The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Landscaping The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. However the Normans had to pacify the entire territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration.Effect Norman Invasion Anglo Saxon Landscaping 6759433196740.jpg Monasteries and castles served separate functions, so while monasteries were large stone structures constructed in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the occupants focused on learning offensive and defensive techniques. Gardening, a peaceful occupation, was impracticable in these unproductive fortifications. Berkeley Castle is probably the most intact model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. It is said that the keep was created during William the Conqueror's time. As a strategy of deterring assailants from tunneling within the walls, an immense terrace encompasses the building. On 1 of these terraces lies a stylish bowling green: it's covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Wall fountains

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Wall fountains In order to ensure that water fountains last a long time, it is vital to practice regular maintenance. A typical issue with fountains is that they tend to accumulate dirt and debris, so it is essential that you keep it free from this. Another factor is that water that is exposed to sunlight is vulnerable to growing algae. Stir hydrogen peroxide, sea salt, or vinegar into the water to avoid this particular issue. There are those who prefer to use bleach, but that is hazardous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

No more than three-four months should go by without an extensive cleaning of a fountain. The first task is to get rid of all of the water. When you have done this, wash inside the water reservoir with a gentle detergent. If there is detailed artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas. Do not leave any soap deposits inside or on the fountain.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and washing the inside properly. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it much less difficult to scrub. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to avoid any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

And finally, make sure the water level is continuously full in order to keep your fountain working optimally. Allowing the water to go below the pump’s intake level, can cause major damage and even make the pump burn out - an undesired outcome!

The Early Society: Outdoor Fountains

The Early Society: Outdoor Fountains During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, various kinds of conduits have been discovered. In combination with providing water, they distributed water that amassed from storms or waste. Stone and clay were the materials of choice for these channels. When prepared from clay, they were typically in the format of canals and spherical or rectangle-shaped piping. Amidst these were terracotta conduits that were U shaped or a shorter, cone-like form which have just showed up in Minoan society. Terracotta conduits were employed to administer water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters directly below the flooring. The pipelines also had other uses such as collecting water and directing it to a main place for storage. These clay piping were used to perform: Underground Water Transportation: This particular system’s unseen nature might suggest that it was primarily developed for some sort of ritual or to allocate water to limited communities. Quality Water Transportation: There’s also information which indicates the pipelines being employed to feed water fountains separately of the local scheme.

Taking Care Of Outdoor Fountains

Taking Care Of Outdoor FountainsTaking Care Outdoor Fountains 0505080294605.jpg Setting up an outdoor wall fountain demands that you take into account the dimensions of the space where you are going to place it. It is essential that the wall where you are going to place it is strong enough to support its weight. Note that smaller areas or walls will require a lightweight fountain. In order for the fountain to have electrical power, a nearby electrical plug is needed. Whatever the style of outdoor wall fountain you buy, they generally come with easy to follow, step-by-step instructions.

The typical outdoor wall fountain is available in an easy-to-use kit that comes with everything you need and more to properly install it. The kit will contain a submersible pump, the hoses and basin (or reservoir). If the size is appropriate, the basin can be hidden away amongst your garden plants. Once your wall fountain is installed, all that is required is consistent cleaning and some light maintenance.

It is necessary to replenish the water consistently so that it stays clean. Remember to get rid of debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as fast as possible. Extremely cold temperatures can damage your outdoor wall fountain so be sure to protect it during winer. In order to avoid any damage, such as cracking, from freezing water during the cold winter season, move your pump indoors. The bottom line is that if you properly maintain and look after for your outdoor fountain, it will bring you joy for years to come.

How Your Home or Workplace Benefit from an Indoor Wall Water Feature

How Your Home or Workplace Benefit from an Indoor Wall Water Feature Add an ornamental and modern touch to your home by adding an indoor wall water element. You can create a noise-free, stressless and comforting setting for your family, friends and clientele by installing this type of fountain. Your staff and clients alike will take notice and complement your new interior wall water feature. All those who come near your indoor water feature will be impressed and even your loudest detractor will be dazzled.

While sitting under your wall fountain you can delight in the serenity it provides after a long day's work and enjoy watching your favorite sporting event.Home Workplace Benefit Indoor Wall Water Feature 1814425746.jpg The musical sounds produced by an interior water element are known to release negative ions, remove dust and pollen from the air as well as sooth and pacify those in its vicinity.

Select from Countless Exterior Wall Fountain Designs

Select from Countless Exterior Wall Fountain Designs You can create a place to relax as well as add a touch of style to your porch or yard with a wall fountain since they are great adornments to fit into small space. The multitude of styles in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one best suited to your tastes. Your tastes determine the type you buy so while there may not be a prefabricated fountain to suit you, you do have the option of having a custom made one.

Mounted and stand-alone water features are obtainable on the market. Mounted wall fountains are little and self-contained variations which can be displayed on a wall. Typically made of resin (to resemble stone) or fiber glass, these sorts of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. In large free-standing fountains, otherwise known as wall fountains, the basin is situated on the ground with the smooth side positioned against a wall. There are no weight limits on these kinds of cast stone water features.

Many experienced landscapers favor custom-built fountains which can be incorporated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. The basin and all the required plumbing are best installed by a trained mason.Select Countless Exterior Wall Fountain Designs 187751191947921.jpg The wall will need to have a spout or fountain mask built into it. The cohesive look provided by custom-made wall fountains make them appear to be part of the landscape rather than an afterthought.

The Distribution of Water Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe

The Distribution of Water Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge in EuropeDistribution Water Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge Europe 4221746141.jpg Contributing to the development of scientific technology were the published papers and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the primary means of transmitting useful hydraulic ideas and fountain design suggestions throughout Europe. A globally recognized innovator in hydraulics in the later part of the 1500's was a French fountain designer, whose name has been lost to history. His experience in creating gardens and grottoes with incorporated and brilliant water attributes began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. He penned a publication titled “The Principles of Moving Forces” toward the conclusion of his life while in France that became the fundamental book on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Classical antiquity hydraulic developments were elaborated as well as changes to crucial classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries in the publication. The water screw, a technical means to move water, and devised by Archimedes, was showcased in the book. Sunlight warmed the liquid in two hidden containers adjacent to the beautiful water feature were shown in an illustration. The end result: the fountain is stimulated by the hot liquid expanding and rising up the pipes. Garden ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature concepts are included in the book.

Look at the Benefits of an Indoor Wall Water Fountain

Look at the Benefits of an Indoor Wall Water Fountain Indoor fountains have been used for many years as valuable elements to create soothing, stress free surroundings for patients in clinics and wellness programs. Lightly falling water lulls people into a state of meditation.Look Benefits Indoor Wall Water Fountain 848550321.jpg

In addition, convalescence is believed to go faster when indoor fountains are used in treatment. Many physicians and mental health therapists think these are a useful addition in healing many maladies. Even the most afflicted insomnia patient as well as those suffering from PTSD can benefit from the calming, melodic sound of water.

A sense of safety and well-being is enhanced, according to research, when you include an wall fountain in your home. The sight and sound of water are elemental to the existence of the human species and planet earth.

One of the two essential elements in the art of feng- shui, water is considered to have life-changing effects. The main precepts of feng-shui claim that we can attain serenity and harmony by harmonizing the interior elements in our surroundings. We should have the element of water somewhere in our home. A fountain should be located close to your front door or entrance to be most effective.

You and your loved ones will no doubt benefit from the addition of a water wall in your home, whether it be a wall mounted waterfall, a freestanding water feature or a custom-built one. Based on the results of many studies, people who have a fountain in a central room are said to be more content, satisfied, and carefree than those who do not have one.

What Are Wall fountains Crafted From?

What Are Wall fountains Crafted From? Most contemporary garden fountains come in metal, although many other types exist.Wall fountains  Crafted From? 31785440137768598466.jpg Those made from metals have clean lines and unique sculptural elements, and are versatile enough to fit any budget and decor. It is very important that your landscape reflects the style of your residence.

A common choice today is copper, and it is used in the making of many sculptural garden fountains. Copper fountains are the best option because they are perfect for the inside and outside. Another benefit of copper fountains is they are versatile and come in a wide assortment of styles.

If you are drawn to more traditional -looking water fountains, brass is probably for you. You will see a lot of brass fountains, as their intricate artwork makes them popular even if they are on the more traditional side.

The most stylish metal right now is probably stainless steel. Adding a modern-looking steel design will immediately add value to your garden and enhance the overall ambiance. As with any type of fountain, they are available in numerous sizes.

Fiberglass is a popular material for fountains because you can get the look and feel of metal at a much lower price, and it is lightweight and easier to move than metal. The maintenance of fiberglass water fountains is quite simple, so they have many benefits that people appreciate.

Statues As a Staple of Vintage Art in Archaic Greece

Statues As a Staple of Vintage Art in Archaic Greece The Archaic Greeks manufactured the very first freestanding statuary, an awesome achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars.Statues Staple Vintage Art Archaic Greece 701912677883532688.jpg Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are called kouros figures. The kouroi were considered by the Greeks to represent beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising firmness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, brawny, and nude. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. A massive period of improvement for the Greeks, the Archaic period brought about more forms of state, expressions of art, and a greater comprehension of people and customs outside of Greece. During this time and other times of historical tumultuousness, clashes often took place, most notably wars fought amongst city-states such as the Arcadian wars and the Spartan infiltration of Samos.

Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Come From?

Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Come From? The amazing or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to providing drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

Pure practicality was the original purpose of fountains. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to supply them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains functioned using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and memorialize the designer.Large Outdoor Fountains Come From? 3888797026916038.jpg Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to beautify their fountains. To depict the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Urban fountains built at the end of the nineteenth served only as decorative and celebratory ornaments since indoor plumbing provided the essential drinking water. The introduction of special water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the functions of modern-day fountains.

Ancient Greece: The Beginnings of Outdoor Statue Design

Ancient Greece: The Beginnings of Outdoor Statue DesignAncient Greece: Beginnings Outdoor Statue Design 989561408538150391.jpg A good number of sculptors were paid by the temples to enhance the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods right up until the stage came to a close and many Greeks began to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more typical for sculptors to represent ordinary people as well. Sometimes, a interpretation of affluent families' ancestors would be commissioned to be placed inside huge familial tombs, and portraiture, which would be duplicated by the Romans upon their conquering of Greek civilization, also became customary. During the the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of artistic development, the use of sculpture and many other art forms transformed, so it is incorrect to say that the arts delivered just one purpose. Greek sculpture was a cutting-edge component of antiquity, whether the cause was religious fervor or aesthetic satisfaction, and its contemporary excellence might be what endears it to us now.

Garden Water Fountains Defined

Garden Water Fountains Defined A water feature is one which is a large element through which water moves.Garden Water Fountains Defined 5309294248583112697.jpg The broad range of models available range from a simple suspended wall fountain to an elaborate courtyard tiered fountain. The versatility of this feature is practical since it can be situated indoors or outside. Ponds and swimming pools are also included in the definition of a water feature.

Look into placing a water feature such as a garden wall fountain to your expanisive backyard, yoga studio, comfy patio, apartment balcony, or office space. The pleasant sounds of trickling water from a fountain please the senses of sight and hearing of anyone closeby. Their visibly pleasing form adds to the embellishment of any space as well. You can also have fun watching the beautiful water display, experience the serenity, and reduce any unwanted noises with the soothing sounds of water.

Find Serenity with Garden Fountains

Find Serenity with Garden Fountains Water gives peace to your garden environment. The sounds of a fountain are great to drown out the noise in your neighborhood or in the city where you live.Find  Serenity Garden Fountains 19221324.jpg Consider this the place where can you go to have fun and become one with nature. Bodies of water such as seas, oceans and rivers are commonly used in water therapies, as they are considered therapeutic. If what you seek is a calming place where you can take your body and your mind to a faraway place, put in a pond or fountain in your garden.

The Original Water Features

The Original Water Features As originally conceived, water fountains were crafted to be functional, directing water from streams or reservoirs to the citizens of towns and villages, where the water could be used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a system without equal until the later part of the nineteenth century.Original Water Features 83174521.jpg Typically used as memorials and commemorative structures, water fountains have impressed people from all over the globe throughout the centuries. Simple in style, the first water fountains didn't appear much like contemporary fountains. Created for drinking water and ceremonial reasons, the first fountains were very simple carved stone basins. 2,000 BC is when the oldest identified stone fountain basins were used. Early fountains used in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to control the circulation of water through the fountain. Drinking water was supplied by public fountains, long before fountains became decorative public monuments, as attractive as they are practical. The Romans began creating decorative fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were bronze or natural stone masks of creatures and mythological characters. A well-engineered collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Benefits of Photovoltaic Outdoor Fountains

Benefits Photovoltaic  Outdoor Fountains 83174521.jpg The Benefits of Photovoltaic Outdoor Fountains There are many different energy options you can use for your garden wall fountain. The recent interest in alternative power has led to a rise in the use of solar powered fountains, even though till now they have primarily been powered by electricity. Solar energy is a great way to power your water fountain, just be aware that initial costs will most likely be higher. Many different elements such as terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are typically used in manufacturing solar powered water features. You should be able to find the right type of fountain to fit your decoration requirements. If you are looking to have your own garden hideaway, these types of fountains are ideal because they are easy to upkeep and also have a positive effect on the environment.

In addition to its visual charm, interior wall fountains can also serve to keep your house at a cool temperature. An alternative to air conditioners and swamp coolers, they cool off your home by employing the same principles. You can lower your power bill since they consume less electricity.

Fanning crisp, dry air across them is the most common method used to benefit from their cooling effect. To improve air circulation, turn on your ceiling fan or use the air from some corner of the area. It is essential to ensure that air is consistently moving over the surface of the water. It is the nature of fountains and waterfalls to generate cool, fresh air. The sudden chill we feel is typical when we approach a big municipal fountain or a waterfall. Placing your fountain cooling system in a spot where it will be exposed to additional heat is not practical. Direct sunlight, for example, reduces the ability of your fountain to produce cool air.

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Many Styles Available You can design a place to relax as well as add a touch of style to your porch or yard with a wall fountain since they are great adornments to fit into small area.... read more


The Multiple Kinds of Wall Water Fountains Having a wall fountain in your backyard or on a veranda is excellent when you seek to relax.You can have one made to suit your requirements even if you have a small amount of space.... read more


Bernini: The Genius Behind Italy's Most Impressive Water Fountains The Barcaccia, a stunning water fountain built at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna, was Bernini's earliest fountain.Roman locals and site seers who enjoy verbal exchanges as well as being the company of others still flood this spot.... read more


Outdoor Fountains And Their Use In Crete & Minoa Archaeological digs in Minoan Crete in Greece have exposed varied varieties of conduits.They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater.... read more


Use a Garden Fountain To Help Improve Air Quality You can animate your living space by putting in an indoor wall fountain.Pleasant to the senses and beneficial to your well-being, these indoor features are an excellent addition to your home.... read more


Caring For Outdoor Garden Fountains Installing an outdoor wall fountain demands that you take into account the dimensions of the space where you are going to put it.In order to hold up its total weight, a solid wall is necessary.... read more


Use a Large Garden Fountains To Help Improve Air Quality An otherwise lackluster ambiance can be livened up with an indoor wall fountain.Your eyes, your ears and your health can be favorably impacted by including this kind of indoor feature in your home.... read more