Aqueducts: The Solution to Rome's Water Challenges

Aqueducts: The Solution to Rome's Water Challenges Rome’s first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, people residing at higher elevations had to depend on natural streams for their water. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the lone techniques readily available at the time to supply water to segments of greater elevation. In the early 16th century, the city began to use the water that flowed below the ground through Acqua Vergine to provide drinking water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it more straightforward to clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we discovered with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. It appears that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t enough to satisfy his needs. To provide himself with a more useful means to obtain water, he had one of the manholes opened, offering him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

Fountains And Their Use In Crete & Minoa

Fountains And Their Use In Crete & Minoa On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have unearthed conduits of several varieties. These furnished water and removed it, including water from waste and deluges. They were for the most part constructed from clay or rock.Fountains Use Crete & Minoa 84107803276.jpg When made from terracotta, they were typically in the format of canals and spherical or rectangular pipes. These included cone-like and U-shaped terracotta pipes that were exclusive to the Minoans. Knossos Palace had an sophisticated plumbing network made of terracotta pipes which ran up to three meters below ground. The water pipes also had other applications including gathering water and channeling it to a primary area for storage. These terracotta piping were essential to perform: Underground Water Transportation: This particular system’s undetectable nature may mean that it was originally manufactured for some type of ritual or to circulate water to restricted groups. Quality Water Transportation: There is also information which concludes the pipes being made use of to supply water fountains independently from the domestic scheme.

Taking Care Of Large Outdoor Fountains

Taking Care Of Large Outdoor Fountains An important facet to think about is the size of the outdoor wall fountain in relation to the space in which you are going to mount it. It will require a very strong wall to support its overall weight. Areas or walls that are smaller will require a lightweight fountain. You will need to have an electrical socket in the vicinity of the fountain so it can be powered. Since there are many types of outdoor wall fountains, installation procedures vary, but the majority include easy to follow instructions.

The typical outdoor wall feature is available in an easy-to-use kit that comes with everything you need and more to properly install it. In the kit you will find all the needed elements: a submersible pump, hoses and basin, or reservoir. If the size is appropriate, the basin can be hidden away amongst your garden plants. Since outdoor wall fountains require little attention, the only thing left to do is clean it regularly.

It is vital to replenish the water regularly so that it remains clean. Remember to remove debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as fast as possible. Furthermore, outdoor fountains should always be shielded from freezing temperatures in wintertime. Bring your pump inside when the weather turns very cold and freezes the water so as to eliminate any possible damage, like as cracking. All in all, an outdoor wall fountain can last for any number of years with proper maintenance and care.

Contemporary Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Roots

Contemporary Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains Roots 66088256494023.jpg Contemporary Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Roots A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

Pure practicality was the original role of fountains. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water supply, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and celebrate the artist. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to beautify their fountains. To illustrate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs. Fountains enjoyed a considerable role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exercise his power over nature. To mark the entryway of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts entered the city of Rome

The end of the 19th century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. The introduction of special water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational gatherings.

What Makes Interior Wall Water Features Right for You

What Makes Interior Wall Water Features Right for You Clinics and health care facilities have been using indoor fountains to create tranquil, stress-free environments for many years now.Makes Interior Wall Water Features Right 60367130587597139.jpg People are entranced by the comforting sounds of softly moving water which can result in a state of internal reflection.

Moreover, rehabilitation appears to go faster when water features are included as part of the healing process. A number of illnesses are thought to get better with their use, as such they are recommended by physicians and mental health therapists. The comforting, melodious sound of trickling water is thought to help those with PTSD and acute insomnia.

An interior wall water element is thought to produce an overall sense of wellness and security according to countless studies. As humans we are naturally pulled by the sight and sound of water, both of which contribute to our well-being and the preservation of our environment.

The life-altering power of water has long been considered as one of two essential components used in the art of feng-shui. Harmonizing our inner environment so that it promotes tranquility and peace is one of the central precepts in feng-shui. It is essential to add a water element someplace in our homes. The ideal place to set up a fountain is near your home’s entranceway or in front of it.

You and your loved ones will no doubt benefit from the addition of a water wall in your home, whether it be a wall mounted waterfall, a freestanding water feature or a customized one. Adding a fountain in a central room, according to some reports, seems to make people happier, more content, and calm than people who do not have one.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Landscape Fountains

One Cleaning Solution NEVER Use Landscape Fountains 241695137.jpg The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Landscape Fountains It is vital to carefully maintain water fountains for them to work optimally. It is important to clean it out and get rid of any debris or foreign objects that might have fallen into or onto it. Another factor is that water that is exposed to sunlight is prone to growing algae. Either sea salt, hydrogen peroxide, or vinegar can be blended into the water to avoid this issue. There are those who like to use bleach, but that is dangerous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

No more than 3-4 months should really go by without an extensive cleansing of a fountain. Before cleaning, all of the water must be taken out. When you have done this, scour inside the water reservoir with a gentle detergent. Feel free to use a toothbrush if needed for any tiny crevasses. Any soap residue left on your fountain can damage it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

It is highly advised taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and eliminate any plankton or calcium. Soaking it in vinegar for a bit will make it easier to wash. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain components that will accumulate inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

One final tip for keeping your fountain in top working condition is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Allowing the water to reach below the pump’s intake level, can cause serious damage and even make the pump burn out - an undesired outcome!

The City Of Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Water Features

The City Of Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Water Features In Rome’s city center, there are countless easily recognized water fountains.City Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Water Features 195426157.jpg One of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini planned, conceived and constructed almost all of them. His abilities as a water fountain developer and also as a city designer, are visible all through the roads of Rome. A famous Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father mentored his young son, and they ultimately went to Rome to fully showcase their art, chiefly in the form of public water features and water features. The juvenile Bernini was an exceptional worker and attained encouragement and backing of important painters as well as popes. He was originally celebrated for his sculpture. He used his ability and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most significantly in the Vatican. Although many artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo influenced him the most.

What Are Garden Water fountains Manufactured From?

What Are Garden Water fountains Manufactured From? Garden fountains these days are commonly made from metal, although you can find them in other materials too. Those made from metals have clean lines and attractive sculptural elements, and are flexible enough to fit any budget and decor. It is essential that your landscape design reflects the style of your residence.

Today, many people favor copper for their sculptural garden fountains. Copper is common for both inside and outside use and is widely found in tabletop and cascade fountains, among others. Another advantage of copper fountains is they are flexible and come in a wide range of styles.

Brass water fountains are also common, although they tend to have a more classic look than copper ones. Brass fountains are often designed with intriguing artwork, so they are popular even if they are a bit conventional.

Most consumers today see stainless steel as the most modern choice. Adding a modern-looking steel design will immediately add value to your garden and elevate the overall atmosphere.Garden Water fountains  Manufactured From? 723071175026198546.jpg Like all water fountains, you can buy them in just about any size you prefer.

Because it is both lighter and less expensive than metal but has a similar look, fiberglass is quite common for fountains. The upkeep of fiberglass water fountains is quite simple, so they have many advantages that people appreciate.

Can Large Garden Fountains Help Purify The Air?

Can Large Garden Fountains Help Purify The Air? You can liven up your environment by setting up an indoor wall fountain. Your senses and your health can benefit from the putting in of one of these indoor features. The research behind this theory supports the fact that water fountains can favorably affect your health. Water features generally generate negative ions which are then counterbalanced by the positive ions produced by the latest conveniences. The negative ions produced by these types of water features overtake the positive ones ending in positive shifts to both your psychological and physical wellness. You can become more alert, calm and lively due to an increase in the serotonin levels resulting from these types of features. Due to the negative ions it produces, an indoor wall fountain can improve your mood and also eliminate impurities in the air. Allergies, air-borne pollutants among other annoyances can be done away with by these water features. And lastly, dust particles and microbes in the air are removed and lead to improved health.

A Brief History of the First Garden Water Features

Brief History First Garden Water Features 89740025061561930.jpg A Brief History of the First Garden Water Features As originally conceived, water fountains were designed to be functional, guiding water from streams or aqueducts to the inhabitants of cities and villages, where the water could be used for cooking, washing, and drinking. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a system without equal until the later part of the 19th century. Frequently used as monuments and commemorative structures, water fountains have inspired travelers from all over the planet all through the centuries. Rough in style, the first water fountains did not look much like modern fountains. Created for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the first fountains were basic carved stone basins. Natural stone basins as fountains have been recovered from 2000 B.C.. The earliest civilizations that utilized fountains depended on gravity to force water through spigots. Situated near aqueducts or springs, the practical public water fountains furnished the local populace with fresh drinking water. Beasts, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the initial ornate Roman fountains, starting to appear in about 6 BC. Water for the open fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a complicated system of water aqueducts.

Wall fountains: The Perfect Decor Accessory to Find Tranquility

Wall fountains: The Perfect Decor Accessory to Find Tranquility You can find harmony and tranquility by simply having water in your garden.Wall fountains: Perfect Decor Accessory Find Tranquility 721611542160905117.jpg The sounds of a fountain are perfect to block out the noise in your neighborhood or in the city where you reside. The outdoors and recreation are two of the things you will find in your garden. Many treatments use water as a recuperation element, going to places such as the seaside and rivers for their remedies. If what you seek out is a calming place where you can take your body and your mind to a faraway place, put in a pond or fountain in your garden.

Garden Fountain Engineers Through History

Garden Fountain Engineers Through History Often working as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century.Garden Fountain Engineers History 8496344018.jpg Leonardo da Vinci as a inspired intellect, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance artist. He systematically noted his observations in his now renowned notebooks, after his tremendous fascination in the forces of nature inspired him to research the attributes and mobility of water. Early Italian fountain builders changed private villa settings into innovative water displays complete of symbolic meaning and natural elegance by coupling imagination with hydraulic and gardening talent. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, design and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, offered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. For the various properties in the vicinity of Florence, other water fountain creators were well versed in humanist subjects and classical technical texts, masterminding the incredible water marbles, water attributes and water antics.

An Short Guide to Herbs in The Garden

An Short Guide to Herbs in The Garden Countless gardeners are drawn to natural herbs because they can use them in so many distinctive dishes. Herbs are very easy to grow indoors or outdoors and offer near-instant gratification, they are employed in marinades, sauces, soups and other fantastic meals. An herb garden is easily maintained with minimum daily care, and planter gardens and potted herbs can be easily moved inside once autumn frosts begin, making it possible to maintain an herb garden all year long. There are a couple of advantages of having perennial herbs in your garden such as the fact that they do not need replanting at the end of the year or don't die. Over and above this, you really should give consideration to your personal taste inclinations when choosing herbs to flavor meals. It is worthwhile to plant herbs that you will use. If you love to cook Latin food, you will undoubtedly use cilantro. If you like Italian food, you should decide to plant basil, oregano, and thyme. It is essential to figure out where your herbs will be cultivated in order to decide which herbs will thrive. If you live in a mild climate, with warm winters and relatively cool summers, it may be easiest to plant straight into the ground. It is both an attractive way to landscape your yard and an effortless choice because you do not need to build or buy planters.Short Guide Herbs Garden 0505080294605.jpg There is nothing you can do to escape harsh weather conditions conditions that might impact your plants. However, there's hope because planters can be transferred indoors whenever there's bad weather outdoors so they are flexible and practical for your herbs.

Outdoor Wall Fountains: The Many Designs Available

Outdoor Wall Fountains: The Many Designs AvailableOutdoor Wall Fountains: Many Designs Available 28942656690351.jpg If you want to have a place to relax as well as add some pizzazz to a small area such as a patio or courtyard, wall fountains are ideal because they do not occupy much space. The myriad of designs in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one suitable to your wishes. It is possible to have one customized if you are not able to find a pre-assembled fountain to suit you.

Depending on your requirements, you can select from mounted or freestanding models. Small, self-contained models can be placed on a wall are known as mounted wall fountains. Wall fountains made of resin ( similar to stone) or fiberglass are typically lightweight so they can be easily hung. Large-sized free-standing wall fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, have their basins located on the floor and a flat side leaning on a wall. Water features such as these are usually made of cast stone and have no weight restrictions.

Landscape designers often propose a individualized fountain for a brand new or existing wall. A skilled mason is necessary to place the water basin against the wall and correctly install all the plumbing inside or behind the wall. You will need to incorporate a spout or fountain mask into the wall. The cohesive look produced by customized wall fountains make them appear to be part of the landscape rather than an afterthought.

The Use of Fountains As Water Elements

Use Fountains Water Elements 945031297244.jpg The Use of Fountains As Water Elements A water feature is a big element which has water streaming in or through it. A simple hanging fountain or an intricate courtyard tiered fountain are just two examples from the broad range of articles available. The versatility of this feature is useful due to the fact that it can be placed inside or outdoors. Ponds and pools are also included in the description of a water element.

Garden wall fountains are worthwhile additions to your living areas such as backyards, yoga studios, cozy patios, apartment balconies, or office complexes. In addition to helping you kick back, both sight and sound are enticed by the soothing sounds of a water feature. With their aesthetically pleasing shape you can also use them to accentuate the decor in your home or other living space. Gently moving water not only leads to a sense of peace, it also masks bothersome noises and produces an enchanting water show.

The Myriad Reasons to Include a Water Feature The area outside your home can be enhanced by including a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project.Contemporary designers and fountain builders alike use historical fountains and water features to shape their creations.... read more


The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century substantially altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living.The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power.... read more


Your Outdoor Living Area: The Perfect Spot for a Garden Fountain A good way to enhance the appeal of your outdoor living area is to add a wall water feature or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden layout.... read more


Your Outdoor Living Area: A Great Spot for a Garden Fountain The area outside your home can be enhanced by adding a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project.Modern-day artists and fountain builders alike use historic fountains and water features to shape their creations.... read more


Indoor Wall Water Features Can Benefit You Indoor fountains are a useful addition in hospitals and wellness clinics because they add a peaceful, tranquil essence to them.A meditative state can be induced in people who hear the soft music of trickling water.... read more


The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Gardens Anglo-Saxons encountered extraordinary changes to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans.The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power.... read more


The Positive Benefits of installing a Fountain in Your Living Area You can enhance your exterior area by including a wall fountain or an outdoor garden water feature to your property or gardening project.Contemporary artists and fountain builders alike use historical fountains and water features to shape their creations.... read more


The Original Garden Water Fountains As initially conceived, water fountains were crafted to be practical, guiding water from creeks or reservoirs to the inhabitants of cities and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking, washing, and drinking.... read more