family and friends alike.Your wall water feature will not only add style to your living space but also provide soothing background sounds.... read more


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A Smaller Garden Space? Don't Fret! You Can Still Have a Water Feature The reflective properties of water means it can make smaller areas appear larger than they are.Increasing the reflective attributes of a fountain or water feature are possible by using dark materials.... read more