Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Systems

Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Systems Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, commenced supplying the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, even though they had relied on natural springs up till then. If citizens living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to rely on the remaining existing technologies of the day, cisterns that gathered rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground.Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Systems 84107803276.jpg In the early 16th century, the city began to utilize the water that ran beneath the earth through Acqua Vergine to provide drinking water to Pincian Hill. Throughout the time of its original construction, pozzi (or manholes) were positioned at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. During the roughly 9 years he owned the residential property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi employed these manholes to take water from the network in buckets, though they were originally established for the intent of maintaining and maintenance the aqueduct. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to meet his needs. Via an orifice to the aqueduct that ran below his property, he was able to satisfy his water desires.

The Elegance of Simple Garden Decor: The Wall Water Fountain

The Elegance of Simple Garden Decor: The Wall Water Fountain Having a pond in the vicinity of your outdoor water fountain is no longer necessary because they can now be situated on a wall near by.Elegance Simple Garden Decor: Wall Water Fountain 84107803276.jpg Due to the myriad options available, it no longer necessary to deal with excavations, complcated installations or cleaning the pond. Since this feature is self-contained, no plumbing is required. However, water has to be added consistently. Remove the water from the bowl and place fresh water in its place when you see that the area is grimy.

Any number of materials can be utilized to build garden wall features, but stone and metal are the most convenient. The style you are looking for determines which material is most appropriate to meet your wishes. It is best to shop for garden wall fountains which are easy to hang, hand-crafted and lightweight. The water feature you choose needs to be easy to maintain as well. Even though installing certain fountains can be difficult, the majority take little effort because the only parts which need special care are the re-circulating pump and the hardware to hang them. It is very simple to spruce up your yard with these styles of fountains.

The Intriguing Beauty of Wall Water Fountains

The Intriguing Beauty of Wall Water Fountains Make a good impression on your loved ones by incorporating a wall fountain in your home decor. Your wall water feature will not only add elegance to your living space but also provide calming background sounds. Visitors will walk away with a memorable impression of the delightful sights and relaxing sounds coming from it.

A wall fountain can contribute a great deal of beauty, even to contemporary living areas.Intriguing Beauty Wall Water Fountains 582117954465284.jpg Also made in modern materials such as stainless steel or glass, they can add pizzazz to your interior style. Is your house or business space in short supply? The perfect alternative for you is a wall water fountain. You can save your invaluable space by putting one on a wall. You may note that many bustling business lobbies have fountains. Wall fountains can be put up on the outside as well. Fiberglass and resin are good materials to use for outdoor wall water features. Use water fountains made of these weather-proof materials to liven up your garden, patio, or other outdoor space.

Wall fountains can be manufactured in a variety of different designs ranging from contemporary to classic and provincial. The type most suitable for your living space depends entirely on your personal design ideas. A city dweller’s design ideas might call for polished glass whereas a mountaineer might choose a more traditional material such as slate for a mountain lodge. Your personal decor plans determine the material you select. There is no questioning the fact that fountains are features which impress visitors and add to your quality of life.

Your Patio: A Great Place for a Garden Fountain

Your Patio: A Great Place for a Garden Fountain The inclusion of a wall fountain or an outdoor garden fountain is a great way to adorn your yard or garden design. Many current designers and artisans have been inspired by historical fountains and water features. As such, the effect of adding one of these to your home decor binds it to past times. In addition to the wonderful characteristics of garden fountains, they also produce water and moisture which goes into the air, thereby, drawing in birds as well as other creatures and harmonizing the environment.Patio: Great  Place Garden Fountain 2692723766127.jpg For example, irksome flying insects are usually discouraged by the birds attracted to the fountain or birdbath.

Wall fountains are a good option if your yard is small because they do not need much space in comparison to a spouting or cascading fountain. Two options to choose from include either a freestanding type with an even back set against a fence or wall in your garden, or a wall-mounted, self-contained type which is suspended on a wall. Adding a fountain to an existing wall requires that you include a fountain mask as well as a basin at the base to gather the water. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this kind of job requires expertise, so it is best to employ a skilled person rather than go at it yourself.

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Many Designs Available

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Many Designs Available Wall fountains are well suited to small verandas or yards because they do not require too much space while also adding a bit of flair and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. The myriad of styles in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one suitable to your wishes. It is possible to have one customized if you are not able to find a pre-assembled fountain to suit you.

The two types of water features available to you include mounted and freestanding models. Mounted wall fountains are little and self-contained versions which can be displayed on a wall. One of the most important features of wall fountains is that they be lightweight, so they are typically made of fiberglass or resin to mirror the look of stone.Exterior Wall Fountains: Many Designs Available 5566291064.jpg Large-sized free-standing wall fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, have their basins located on the floor and a flat side leaning on a wall. Water features such as these are typically manufactured of cast stone and have no weight restrictions.

Many skilled landscapers prefer custom-built fountains which can be incorporated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. A professional mason is required to install the water basin against the wall and correctly install all the plumbing inside or behind the wall. The wall will have to have a spout or fountain mask incorporated into it. If you want a cohesive look for your garden, buy a customized wall fountain because it becomes part of the scenery rather than an afterthought.

Modern Garden Decor: Fountains and their Roots

Modern Garden Decor: Fountains and their Roots The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were soley there to serve as functional elements.Modern Garden Decor: Fountains Roots 93609230325198.jpg People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs nearby. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and more elevated than the fountain so that gravity could make the water flow downwards or shoot high into the air. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and celebrate the designer. Roman fountains often depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of metal or stone masks. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. Fountains enjoyed a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exercise his power over nature. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to exalt their positions by adding beautiful baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Contemporary fountains are used to adorn public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

The Countless Construction Materials of Outdoor Water fountains

The Countless Construction Materials of Outdoor Water fountains Most contemporary garden fountains come in metal, although various other types exist. Metallic fountains, with their clean lines and sculptural accents, exist in in a range of metals and can accommodate any style or budget. Your outdoor design should complement the style of your house.

Presently, copper is extremely popular for sculptural garden fountains. Copper is used in cascade and tabletop water fountains as well as many other styles, making it perfect for inside and outside fountains. Another advantage of copper fountains is they are flexible and come in a wide range of styles.

If you are drawn to more conventional -looking water fountains, brass is probably what you want. Even though they are a bit old-fashioned, brass fountains are quite common because they often incorporate interesting artwork.

Most consumers today see stainless steel as the most modern choice. Adding a modern-looking steel design will immediately add value to your garden and enhance the overall atmosphere. Like all water fountains, you can get them in just about any size you choose.

For people who want the visual appeal of a metal fountain but prefer a lighter weight and more affordable option, fiberglass is the answer. It is easy to clean and maintain a fiberglass water fountain, yet another reason they are common.

Fountains As Water Elements

Fountains As Water ElementsFountains Water Elements 5348456470.jpg The movement of water flowing in or through a large feature is what defines of a water feature. There is an extensive array of such features ranging something as simple as a suspended wall fountain or as elaborate as a courtyard tiered fountain. The versatility of this feature is practical due to the fact that it can be placed inside or outside. Pools and ponds are also regarded as water elements.

An outdoor wall fountain can be a beneficial water element to include in any yard, yoga studio, patio, balcony, or workplace. There is nothing better to relax you while also activating your senses of sight and hearing than the pleasing sounds of gently trickling water in your fountain. The most important consideration is the pleasantly eye-catching form they have which enhances the interior design of any room. The water’s comforting sounds contribute to a feeling of tranquility, drown out unwanted noises, and provide a wonderful water display.

Your Outdoor Wall Fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service

Your Outdoor Wall Fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service A very important first step is to consider the dimensions of the outdoor wall fountain with regards to the space you have available for it. A solid wall is definitely necessary to hold up its total weight. Also keep in mind that small areas or walls will need to have a lightweight fountain. In order to operate the fountain, an electrical socket will need to be close by.Outdoor Wall Fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service 007716370990928094.jpg Whatever the style of outdoor wall fountain you choose, they generally come with easy to follow, step-by-step instructions.

Everything you will require to correctly install your outdoor wall fountain is typically provided in easy-to-use kits. The kit will include a submersible pump, the hoses and basin (or reservoir). If the size is average, the basin can be concealed amongst your garden plants. Once fitted, wall fountains typically only require some light upkeep and regular cleaning.

Replace and clean the water on a regular basis. Remember to remove debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as swiftly as possible. Additonally, outdoor fountains should always be shielded from freezing temperatures in winter. In order to avoid any damage, such as cracking, from freezing water during the cold winter months, relocate your pump inside. All in all, an outdoor wall fountain can last for any number of years with proper upkeep and cleaning.

Ancient Crete & The Minoans: Water Fountains

Ancient Crete & The Minoans: Water Fountains Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have discovered a number of sorts of conduits. They not only helped with the water sources, they eliminated rainwater and wastewater as well.Ancient Crete & Minoans: Water Fountains 675536347.jpg Stone and terracotta were the elements of choice for these channels. Terracotta was selected for canals and pipelines, both rectangular and circular. These incorporated cone-like and U-shaped terracotta conduits which were distinctive to the Minoans. The water supply at Knossos Palace was maintained with a strategy of clay pipes which was located under the floor, at depths varying from a couple of centimeters to a number of meters. Along with dispersing water, the terracotta conduits of the Minoans were also used to amass water and accumulate it. This called for the clay piping to be capable of holding water without leaking. Underground Water Transportation: This particular system’s undetectable nature might mean that it was actually manufactured for some type of ritual or to circulate water to restricted groups. Quality Water Transportation: The water pipes may furthermore have been used to carry water to fountains which were separate from the city’s standard system.

Can Garden Wall Fountains Help Cleanse The Air?

Can Garden Wall Fountains Help Cleanse Air? 564227385492324.jpg Can Garden Wall Fountains Help Cleanse The Air? If what you want is to breathe life into an otherwise boring ambiance, an indoor wall fountain can be the answer. Setting up this sort of indoor feature positively affects your senses and your general well-being. The research behind this theory endorses the fact that water fountains can positively affect your health. The negative ions emitted by water features are offset by the positive ions produced by modern-day conveniences. When positive ions overtake negative ones, this results in bettered mental and physical health. A rise in serotonin levels is experienced by those who have one of these water features making them more alert, peaceful and lively. The negative ions generated by indoor wall fountains foster a better mood as well as remove air impurities from your home. In order to rid yourself of allergies, impurities in the air and other annoyances, be sure to install one of these. Lastly, the dust particles and micro-organisms present in the air inside your house are absorbed by water fountains leading to better overall health.

A Short History of Early Public Fountains

Short History Early Public Fountains 1691170374.jpg A Short History of Early Public Fountains Villages and villages depended on practical water fountains to funnel water for preparing food, bathing, and cleaning from nearby sources like lakes, channels, or creeks. Gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the conclusion of the 19th century, using the forceful power of water traveling downhill from a spring or brook to force the water through spigots or other outlets. Typically used as memorials and commemorative edifices, water fountains have impressed travelers from all over the planet throughout the ages. If you saw the 1st fountains, you wouldn't identify them as fountains. The 1st accepted water fountain was a natural stone basin carved that was used as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial functions. Stone basins are theorized to have been 1st utilized around 2,000 BC. The earliest civilizations that made use of fountains relied on gravity to push water through spigots. Drinking water was provided by public fountains, long before fountains became elaborate public monuments, as beautiful as they are functional. Fountains with decorative Gods, mythological monsters, and animals began to show up in Rome in about 6 B.C., made from stone and bronze. The impressive aqueducts of Rome provided water to the spectacular public fountains, most of which you can go see today.

The Original Fountain Designers

Original Fountain Designers 14996537295.jpg The Original Fountain Designers Fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci illustrated the artist as an innovative wizard, creator and scientific virtuoso. He carefully recorded his findings in his now renowned notebooks, after his tremendous fascination in the forces of nature led him to research the characteristics and mobility of water. Brilliant water displays loaded of symbolic meaning and all-natural wonder converted private villa settings when early Italian water fountain designers paired resourcefulness with hydraulic and landscaping expertise. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, renowned for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, delivered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Well versed in humanistic subject areas as well as established scientific readings, some other fountain makers were masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water attributes and water pranks for the countless properties around Florence.

Aspects of Garden Sculpture in Archaic Greece

Aspects of Garden Sculpture in Archaic Greece Up right up until the Archaic Greeks introduced the very first freestanding sculpture, a noteworthy triumph, carvings had mainly been done in walls and pillars as reliefs.Aspects Garden Sculpture Archaic Greece 39761957530443720.jpg For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of young and desirable male or female (kore) Greeks. Symbolizing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were crafted to look stiff and always had foot in front; the males were vigorous, robust, and naked. The kouroi became life-sized beginning in 650 BC. Throughout the Archaic period, a great time of changes, the Greeks were evolving new sorts of government, expressions of art, and a better understanding of people and cultures outside Greece. Similar to other moments of historical conflict, conflicts were commonplace, and there were struggles between city-states like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos.

Short Summary of Herb Gardening

Short Summary of Herb Gardening Herb gardening is a topic that many gardeners are attracted to. You'll receive instant gratification when you grow herbs in the garden as they can be included in preparing sauces, soups, marinades and a variety of other recipes. Herbs are very simple to maintain and often do not necessitate daily care, but even better you can relocate these plants indoors with the pots to assure they are going to be able to pull through the winter weather that tends to be cold and life-threatening for all plants. If you are thinking of adding perennial herbs to your back garden, you are making a good choice because they do not die easily or need replanting after every year passes.Short Summary Herb Gardening 82337374038764541.jpg Over and above this, you really should think about your personal taste preferences when choosing herbs to flavor meals. It is crucial to plant herbs that you will use. If you love to cook Latin food, you will undoubtedly use cilantro. If you like Italian food, you should decide to plant basil, oregano, and thyme. You must choose where your herb garden will be placed in order to determine which herbs will grow best. It will be best to plant straight into the ground if your weather is on the milder side, with seasons that are not severe. It is both an attractive way to landscape your yard and an easy way to go because you do not need to build or buy planters. If you do not want to your plants to die or become dormant after being subjected to overwhelming weather conditions, you can always rely on planters. They are practical and flexible and you can relocate inside at any time.

The Circulation of Water Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe

The Circulation of Water Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe The circulated papers and illustrated books of the time contributed to the advancements of scientific innovation, and were the primary methods of dissiminating practical hydraulic concepts and fountain ideas throughout Europe. In the late 1500's, a French fountain architect (whose name has been lost) was the internationally recognized hydraulics leader. With Royal mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he began his work in Italy, building know-how in garden design and grottoes with integrated and imaginative water hydraulics. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a publication which became the essential book on hydraulic technology and engineering, was written by him toward the end of his lifetime in France. Detailing the latest hydraulic technologies, the publication furthermore updated critical hydraulic developments of classical antiquity. Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, had his work highlighted and these integrated a mechanical means to move water. Sunlight heated up the water in a pair of undetectable vessels next to the decorative fountain were shown in an illustration. Activating the water feature is heated water which expands and rises to seal up the water lines. Pumps, water wheels, water features and garden pond styles are included in the publication.

How Your Home or Workplace Profit from an Interior Wall Water Feature

How Your Home or Workplace Profit from an Interior Wall Water Feature Your indoor living space can profit from an interior wall fountain because it beautifies your home and also lends it a modern feel. These kinds of fountains reduce noise pollution in your home or office, thereby allowing your loved ones and clients to have a worry-free and tranquil environment. An interior wall water feature such as this will also attract the recognition and admiration of staff and clients alike. An interior water feature is certain to please all those who see it while also impressing your loudest critics.

You can enjoy the peace and quiet after a long day at work and enjoy watching your favorite show while relaxing under your wall fountain. The benefits of an indoor water feature include its ability to release negative ions with its gentle sounds and clear away dust and pollen from the air while creating a soothing environment.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Water Features

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's  Water Features 9410802433554248795.jpg Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Water Features There are numerous renowned water fountains in the city center of Rome. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, almost all of them were designed, conceived and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city builder, he had skills as a water feature developer, and traces of his life's work are evident throughout the roads of Rome. A celebrated Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father guided his young son, and they eventually went to Rome to fully express their art, mainly in the form of public water fountains and water fountains. An excellent worker, the young Bernini received compliments and the backing of various popes and important artists. He was initially celebrated for his sculpture. Working effortlessly with Roman marble, he used a base of experience in the historical Greek architecture, most notably in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most profound effect on him, both personally and professionally.

A Small Garden Space? You Can Own a Water Feature too!

A Small Garden Space? You Can Own a Water Feature too! Since water is reflective, it has the effect of making a smaller space appear bigger than it is. Water features such as fountains profit from the reflective attributes stemming from dark materials. Use underwater lights, which come in many different designs and colors, to flaunt your new feature at night. Benefit from the sun’s rays by using eco-lights during the day and underwater lighting fixtures during the night. Often utilized in natural therapies, they help to lessen anxiety and tension with their calming sounds.

The greenery in your backyard is the perfect place to place your water feature. Ponds, artificial rivers, or fountains are just some of the ways you can you can make it become the focal feature on your property. Small verandas or major gardens is the perfect place to install a water feature.Small Garden Space? Can Water Feature too! 3055090178532163.jpg The atmosphere can be significantly altered by placing it in the best place and using the right accessories.

The Innumerable Options in Garden Wall Fountains

The Innumerable Options in Garden Wall Fountains Putting a wall fountain in your backyard or patio is ideal when you want to relax. You can have one made to suit your specifications even if you have a small amount of space. Whether it is stand alone or mounted, you will require a spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump. Traditional, modern, antique, and Asian are just a few of the styles from which you can choose.Innumerable Options Garden Wall Fountains 1953482210835.jpg

With its basin situated on the ground, freestanding wall fountains, or floor fountains, are normally quite large in size.

A stand-alone water feature can either be incorporated onto a wall already in existence or fitted into a wall under construction. This type of fountain contributes to a cohesive look making it appear as if it was part of the landscape rather than an added feature.

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Many Styles Available You can design a place to relax as well as add a touch of style to your porch or yard with a wall fountain since they are great adornments to fit into small area.... read more


Setting Up and Maintaining Outdoor Garden Fountains An important first step before installing any outdoor wall fountain is to analyze the space you have available.A strong wall is definitely needed to hold up its overall weight.... read more


The Many Reasons to Include a Wall Fountain A great way to enhance the appeal of your outdoor living area is to add a wall water feature or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden design.... read more


Your Herb Container Garden: The Basic Concepts Numerous gardeners are drawn to herbal plants because they can make use of them in so many varied foods.These plants are easy to grow and have the appeal of instant gratification, as they can be used in soups, marinades, and other recipes.... read more


Taking Care Of Outdoor Fountains An important facet to think about is the size of the outdoor wall fountain in relation to the space in which you are going to install it.It will require a very strong wall to support its total weight.... read more


Cultural Statues in Old Greece Most sculptors were paid by the temples to enhance the intricate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods right up until the time period came to a close and countless Greeks started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more typical for sculptors to portray ordinary men and women as well.... read more