The Magificent Early Wonders by Bernini

Magificent Early Wonders Bernini 65567493204.jpg The Magificent Early Wonders by Bernini The Barcaccia, Bernini's first fountain, is a striking chef d'oeuvre built at the bottom of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. This spot is still filled with Roman locals and tourists who like to exchanging gossip or going over the day's news. One of the city’s most fashionable gathering places are the streets surrounding Bernini's fountain, which would certainly have brought a smile to the great Bernini. Dating back to around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII mandated what was to be the very first water fountain of the master's career. The fountain’s central theme is based on an enormous boat slowly sinking into the Mediterranean. The great 16th century flood of the Tevere, which left the entire region inundated with water, was memorialized by the water fountain according to documents from the period. In 1665, France was graced by Bernini's one-and-only lengthy voyage outside of Italy.

The Rewards of Interior Wall Water Fountains

The Rewards of Interior Wall Water Fountains Hospitals and health care facilities have been using indoor fountains to create peaceful, stress-free environments for many years now. Softly falling water lulls people into a state of meditation.

In addition, convalescence is believed to go faster when indoor fountains are used in treatment. A number of sicknesses are thought to get better with their use, as such they are suggested by medical professionals and mental health therapists. Even the most stricken insomnia patient as well as anyone suffering from PTSD can benefit from the calming, melodic sound of water.

A feeling of security and well-being is heightened, according to quite a few studies, when you add an wall fountain in your home. Human beings, as well as this environment, could not survive without the sight and sound of water.

One of the two essential components in the art of feng- shui, water is thought to have life-changing effects. The main tenets of feng-shui claim that we can attain serenity and harmony by balancing the interior elements in our surroundings. We should include the element of water somewhere in our living area. A fountain should be situated close to your front door or entrance to be most effective.Rewards Interior Wall Water Fountains 5732755655985.jpg

You and your family will no doubt benefit from the inclusion of a water wall in your home, whether it be a wall mounted waterfall, a freestanding water feature or a custom-built one. A number of reports state that a fountain located in a central living area makes people more cheerful, contented, and relaxed than those who do not have a fountain in the house.

Choose from all Types of External Fountains

Choose from all Types of External Fountains Make your dream a reality by creating an haven of tranquility in your garden. Add a sense of peace to your garden with an outdoor fountain and profit from all the positive effects of a water feature.

The flood of water sent shooting into the air by a spouting fountain is an spectacular sight to see. Sizable, preexisting ponds can easily be fitted with one of these.Choose Types External Fountains 9308003052.jpg Parks and historical mansions often have one these water features.

Wall fountains are an perfect example of outdoor wall features. These sorts of fountains make great water features even if you only have a small garden. Wall fountains leave an understated impression, contrary to the big effect created by spouting fountains. It is straightforward undertaking wherein a small jet of water pours outwards in front of a beautifully textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Themed fountains are perfect when the look of your yard allows for them. If your cottage or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should consider including a classic type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. On the other hand, a more contemporary garden can include more of a bold design. Feel free to let your hair down and pick something fun and intrepid.

Tiered fountains are alluring because the water flows down multiple levels. Water flowing down multiple tiers of this water feature is the main attribute of a cascading fountain.

A substantial amount of space is necessary for an outdoor fountain, so another alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. These types of water features are ideal for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are concealed underground.

Include a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a feeling of relaxation. Bamboo sticks serve as the tubing from which water flows in these kinds of water features. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is situated at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the pattern repeated over and over again.

Another sort of fountain is made of glass. A more vintage look is provided by trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Water features of this type are an excellent option for gardens with many sharp edges as well as contemporary shapes and design. As the water flows over the top of the glass it produces a dazzling impact. LED lighting fixtures are also used in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows down on the glass sheet. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain makes for an interesting façade as the water softly trickles downwards.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with openings and then filled in the center with pipes. The gurgles and bubbles at the top are the product of the low pressure used to trigger the water upwards. Flowing towards the bottom of the fountain, the water returns as a slow drizzle down the sides of the rock. This is yet another solution for gardens with limited space. To guarantee that water is not sprayed around if it starts to get windy, this kind of fountain is the best choice since it only uses low pressure to move water.

Solar powered fountains have become more popular recently since they run on sunlight. The lack of cables, the decreased hassle in dealing with them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the motives for this increased interest. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide range of designs to choose from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.

A Concise History of the First Outdoor Water Features

A Concise History of the First Outdoor Water Features The water from springs and other sources was initially supplied to the citizens of nearby towns and cities by way of water fountains, whose purpose was largely practical, not artistic. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the movement and send water squirting from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the late nineteenth century.Concise History First Outdoor Water Features 9420136471945319749.jpg Striking and spectacular, large water fountains have been constructed as monuments in most societies. Simple in style, the first water fountains didn't appear much like contemporary fountains. Simple stone basins crafted from local rock were the first fountains, used for religious purposes and drinking water. Stone basins are theorized to have been first utilized around the year 2000 BC. The jet of water appearing from small jets was pushed by gravity, the only power source designers had in those days. Drinking water was delivered by public fountains, long before fountains became elaborate public statues, as striking as they are practical. Fountains with elaborate decoration began to appear in Rome in approximately 6 B.C., usually gods and wildlife, made with stone or bronze. Water for the communal fountains of Rome was delivered to the city via a elaborate system of water aqueducts.

The Many Construction Materials of Garden Water fountains

The Many Construction Materials of Garden Water fountains Most modern garden fountains come in metal, although various other types exist. Those made from metals have clean lines and unique sculptural elements, and are flexible enough to fit any budget and decor. If you have a modern-day look and feel to your interior design, your yard and garden should have that same look.

One of the most popular metals for sculptural garden fountains presently is copper. Copper is appropriate for many fountain styles, including tabletop and cascade water fountains, and can be placed either inside or outside - making it a great option. Another benefit of copper fountains is they are flexible and come in a wide range of styles.

Brass water fountains are also popular, though they tend to have a more classic look than copper ones.Many Construction Materials Garden Water fountains 74604970387179452536.jpg Brass fountains are often designed with unique artwork, so they are popular even if they are a bit conventional.

Probably the most modern of all metals is stainless steel. If you pick a cutting-edge steel design, both the value and tranquility of your garden will get a nice boost. Like all water fountains, you can get them in just about any size you choose.

Because it is both lighter and less expensive than metal but has a similar look, fiberglass is quite common for fountains. Caring for a fiberglass water fountain is fairly easy, another benefit that consumers love.

The History of Garden Fountains

The History of Garden Fountains Hundreds of classic Greek texts were translated into Latin under the authority of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V, who ruled the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. It was imperative for him to beautify the city of Rome to make it worthy of being known as the capital of the Christian world. At the behest of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a ruined aqueduct which had transported clean drinking water into Rome from eight miles away, was reconditioned starting in 1453. The historical Roman custom of marking the arrival point of an aqueduct with an imposing celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was directed by the Pope to build a wall fountain where we now see the Trevi Fountain. The aqueduct he had refurbished included modifications and extensions which eventually enabled it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

Ancient Greece: The Roots of Garden Statue Design

Ancient Greece: The Roots of Garden Statue Design Although the majority of sculptors were paid by the temples to decorate the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods, as the time period came to a close, it became more prevalent for sculptors to depict ordinary people as well mainly because many of Greeks had started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred.Ancient Greece: Roots Garden Statue Design 666514092573805643.jpg Often times, a representation of affluent families' ancestors would be commissioned to be located within huge familial tombs, and portraiture, which would be replicated by the Romans upon their conquering of Greek civilization, also became customary. All through the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of aesthetic progress, the use of sculpture and other art forms transformed, so it is erroneous to say that the arts served merely one function. Greek sculpture was actually a modern component of antiquity, whether the cause was religious fervor or visual satisfaction, and its contemporary excellence may be what endears it to us today.

Inventors of the First Outdoor Fountains

Inventors of the First Outdoor Fountains Commonly serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-faceted people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci as a inspired master, inventor and scientific virtuoso exemplified this Renaissance master. He methodically documented his findings in his now famed notebooks about his investigations into the forces of nature and the attributes and mobility of water. Transforming private villa configurations into innovative water showcases full with symbolic meaning and natural wonder, early Italian fountain designers coupled imagination with hydraulic and horticultural expertise. The humanist Pirro Ligorio offered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli and was distinguished for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden concepts. Well versed in humanist subject areas as well as ancient technical texts, other water fountain makers were masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water properties and water antics for the various lands around Florence.

Select from Countless Exterior Wall Fountain Designs

Select from Countless Exterior Wall Fountain Designs You can design a place to relax as well as add a touch of style to your porch or yard with a wall fountain since they are great adornments to fit into small area. Traditional, antique, modern, or Asian are just some of the styles you can pick from when looking for an outdoor wall fountain to your liking. It is possible to have one custom-made if you are unable to find a prefabricated fountain to suit you.

Mounted and stand-alone water features are obtainable on the market.Select Countless Exterior Wall Fountain Designs 46830249255132594.jpg Mounted wall fountains are little and self-contained variations which can be displayed on a wall. Normally made of resin (to resemble stone) or fiber glass, these types of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. In large free-standing fountains, otherwise known as wall fountains, the basin is located on the ground with the smooth side positioned against a wall. Normally made of cast stone, these water features have no weight restrictions.

Landscape designers often recommend a custom-built fountain for a brand new or existing wall. Employing an expert mason is your best option to construct the basin and install the required plumbing. You will need to incorporate a spout or fountain mask into the wall. The cohesive look produced by custom-made wall fountains make them appear to be part of the scenery rather than an afterthought.

An Short Guide to Herbs in Your Garden

An Short Guide to Herbs in Your GardenShort Guide Herbs Garden 355865059940777275.jpg An Introduction to Containers Gardening & Herbs. You will obtain instant gratification when you grow natural herbs in the garden as they can be included in preparing sauces, soups, marinades and a range of other recipes. Herbs are very easy to maintain and often do not necessitate daily care, but even better you can relocate these plants in the house with the pots to assure they are going to be able to pull through the winter weather that is liable to be cold and dangerous for all plants. You can incorporate a lot of things in your backyard, including perennial herbs specifically because they do not need replanting at the close of the year and do not die easily. In addition, the types of herbs you prefer to cook with should affect your personal herb choices. Basil, oregano, and thyme are great herbs to plant if you enjoy cooking and eating Italian food. If you prefer Latin themed food, you may choose to cultivate cilantro instead. Where you put your herb garden will confirm which herbs can grow there. If you live in a mild climate, with warm winters and relatively cool summers, it may be easiest to plant straight into the ground. This is a fantastic way to spruce up your backyard without having the problem of purchasing or creating planters. If you do not want to your plants to die or become dormant after becoming exposed to severe weather conditions, you can still rely on planters. They are practical and flexible and you can relocate inside at any time.

How Mechanical Designs of Outdoor Spread

Mechanical Designs Outdoor Spread 86119042.jpg How Mechanical Designs of Outdoor Spread Throughout the European countries, the primary means of dissiminating practical hydraulic understanding and fountain design suggestions were the published pamphlets and illustrated books of the time, which contributed to the advancement of scientific technology. In the later part of the 1500's, a French fountain architect (whose name has been lost) was the globally recognized hydraulics leader. His competence in developing gardens and grottoes with integrated and brilliant water attributes began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, near the end of his lifetime, he penned “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a book that became the fundamental text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The book modified key hydraulic advancements since classical antiquity as well as detailing contemporary hydraulic technologies. As a mechanized means to push water, Archimedes made the water screw, chief among crucial hydraulic advancements. Sunlight heating liquid in a couple of containers unseen in a room adjacent to an beautiful fountain was shown in one illustration. What occurs is the hot water expanded, goes up and locks up the piping heading to the fountain, thereby leading to activation. The publication also covers garden ponds, water wheels, water feature designs.

The Early Civilization: Outdoor Fountains

The Early Civilization: Outdoor Fountains Archaeological digs in Minoan Crete in Greece have exposed a number of kinds of conduits. They not solely helped with the water supply, they removed rainwater and wastewater as well. The primary ingredients employed were stone or terracotta. Whenever manufactured from clay, they were usually in the format of canals and round or rectangle-shaped pipes. These incorporated cone-like and U-shaped clay pipes which were unique to the Minoans. The water provision at Knossos Palace was handled with a strategy of clay pipes that was located under the floor, at depths varying from a few centimeters to a number of meters. The terracotta conduits were additionally used for gathering and holding water. Hence, these pipelines had to be effective to: Underground Water Transportation: the obscure system for water circulation could have been chosen to supply water to specified men and women or occasions. Quality Water Transportation: Many scholars believe that these pipes were employed to build a separate distribution technique for the palace.

The Positive Benefits of installing a wall fountain in Your Living Space

Positive Benefits installing wall fountain Living Space 007498615.jpg The Positive Benefits of installing a wall fountain in Your Living Space A great way to enhance the appearance of your outdoor living area is to add a wall fountain or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden design. Many contemporary designers and artisans have been influenced by historical fountains and water features. As such, the impact of adding one of these to your home decor binds it to past times. In addition to the wonderful attributes of garden fountains, they also generate water and moisture which goes into the air, thereby, drawing in birds as well as other creatures and harmonizing the environment. Birds enticed by a fountain or bird bath often scare away irritating flying invaders, for instance.

The area necessary for a cascading or spouting fountain is substantial, so a wall fountain is the ideal size for a small yard. Either a freestanding fountain with an even back and an attached basin set against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted kind which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the possibilities from which you can choose. Be sure to include a fountain mask to an existing wall and a basin to collect the water at the base if you want to put in a fountain to your living area. Be sure to hire a professional for this type of job since it is better not to do it yourself due to the intricate plumbing and masonry work required.

Fountains for Tight Areas

Fountains Tight Areas 49382631797017711.jpg Fountains for Tight Areas The reflective properties of water means it can make small areas appear larger than they are. Augmenting the reflective attributes of a fountain or water feature are possible by using dark materials. Use underwater lights, which come in many different shapes and colors, to display your new feature at night. Benefit from the sun’s rays by using eco-lights during the day and underwater lighting fixtures during the night. The comforting effect produced by these is oftentimes used in nature techniques to alleviate anxiety and stress.

Your backyard vegetation is a fantastic area to incorporate in your water feature. Ponds, artificial rivers, or fountains are just some of the ways you can you can make it become the focal feature on your property. The flexibility of water features is that they can be set up in large backyards as well as in small verandas. The atmosphere can be significantly altered by placing it in the best place and using the proper accessories.

The Origins Of Garden Fountains

Origins Garden Fountains 120274981.jpg The Origins Of Garden Fountains The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home.

Pure functionality was the original role of fountains. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to supply them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water source, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Serving as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. The main materials used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create mini variations of the gardens of paradise. Fountains enjoyed a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

The end of the 19th century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. The introduction of unique water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational events.

Rome’s Early Water Delivery Systems

Rome’s Early Water Delivery Systems Prior to 273, when the 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in Roma, residents who dwelled on hills had to journey even further down to get their water from natural sources. When aqueducts or springs weren’t accessible, people dwelling at raised elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by way of the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. All through the length of the aqueduct’s network were pozzi, or manholes, that gave entry. The manholes made it more straightforward to clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we saw with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he possessed the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t good enough to meet his needs. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat just below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him accessibility.

Caring For Outdoor Fountains

Caring For Outdoor Fountains A very important first step is to consider the size of the outdoor wall fountain with regards to the area you have available for it. A solid wall is definitely needed to hold up its total weight. So areas or walls which are smaller in size will most probably require something lightweight. In order for the fountain to have electrical power, a nearby electrical socket is needed. Since there are many varieties of outdoor wall fountains, installation procedures vary, however the majority include user-friendly instructions.

Most outside wall fountains are available in "for-dummies" style kits that will give you all you need to properly install it. In the kit you will find all the needed essentials: a submersible pump, hoses and basin, or reservoir. If the size is average, the basin can be hidden away amongst your garden plants.Caring Outdoor Fountains 013965051535057.jpg Once your wall fountain is installed, all that is required is regular cleaning and some light maintenance.

Replace the water regularly so it is always clean. Remember to get rid of debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as quickly as possible. Additonally, outdoor fountains should always be shielded from freezing temperatures in wintertime. In order to avoid any damage, such as cracking, from freezing water during the cold winter months, move your pump indoors. To sum up, your outdoor wall fountain will continue to be an amazing addition to your garden if you keep it well cared for and well maintained.

The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Garden Design

The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Garden Design The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. Still, home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the rest of the population. Monasteries and castles served separate purposes, so while monasteries were massive stone structures assembled in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the people focused on understanding offensive and defensive practices. The serene practice of gardening was unrealistic in these bleak bastions. The best example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent in modern times is Berkeley Castle.Impact Norman Conquest Anglo Saxon Garden Design 51664140964.jpg The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time period. As a technique of deterring assailants from tunneling underneath the walls, an immense terrace encompasses the building. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and bordered by an aged hedge of yew that has been designed into coarse battlements.

Garden Fountains: An Ideal Decor Accessory to Find Serenity

Garden Fountains: Ideal Decor Accessory Find Serenity 36845087977021186.jpg Garden Fountains: An Ideal Decor Accessory to Find Serenity Your state of mind is positively influenced by having water in your yard. The loud noises in your neighborhood can be masked by the soft sounds of a fountain. This is a great spot to relax and experience nature near you. Bodies of water such as seas, oceans and rivers are commonly used in water therapies, as they are regarded as therapeutic. So if you want a tiny piece of heaven nearby, a pond or fountain in your own garden is the answer.

The Benefits of Solar Powered Garden Fountains

The Benefits of Solar Powered Garden Fountains There are many different electrical options you can use for your garden wall fountain. While electrical power has been used up to now to power them, there has been renewed interest in eco-friendly solar powered models. Although solar powered water fountains may be the most inexpensive long-term option, the initial outlay is in fact higher. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are the most prevalent materials used to build solar powered water fountains.Benefits Solar Powered  Garden Fountains 3569673696.jpg This wide array of options makes it easier to purchase one which fits your interior design. Easy to care for and an excellent way to make a substantial contribution to the environment, they are wonderful additions to your garden refuge as well.

In addition to its visual charm, interior wall fountains can also serve to keep your house at a cool temperature. They cool your dwelling by utilizing the same principles used in air conditioners and swamp coolers. You can also save on your electric costs because they use less energy.

Their cooling effect can be started by fanning fresh, dry air across them. Either your ceiling fan or air from a corner of the room can be used to augment flow. The most important consideration is to ensure that the air is consistently flowing over the surface of the water. It is natural for fountains and waterfalls to generate cool, fresh air. A big public fountain or a water fall will generate a sudden chilliness in the air. Be sure to situate your fountain cooling system where it will not be subjected to additional heat. If you want an efficient cooling system, it should be placed away from direct sunlight.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Outdoor Wall Fountains To ensure that water fountains last a long time, it is vital to perform regular maintenance.Leaves, twigs, and bugs often find their way into fountains, so it is important to keep yours free from such things.... read more


The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Garden Design Anglo-Saxons experienced incredible changes to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans.The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power.... read more


Modern Garden Decor: Fountains and their Beginnings The dramatic or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, as well as providing drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.... read more


Characteristics of Outdoor Sculpture in Archaic Greece The Archaic Greeks manufactured the first freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars.... read more


Backyard Elegance: Outdoor Garden Fountains These days you can just put your garden water fountain near a wall since they no longer need to be connected to a pond.Due to the various options available, it no longer necessary to contend with excavations, complcated installations or cleaning the pond.... read more


Anglo-Saxon Gardens at the Time of the Norman Conquest The introduction of the Normans in the 2nd half of the eleventh century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle.At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation.... read more


The Dissemination of Water Fountain Design Knowledge Contributing to the development of scientific technology were the printed papers and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the primary means of transmitting useful hydraulic facts and water fountain design ideas throughout Europe.... read more