The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Public Fountains

The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Public Fountains There are numerous popular water features in the city center of Rome.City Rome, Gian Bernini, Public Fountains 697452523021.jpg One of the most distinguished sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed, conceptualized and built almost all of them. Also a city builder, he had abilities as a water feature developer, and remnants of his life's work are noticeable throughout the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. The juvenile Bernini was an great employee and won compliments and backing of significant artists as well as popes. His sculpture was initially his claim to celebrity. He used his knowledge and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. Although many artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo inspired him the most.

Water Garden Fountains Found in Historical Documents

Water Garden Fountains Found in Historical Documents As initially developed, fountains were crafted to be functional, directing water from streams or aqueducts to the citizens of cities and villages, where the water could be used for cooking food, washing, and drinking. To produce water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and create a jet of water, demanded gravity and a water source such as a spring or reservoir, located higher than the fountain. Fountains spanning history have been designed as memorials, impressing hometown citizens and travelers alike.Water Garden Fountains Found Historical Documents 264093741552321.jpg Crude in style, the first water fountains didn't look much like modern fountains. Uncomplicated stone basins sculpted from nearby stone were the very first fountains, used for religious ceremonies and drinking water. Stone basins are believed to have been 1st made use of around 2000 BC. The first civilizations that utilized fountains relied on gravity to force water through spigots. The placement of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along reservoirs, waterways, or rivers. Fountains with embellished Gods, mythological monsters, and creatures began to show up in Rome in about 6 B.C., built from stone and bronze. A well-engineered system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Advantages of Solar Outdoor Fountains

Advantages Solar  Outdoor Fountains 0471357584067962.jpg The Advantages of Solar Outdoor Fountains There are many different energy options you can use for your garden wall fountain. The recent interest in eco-friendly power has led to a rise in the usage of solar powered fountains, even though till now they have mainly been powered by electricity. Even though initial costs may be higher, solar powered water fountains are the most economical going forward. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are utilized to make solar powered water fountains. This wide array of options makes it easier to buy one which fits your interior design. Easy to upkeep and an excellent way to make a real contribution to the environment, they make wonderful additions to your garden refuge as well.

Beyond its visual charm, indoor wall fountains can also help to keep your house at a cool temperature. Employing the same methods used in air conditioners and swamp coolers, they are a great alternative to cool off your home. You can lower your power bill since they use less electricity.

Fanning crisp, dry air across them is the most common method used to benefit from their cooling effect. To improve air circulation, turn on your ceiling fan or use the air from some corner of the area. It is essential to ensure that air is always blowing over the top of the water. The cool, fresh air made by waterfalls and fountains is a natural occurrence. Merely being in the vicinity of a large public fountain or waterfall will send a sudden chill through whoever is close by. Placing your fountain cooling system in a spot where it will receive additional heat is not useful. Your cooling system will be less effective if it is placed in direct sunlight.

Contemporary Sculpture in Ancient Greece

Contemporary Sculpture in Ancient Greece A good number of sculptors were paid by the temples to enhance the intricate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods until the period came to a close and countless Greeks began to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more common for sculptors to portray everyday people as well. Portraiture, which would be accepted by the Romans upon their annexation of Greek civilization became customary as well, and wealthy family members would at times commission a portrait of their forebears to be added in enormous familial tombs. The use of sculpture and other art forms varied through the years of The Greek Classical period, a time of creative growth when the arts had more than one objective. Whether to satisfy a visual yearning or to commemorate the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was an innovative practice in the ancient world, which may be what draws our interest currently.

The Source of Today's Outdoor Fountains

The Source of Today's Outdoor FountainsSource Today's Outdoor Fountains 491211187.jpg The translation of hundreds of classic Greek texts into Latin was commissioned by the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Church in Rome from 1397 until 1455. He undertook the embellishment of Rome to turn it into the model seat of the Christian world. At the behest of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a damaged aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into Rome from eight miles away, was renovated starting in 1453. Building a mostra, a grandiose celebratory fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the entry point of an aqueduct, was a custom revived by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was commissioned by the Pope to put up a wall fountain where we now find the Trevi Fountain. The water which eventually provided the Trevi Fountain as well as the acclaimed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona came from the modified aqueduct which he had renovated.

Keeping Your Landscape Fountain Clean

Keeping Your Landscape Fountain CleanKeeping Landscape Fountain Clean 14322103681562.jpg To ensure that water fountains last a while, it is important to perform regular maintenance. It is important to clean it out and remove any debris or foreign objects that might have dropped into or onto it. Also, algae is likely to build up anywhere natural light meets water. Stir hydrogen peroxide, sea salt, or vinegar into the water to avoid this particular problem. There are those who prefer to use bleach, but that is dangerous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

No more than 3-4 months should go by without an extensive maintaining of a fountain. Prior to cleaning, all of the water must be eliminated. Next use gentle and a soft sponge to clean inside the reservoir. A helpful tip is to use a toothbrush if there are small hard-to-reach spots. Be sure to carefully rinse the inside of the fountain to make sure all the soap is gone.

Various organisms and calcium deposits may get inside the pump, so it is best to take it apart and clean it thoroughly. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it quicker to wash. Build-up can be a big hassle, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to eliminate this dilemma.

One final trick for keeping your fountain in top working shape is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. If the water level falls below the pump’s intake level, it can harm the pump and cause it to burn out - something you don't want to happen!

Can Wall Water Fountains Help Detoxify The Air?

Can Wall Water Fountains Help Detoxify The Air? You can animate your living area by installing an indoor wall fountain. Your eyes, your ears and your well-being can be favorably influenced by including this type of indoor feature in your home. The research behind this theory endorses the fact that water fountains can positively impact your health.Can Wall Water Fountains Help Detoxify Air? 15911538.jpg The negative ions generated by water features are offset by the positive ions produced by contemporary conveniences. Beneficial changes to both your emotional and physical well-being take place when the negative ions are overpowered by the positive ions. The higher serotonin levels arising from these types of features make people more attentive, serene and energized. The negative ions emitted by indoor wall fountains promote a better mood as well as remove air impurities from your home. They also help to reduce allergies, contaminants as well as other types of irritants. Lastly, the dust particles and micro-organisms present in the air inside your house are absorbed by water fountains leading to better overall wellness.

The Elegance of Wall Water Features

Elegance Wall Water Features 59606420.jpg The Elegance of Wall Water Features A wall fountain can be an important design element in your home or office, enough so that it makes a good impression on your family and friends alike. Having a wall water feature in your daily life not only stimulates the eyes with its loveliness but also your ears with the soothing background sounds it produces. Imagine the positive impact it will have on guests when they experience its wondrous sights and sounds.

A wall fountain can contribute a great deal of charm, even to contemporary living areas. If you wish to embellish your modern-day decor, look into adding one made of stainless steel or glass. Is the floor space in your residence or workplace scarce? A wall water fountain might be the ideal solution for you. Since they are displayed on a wall, these features do not take up precious room. These sorts of fountains are especially prevalent in bustling office buildings. Wall fountains are not constrained to indoor use, however. Outdoor wall water features can be constructed of fiberglass or resin. Enliven your lawn, porch, or other outdoor space with a water fountain made of these water-resistant materials.

There is wide range of different styles in wall fountains ranging from the modern to classic and rustic. The type you pick for your space is dictated by personal decoration preferences. A mountain lodge might require a classic material such as slate whereas a high rise apartment might require sleek glass to liven up the interior space. Your own decoration plans determine the material you select. There is no questioning the fact that fountains are features which delight visitors and add to your quality of life.

The Wide Array of Styles of Wall Water Fountains

The Wide Array of Styles of Wall Water FountainsWide Array  Styles Wall Water Fountains 59967475701068127904.jpg If you want to have a place to relax and add some pizzazz to a small area such as a patio or courtyard, wall fountains are perfect because they do not take up much space. When considering the many types of outdoor wall fountains available including traditional, antique, modern, or Asian, you are certain to find one best suited to your design ideas. While there are countless prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a custom-built fountain if none of these are appealing to you.

The two kinds of fountains available to you are mounted and stand-alone models. You can place a mounted wall fountain because they are little and self-contained. Wall fountains made of resin ( similar to stone) or fiberglass are usually lightweight so they can be easily hung. In large stand-alone fountains, otherwise referred to as wall fountains, the basin is situated on the ground with the smooth side positioned against a wall. There are no weight limits on these kinds of cast stone water features.

Custom-built fountains which can be integrated into a new or existing wall are often prescribed by landscaping designers. A professional mason is necessary to place the water basin against the wall and correctly install all the plumbing inside or behind the wall. A fountain mask or a spout also needs to be incorporated into the wall. If you want a cohesive look for your garden, buy a customized wall fountain because it becomes part of the scenery rather than a later addition.

Your Herb Container Garden: An Introduction

Your Herb Container Garden: An Introduction Countless gardeners are enticed to herbs because they can make use of them in so many different dishes. You will get instant gratification when you grow natural herbs in the garden as they can be employed in preparing sauces, soups, marinades and a wide array of other recipes. Maintaining your herb garden all year is simple to do as you can place the natural herbs in pots and move them in when the weather starts to turn cold. It is often sensible to allow perennial herbs to comprise the bulk of your garden, as these will not die and require replanting at the end of the year. Think about the varieties of flavors you enjoy cooking with (and eating)when selecting herbs for your garden. Take into account the cuisine you desire when picking out which herbs to plant in your garden. For instance, if you cook a lot of Italian food you may want to grow basil and oregano. If you like Latin food, select cilantro. The place of your herb garden will define what herbs can be planted and how long they will endure. To make the undertaking a lot simpler, plant directly in the ground if you live in a moderate climate without severe winters or summers This is a very good way to spruce up your yard without having the problem of investing in or creating planters. Are you worried that your area has terrible climate that might cause your vegetation to die or become dormant? Try out planters as with their flexibility and practicality allows you to move the herbs in the house at any time.

A Small Garden Area? You Can Own a Water Fountain too!

A Small Garden Area? You Can Own a Water Fountain too! You can make your space look bigger due to the reflective effect of water. Water features such as fountains benefit from the reflective attributes coming from dark materials.Small Garden Area? Can Water Fountain too! 533724389888.jpg Night time is a great time to draw attention to the illuminated, colored underwater lights in your new water feature. Sunshine is required to power eco-lights during the day time while submerged lights are great for night use. Alleviating stress and anxiety with their calming sounds are some of the uses in nature medicine.

Your outdoor vegetation is a fantastic area to incorporate in your water feature. People will be focused on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your yard. The versatility of water features is that they can be installed in large backyards as well as in small verandas. Considerably modifying the ambience is possible by locating it in the most suitable place and include the finest accompaniments.

Anglo-Saxon Grounds at the Time of the Norman Conquest

Anglo-Saxon Grounds at the Time of the Norman Conquest Anglo-Saxons experienced incredible changes to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. Engineering and horticulture were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But yet there was no time for home life, domesticated architecture, and decoration until the Normans had overcome the whole region. Monasteries and castles served different purposes, so while monasteries were large stone structures assembled in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the occupants focused on understanding offensive and defensive strategies. The calm method of gardening was impractical in these dreary bastions. The finest example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. It is said that the keep was created during William the Conqueror's time. A massive terrace serves as a deterrent to invaders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. A scenic bowling green, covered in grass and enclosed by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, forms one of the terraces.

Inventors of the First Outdoor Fountains

Inventors of the First Outdoor Fountains Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented individuals, Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as an inspired master, inventor and scientific master. With his astounding curiosity regarding the forces of nature, he investigated the qualities and motion of water and also systematically recorded his findings in his now recognized notebooks. Early Italian water fountain builders changed private villa configurations into inventive water showcases complete with symbolic meaning and natural charm by coupling creativity with hydraulic and horticultural expertise. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, design and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, offered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. For the many properties close to Florence, other water feature designers were well versed in humanist subjects and classical scientific texts, masterminding the excellent water marbles, water features and water humor.

Exterior Water Features Come in Lots of Forms and Sizes

Exterior Water Features Come in Lots of Forms and Sizes Turn your garden into what you have always wanted – a haven of serenity. Add a sense of peace to your garden with an outdoor fountain and avail yourself of all the positive effects of a water feature.

The stream of water sent shooting into the air by a spouting fountain is an spectacular sight to see. It is possible to have one of these fitted into an existent, large pond.Exterior Water Features Come Lots Forms Sizes 42436377054195.jpg You may have encountered one of these in a park or an old mansion.

Outdoor water features are available in varied shapes and sizes, one of which is a fancy wall fountain. Even with a smallish yard, it is possible to add one of these water features. Wall fountains leave a subtle impression, contrary to the big impact produced by spouting fountains. In this simple process. the water which is forced out of a small opening, streams down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the bottom before being pumped back to the top.

Themed fountains are ideal when the design of your garden allows for them. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your home or garden is rustic in style. Contemporary gardens, on the other hand, benefit from something more audacious. Just let your imagination to run loose.

Water flows down several levels in a tiered fountain. Water flowing down multiple tiers of this water feature is the chief characteristic of a cascading fountain.

Since external fountains require a great deal of space, consider putting in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. The reservoirs necessary for these kinds of fountains are buried underground which helps you better use your limited space.

Japanese fountains are thought to lend a feeling of tranquility and wellness. Bamboo sticks function as the tubing from which water flows in these kinds of water features. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is situated at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the cycle repeated over and over again.

Another style of fountain is made of glass. A more vintage look is provided by trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Gardens with numerous sharp edges as well as modern shapes and designs are better for these sorts of water features. The water produces a dazzling effect when it streams down the outside of the glass. Colorful LED lights are also included in some fountains to illuminate the water as it down down the sheet of glass. Often made of imitation rock, stone waterfall fountains have water gently trickling down its surface.

The feature which distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its center. In this type of fountain, water is driven upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. Downward flowing water appears as gentle dribble as it moves down the sides of the rock to return to its base. This is yet another option for gardens with limited space. To ensure that water is not sprayed around if it begins to get windy, this kind of fountain is the best option since it only uses low pressure to move water.

Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are becoming rapidly trendy. The lack of cables, the decreased hassle in managing them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the motives for this increased interest. There is no need to choose a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide range of styles found on the market.

Consider the Benefits of an Interior Wall Water Feature

Consider the Benefits of an Interior Wall Water Feature Indoor fountains are a great addition in hospitals and wellness clinics because they contribute a peaceful, tranquil essence to them. People are entranced by the comforting sounds of gently moving water which can produce a state of internal reflection.

The sounds produced by indoor fountains are also thought to bolster the pace of rehabilitation.Consider Benefits Interior Wall Water Feature 47115425879997119464.jpg A number of ailments are thought to get better with their use, as such they are recommended by physicians and mental health therapists. The soothing, melodic sound of trickling water is thought to help those with PTSD and acute insomnolence.

A sense of security and well-being is heightened, according to quite a few studies, when you add an wall fountain in your home. The sight and sound of water are elemental to the survival of the human species and planet earth.

Feng-shui is an ancient philosophy which claims that water is one of two essential elements in our lives which has the ability to transform us. We must harmonize our internal surroundings to achieve balance and serenity according to the ancient philosophy of feng-shui. The element of water should be included in every living space. The front of your home, including the entrance, is the ideal place to install a fountain.

If you are searching for a water wall that best suits your families’ needs consider one of the many types available including a mounted waterfall, a stand-alone water feature or a custom-built fountain. Placing a fountain in a central room, according to some reports, seems to make people happier, more content, and calm than people who do not have one.

The Distribution of Water Fountain Industrial Knowledge in Europe

The Distribution of Water Fountain Industrial Knowledge in Europe Dissiminating useful hydraulic facts and fountain design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the written documents and illustrated publications of the time. An un-named French water feature engineer was an internationally renowned hydraulic innovator in the late 1500's. With Royal mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his work in Italy, acquiring expertise in garden design and grottoes with integrated and clever water features. In France, near the closure of his life, he published “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a book which turned into the essential text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Modernizing key hydraulic advancements of classical antiquity, the book also details contemporary hydraulic technologies. The water screw, a technical method to move water, and developed by Archimedes, was showcased in the book. A pair of undetectable vessels heated by the sun's rays in a space next to the decorative water feature were presented in an illustration. Actuating the water fountain is heated liquid which expands and rises to seal up the water lines. The publication furthermore mentions garden ponds, water wheels, water feature creations.

What Are Outdoor Garden Fountains Manufactured From?

What Are Outdoor Garden Fountains Manufactured From? Garden fountains today are mostly made from metal, although you can find them in other materials too. Metallic fountains, with their clean lines and sculptural accents, exist in in a variety of metals and can accommodate any style or budget. Your outdoor design should complement the style of your house.

One of the more trendy metals for sculptural garden fountains these days is copper.Outdoor Garden Fountains  Manufactured From? 516113970591902345.jpg Copper is used in cascade and tabletop water fountains as well as various other styles, making it perfect for inside and outside fountains. If you choose to go with copper, your fountain can be any style from fun and whimsical to modern.

If your style is more conventional, a brass water fountain might work for you. Even though they are a bit old-fashioned, brass fountains are quite common because they often incorporate interesting artwork.

Arguably the most modern of all metals is stainless steel. If you pick a cutting-edge steel design, both the value and tranquility of your garden will get a nice bump. Just like other water features, they come in a variety of sizes.

Because it is both lighter and cheaper than metal but has a nearly identical look, fiberglass is quite common for fountains. Caring for a fiberglass water fountain is relatively easy, another benefit that consumers seek.

Large Outdoor Fountains: The Perfect Decor Accessory to Find Peace

Large Outdoor Fountains: The Perfect Decor Accessory to Find Peace Water adds tranquility to your garden environment.Large Outdoor Fountains: Perfect Decor Accessory Find Peace 46442093402.jpg The trickling sounds emerging from your fountain can be helpful in masking any unpleasant sounds in your neighborhood. This is a great spot to relax and experience the natural world around you. Many treatments use water as a recuperation element, going to places such as the seaside and rivers for their treatments. So if you desire a little piece of heaven nearby, a pond or fountain in your own garden is the answer.
Did You Know How Mechanical Designs And Styles of Fountains Became Known? The published documents and illustrated books of the time contributed to the development of scientific innovation, and were the chief means of transmitting practical hydraulic facts and water fountain ideas throughout Europe.... read more


Caring For Water Wall Fountains Installing an outdoor wall fountain requires that you take into account the dimensions of the space where you are going to put it.A solid wall is absolutely needed to hold up its overall weight.... read more


The Many Styles of Outdoor Fountains Is it possible for you to transform your yard into a haven of peace?The soothing feeling created by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of including a water feature in your garden.... read more


The Countless Construction Materials of Fountains Garden fountains these days are commonly made from metal, although you can find them in other materials too.Metallic ones offer clean lines and unique sculptural accents and can accommodate nearly any decorative style and budget.... read more


Keeping Your Outdoor Wall Fountain Tidy Water fountains will last a long time with regular cleaning and maintenance.It is easy for foreign items to find their way into outside fountains, so keeping it clean is vital.... read more


The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens The introduction of the Normans in the later half of the eleventh century substantially altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living.At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation.... read more


Bernini: The Genius Behind Italy's Greatest Fountains One can find Bernini's very first masterpiece, the Barcaccia fountain, at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna.To this day, you will find Roman locals and vacation goers occupying this area to revel in chit chatter and being among other people.... read more


The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Garden Fountains In order to ensure that water fountains last a long time, it is vital to practice regular maintenance.A common problem with fountains is that they tend to accumulate dirt and debris, so it is essential that you keep it free from this.... read more