The Godfather Of Roman Water Fountains

The Godfather Of Roman Water Fountains In Rome’s city center, there are many famous water fountains. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the most brilliant sculptors and artists of the 17th century designed, conceived and produced almost all of them. Also a city designer, he had abilities as a water fountain designer, and records of his life's work are noticeable throughout the avenues of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. An outstanding workman, Bernin received encouragement and the patronage of popes and well known painters. His sculpture was initially his claim to fame. He used his expertise and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most significantly in the Vatican. He was influenced by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest effect on his work.

The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design

The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design The arrival of the Normans in the latter half of the eleventh century significantly transformed The Anglo-Saxon ways of living.Effect Norman Invasion Anglo-Saxon Garden Design 7252928404505258.jpg The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. Still, home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the entire population. Monasteries and castles served separate purposes, so while monasteries were large stone structures assembled in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the residents focused on understanding offensive and defensive techniques. Peaceful pursuits such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. Berkeley Castle is possibly the most complete model in existence nowadays of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. As a strategy of deterring attackers from tunneling within the walls, an immense terrace encircles the building. On one of these terraces sits a quaint bowling green: it's covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.

The Beautiful Early Wonders by Bernini

The Beautiful Early Wonders by Bernini One can find Bernini's earliest masterpiece, the Barcaccia fountain, at the bottom of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. Roman locals and site seers who enjoy verbal exchanges as well as being the company of others still flood this spot. One of the city’s most fashionable gathering spots are the streets surrounding Bernini's fountain, which would undoubtedly have brought a smile to the great Bernini.Beautiful Early Wonders Bernini 5978161269.jpg Dating back to around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII commissioned what was to be the earliest fountain of the artist's career. People can now see the fountain as a depiction of a great ship slowly sinking into the Mediterranean Sea. The great flooding of the Tevere that blanketed the whole region with water in the 16th was commemorated by this momentous fountain as recorded by documents dating back to this time. Absenting himself from Italy only once in his life for a lengthy time period, in 1665 Bernini traveled to France.

Your Outdoor Living Area: An Ideal Spot for a Wall Fountain

Outdoor Living Area: Ideal Spot Wall Fountain 8496344018.jpg Your Outdoor Living Area: An Ideal Spot for a Wall Fountain A great way to enhance the look of your outdoor living area is to add a wall fountain or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden design. A myriad of current designers and fountain craftsmen have found ideas in the fountains and water features of the past. As such, the effect of adding one of these to your home decor connects it to past times. The advantage of having a garden fountain goes beyond its beauty as it also appeals to birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it releases into the atmosphere. Flying, irritating insects, for instance, are scared away by the birds congregating near the fountain or birdbath.

Wall fountains are a good option if your yard is small because they do not need much space in contrast to a spouting or cascading fountain. You can choose to set up a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an attached basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and suspended from a wall. A fountain can be added to an existing wall if you include some sort of fountain mask as well as a basin to collect the water below. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this type of job requires expertise, so it is best to employ a skilled person rather than go at it yourself.

Rome’s First Water Transport Systems

Rome’s First Water Transport Systems With the development of the first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to rely exclusively on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only techniques obtainable at the time to supply water to locations of higher elevation. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to use the water that ran beneath the earth through Acqua Vergine to supply water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it more straightforward to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to remove water from the aqueduct, as we witnessed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he bought the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. It appears that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t enough to fulfill his needs. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran beneath his residence.

The Original Garden Fountain Creative Designers

The Original Garden Fountain Creative DesignersOriginal Garden Fountain Creative Designers 12374479032898.jpg Fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a creative master, Leonardo da Vinci toiled as an innovator and scientific expert. With his immense fascination concerning the forces of nature, he investigated the attributes and motion of water and also systematically recorded his observations in his now much celebrated notebooks. Combining creativity with hydraulic and horticultural abilities, early Italian fountain engineers changed private villa settings into brilliant water displays filled with symbolic implications and natural charm. The magnificence in Tivoli were provided by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was widely known for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. Other fountain developers, masterminding the fantastic water marbles, water attributes and water jokes for the many mansions near Florence, were tried and tested in humanist subjects and time-honored scientific readings.

How Your Home or Office Profit from an Indoor Wall Water Feature

How Your Home or Office Profit from an Indoor Wall Water Feature One way to embellish your home with a modern twist is by installing an indoor wall fountain to your living area.Home Office  Profit Indoor Wall Water Feature 99635327696874070527.jpg Your home or workspace can become noise-free, worry-free and peaceful areas for your family, friends, and clients when you have one of these fountains. Your employees and customers alike will take notice and complement your new indoor wall water feature. An interior water feature is certain to delight all those who see it while also impressing your loudest critics.

You can enjoy the peace and quiet after a long day at work and enjoy watching your favorite show while relaxing under your wall fountain. Indoor fountains produce harmonious sounds which are thought to emit negative ions, remove dust as well as pollen, all while creating a comforting and relaxing setting.

The Beauty of Simple Garden Decor: The Wall Water Fountain

The Beauty of Simple Garden Decor: The Wall Water Fountain It is also feasible to place your exterior water fountain near a wall since they do not need to be connected to a nearby pond. Excavating, installing and cleaning a nearby pond are no longer necessary. Due to the fact that this feature is self-contained, no plumbing work is required. All the same, water has to be added consistently. Your pond should always have fresh water, so be sure to drain the basin whenever it gets dirty.

Garden wall features come in many different materials, but they are usually made of stone and metal. The design you are looking for determines which material is best suited to meet your wishes. The best styles for your outdoor wall fountain are those which are hand-crafted, simple to put up and not too big to hang. The water feature you purchase needs to be simple to maintain as well. While there may be some instances in which the setup needs a bit more care, generally the majority require a minimal amount of work to install since the only two parts which call for scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware. You can rest assured your garden can be easily enlivened by installing this kind of fountain.

How Mechanical Designs And Styles of Outdoor Spread

How Mechanical Designs And Styles of Outdoor Spread Contributing to the development of scientific technology were the printed letters and illustrated publications of the day. They were also the main means of transmitting practical hydraulic facts and water fountain design suggestions throughout Europe. In the later part of the 1500's, a French water fountain architect (whose name has been lost) was the globally renowned hydraulics leader.Mechanical Designs Styles Outdoor Spread 533724389888.jpg His know-how in designing landscapes and grottoes with incorporated and imaginative water features began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. He wrote a publication entitled “The Principles of Moving Forces” towards the end of his life while in France that became the fundamental tome on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Replacing key hydraulic advancements of classical antiquity, the publication also details contemporary hydraulic technologies. Notable among these works were those of Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, a mechanical way of moving water. A pair of concealed vessels heated up by sunlight in an area adjacent to the ornamental water fountain were found in an illustration. The heated water expands and then ascends and shuts the pipes consequently triggering the fountain. Concepts for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden ponds are also included in the guide.

The Use of Outdoor Fountains As Water Features

Use Outdoor Fountains Water Features 4560565599.jpg The Use of Outdoor Fountains As Water Features A water feature is a large element which has water flowing in or through it. The broad range of choices available vary from a simple hanging wall fountain to an elaborate courtyard tiered fountain. Given that they are so versatile, these decorative elements can be situated either in your backyard or inside your home. Water features comprise ponds and pools as well.

Consider placing a water element such as a garden wall fountain to your large backyard, yoga studio, comfy patio, apartment balcony, or office space. In addition to helping you unwind, both sight and sound are enticed by the soothing sounds of a water fountain. The most important consideration is the pleasantly eye-catching form they have which complements the decor of any room. The water’s comforting sounds contribute to a feeling of tranquility, cover up unwanted noises, and provide a wonderful water display.

The Understated Charm of the Wall Fountain

Understated Charm Wall Fountain 94791152473064138.jpg The Understated Charm of the Wall Fountain Your family and friends will appreciate the elegance a wall fountain adds to your decor. In addition to the soothing background sounds a wall water feature adds to any living space, it also imparts beauty. Visitors will walk away with a memorable impression of the delightful sights and comforting sounds coming from it.

A living area with a modern-day style can also benefit from a wall fountain. Also available in modern materials such as stainless steel or glass, they can add flair to your interior design. Does your home or business have a restricted amount of space? The ideal option for you is a wall water fountain. Since they are displayed on a wall, these features do not take up precious space. Busy entryways in commercial buildings are often adorned with one of these types of fountains. You can also install wall fountains outside. Fiberglass or resin wall water features can be used outdoors. Liven up your garden, porch, or other outdoor space with a water fountain made of these water-resistant materials.

Wall fountains can be found in a range of distinctive styles, ranging from ultra-sleek to traditional and rustic. The type you select for your space is dictated by your individual design preferences. The components utilzed to decorate a mountain lodge differ from that needed to embellish a high-rise apartment, the former perhaps requiring slate and the latter better served with sleek glass. You can select the material most appropriate to your needs. Fountains are features which no doubt delight folks who visit your home.

The Benefits of Solar Powered Outdoor Fountains

The Benefits of Solar Powered Outdoor FountainsBenefits Solar Powered  Outdoor Fountains 5213005549778785.jpg Garden wall fountains can be fueled in a variety of different ways. While electrical power has been used up to now to run them, there has been renewed interest in eco-friendly solar powered models. Even though initial costs may be greater, solar powered water fountains are the most cost-effective going forward. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are the most prevalent materials chosen to build solar powered water fountains. If you are looking for one which compliments your home furnishings, the options available on the market makes this possible. If you are looking to have your own garden retreat, these kinds of fountains are ideal because they are easy to maintain and also have a positive effect on the environment.

Indoor wall fountains not only give you something beautiful to look at, they also serve to cool your home. Yet another alternative to air conditioners and swamp coolers, they utilize the identical principles to cool your living space You can reduce your power bill since they use less electricity.

One way to produce a cooling effect is to fan fresh, dry air across them. To improve air circulation, turn on your ceiling fan or use the air from some corner of the area. It is crucial to ensure that air is always moving over the surface of the water. Cool, clean air is one of the natural byproducts of fountains and waterfalls. Merely standing in the vicinity of a large public fountain or waterfall will send a sudden chill through whoever is close by. Situating your fountain cooling system in a spot that is very hot decreases its effectiveness. Your cooling system will be less effective if it is placed in direct sunlight.

Classic Greece: The Inception of Garden Statue Design

Classic Greece: The Inception of Garden Statue Design Most sculptors were remunerated by the temples to accentuate the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods right up until the time period came to a close and countless Greeks began to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more typical for sculptors to represent ordinary men and women as well. In some cases, a representation of wealthy families' forefathers would be commissioned to be laid inside of huge familial tombs, and portraiture, which would be replicated by the Romans upon their conquering of Greek civilization, also became commonplace. A time of artistic progression, the use of sculpture and other art forms transformed during the Greek Classical period, so it is not entirely accurate to say that the arts provided only one function. Greek sculpture was a modern part of antiquity, whether the cause was religious fervor or aesthetic satisfaction, and its contemporary excellence may be what endears it to us today.

The Garden Water Fountains

Garden Water Fountains 6759433196740.jpg The Garden Water Fountains As originally developed, fountains were crafted to be practical, guiding water from streams or aqueducts to the residents of cities and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. To produce water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and generate a jet of water, mandated gravity and a water source such as a spring or lake, located higher than the fountain. Typically used as monuments and commemorative structures, water fountains have influenced people from all over the world throughout the centuries. When you encounter a fountain at present, that is definitely not what the first water fountains looked like. Designed for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the very first fountains were very simple carved stone basins. Rock basins are theorized to have been 1st used around 2000 BC. The spray of water appearing from small jets was pushed by gravity, the only power source designers had in those days. The placement of the fountains was influenced by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along aqueducts, canals, or streams. Fountains with ornamental Gods, mythological beasts, and creatures began to appear in Rome in about 6 B.C., built from stone and bronze. The remarkable aqueducts of Rome delivered water to the eye-catching public fountains, many of which you can visit today.

The Origins Of Outdoor Fountains

The Origins Of Outdoor Fountains The amazing or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to supplying drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were simply there to serve as functional elements. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to supply them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water supply, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Acting as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water.Origins Outdoor Fountains 58086287649532.jpg Bronze or stone masks of animals and heroes were frequently seen on Roman fountains. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. To show his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains made to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Urban fountains made at the end of the nineteenth functioned only as decorative and celebratory adornments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for public spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational events.

Characteristics of Outdoor Sculpture in Archaic Greece The initial freestanding statuary was developed by the Archaic Greeks, a distinguished accomplishment since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns.... read more


Ancient Greece: The Beginnings of Outdoor Statue Design Historically, most sculptors were paid by the temples to decorate the involved pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, but as the era came to a close it grew to be more common for sculptors to portray ordinary people as well because many Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred.... read more


Setting Up and Maintaining Outdoor Garden Fountains An important first step before installing any outdoor wall fountain is to analyze the space you have available.A strong wall is definitely needed to hold up its overall weight.... read more


The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Garden Water fountains Adequate care and regular cleaning are important to the longevity of water fountains.It is easy for foreign items to find their way into outside fountains, so keeping it clean is important.... read more


Consider the Benefits of an Interior Wall Water Feature Indoor fountains have been utilized for many years as useful elements to create calming, stress free surroundings for patients in clinics and wellness programs.... read more


The Countless Construction Materials of Outdoor Fountains Garden fountains these days are mostly made from metal, though you can find them in other materials too.Metallic versions offer clean lines and unique sculptural accents and will fit in with nearly any decorative style and budget.... read more


Caring For Garden Fountains An important facet to think about is the size of the outdoor wall fountain in relation to the space in which you are going to mount it.In order to hold up its total weight, a solid wall is required.... read more


Inventors of the First Water Fountains Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person.... read more