Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Water Features

Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Water Features There are countless celebrated fountains in the city center of Rome. One of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, virtually all of them were designed, conceived and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Water Features 123918418105552.jpg He was additionally a city designer, in addition to his skills as a water fountain designer, and traces of his life's work are apparent throughout the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a recognized Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately relocated in Rome, to thoroughly exhibit their artwork in the form of community water fountains and water features. An diligent worker, the young Bernini acquired praise and patronage of many popes and influential artists. At the beginning he was recognized for his sculptural skills. An expert in classic Greek architecture, he utilized this knowledge as a starting point and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. He was influenced by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest effect on his work.

The Many Good Reasons to Include a Fountain

The Many Good Reasons to Include a FountainMany Good Reasons Include Fountain 402602941.jpg A great way to enhance the look of your outdoor living area is to add a wall fountain or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden design. Many contemporary designers and craftsmen have been influenced by historical fountains and water features. You can also strengthen the connection to the past by including one of these to your home's interior design. The water and moisture garden fountains release into the atmosphere draws birds and other creatures, and also balances the ecosystem, all of which add to the benefits of having one of these beautiful water features. For instance, irksome flying insects are usually deterred by the birds attracted to the fountain or birdbath.

The area necessary for a cascading or spouting fountain is substantial, so a wall fountain is the ideal size for a small yard. You can choose to install a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an connected basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and hung from a wall. Adding a fountain to an existent wall requires that you add a fountain mask as well as a basin at the base to collect the water. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this type of job requires expertise, so it is best to hire a skilled person rather than do it yourself.

The Minoan Civilization: Garden Fountains

The Minoan Civilization: Garden Fountains Various different kinds of conduits have been uncovered through archaeological excavations on the isle of Crete, the birthplace of Minoan society. In combination with delivering water, they spread out water that accumulated from storms or waste. They were commonly built from terracotta or stone. Terracotta was employed for channels and conduits, both rectangle-shaped and spherical. The cone-like and U-shaped terracotta piping which were found haven’t been seen in any other civilization.Minoan Civilization: Garden Fountains 4200023001308.jpg Terracotta pipes were utilized to administer water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters under the flooring. These Minoan water lines were also utilized for gathering and storing water, not just distribution. This required the terracotta piping to be capable of holding water without leaking. Underground Water Transportation: the concealed process for water distribution may have been employed to supply water to select individuals or functions. Quality Water Transportation: Given the data, a number of historians advocate that these pipelines were not linked to the popular water delivery system, offering the castle with water from a different source.

The Charm of Wall Fountains

The Charm of Wall Fountains Make a good impression on your loved ones by incorporating a wall fountain in your interior design. The dazzling elegance a wall water feature lends to any place is in addition to the soft background sounds it produces. You can leave a lasting impression on your guests with the visual beauty and the inviting sounds of this sort of feature.Charm Wall Fountains 9287531330565.jpg

Wall elements are a good option if the space you inhabit is more modern in appearance. They can also add a touch of elegance to your decor since they are also built in modern-day materials including glass and stainless steel. Is your house or business space in short supply? The perfect alternative for you is putting in a wall water fountain. Since they are installed on a wall you can save your invaluable real estate for something else. You may notice that many busy workplace lobbies have fountains. Indoor spaces are not the only places to display a wall fountain, however. Fiberglass and resin are good materials to use for outside wall water features. Enliven your yard, patio, or other outdoor space with a water fountain made of these waterproof materials.

Wall fountains come in a bunch of diverse styles covering the modern to the traditional and rustic. You can choose the best style based upon your individual tastes. A mountain lodge might require a conventional material such as slate whereas a high rise apartment might need sleek glass to enliven the interior space. Your individual decor plans determine the material you select. No doubt however, fountains are sure to add to your quality of life and wow your family and friends.

Aspects of Outdoor Statues in Archaic Greece

Aspects Outdoor Statues Archaic Greece 675536347.jpg Aspects of Outdoor Statues in Archaic Greece The Archaic Greeks developed the 1st freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of young and nice-looking male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi, viewed by the Greeks to symbolize beauty, had one foot stretched out of a rigid forward-facing posture and the male figurines were regularly unclothed, with a powerful, sturdy physique. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was tumultuous for the Greeks as they progressed into more refined forms of government and art, and acquired more information and facts about the peoples and cultures outside of Greece. Equivalent to other times of historical conflict, conflicts were common, and there were battles between city-states like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos.

Anglo-Saxon Gardens During the Norman Conquest

Anglo-Saxon Gardens During the Norman Conquest The advent of the Normans in the later half of the eleventh century greatly transformed The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. However, there was no time for home life, domestic design, and decoration until the Normans had overcome the whole region.Anglo-Saxon Gardens Norman Conquest 4887678851487150.jpg Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were usually significant stone buildings located in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their citizens dedicated time and space to tasks for offense and defense. The bare fortresses did not provide for the calm avocation of gardening. The best specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent presently is Berkeley Castle. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A monumental terrace serves as a hindrance to intruders who would try to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge trimmed into the form of crude battlements.

A Concise History of Early Outdoor Water Features

A Concise History of Early Outdoor Water Features Villages and communities depended on functional water fountains to channel water for preparing food, washing, and cleaning from local sources like lakes, channels, or springs. The force of gravity was the power source of water fountains up until the end of the 19th century, using the potent power of water traveling down hill from a spring or creek to squeeze the water through valves or other outlets. The appeal and spectacle of fountains make them ideal for historic memorials. If you saw the first fountains, you probably would not recognize them as fountains. The very first recognized water fountain was a rock basin carved that served as a container for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. Rock basins as fountains have been uncovered from 2000 BC. Early fountains put to use in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to manipulate the movement of water through the fountain. Located near reservoirs or creeks, the functional public water fountains supplied the local citizens with fresh drinking water. Fountains with flowery decoration started to appear in Rome in approx. 6 B.C., normally gods and creatures, made with natural stone or bronze. The extraordinary aqueducts of Rome provided water to the spectacular public fountains, many of which you can visit today.

Caring For Outdoor Wall Fountains

Caring For Outdoor Wall Fountains An important facet to consider is the size of the outdoor wall fountain in respect to the space in which you are going to install it. It is essential that the wall where you are going to put it is strong enough to support its weight. Areas or walls which are smaller will require a lightweight fountain. In order to run the fountain, an electric powered plug will need to be close by. Most outdoor wall fountains come with simple, step-by-step instructions according to the type of fountain.

Most outside wall fountains are available in easy-to-use kits that will provide you everything you need to properly install it. The kit will include a submersible pump, the hoses and basin (or reservoir).Caring Outdoor Wall Fountains 37530366930614.jpg If the size is appropriate, the basin can be hidden away among your garden plants. Once your wall fountain is installed, all that is required is consistent cleaning and some light maintenance.

Replace the water frequently so it is always clean. Debris such as branches, leaves or dirt should be cleared away quickly. In addition, your outdoor wall fountain should not be subjected to freezing winter weather. Bring your pump inside when the weather turns very cold and freezes the water so as to eliminate any possible harm, like as cracking. To sum up, your outdoor wall fountain will continue to be a great addition to your garden if you keep it well looked after and well maintained.

Rome’s First Water Delivery Systems

Rome’s First Water Delivery Systems Prior to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Rome, citizens who dwelled on hills had to go further down to collect their water from natural sources. Over this time period, there were only two other innovations capable of offering water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which gathered rainwater. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill via the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Although they were originally planned to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to gather water from the channel, starting when he bought the property in 1543. Reportedly, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t good enough to meet his needs. To give himself with a more practical system to assemble water, he had one of the manholes opened, giving him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

The Benefits of Solar Powered Outdoor Garden Fountains

The Benefits of Solar Powered Outdoor Garden Fountains There are many different electrical sources you can use for your garden wall fountain. Older fountains have historically been powered by electricity, but due to an increased interest in eco-friendly fountains, solar energy is used in newer models. Although solar powered water fountains may be the most inexpensive long-term option, the initial expense is in fact higher. An array of different elements such as terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are typically used in making solar powered water features. You should be able to find the right sort of fountain to meet your decoration requirements.Benefits Solar Powered  Outdoor Garden Fountains 75222365897546.jpg If you are thinking about a fountain to complete your garden refuge, know that they are effortless to care for and a great way to contribute to a clean eco-system.

Interior wall fountains not only give you something beautiful to look at, they also help to cool your house. Yet another alternative to air conditioners and swamp coolers, they employ the identical principles to cool your living area Since they consume less energy, they also help you save money on your monthly energy bill.

A fan can be used to blow fresh, dry air over them in order to produce a cooling effect. To enhance air circulation, turn on your ceiling fan or use the air from some corner of the room. It is essential to ensure that air is always blowing over the top of the water. It is natural for fountains and waterfalls to generate cool, crisp air. The sudden chill we feel is typical when we come near a big public fountain or a waterfall. Be certain to position your fountain cooling system where it will not be exposed to extra heat. Your cooling system will be less reliable if it is placed in direct sunlight.

Did You Know How Technical Concepts of Water Fountains Became Known?

Did You Know How Technical Concepts of Water Fountains Became Known? The published reports and illustrated pamphlets of the day contributed to the advancements of scientific innovation, and were the chief methods of transmitting practical hydraulic facts and water feature suggestions throughout Europe. An un-named French water feature designer was an internationally famed hydraulic pioneer in the late 1500's. By creating gardens and grottoes with built-in and ingenious water attributes, he started off his career in Italy by receiving Royal mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, towards the end of his life, he wrote “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a publication which became the primary text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Explaining contemporary hydraulic systems, the book furthermore modernized key hydraulic developments of classical antiquity. Prominent among these works were those of Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, a mechanical way of moving water. Natural light heated up the water in a pair of concealed vessels adjacent to the ornamental fountain were shown in an illustration. Actuating the water feature is hot liquid which expands and ascends to close up the pipes. The publication additionally includes garden ponds, water wheels, water feature designs.

Classic Greece: The Origins of Outdoor Statue Design

Classic Greece: The Origins of Outdoor Statue Design Sculptors adorned the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the period came to a close and more Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred; at that instant, it became more accepted for sculptors be paid to show everyday people as well. In some cases, a representation of affluent families' forefathers would be commissioned to be laid inside huge familial tombs, and portraiture, which would be replicated by the Romans upon their conquering of Greek civilization, also became customary.Classic Greece: Origins Outdoor Statue Design 9886624810817169549.jpg A point of artistic enhancement, the use of sculpture and alternate art forms morphed during the Greek Classical period, so it is not entirely accurate to suggest that the arts served only one function. It may be the advanced quality of Greek sculpture that grabs our awareness today; it was on a leading-edge practice of the classic world regardless of whether it was established for religious purposes or aesthetic pleasure.

Bernini's Early Masterpieces

Bernini's Early Masterpieces Bernini's earliest fountain, named Barcaccia, is a masterful work of art found at the bottom of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna.Bernini's Early Masterpieces 62696890409.jpg This spot is still filled with Roman locals and visitors who enjoy exchanging gossip or going over the day's news. One of the city’s most fashionable gathering places are the streets surrounding Bernini's fountain, which would certainly have brought a smile to the great Bernini. The master's first fountain of his professional life was built at around 1630 at the request of Pope Urbano VIII. A large vessel slowly sinking into the Mediterranean is the fountain's central theme. Period reports dating back to the 16th century show that the fountain was built as a monument to those who lost their lives in the great flooding of the Tevere. In what turned out to be his sole prolonged absence from Italy, Bernini {journeyed | traveled] to France in 1665.

The Original Water Feature Designers

Original Water Feature Designers 4427662493641817.jpg The Original Water Feature Designers Frequently serving as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-faceted individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was notable as a ingenious genius, inventor and scientific virtuoso. With his immense fascination regarding the forces of nature, he researched the characteristics and movement of water and systematically annotated his findings in his now much celebrated notebooks. Coupling imaginativeness with hydraulic and landscaping mastery, early Italian water fountain designers modified private villa settings into innovative water exhibits filled of symbolic implications and natural wonder. The humanist Pirro Ligorio provided the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli and was distinguished for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden concepts. Well versed in humanistic topics as well as classical technical texts, some other water feature designers were masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water functions and water pranks for the numerous mansions around Florence.

Outdoor Water Features Come in Lots of Shapes and Sizes

Outdoor  Water Features Come Lots Shapes Sizes 4565403389825183.jpg Outdoor Water Features Come in Lots of Shapes and Sizes Is it possible for you to transform your garden into a paradise of peace? The comforting feeling provided by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of adding a water feature in your garden.

The stream of water sent shooting into the air by a spouting fountain is an impressive sight to see. If your pond is sufficiently big, it can be incorporated without difficulty. Esplanades and historical stately homes often have one these fountains.

Outdoor water features come in different forms, one of which is a fancy wall fountain. These types of fountains make for a fantastic addition to your yard even if it is small. Whereas spouting fountains leave behind an impressive effect, wall fountains are more understated water features. In a very simple process, the water spills out of a spout, trickles down a beautifully textured wall only to be pumped back to the top.

Your garden’s style dictates whether a themed fountain is right for you. If your bungalow or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should consider including a classic type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. On the other hand, a more contemporary yard can include more of a bold design. Deciding what to do is completely in your hands.

The main trait of a multi-tiered fountain is that water streams from a number of different levels. Due to the water moving down its various levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

The space needed for an outdoor fountain can be vast, therefore, a better alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. These kinds of fountains are ideal for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are buried underground.

Serenity and well-being are some of the chief sensations imparted by Japanese fountains. In this type of water feature the water flows through bamboo sticks. The cycle of water flowing into a rustic-styled bucket or a molded stone repeats itself again and again.

Another style of fountain is made of glass. Trellis-style fountains of this kind, showcase shaped metalwork which provides a more conventional look. Gardens with numerous sharp edges as well as modern forms and designs are better for these types of water features. The flowing water creates a beautiful effect as it moves down the glass panels. LED lights are also used in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows downward on the glass sheet. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water slowly flowing down its façade.

The characteristic which differentiates a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its middle. Low pressure is employed to push up the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Downward flowing water appears as soft trickle as it moves down the sides of the rock to return to its base. Small gardens are perfect for this kind of fountain. To guarantee that water is not sprayed around if it begins to get windy, this kind of fountain is the best option since it only uses low pressure to move water.

The trend of setting up solar powered fountains is becoming progressively prevalent. There are numerous reasons for this newly found interest such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a decrease in electricity bills, and the benefits to the environment. It is not necessary to settle on a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide variety of designs found on the market.

Outdoor Wall Fountains: The Numerous Designs on the Market If you want to create a place to relax and add some flair to a small area such as a patio or courtyard, wall fountains are ideal because they do not take up much space.... read more


How Technical Concepts of Outdoor Spread Throughout the European countries, the principal means of spreading useful hydraulic facts and fountain design suggestions were the circulated pamphlets and illustrated publications of the day, which contributed to the advancement of scientific innovation.... read more


The Dissemination of Water Fountain Design Knowledge The circulated reports and illustrated publications of the day contributed to the advancements of scientific technology, and were the chief means of transmitting practical hydraulic concepts and water feature ideas all through Europe.... read more


The First Water Features of History Water fountains were at first practical in purpose, used to bring water from canals or creeks to towns and hamlets, supplying the inhabitants with clean water to drink, bathe, and cook with.... read more


Can Outdoor Fountains Help Detoxify The Air? You can liven up your surroundings by installing an indoor wall fountain.Pleasant to the senses and advantageous to your health, these indoor features are an excellent addition to your home.... read more


Use a Garden Fountain To Help Improve Air Quality An otherwise lackluster ambiance can be livened up with an indoor wall fountain.Your senses and your health can benefit from the putting in of one of these indoor features.... read more