How Mechanical Concepts of Fountains Spread

How Mechanical Concepts of Fountains Spread Spreading useful hydraulic information and fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the written documents and illustrated books of the time. In the later part of the 1500's, a French fountain architect (whose name has been lost) was the globally distinguished hydraulics innovator. By designing gardens and grottoes with integrated and amazing water features, he started off his profession in Italy by receiving imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany.Mechanical Concepts Fountains Spread 75928764294.jpg He authored a book titled “The Principles of Moving Forces” towards the end of his lifetime while in France that turned into the basic tome on hydraulic technology and engineering. The publication modified important hydraulic breakthroughs since classical antiquity as well as detailing modern day hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, had his work featured and these integrated a mechanical way to move water. Natural light warmed the water in a pair of hidden containers next to the ornamental fountain were shown in an illustration. What occurs is the heated liquid expanded, rises and closes up the conduits heading to the fountain, thereby leading to activation. Concepts for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden ponds are also included in the book.

Outdoor Garden Fountains Defined

Outdoor Garden Fountains Defined A water feature is a big element which has water streaming in or through it. There is an extensive array of such features going from something as simple as a suspended wall fountain or as intricate as a courtyard tiered fountain. These products are so adaptable that they can be situated outdoors or inside. Water elements entail ponds and swimming pools as well.

Garden wall fountains are important additions to your living spaces such as backyards, yoga studios, cozy patios, apartment balconies, or office complexes. You can chill out to the gently flowing water in your fountain and satisfy your senses of sight and sound. With their aesthetically pleasing shape you can also use them to enhance the decor in your home or other living space. The sound of water provides serenity, covers up undesirable noises and also produces an entertaining water show.

Architectural Statuary in Early Greece

Architectural Statuary in Early Greece In the past, the vast majority of sculptors were compensated by the temples to decorate the involved columns and archways with renderings of the gods, but as the era came to a close it became more accepted for sculptors to portray ordinary people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their institution as superstitious rather than sacred. Often times, a depiction of wealthy families' forefathers would be commissioned to be located inside of huge familial tombs, and portraiture, which would be duplicated by the Romans upon their conquering of Greek civilization, also became customary. It is amiss to state that the arts had one function during The Classical Greek period, a duration of artistic advancement during which the usage of sculpture and other art forms changed.Architectural Statuary Early Greece 8477866659672.jpg Greek sculpture was actually a cutting-edge part of antiquity, whether the cause was faith based fervor or visual fulfillment, and its contemporary excellence may be what endears it to us today.

The Benefits of Photovoltaic Garden Fountains

Benefits Photovoltaic  Garden Fountains 54251954498498901167.jpg The Benefits of Photovoltaic Garden Fountains Garden wall fountains can be powered in several different ways. While electricity has been used up to now to power them, there has been renewed interest in environmentally-friendly solar powered versions. Although solar powered water fountains may be the most economical long-term option, the initial expense is in fact higher. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are the most common materials chosen to build solar powered water fountains. If you are looking for one which compliments your home furnishings, the range available on the market makes this possible. If you are contemplating a fountain to complete your garden refuge, know that they are easy to manage and a great way to contribute to a clean eco-system.

Indoor wall fountains are a superb option to cool your home as well as to provide an eye-catching addition to your surroundings. An alternative to air conditioners and swamp coolers, they cool off your home by using the same techniques. You can also save on your electric costs because they consume less energy.

A fan can be used to blow fresh, dry air across them so as to generate a cooling effect. To improve air circulation, turn on your ceiling fan or use the air from some corner of the area. It is very important that the top of the water have air regularly blowing across it. Cool, crisp air is one of the natural benefits of fountains and waterfalls. You will experience a sudden coolness in the air when you come near a big waterfall or fountain. Your fountain cooling system should not be placed in a spot which is especially hot. Direct sunlight, for example, diminishes the ability of your fountain to produce cold air.

Statuary As a Staple of Vintage Art in Archaic Greece

Statuary As a Staple of Vintage Art in Archaic Greece The first freestanding statuary was designed by the Archaic Greeks, a distinguished achievement since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of adolescent and desirable male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi, viewed by the Greeks to represent beauty, had one foot stretched out of a strict forward-facing pose and the male statues were regularly nude, with a powerful, powerful physique. In around 650 BC, the varieties of the kouroi became life-sized.Statuary Staple Vintage Art Archaic Greece 4221746141.jpg The Archaic period was tumultuous for the Greeks as they progressed into more polished forms of federal government and art, and acquired more data about the peoples and cultures outside of Greece. Comparable to other periods of historical unrest, disagreements were commonplace, and there were struggles between city-states like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos.

The Rewards of Indoor Wall Water Features

Rewards Indoor Wall Water Features 264093741552321.jpg The Rewards of Indoor Wall Water Features Clinics and health care facilities have been using interior fountains to create peaceful, stress-free environments for many years now. The calming effect of flowing water can be conducive to a contemplative state.

The sounds generated by indoor water features are also thought to bolster the pace of healing. Many physicians and mental health professionals think these are a helpful addition in treating a number of ailments. PTSD patients as well as those struggling with severe sleeplessness are thought to feel better after hearing the calming, gentle trickle of water.

A sense of safety and well-being is heightened, according to quite a few studies, when you include an wall fountain in your home. Human beings, as well as this planet, could not exist without the sight and sound of water.

Feng-shui is an ancient philosophy which claims that water is one of two essential components in our lives which has the capacity to transform us. The main tenets of feng-shui state that we can achieve serenity and harmony by harmonizing the interior elements in our surroundings. It is essential to include a water element somewhere in our homes. A fountain should be placed close to your front door or entrance to be most effective.

If you are looking for a water wall that best suits your families’ needs consider one of the many options available including a mounted waterfall, a stand-alone water feature or a custom-built fountain. Based on the results of numerous studies, people who have a fountain in a central room are thought to be more content, satisfied, and lighthearted than those who do not have one.

Exterior Water Features Come in Lots of Shapes and Sizes

Exterior Water Features Come in Lots of Shapes and SizesExterior Water Features Come Lots Shapes Sizes 151241305.jpg Make your dream a reality by making an oasis of tranquility in your garden. You can benefit from a water feature by incorporating an outdoor fountain to your backyard and creating a place of tranquility.

The stream of water sent shooting into the air by a spouting fountain is an spectacular sight to see. Large, existing ponds can have one of these incorporated without much hassle. You can find these in community recreational areas or old mansions.

Pick a stylish wall fountain to put outside. If you are eager to include a water feature, but are doubtful because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to install one of these. Spouting fountains usually make quite an impact whereas wall features are more of an understated type of water feature. In this simple process. the water which is pushed out of a small opening, flows down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the bottom before being pushed back to the top.

Installing a fountain with a motif depends completely on the layout of your garden. If your bungalow or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should think about adding a traditional type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. Something unique and striking could be an option for more modern gardens. Choosing what to do is completely in your hands.

The main attribute of a multi-tiered fountain is that water streams from a number of different levels. Water flows down multiple tiers in a cascading fountain.

Since external fountains require a great deal of space, think about putting in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. These types of water features are perfect for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are hidden underground.

If you seek a feeling of serenity and calmness, install a Japanese fountain as these are believed to bring about such sensations. Bamboo sticks serve as the tubing from which water flows in these kinds of water features. Water then streams into a bucket or a shaped stone, only to repeat the cycle over and over again.

One of the many styles of fountain available is the glass fountain. A more traditional look is provided by trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. Gardens with a lot of sharp edges as well as modern forms and designs are better for these types of water features. As the water flows over the top of the glass it produces a dazzling effect. In some cases, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows over the glass panels. With water softly flowing down its surface, rock waterfall fountains, often made of fake rock, are a possible solution for your garden.

A large rock drilled with openings which then has tubes inserted into it is what distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain. Low pressure is employed to push up the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Downward flowing water appears as soft dribble as it moves down the sides of the rock to return to its base. Small gardens are perfect for this kind of fountain. To guarantee that water is not sprayed around if it starts to get windy, this kind of fountain is the best option since it only uses low pressure to move water.

Solar fountains have recently gained in popularity because they are powered by the sun. The reasons for this are diverse, from the lack of wires and the reduced complexities to the decreased power bills and the beneficial effects on our environment. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide selection of designs to pick from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.

Your Patio: An Ideal Spot for a Wall Fountain

Your Patio: An Ideal Spot for a Wall Fountain A good way to enhance the appearance of your outdoor living area is to add a wall water feature or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden design. Many modern designers and artisans have been inspired by historical fountains and water features. As such, integrating one of these to your interior is a great way to connect it to the past. The water and moisture garden fountains release into the atmosphere draws birds and other creatures, and also balances the ecosystem, all of which contribute to the advantages of having one of these beautiful water features. Flying, annoying insects, for instance, are scared away by the birds congregating around the fountain or birdbath.

Putting in a wall fountain is your best solution for a little garden because a spouting or cascading fountain occupies too much space. You can choose to put in a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an connected basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and hung from a wall. Adding a fountain to an existent wall requires that you add a fountain mask as well as a basin at the bottom to collect the water. Since the plumbing and masonry work is substantial to complete this type of job, you should employ a professional to do it rather than attempt to do it alone.

Rome’s Ingenious Water Transport Systems

Rome’s Ingenious Water Transport Systems Rome’s 1st raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, residents living at higher elevations had to rely on local springs for their water. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people living at higher elevations turned to water removed from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. To furnish water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they employed the emerging strategy of redirecting the movement from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. During the length of the aqueduct’s channel were pozzi, or manholes, that gave entry. The manholes made it more straightforward to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to pull water from the aqueduct, as we viewed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. He didn’t get sufficient water from the cistern that he had built on his residential property to obtain rainwater. To give himself with a more streamlined system to obtain water, he had one of the manholes opened up, offering him access to the aqueduct below his property.

A Small Garden Space? Don't Feel Left Out! You Can Still Have a Water Fountain

A Small Garden Space? Don't Feel Left Out! You Can Still Have a Water Fountain Since water is reflective, it has the effect of making a smaller spot appear bigger than it is. In order to attain the maximum reflective properties of a water feature or fountain, it is best to use dark materials. If your intention is to highlight your new feature at night, underwater lights in various colors and shapes will do the trick. Benefit from the sun’s rays by using eco-lights during the day and underwater lighting fixtures during the night. Natural therapies use them because they exude a calming effect which helps to relieve stress as well as anxiety.

The greenery in your garden is the perfect place to place your water feature. Ponds, man-made rivers, or fountains are just some of the ways you can you can make it become the focal feature on your property. Examples of areas where you can install a water feature include large lawns or small patios. Considerably improving the ambience is possible by placing it in the most suitable place and include the finest accompaniments.

The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Gardens

The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Gardens The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century considerably altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. Nonetheless the Normans had to pacify the whole territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Most often built upon windy summits, castles were basic constructs that permitted their inhabitants to devote time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings commonly placed in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. The bare fortresses did not provide for the calm avocation of horticulture. Berkeley Castle is perhaps the most intact model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to assailants trying to excavate under the castle walls. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and bordered by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Many Designs on the Market

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Many Designs on the Market If you want to have a place to relax and add some pizzazz to a small area such as a patio or courtyard, wall fountains are ideal because they do not occupy much space. The multitude of styles in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one suitable to your tastes. If you are looking for a unique design, a custom-made one can be specially made to meet your specifications.

There are two distinct styles of fountains you can buy: mounted and stand-alone. You can place a mounted wall fountain because they are small and self-contained. Fountains of this type need to be light, therefore, they are typically fabricated from resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass. Stand-alone fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, are sizable, have a basin located on the ground and a smooth side which leans against a wall. There are no weight limits on these kinds of cast stone water features.

It is a good idea to integrate a customized fountain into a new or existing wall, something often recommended by landscape professionals. Installing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work requires a expert mason to do it properly. A fountain mask or a spout also needs to be incorporated into the wall. Custom-built wall fountains lend to a unified look because they become part of the scenery rather than look like a later addition.

Caring For Garden Fountains

Caring For Garden Fountains Installing an outdoor wall fountain demands that you bear in mind the dimensions of the space where you are going to install it. In order to support its total weight, a solid wall is required. Remember that small areas or walls will need to have a lightweight fountain. In order for the fountain to have electrical power, a nearby electrical plug is needed. Since there are many types of outdoor wall fountains, installation procedures vary, but the majority include user-friendly instructions.

All you will require to properly install your outdoor wall fountain is normally provided in easy-to-use kits. A submersible pump, hoses and basin, or reservoir, are included in the kit. The basin, if it's not too large, can easily be hiddenin your garden among the plants. Other than the regular cleaning, little maintenance is required once your outdoor wall fountain is fitted.

Replenishing and purifying the water on a consistent basis is very important. Rubbish such as branches, leaves or dirt should be cleaned up quickly. Ensure that your outdoor wall fountain is shielded from bitterly cold winter temperatures. Your pump may split when subjected to freezing water during the wintertime, so it is best to bring it indoors to avoid any damage. The bottom line is that if you properly maintain and look after for your outdoor fountain, it will bring you joy for many years.

Where did Large Garden Fountains Come From?

Large Garden Fountains Come From? 51861507152.jpg Where did Large Garden Fountains Come From? A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to supply potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Used until the nineteenth century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Acting as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to beautify their fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. To show his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. To mark the entryway of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts entered the city of Rome

The end of the nineteenth century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Modern fountains are used to embellish public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

Characteristics of Outdoor Sculpture in Archaic Greece Up right up until the Archaic Greeks created the 1st freestanding sculpture, a phenomenal achievement, carvings had primarily been completed in walls and pillars as reliefs.... read more


Rome’s Early Water Delivery Solutions Previous to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was constructed in Roma, residents who resided on hillsides had to go even further down to gather their water from natural sources.... read more


Contemporary Statues in Ancient Greece Sculptors adorned the lavish columns and archways with renderings of the greek gods until the time came to a close and more Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred; at that instant, it grew to be more common for sculptors be paid to show everyday people as well.... read more


The Main Characteristics of Classic Greek Statues The Archaic Greeks built the very first freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars.... read more


Builders of the First Outdoor Fountains Frequently serving as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-faceted people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century.... read more


The Dissemination of Water Fountain Design Knowledge Contributing to the development of scientific technology were the printed papers and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the primary means of transmitting useful hydraulic facts and water fountain design ideas throughout Europe.... read more