Rome’s First Water Transport Systems

Rome’s First Water Transport Systems Previous to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in Roma, inhabitants who resided on hills had to journey further down to gather their water from natural sources.Rome’s First Water Transport Systems 131721410838080.jpg Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only technological innovations obtainable at the time to supply water to locations of high elevation. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a unique method was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean segments to generate water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it more straightforward to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to pull water from the aqueduct, as we viewed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. He didn’t get adequate water from the cistern that he had built on his residential property to gather rainwater. To provide himself with a more useful system to assemble water, he had one of the manholes exposed, providing him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

Outdoor Garden Fountains: An Ideal Decor Accessory to Find Tranquility

Outdoor Garden Fountains: An Ideal Decor Accessory to Find Tranquility Your state of mind is favorably influenced by having water in your garden. The noise in your neighborhood and surrounding area will be masked with the soothing sounds of a fountain. Nature and recreation are two of the things you will find in your garden. Water treatments are common right now and often take place in the mountains or near beaches and rivers. If what you seek out is a calming place where you can take your body and your mind to a faraway place, set up a pond or fountain in your garden.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Landscape Fountains

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Landscape Fountains It is vital to carefully maintain water fountains for them to work optimally.One Cleaning Solution NEVER Use Landscape Fountains 205659696925951800.jpg It is important to clean it out and remove any debris or foreign objects that might have fallen into or onto it. Additionally, anywhere light from the sun combines with still water, algae can appear. In order to stay clear of this, there are some basic ingredients that can be mixed into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. Some people opt for putting bleach into the water, but the problem is that it harms wildlife - so it should be avoided.

No more than three-four months should go by without an extensive cleaning of a fountain. Before cleaning, all of the water must be taken out. Next use gentle and a soft sponge to clean the innner part of the reservoir. A useful tip is to use a toothbrush if there are little hard-to-reach spots. Do not leave any soap residue in or on the fountain.

Calcium and fresh water organisms can get inside the pump, so you should disassemble it to get it truly clean. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it much less difficult to wash. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to avoid any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

One final tip for keeping your fountain in top working order is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Permitting the water level to get too low can cause damage to the pump - and you certainly do not want that!

Can Wall Water Fountains Help Purify The Air?

Can Wall Water Fountains Help Purify The Air? You can animate your living space by installing an indoor wall fountain. Your senses and your health can benefit from the installation of one of these indoor features. Science supports the theory that water fountains are excellent for you. Modern-day machines create positive ions which are balanced out by the negative ions released by water features. Positive changes to both your emotional and physical well-being take place when the negative ions are overpowered by the positive ions. You can become more alert, calm and lively due to an boost in the serotonin levels resulting from these types of features. An improved state of mind as well as a removal of air impurities stems from the negative ions released by indoor wall fountains Allergies, pollutants among other annoyances can be done away with by these water features. Lastly, the dust particles and micro-organisms floating in the air inside your house are absorbed by water fountains leading to better overall wellness.

The Beauty of Simple Garden Decor: The Fountain

The Beauty of Simple Garden Decor: The Fountain Since garden water fountains are no longer hooked on a nearby pond, it is possible to install them close to a wall. Digging, installing and maintaining a nearby pond are no longer a necessity. Plumbing work is no longer necessary since this feature in now self-sufficient. Remember, however, to add water at consistent intervals. Your pond should always have clean water, so be sure to drain the bowl anytime it gets dirty.

Stone and metal are most prevalent elements used to construct garden wall fountains even though they can be manufactured from other materials as well.Beauty Simple Garden Decor: Fountain 260853897305139764.jpg You must know the style you are shooting for in order to select the best material. It is best to look for garden wall fountains which are easy to install, hand-crafted and lightweight. Owning a fountain which requires minimal maintenance is important as well. Even though installing certain fountains can be challenging, the majority require little effort because the only parts which need special care are the re-circulating pump and the equipment to hang them. Little exertion is needed to enliven your garden with these sorts of fountains.

Aspects of Outdoor Statues in Archaic Greece

Aspects of Outdoor Statues in Archaic Greece The first freestanding sculpture was developed by the Archaic Greeks, a recognized accomplishment since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Younger, appealing male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the sculptures, or kouros figures.Aspects Outdoor Statues Archaic Greece 9208850121.jpg Representing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were crafted to appear rigid and always had foot in front; the males were vigorous, robust, and naked. In around 650 BC, the variations of the kouroi became life-sized. The Archaic period was an incredible point of transformation for the Greeks as they extended into new forms of government, produced unique expressions of art, and achieved knowledge of the people and cultures outside of Greece. Notwithstanding, these conflicts did little to impede the progress of the Greek civilization.

Anglo-Saxon Grounds at the Time of the Norman Conquest

Anglo-Saxon Grounds at the Time of the Norman Conquest The Anglo-Saxon way of life was drastically changed by the introduction of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The expertise of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and agriculture at the time of the conquest. Still, home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the entire populace. Because of this, castles were cruder buildings than monasteries: Monasteries were often immense stone buildings set in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were built on windy crests where their citizens dedicated time and space to projects for offense and defense.Anglo-Saxon Grounds Time Norman Conquest 82578942.jpg The barren fortresses did not provide for the peaceful avocation of farming. Berkeley Castle, potentially the most pristine model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists today. It is said that the keep was developed during William the Conqueror's time. A big terrace recommended for exercising and as a way to stop attackers from mining below the walls runs around the building. On 1 of these terraces lies a quaint bowling green: it's covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.

A Smaller Garden Area? You Can Own a Water Fountain too!

A Smaller Garden Area? You Can Own a Water Fountain too! You can make your space appear bigger due to the reflective effect of water. In order to generate the maximum reflective properties of a water feature or fountain, it is best to use dark materials. Night time is a great time to draw attention to the illuminated, colored underwater lights in your new water feature. Sunlight is indispensable to power eco-lights during the day time while submerged lights are great for night use. Natural treatments use them because they release a calming effect which helps to relieve stress as well as anxiety.

The greenery in your garden is the perfect place to situate your water feature. Ponds, man-made rivers, or fountains are just some of the ways you can you can make it become the central feature on your property.Smaller Garden Area? Can Water Fountain too! 03364704874.jpg Small verandas or major gardens is the perfect place to put in a water feature. The ambience can be significantly modified by placing it in the best place and using the proper accessories.

The Genesis Of Fountains

The Genesis Of Fountains A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.Genesis Fountains 050085207179067425.jpg

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were soley meant to serve as functional elements. Inhabitants of cities, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains had to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring. Up to the late 19th century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water flow down or shoot high into the air. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and celebrate the designer. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were frequently seen on Roman fountains. To depict the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages introduced fountains to their designs. To demonstrate his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains constructed to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to bring recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Nowadays, fountains decorate public spaces and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

The Original Garden Fountains

The Original Garden Fountains Water fountains were initially practical in purpose, used to bring water from canals or creeks to towns and hamlets, supplying the residents with fresh water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. To produce water flow through a fountain until the end of the 1800’s, and create a jet of water, mandated the force of gravity and a water source such as a creek or reservoir, positioned higher than the fountain.Original Garden Fountains 46578093385041180.jpg Commonly used as monuments and commemorative structures, water fountains have inspired people from all over the globe all through the centuries. Crude in style, the 1st water fountains did not look much like present fountains. A stone basin, crafted from rock, was the first fountain, used for holding water for drinking and spiritual purposes. Rock basins are theorized to have been 1st made use of around 2000 BC. The jet of water emerging from small spouts was pushed by gravity, the only power source designers had in those days. These original water fountains were designed to be functional, often situated along reservoirs, streams and waterways to supply drinking water. The people of Rome began building decorative fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were metallic or stone masks of wildlife and mythological heroes. Water for the open fountains of Rome was delivered to the city via a intricate system of water aqueducts.

The Countless Choices in Wall Fountains

The Countless Choices in Wall Fountains You can find peace and silence when you add a wall fountain in your backyard or patio.Countless Choices Wall Fountains 7054174904298660.jpg Moreover, it can be designed to fit into any wall space since it does not occupy much room. Whether it is stand alone or mounted, you will need a spout, a water bowl, internal piping, and a pump. You have many styles to a lot to choose from whether you are searching for a traditional, modern, classical, or Asian style.

Usually quite large, freestanding wall fountains, also known as floor fountains, have their basins on the floor.

You can choose to place your wall-mounted feature on an existing wall or build it into a new wall. This style of fountain contributes to a cohesive look making it seem as if it was part of the landscape instead of an added feature.

Beautiful Wall Water Features

Beautiful Wall Water FeaturesBeautiful Wall Water Features 9437552994126907473.jpg A wall fountain can be an important design element in your house or workplace, enough so that it leaves a good impression on your family and friends alike. In addition to the relaxing background sounds a wall water feature adds to any living space, it also imparts elegance. You can leave an enduring impression on your guests with the visual elegance and the welcoming sounds of this sort of feature.

A wall fountain can add a great deal of charm, even to modern living areas. Stainless steel or glass are two of the materials used to construct modern-day types which add a trendy element to your decor. Is your home or office space in short supply? A wall water fountain is probably the best option for you. They take up no room since they are hung on a wall. Commercial buildings with busy lobbies commonly have one of these fountains. Wall fountains can be set up on the outside as well. Fiberglass and resin are ideal materials to use for outside wall water features. Enhance your garden, porch, or other outdoor space with a water fountain made of these water-resistant materials.

Wall fountains can be manufactured in a wide array of different looks ranging from contemporary to classic and provincial. Your design ideas determine the most appropriate kind for your needs. The kind of material used depends on the type of area which needs to be decorated such as slate for a traditional lodge or sleek glass for a contemporary apartment. You can pick the material most suitable to your needs. One thing is certain, however, fountains are features which will no doubt dazzle your guests.

Ancient Greece: The Origins of Outdoor Statue Design

Ancient Greece: The Origins of Outdoor Statue Design Most sculptors were remunerated by the temples to adorn the intricate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods up until the stage came to a close and countless Greeks started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more common for sculptors to represent ordinary people as well. Rich individuals would occasionally commission a rendition of their ancestors for their large familial tombs; portraiture also became prevalent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek society. The use of sculpture and other art forms differed through the many years of The Greek Classical period, a duration of creative progress when the arts had more than one goal. It could be the advanced quality of Greek sculpture that captivates our attention today; it was on a leading-edge practice of the ancient world whether it was created for religious purposes or artistic pleasure.

Your Herb Container Garden: An Introduction

Your Herb Container Garden: An Introduction Herb gardening is a subject that many gardeners are attracted to. They're easy to grow inside the house or out, and offer instantaneous gratification when used in marinades, various recipes, sauces and soups.Herb Container Garden: Introduction 741635682403.jpg Maintaining your herb garden all year is effortless to do as you can plant the herbs in pots and move them in when the weather conditions starts to turn cold. It is often sensible to allow perennial herbs to comprise the bulk of your garden, as these will not die and require replanting at the end of the year. Your flavor and texture preferences in preparing food with herbs are key considerations in deciding which herbs to grow. Customize your herb garden to the type of food you most routinely cook. For instance, plant cilantro if you prefer Mexican or Thai food. If you prepare more Italian food, definitely plant basil, oregano, and thyme. The location of your herb garden will define what herbs can be planted and how long they will thrive. If you live in a moderate climate it may be much better to plant right into the ground due to the warmer winters and cool summers. It is both an attractive way to landscape your yard and an effortless alternative because you do not need to assemble or buy planters. Plants often expire or become dormant because of direct exposure to the extreme weather. As a result, many people have preferred for planters because they are flexible and practical.

How Your Home or Office Profit from an Interior Wall Water Feature

Home Office  Profit Interior Wall Water Feature 930101068989045.jpg How Your Home or Office Profit from an Interior Wall Water Feature Your indoor living space can profit from an interior wall fountain because it embellishes your home and also gives it a contemporary feel. These kinds of fountains decrease noise pollution in your home or company, thereby allowing your loved ones and customers to have a stress-fee and tranquil environment. Moreover, this sort of interior wall water feature will most certainly gain the admiration of your workforce as well as your clientele. In order to get a positive response from your loudest critic and impress all those around, install an interior water feature to get the job done.

A wall fountain is a great addition to any residence because it provides a tranquil place where you sit and watch a favorite show after working all day. All those near an indoor fountain will benefit from it because its sounds emit negative ions, remove dust and allergens from the air, and also lend to a soothing environment.

Look at the Benefits of an Indoor Wall Water Feature

Look at the Benefits of an Indoor Wall Water FeatureLook Benefits Indoor Wall Water Feature 9674952189831.jpg Indoor fountains have been utilized for many years as valuable elements to create calming, stress free environments for patients in clinics and wellness programs. A meditative state can be brought about in people who hear the soft music of trickling water.

The sounds generated by interior water features are also thought to increase the pace of recovery. A number of sicknesses are thought to get better with their use, as such they are suggested by medical professionals and mental health therapists. Those with PTSD or insomnia, as well as other medical conditions, are thought to recuperate better with the soothing, delicate sounds of flowing water.

An indoor wall water element is thought to produce an overall sense of well-being and security according to countless studies. As humans we are naturally drawn to the sight and sound of water, both of which contribute to our well-being and the conservation of our environment.

The life-altering power of water has long been regarded as one of two crucial elements used in the art of feng-shui. We need to harmonize our interior surroundings to achieve balance and serenity according to the ancient philosophy of feng-shui. It is essential to include a water element someplace in our homes. Putting a fountain in front of your home or close to your entrance is ideal.

Whatever you choose, whether a mounted waterfall, a free-standing water feature, or a customized fountain, you can rest assured that your brand new water wall will be beneficial to you and your loved ones. Based on the results of many research studies, people who have a fountain in a central room are said to be more content, satisfied, and lighthearted than those who do not have one.

The Advantages of Solar Landscape Fountains

The Advantages of Solar Landscape Fountains Your garden wall fountain can be run by any number of power sources. While electrical power has been used up to now to power them, there has been renewed interest in environmentally-friendly solar powered versions.Advantages Solar  Landscape Fountains 98590818.jpg Although solar powered water fountains may be the most inexpensive long-term option, the initial outlay is in fact higher. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are utilized to make solar powered water fountains. Your decor dictates which type best suits you. If you are looking to have your own garden hideaway, these kinds of fountains are ideal because they are easy to maintain and also have a positive effect on the environment.

Interior wall fountains not only give you something beautiful to look at, they also help to cool your home. They cool your dwelling by utilizing the same methods used in air conditioners and swamp coolers. You can lower your power bill since they consume less energy.

Fanning crisp, dry air across them is the most common method used to benefit from their cooling effect. To enhance air circulation, turn on your ceiling fan or use the air from some corner of the room. It is essential to ensure that air is consistently blowing over the top of the water. It is the nature of fountains and waterfalls to generate cooled, fresh air. The sudden chill we feel is normal when we approach a big municipal fountain or a waterfall. Putting your fountain cooling system in a place that is especially hot reduces its efficacy. Your fountain will be less reliable if you situate it in the sunlight.

Did You Know How Technical Concepts of Fountains Became Known?

Know Technical Concepts Fountains Became Known? 4992491216.jpg Did You Know How Technical Concepts of Fountains Became Known? Instrumental to the advancement of scientific technology were the printed papers and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the primary means of transmitting useful hydraulic information and water fountain design suggestions all through Europe. An unnamed French water feature designer became an internationally renowned hydraulic innovator in the late 1500's. His competence in creating gardens and grottoes with incorporated and ingenious water attributes began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. The publication, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” written near the end of his lifetime in France, became the definitive text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The book updated important hydraulic advancements since classical antiquity as well as detailing contemporary hydraulic technologies. As a mechanized method to shift water, Archimedes devised the water screw, fundamental among vital hydraulic discoveries. An decorative water feature with sunlight heating the water in two containers concealed in a nearby accommodation was presented in one illustration. Activating the water feature is hot liquid that expands and ascends to seal up the water lines. Garden ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature designs are talked about in the book.

The Countless Styles of Wall Fountains

The Countless Styles of Wall Fountains Small verandas or courtyards are an ideal place to install wall fountains because they add style to an area with limited space. When considering the many types of outdoor wall fountains available including traditional, antique, modern, or Asian, you are certain to find one best suited to your design ideas. While there are innumerable prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a customized fountain if none of these are pleasing to you.

Mounted and free-standing water features are readily available on the market.Countless Styles Wall Fountains 36845087977021186.jpg Small, self-contained versions can be placed on a wall are called mounted wall fountains. Normally made of resin (to resemble stone) or fiber glass, these types of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Floor fountains are freestanding, big, and also have a basin on the floor as well as a flat side against the wall. Generally made of cast stone, this type of water feature is not limited in weight.

Custom-built fountains which can be incorporated into a new or existing wall are often prescribed by landscaping designers. The basin and all the required plumbing are best installed by a qualified mason. It is also necessary to add a spout or fountain mask to build it into the wall. A tailor-made wall fountain blends into the landscape instead of standing out because it was a later addition, which adds to a unified appearance.

The Grace of Simple Garden Decor: The Outdoor Garden Fountain It is also possible to place your outdoor water fountain near a wall since they do not need to be connected to a nearby pond.In addition, it is no longer necessary to dig, deal with a difficult installation process or clean the pond.... read more


The First Public Water Fountains Villages and villages relied on working water fountains to channel water for cooking, bathing, and cleaning from nearby sources like lakes, channels, or springs.... read more


Attributes of Garden Sculpture in Archaic Greece The initial freestanding sculpture was developed by the Archaic Greeks, a notable accomplishment since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars.... read more


The Various Construction Materials of Large Garden Fountains While today’s garden fountains are made in a variety of materials, the majority are made from metal.Metallic ones offer clean lines and unique sculptural accents and can accommodate nearly any decorative style and budget.... read more


The Beauty of Simple Garden Decor: The Wall Water Fountain Since garden water fountains are no longer dependent on a nearby pond, it is possible to place them close to a wall.In addition, it is no longer necessary to dig, deal with a difficult installation procedure or tidy up the pond.... read more


When and Where Did Water Fountains Emerge? Himself a highly educated man, Pope Nicholas V led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 till 1455 and was responsible for the translation of scores of ancient texts from their original Greek into Latin.... read more