Water Features: The Minoan Society

Water Features: The Minoan Society Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have uncovered several kinds of channels. In combination with delivering water, they distributed water which gathered from storms or waste material. Rock and clay were the elements of choice for these channels. Terracotta was used for waterways and water pipes, both rectangle-shaped and spherical. There are a couple of illustrations of Minoan clay piping, those with a shortened cone form and a U-shape that have not been caught in any society ever since. The water availability at Knossos Palace was managed with a system of terracotta piping which was placed beneath the floor, at depths starting from a couple of centimeters to a number of meters. The clay conduits were also used for accumulating and storing water. These clay pipes were used to perform:Water Features: Minoan Society 007113021009.jpg Underground Water Transportation: Originally this particular technique would seem to have been designed not for convenience but rather to supply water to certain people or rites without it being noticed. Quality Water Transportation: Considering the data, a number of historians suggest that these conduits were not connected to the common water delivery process, offering the castle with water from a distinctive source.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Wall fountains

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Wall fountains Water fountains will last a long time with routine cleaning and maintenance. Leaves, twigs, and insects often find their way into fountains, so it is essential to keep yours free from such things. Additionally, anywhere light from the sun combines with still water, algae can appear. Stir hydrogen peroxide, sea salt, or vinegar into the water to avoid this particular issue. There are those who prefer to use bleach, but that is harmful to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.One Cleaning Solution NEVER Use Wall fountains 64623253575203.jpg

A complete cleaning every 3-4 months is ideal for garden fountains. Prior to cleaning, all of the water must be eliminated. Then use a soft cloth and gentle cleanser to scrub the inside. A good tip is to use a toothbrush if there are tiny hard-to-reach spots. Do not leave any soap residue inside or on the fountain.

Some organisms and calcium deposits can get inside the pump, so it is advised to take it apart and clean it thoroughly. Soaking it in vinegar for a time will make it easier to scrub. Build-up can be a big hassle, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to eliminate this dilemma.

Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by checking on it every day - this will keep it in tip-top shape. Permitting the water level to get too low can cause damage to the pump - and you certainly do not want that!

The Distribution of Water Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe

The Distribution of Water Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe Contributing to the advancement of scientific technology were the published letters and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the main method of transmitting practical hydraulic facts and fountain design suggestions throughout Europe. In the late 1500's, a French water fountain architect (whose name has been lost) was the globally renowned hydraulics innovator. By developing gardens and grottoes with incorporated and clever water attributes, he began his profession in Italy by earning imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany.Distribution Water Fountain Engineering Knowledge Europe 66530285.jpg The book, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” penned towards the end of his life in France, became the definitive text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The book modified key hydraulic discoveries since classical antiquity as well as detailing modern hydraulic technologies. The water screw, a technical means to move water, and developed by Archimedes, was highlighted in the book. Two hidden containers heated by the sun's rays in an area next to the decorative water feature were found in an illustration. The end result: the water fountain is stimulated by the heated water expanding and rising up the pipelines. The book furthermore covers garden ponds, water wheels, water feature creations.

Bernini: The Master of Italy's Most Impressive Water Fountains

Bernini: The Master of Italy's Most Impressive Water Fountains Bernini's earliest fountain, named Barcaccia, is a masterful work of art found at the bottom of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna.Bernini: Master Italy's Impressive Water Fountains 843381012.jpg Roman locals and site seers who appreciate conversation as well as being the company of others still go to this spot. One of the city’s most fashionable meeting spots are the streets surrounding Bernini's fountain, which would certainly have brought a smile to the great Bernini. In around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII helped Bernini start off his professional life with the construction of his first water fountain. People can now see the fountain as a depiction of a commanding ship gradually sinking into the Mediterranean. The great 16th century flood of the Tevere, which left the entire region inundated with water, was memorialized by the water fountain according to documents from the period. In what became his sole prolonged absence from Italy, Bernini {journeyed | traveled] to France in 1665.

The Grace of Simple Garden Decor: The Large Outdoor Fountain

Grace Simple Garden Decor: Large Outdoor Fountain 49382631797017711.jpg The Grace of Simple Garden Decor: The Large Outdoor Fountain Having a pond in the vicinity of your garden water fountain is no longer necessary because they can now be situated on a wall near by. Digging, installing and cleaning a nearby pond are no longer needed. Since this feature is self-contained, no plumbing work is needed. Regularly adding water is the only necessity. Drain the water from the basin and put in clean water whenever the surrounding area is dirty.

The most utilized materials employed to construct garden wall fountains are stone and metal, even though they can be made out of many other elements. The design you are looking for dictates which material is most appropriate to meet your wishes. Outdoor wall fountains come in many forms and sizes, therefore ensure that the style you choose to purchase is hand-crafted, easy to hang and lightweight. Owning a fountain which demands minimal maintenance is important as well. While there may be some cases in which the setup needs a bit more care, generally the majority require a minimal amount of effort to install since the only two parts which call for scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging equipment. Little effort is needed to enliven your garden with these kinds of fountains.

The Benefits of Solar Powered Garden Water fountains

The Benefits of Solar Powered Garden Water fountains There are various energy sources which can be used to power your garden wall fountain.Benefits Solar Powered  Garden Water fountains 2408764693355423436.jpg While electricity has been used up to now to power them, there has been renewed interest in environmentally-friendly solar powered models. The initial costs to run your fountain on solar energy are most likely going to be steaper, but you should keep in mind that in the long run it will be the cheaper option. An array of different elements such as terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are ordinarily used in manufacturing solar powered water features. Your decor dictates which type best fits you. If you are thinking about a fountain to complete your garden sanctuary, know that they are easy to manage and a great way to contribute to a clean eco-system.

Indoor wall fountains are a superb option to cool your home as well as to provide an eye-catching addition to your surroundings. An alternative to air conditioners and evaporative coolers, they cool off your home by employing the same principles. Since they eat up less energy, they also help you save money on your monthly power bill.

Fanning fresh, dry air across them is the most frequent method used to benefit from their cooling effect. Either your ceiling fan or air from a corner of the room can be used to augment flow. Regardless of the technique you use, ensure the air is flowing over the top of the water in a consistent manner. It is the nature of fountains and waterfalls to produce cooled, fresh air. A big public fountain or a water fall will generate a sudden chilliness in the air. Your fountain cooling system should not be installed in an area which is particularly hot. Your cooling system will be less effective if it is located in direct sunlight.

The Countless Construction Materials of Large Outdoor Fountains

The Countless Construction Materials of Large Outdoor FountainsCountless Construction Materials Large Outdoor Fountains 19085022990149011.jpg While today’s garden fountains are made in a range of materials, the majority are made from metal. Those made from metals have clean lines and attractive sculptural elements, and are versatile enough to fit any budget and decor. The interior design of your residence should determine the look and feel of your yard and garden as well.

One of the most common metals for sculptural garden fountains these days is copper. Copper is popular for both inside and outside use and is widely found in tabletop and cascade fountains, among others. Copper is also adaptable enough that you can select a range of styles for your fountain, from contemporary to whimsical.

If your style is more traditional, a brass water fountain might be ideal for you. Even though they are a bit old-fashioned, brass fountains are quite widespread because they often incorporate interesting artwork.

Arguably the most modern of all metals is stainless steel. For an immediate increase in the value and comfort of your garden, get one of the contemporary steel designs. Like other water features, they come in a variety of sizes.

Fiberglass is a widely used material for fountains because you can get the look and feel of metal at a much lower price, and it is lightweight and easier to move than metal. Keeping a fiberglass water fountain clean and working correctly is quite effortless, another aspect consumers like.

What Makes Indoor Wall Water Fountains Right for You

What Makes Indoor Wall Water Fountains Right for You Hospitals and health care facilities have been using interior fountains to create tranquil, stress-free environments for many years now. A contemplative state can be induced in people who hear the soft music of trickling water.

Faster recovery is thought to be brought about by interior fountains as well.Makes Indoor Wall Water Fountains Right 60856666.jpg Based on the opinions of many doctors and therapists, patients are believed to recover more quickly when these are added to the treatment plan. Patients with PTSD or insomnia, as well as other medical conditions, are thought to recover better with the soothing, delicate sounds of flowing water.

An interior wall water element is thought to produce an overall feeling of wellness and security according to numerous studies. As humans we are naturally drawn to the sight and sound of water, both of which contribute to our well-being and the preservation of our planet.

The transformative power of water has long been considered as one of two vital components used in the teachings of feng-shui. We need to reconcile our interior surroundings to achieve balance and serenity according to the ancient art of feng-shui. The element of water needs to be included in every living area. Putting a fountain in front of your house or close to your entrance is ideal.

You and your loved ones will no doubt benefit from the addition of a water wall in your home, whether it be a wall mounted waterfall, a freestanding water feature or a custom-built one. A number of reports state that a fountain positioned in a central living area makes people more cheerful, contented, and relaxed than those who do not have a fountain in the house.

The Positive Benefits of Adding a garden fountain in Your Living Space

The Positive Benefits of Adding a garden fountain in Your Living SpacePositive Benefits Adding garden fountain Living Space 079312030910.jpg The area outside your residence can be enhanced by including a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project. Many contemporary designers and artisans have been influenced by historical fountains and water features. As such, the impact of integrating one of these to your home decor connects it to past times. In addition to the wonderful attributes of garden fountains, they also produce water and moisture which goes into the air, thereby, drawing in birds as well as other creatures and harmonizing the environment. For example, birds lured by a fountain or birdbath can be helpful because they fend off bothersome flying insects.

Spouting or cascading fountains are not the best alternative for a small backyard since they occupy a great deal of space. Either a freestanding fountain with an even back and an attached basin placed against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted style which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the options from which you can choose. Make certain to include a fountain mask to an existing wall and a basin to collect the water at the base if you wish to add a fountain to your living area. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this type of work requires expertise, so it is best to hire a skilled person rather than do it yourself.

The Beginnings of Contemporary Outdoor Wall Fountains

The Beginnings of Contemporary Outdoor Wall Fountains The translation of hundreds of classic Greek texts into Latin was commissioned by the learned Pope Nicholas V who led the Church in Rome from 1397 until 1455. In order to make Rome deserving of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope decided to enhance the beauty of the city. At the bidding of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a ruined aqueduct which had transported clean drinking water into Rome from eight miles away, was reconditioned starting in 1453. Building a mostra, a grandiose celebratory fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the arrival point of an aqueduct, was a custom revived by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was directed by the Pope to construct a wall fountain where we now see the Trevi Fountain. Changes and extensions, included in the restored aqueduct, eventually provided the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water supply.

Statuary As a Staple of Classic Art in Historic Greece

Statuary As a Staple of Classic Art in Historic Greece Archaic Greeks were well known for creating the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Kouros figures, statues of young, handsome male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the majority of the statues. Representing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were made to appear stiff and commonly had foot in front; the males were healthy, robust, and nude. Around 650 BC, life-sized models of the kouroi began to be observed. A huge time of improvement for the Greeks, the Archaic period brought about new forms of government, expressions of art, and a higher appreciation of people and customs outside of Greece. And yet these disagreements did not prevent the expansion of the Greek civilization. {

Choose from all Types of Exterior Water Features

Choose from all Types of Exterior Water FeaturesChoose Types Exterior Water Features 006249894643.jpg Have you ever contemplated turning your garden into an oasis of serenity? Integrating a fountain into your yard provides tranquility as well as a variety of powerful effects that come with having a water feature.

Sending a stream of water straight into the air, spouting fountains leave a striking impression. Large, preexisting ponds can easily be fitted with one of these. Esplanades and historical mansions often have one these fountains.

Outdoor water features are available in varied shapes and sizes, one of which is a chic wall fountain. If you are eager to include a water feature, but are concerned because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to install one of these. Spouting fountains normally make quite an impact whereas wall features are more of an understated kind of water feature. It is straightforward process wherein a small jet of water propels outwards in front of a splendidly textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Installing a fountain with a motif depends totally on the style of your garden. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your home or garden is rustic in style. On the other hand, a more modern garden can include more of a bold design. Just let your creativity to run loose.

The primary trait of a multi-tiered fountain is that water flows from a variety of different levels. Due to the water streaming down its various levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

Due to the fact that outdoor fountains can take up a lot of room, hang a wall fountain or a pondless fountain if the space you have is limited. Since the reservoirs necessary for these kinds of fountains are hidden below the ground, you can make the most of the space at your disposal.

Install a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a sense of tranquility. Bamboo sticks act as the piping from which water flows in these kinds of water features. The repetition of water flowing into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main characteristics of this kind of fountain.

Fountains composed of glass are another type available. Featuring shaped metalwork, trellis-style fountains of this kind have a more traditional feel. However, this type of water feature is better suited to gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and design. A wondrous effect is produced when water streams down the sheets of glass. Some fountains also include colorful LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water streams downwards. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water softly flowing down its façade.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with openings and then filled in the center with pipes. The gurgles and bubbles at the top are the product of the low pressure used to trigger the water upwards. Downward flowing water appears as gentle trickle as it moves down the sides of the rock to return to its base. This sort of fountain is perfectly suited for small gardens. To guarantee that water is not sprayed around if it starts to get windy, this kind of fountain is the best option since it only uses low pressure to move water.

Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are becoming increasingly trendy. The lack of cables, the decreased difficulty in managing them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the motives for this increased interest. There is no need to settle on a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide range of styles available on the market.

Anglo-Saxon Landscapes at the Time of the Norman Conquest

Anglo-Saxon Landscapes at the Time of the Norman Conquest The introduction of the Normans in the 2nd half of the eleventh century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The expertise of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and farming at the time of the conquest.Anglo-Saxon Landscapes Time Norman Conquest 401373331426019.jpg However the Normans had to pacify the overall territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were often immense stone buildings located in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were built on windy crests where their inhabitants dedicated time and space to projects for offense and defense. The barren fortresses did not provide for the calm avocation of horticulture. The finest example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A spacious terrace intended for exercising and as a way to stop enemies from mining below the walls runs about the building. A picturesque bowling green, enveloped in grass and bordered by battlements clipped out of an ancient yew hedge, forms one of the terraces.

A Wall Fountain to Suit Your Design

Wall Fountain Suit Design 3440166488534333238.jpg A Wall Fountain to Suit Your Design You can find tranquility and quiet when you add a wall fountain in your garden or patio. You can also make use of a small space by having one customized. Whether it is stand alone or fitted, you will need a spout, a water bowl, internal piping, and a pump. Traditional, modern, classic, and Asian are just a few of the styles from which you can consider.

Stand-alone wall fountains, commonly known as floor fountains, are considerably big and feature a basin on the ground.

You can choose to place your wall-mounted fountain on an preexisting wall or build it into a new wall. This type of fountain adds to a cohesive look making it appear as if it was part of the landscape instead of an added feature.

Your Landscape Fountain: Maintenance & Routine Service

Your Landscape Fountain: Maintenance & Routine Service A very important first step is to consider the dimensions of the outdoor wall fountain with regards to the area you have available for it. In order to support its total weight, a solid wall is required. So areas or walls which are smaller in size will most probably require something light.Landscape Fountain: Maintenance & Routine Service 4597305921560268488.jpg In order for the fountain to have power, a nearby electrical socket is needed. There are many different models of fountains, each with their own set of simple, step-by-step instructions.

Generally, when you purchase an outdoor wall fountain, it will come in an easy-to-use kit that will include all the needed information to install it correctly. In the kit you will find all the needed essentials: a submersible pump, hoses and basin, or reservoir. Depending on its size, the basin can typically be hidden quite easily amongst the plants. Once your wall fountain is in place, all that is required is consistent cleaning and some light maintenance.

Change the water frequently so it is always clean. It is important to quickly clear away debris such as leaves, twigs or other dreck. Protecting your outdoor wall fountain from the cold winter weather is essential. Bring your pump inside when the weather turns very cold and freezes the water so as to avoid any possible damage, like as cracking. Simply put, your outdoor fountain will be a part of your life for many years with the correct care and maintenance.

The Benefits of Having an Interior Wall Water Element in your Home or Office

The Benefits of Having an Interior Wall Water Element in your Home or OfficeBenefits Interior Wall Water Element Home Office 7139534235002.jpg Your interior living space can profit from an indoor wall fountain because it beautifies your home and also gives it a modern feel. These kinds of fountains decrease noise pollution in your home or company, thereby allowing your loved ones and customers to have a stress-fee and tranquil environment. Moreover, this sort of interior wall water feature will most likely gain the admiration of your staff members as well as your clientele. In order to get a positive reaction from your most difficult critic and enthuse all those around, install an interior water feature to get the job done.

While sitting below your wall fountain you can delight in the tranquility it provides after a long day's work and enjoy watching your favorite sporting event. Anyone close to an indoor fountain will benefit from it because its sounds emit negative ions, eliminate dust and allergens from the air, and also lend to a soothing environment.

An Intro to Herbs in The Garden

An Intro to Herbs in The Garden An Overview of Container Gardens & Herbaceous Plants.Intro Herbs Garden 616493873037.jpg These plants are easy to grow and have the appeal of instant gratification, as they can be used in soups, marinades, and other recipes. When frost starts to come around you could prune your herbs, but if you are practical and have them placed in pots all that you have to do is transfer the pots inside the house to maintain them. Since perennial herbal plants don't die easily or require replanting every end of the year, they are a practical (and fun) addition to your garden. Your flavor and texture preferences in cooking with herbs are key considerations in determining which herbs to grow. Consider the dishes you want when choosing which herbs to plant in your garden. For instance, if you cook a lot of Italian food you may want to plant basil and oregano. If you like Latin food, choose cilantro. You must choose where your herb garden will be placed in order to determine which herbs will mature best. If you live in a mild climate it may be better to plant right into the ground due to the warmer winter seasons and cool summer seasons. This is a great way to spruce up your garden without having the pain of purchasing or creating planters. Are you nervous that your location has terrible climate that might cause your plants to die or become dormant? Try out planters as with their flexibility and practicality allows you to move the herbs inside at any time.

Water Fountain Designers Through History

Water Fountain Designers Through History Fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as a ingenious intellect, inventor and scientific expert. With his astounding curiosity regarding the forces of nature, he examined the characteristics and movement of water and also methodically recorded his examinations in his now celebrated notebooks. Coupling imaginativeness with hydraulic and horticultural abilities, early Italian fountain creators modified private villa settings into amazing water displays complete of emblematic meaning and natural wonder. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, celebrated for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, provided the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. For the various estates in the vicinity of Florence, other water fountain developers were well versed in humanist subjects as well as classical scientific texts, masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water highlights and water humor.

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Many Styles Available

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Many Styles Available Small verandas or courtyards are a perfect place to install wall fountains since they add style to an area with little space.Exterior Wall Fountains: Many Styles Available 95139995206.jpg Conventional, antique, modern, or Asian are just some of the styles you can pick from when looking for an outdoor wall fountain to your liking. If you are looking for a distinctive design, a custom-built one can be specially made to meet your specifications.

The two types of water features available to you are mounted and freestanding models. Small, self-contained models can be placed on a wall are called mounted wall fountains. Fountains of this type need to be lightweight, therefore, they are usually made of resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass. Floor fountains are freestanding, large, and also have a basin on the ground as well as a flat side against the wall. There are no weight restrictions on these kinds of cast stone water features.

Landscape designers often propose a custom-built fountain for a brand new or existing wall. Installing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work requires a professional mason to do it properly. A fountain mask or a spout also needs to be integrated into the wall. A tailor-made wall fountain blends into the landscape instead of standing out because it was a later addition, which contributes to a unified appearance.

The Hellenic Republic: Architectural Statues Nearly all sculptors were remunerated by the temples to enhance the intricate columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the time period came to a close and countless Greeks began to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more typical for sculptors to portray ordinary people as well.... read more


Historic Crete & The Minoans: Water Features During archaeological digs on the island of Crete, various sorts of channels have been discovered.Along with offering water, they distributed water which amassed from deluges or waste.... read more


The Use of Wall Fountains As Water Features The movement of water streaming in or through a large feature is what identifies of a water feature.There is an extensive array of such features ranging something as simple as a suspended wall fountain or as elaborate as a courtyard tiered fountain.... read more


The Godfather Of Roman Outdoor Fountains In Rome’s city center, there are countless easily recognized fountains.Nearly all of them were designed, architected and built by one of the finest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini.... read more


Outdoor Fountains And Their Use In Minoa On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have unearthed conduits of numerous varieties.They not solely aided with the water supply, they removed rainwater and wastewater as well.... read more


The Dissemination of Water Fountain Design Knowledge Contributing to the development of scientific technology were the printed papers and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the primary means of transmitting useful hydraulic facts and water fountain design ideas throughout Europe.... read more