Acqua Vergine: The Remedy to Rome's Water Troubles

Acqua Vergine: The Remedy to Rome's Water Troubles Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, started off supplying the many people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had relied on natural springs up until then.Acqua Vergine: Remedy Rome's Water Troubles 0567153716.jpg During this period, there were only 2 other techniques capable of supplying water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which gathered rainwater. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by way of the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Though they were initially planned to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to get water from the channel, starting when he obtained the property in 1543. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to satisfy his needs. Through an opening to the aqueduct that flowed underneath his property, he was able to satisfy his water needs.

The Various Construction Materials of Wall fountains

The Various Construction Materials of Wall fountains Most contemporary garden fountains come in metal, although many other types exist. Metallic fountains, with their clean lines and sculptural accents, exist in in a variety of metals and can accommodate any style or budget. It is very important that your landscape reflects the style of your residence.

Today, many people favor copper for their sculptural garden fountains. Copper is used in cascade and tabletop water fountains as well as many other styles, making it versatile enough for inside and outside fountains.Various Construction Materials Wall fountains 8875407302157239441.jpg Copper is also adaptable enough that you can pick a range of styles for your fountain, from contemporary to whimsical.

If your style is more traditional, a brass water fountain might be ideal for you. Brass fountains are often designed with unique artwork, so they are popular even if they are a bit conventional.

The most contemporary metal right now is probably stainless steel. A contemporary steel design will quickly boost the value of your garden as well as the feeling of serenity. Like all water fountains, you can get them in just about any size you want.

For people who want the appearance of a metal fountain but prefer a lighter weight and more affordable option, fiberglass is the answer. Caring for a fiberglass water fountain is fairly easy, another benefit that consumers seek.

Archaic Greek Artistry: Large Statuary

Archaic Greek Artistry: Large Statuary The initial freestanding statuary was developed by the Archaic Greeks, a recognized achievement since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi were considered by the Greeks to typify beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising firmness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, brawny, and nude. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was an incredible point of change for the Greeks as they expanded into new modes of government, created fresh expressions of art, and gained knowledge of the men and women and cultures outside of Greece. The Arcadian conflicts, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are instances of the kinds of battles that arose commonly, which is consistent with other times of historical change.

The Innumerable Choices in Wall Fountains

The Innumerable Choices in Wall FountainsInnumerable Choices Wall Fountains 753886927324325.jpg A small patio or a courtyard is a great spot to put your wall fountain when you seek peace and quiet. You can also make the most of a small area by having one custom-made. Both the stand alone and fitted types must have a spout, a water basin, internal tubing, and a pump. There are any variety of models to pick from including conventional, contemporary, classic, or Asian.

Also referred to as a floor fountain, a stand-alone wall fountain is normally rather big, and its basin is placed on the ground.

It is possible to integrate a wall-mounted fountain onto an already existent wall or built into a new wall. Incorporating this type of water feature into your landscape adds a cohesiveness to the look you want to attain rather than making it seem as if the fountain was merely added later.

Classic Greece: The Roots of Garden Statue Design

Classic Greece: The Roots of Garden Statue Design Historically, most sculptors were paid by the temples to adorn the involved pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the era came to a close it became more common for sculptors to present ordinary people as well because many Greeks had begun to think of their institution as superstitious rather than sacred. Portraiture, which would be acknowledged by the Romans upon their annexation of Greek society became traditional as well, and wealthy family members would at times commission a portrayal of their forebears to be added in enormous familial tombs. Over the years of The Greek Classical period, a time of artistic development, the use of sculpture and many other art forms transformed, so it is incorrect to say that the arts delivered merely one purpose. Greek sculpture was a cutting-edge component of antiquity, whether the cause was religious fervor or visual satisfaction, and its contemporary quality may be what endears it to us now.

The Grace of Simple Garden Decor: The Outdoor Garden Fountain

The Grace of Simple Garden Decor: The Outdoor Garden Fountain Nowadays you can just put your garden water fountain near a wall since they no longer need to be connected to a pond. Due to the various possibilities available, it no longer necessary to deal with excavations, complcated installations or cleaning the pond. Plumbing work is no longer necessary since this feature in now self-contained. Consistently adding water is the only requirement. Your pond and the proximate area are sure to get dirty at some point so be sure to drain the water from the basin and replace it with fresh water.

Outdoor wall features come in lots of different materials, but they are usually made of stone and metal.Grace Simple Garden Decor: Outdoor Garden Fountain 448544661358369285.jpg You need to know the style you are shooting for in order to decide on the best suited material. It is important to buy hand-crafted, lightweight garden wall fountains which are also simple to put up. Owning a fountain which requires minimal maintenance is important as well. While there may be some instances in which the setup needs a bit more care, generally the majority require a minimal amount of work to install since the only two parts which require scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging equipment. You can effortlessly perk up your outdoor area with these types of fountains.

Can Fountains Help Detoxify The Air?

Can Fountains Help Detoxify The Air? If what you are after is to breathe life into an otherwise boring ambiance, an indoor wall fountain can be the answer. Setting up this type of indoor feature positively affects your senses and your general health. The science behind the theory that water fountains can be good for you is undeniable. The negative ions emitted by water features are offset by the positive ions released by modern-day conveniences.Can Fountains Help Detoxify Air? 74758287678.jpg Positive changes to both your mental and physical well-being take place when the negative ions are overpowered by the positive ions. They also raise serotonin levels, so you begin to feel more alert, relaxed and revitalized. Indoor wall fountains {generate negative ions which serve to heighten your mood and remove air pollutants. Water features also help in eliminating allergens, pollutants among other sorts of irritants. Lastly, the dust particles and micro-organisms floating in the air inside your house are absorbed by water fountains leading to better overall wellness.

The Advantages of Solar Powered Outdoor Fountains

Advantages Solar Powered  Outdoor Fountains 8496344018.jpg The Advantages of Solar Powered Outdoor Fountains Your garden wall fountain can be powered by numerous power sources. Eco-friendly solar powered fountains, which are now easily available, have substituted older fountains which run on electricity. Although solar run water fountains may be the most economical long-term option, the initial outlay is in fact higher. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are utilized to make solar operated water fountains. You should be able to find the right sort of fountain to fit your design needs. Easy to care for and an excellent way to make a substantial contribution to the environment, they are wonderful additions to your garden sanctuary as well.

Interior wall fountains not only give you something attractive to look at, they also serve to cool your house. An alternative to air conditioners and evaporative coolers, they cool off your home by using the same techniques. You can also save on your utility costs because they consume less power.

Fanning crisp, dry air across them is the most common method used to benefit from their cooling effect. To improve air flow, turn on your ceiling fan or use the air from some corner of the room. Regardless of the technique you use, ensure the air is flowing over the top of the water in a consistent manner. It is normal for fountains and waterfalls to produce cool, crisp air. The sudden chill we feel is normal when we approach a large public fountain or a waterfall. Your fountain cooling system should not be installed in an area which is especially hot. Your fountain will be less reliable if you situate it in the sunlight.

The Source of Modern Day Garden Water Fountains

The Source of Modern Day Garden Water Fountains Pope Nicholas V, himself a learned man, ruled the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of old classic Greek texts into Latin. In order to make Rome worthy of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope decided to enhance the beauty of the city. In 1453 the Pope commissioned the repairing of the Aqua Vergine, an ancient Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away. The ancient Roman custom of building an awe-inspiring commemorative fountain at the location where an aqueduct arrived, also known as a mostra, was resurrected by Nicholas V. At the behest of the Pope, architect Leon Battista Alberti began the construction of a wall fountain in the spot where we now find the Trevi Fountain. Adjustments and extensions, included in the restored aqueduct, eventually provided the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water supply.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Outdoor Water fountains

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Outdoor Water fountains Water fountains will last a very long time with regular cleaning and maintenance. Leaves, twigs, and bugs very often find their way into fountains, so it is essential to keep yours free from such debris. On top of that, algae can be a concern, because sun hitting the water allows it to form quickly. Stir hydrogen peroxide, sea salt, or vinegar into the water to avoid this particular dilemma.One Cleaning Solution NEVER Use Outdoor Water fountains 007716370990928094.jpg Bleach can also be dissolved into the water, however this is not an ideal option as it can hurt birds or other animals.

A complete cleaning every 3-4 months is recommended for garden fountains. Before you can start cleaning it you need to drain out all of the water. Once it is empty, scrub inside the reservoir with a mild cleanser. A good tip is to use a toothbrush if there are small hard-to-reach spots. Be sure to completely rinse the inside of the fountain to make sure all the soap is gone.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and cleaning the inside properly. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it quicker to scrub. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain substances that will accumulate inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain every day and add water if you see that the level is low. If the water level drops below the pump’s intake level, it can harm the pump and cause it to burn out - something you don't want to happen!

Bernini: The Genius Behind Italy's Most Impressive Water Fountains

Bernini: The Genius Behind Italy's Most Impressive Water Fountains One can see Bernini's earliest masterpiece, the Barcaccia fountain, at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. To this day, this spot is filled with Roman locals and tourists alike who enjoy debate and each other's company. Today, the city streets surrounding Bernini's fountain are a trendy place where people go to meet, something which the artist would have been pleased to learn. In about 1630, the great master designed the first fountain of his career at the behest of Pope Ubano VIII. People can now see the fountain as an illustration of a great ship slowly sinking into the Mediterranean. The great 16th century flood of the Tevere, which left the entire region inundated with water, was memorialized by the fountain according to documents from the period. In what became his one and only prolonged absence from Italy, Bernini {journeyed | traveled] to France in 1665.

The Early Civilization: Outdoor Fountains

Early Civilization: Outdoor Fountains 3280286845.jpg The Early Civilization: Outdoor Fountains During archaeological digs on the island of Crete, various types of conduits have been detected. They not solely aided with the water supply, they removed rainwater and wastewater as well. Many were created from clay or rock. Terracotta was selected for waterways and pipelines, both rectangular and spherical. These incorporated cone-like and U-shaped terracotta pipes which were distinctive to the Minoans. Clay pipes were employed to administer water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters beneath the flooring. The water pipes also had other applications including amassing water and channeling it to a central location for storing. Therefore, these pipes had to be ready to: Underground Water Transportation: This obscure system for water distribution could possibly have been utilized to supply water to specific individuals or functions. Quality Water Transportation: Some historians consider that these conduits were used to develop a different distribution process for the castle.

Consider the Benefits of an Indoor Wall Water Feature

Consider the Benefits of an Indoor Wall Water Feature Indoor fountains are a useful addition in hospitals and wellness clinics since they lend a peaceful, tranquil essence to them. People are fascinated by the comforting sounds of gently moving water which can produce a state of internal reflection.

Moreover, healing appears to go faster when water fountains are included as part of the treatment. According to many doctors and therapists, patients are believed to recover more quickly when these are added to the treatment plan.Consider Benefits Indoor Wall Water Feature 54024191664583.jpg Those with PTSD or insomnia, as well as other medical conditions, are thought to recover better with the soothing, delicate sounds of flowing water.

An indoor wall water element is thought to produce an overall feeling of well-being and security according to countless studies. The existence of water in our environment is vital to the continuation of our species and our planet.

The transformative power of water has long been considered as one of two crucial components used in the teachings of feng-shui. The main tenets of feng-shui claim that we can attain serenity and harmony by balancing the interior elements in our surroundings. The element of water needs to be included in every living area. The best spot to set up a fountain is close to your home’s entrance or in front of it.

You and your family will no doubt benefit from the inclusion of a water wall in your home, whether it be a wall mounted waterfall, a freestanding water feature or a custom-built one. Based on the results of many studies, people who have a fountain in a central room are thought to be more content, satisfied, and carefree than those who do not have one.

The Genesis Of Wall Fountains

The Genesis Of Wall FountainsGenesis Wall Fountains 56998478323280.jpg A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Pure functionality was the original role of fountains. Inhabitants of cities, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains needed to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water supply, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and memorialize the designer. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were frequently seen on Roman fountains. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. Fountains played a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Impressive water effects and recycled water were made possible by replacing the force of gravity with mechanical pumps.

These days, fountains decorate public areas and are used to honor individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

Builders of the First Outside Garden Fountains

Builders of the First Outside Garden Fountains Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted people,Builders First Outside Garden Fountains 428688029340397.jpg Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was renowned as a ingenious genius, inventor and scientific master. The forces of nature guided him to research the qualities and movement of water, and due to his curiosity, he methodically documented his findings in his now renowned notebooks. Ingenious water exhibits loaded with symbolic meaning and natural wonder changed private villa settings when early Italian water feature creators coupled creativity with hydraulic and gardening abilities. Known for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, offered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Well versed in humanist subject areas as well as classical scientific readings, some other fountain makers were masterminding the excellent water marbles, water attributes and water jokes for the numerous properties around Florence.

Choose from Any Number of Exterior Wall Fountain Styles

Choose from Any Number of Exterior Wall Fountain Styles If you want to have a place to relax and add some flair to a small area such as a patio or courtyard, wall fountains are perfect because they do not take up much space. When considering the many types of outdoor wall fountains available including traditional, vintage, contemporary, or Asian, you are certain to find one best suited to your design ideas. While there are innumerable prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a custom-built fountain if none of these are appealing to you.

The two types of water features available to you are mounted and stand-alone models. Little, self-contained mounted wall fountains can be hung on any surface. Normally made of resin (to resemble stone) or fiber glass, these kinds of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Stand-alone fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, are of considerable size, have a basin located on the ground and a smooth side which leans against a wall. Water features such as these are typically made of cast stone and have no weight restrictions.

Custom-made fountains which can be integrated into a new or existing wall are often recommended by landscaping designers.Choose Number Exterior Wall Fountain Styles 6141416879.jpg The basin and all the necessary plumbing are best installed by a qualified mason. A fountain mask or a spout also needs to be integrated into the wall. Custom-built wall fountains lend to a unified look because they become part of the scenery rather than look like a later addition.

A Brief History of the First Public Garden Fountains

A Brief History of the First Public Garden Fountains Villages and villages depended on working water fountains to channel water for preparing food, bathing, and cleaning up from local sources like lakes, channels, or creeks.Brief History First Public Garden Fountains 4733580018826.jpg To make water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and create a jet of water, required the force of gravity and a water source such as a spring or lake, situated higher than the fountain. Striking and spectacular, big water fountains have been designed as memorials in most civilizations. When you encounter a fountain nowadays, that is definitely not what the very first water fountains looked like. Basic stone basins created from nearby material were the original fountains, used for spiritual functions and drinking water. Natural stone basins as fountains have been discovered from 2,000 BC. The first fountains put to use in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to regulate the movement of water through the fountain. The placement of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along aqueducts, canals, or streams. Fountains with flowery decoration started to show up in Rome in approx. 6 B.C., normally gods and animals, made with natural stone or bronze. The City of Rome had an intricate system of aqueducts that provided the water for the many fountains that were located throughout the city.

The Elegance of Wall Fountains

The Elegance of Wall Fountains Make a fantastic impression on your loved ones by including a wall fountain in your home decor. In addition to the calming background sounds a wall water feature contributes to any living space, it also imparts charm.Elegance Wall Fountains 2396635274607.jpg You can leave an enduring impression on your guests with the visual grace and the inviting sounds of this sort of feature.

Wall elements are a good choice if the space you occupy is more modern in appearance. Also made in modern-day materials such as stainless steel or glass, they can add pizzazz to your interior decor. Does your home or workplace have a limited amount of space? A wall water fountain might be the perfect option for you. Since they are installed on a wall, these features do not take up valuable room. You may notice that many hectic workplace lobbies have fountains. Wall fountains can be set up outside as well. Fiberglass or resin wall water features can be used outside. Gardens, terraces, or other outdoor spaces needing a stylish touch should include a water fountain made of one of these weather-proof materials.

Wall fountains are available in a variety of distinctive styles, ranging from ultra-sleek to traditional and rustic. The type most suitable for your living space depends only on your personal decoration ideas. A city dweller’s decor ideas might call for polished glass whereas a mountaineer might want a more traditional material such as slate for a mountain lodge. You can select the material most suitable to your needs. One thing is sure, however, fountains are features which will no doubt dazzle your guests.

Anglo-Saxon Grounds During the Norman Conquest

Anglo-Saxon Grounds During the Norman Conquest The introduction of the Normans in the 2nd half of the 11th century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But there was no time for home life, domesticated design, and adornment until the Normans had conquered the whole realm. Castles were more basic designs and often built on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were major stone buildings, commonly positioned in the widest, most fertile hollows. Tranquil pursuits such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is portrayed in Berkeley Castle, which is perhaps the most untouched illustration we have. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstruction to assailants trying to dig under the castle walls. A scenic bowling green, covered in grass and enclosed by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, forms one of the terraces.

The Godfather Of Roman Water Features

Godfather Roman Water Features 67540828266578902219.jpg The Godfather Of Roman Water Features There are countless celebrated water fountains in Rome’s city center. One of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, almost all of them were planned, conceptualized and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city architect, he had skills as a water feature developer, and records of his life's work are apparent throughout the streets of Rome. Ultimately transferring to Rome to totally express their artwork, primarily in the shape of community water features, Bernini’s father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son. The juvenile Bernini was an great employee and won praise and backing of significant artists as well as popes. He was originally renowned for his sculpture. He used his expertise and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. Though a variety of artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo inspired him the most.
The Beauty of Simple Garden Decor: The Wall Water Fountain It is also possible to locate your outdoor water fountain near a wall since they do not need to be connected to a nearby pond.Excavating, installing and cleaning a nearby pond are no longer a necessity.... read more


The Grace of Simple Garden Decor: The Outdoor Garden Fountain It is also possible to place your outdoor water fountain near a wall since they do not need to be connected to a nearby pond.In addition, it is no longer necessary to dig, deal with a difficult installation process or clean the pond.... read more


Taking Care Of Large Outdoor Fountains An important facet to consider is the size of the outdoor wall fountain in respect to the space in which you are going to install it.It will require a solid wall to support its total weight.... read more


Characteristics of Outdoor Sculpture in Archaic Greece The Archaic Greeks manufactured the first freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars.... read more