Water Transport Strategies in Ancient Rome

Water Transport Strategies Ancient Rome 83033424619298796903.jpg Water Transport Strategies in Ancient Rome With the manufacturing of the very first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to be dependent only on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the lone technologies obtainable at the time to supply water to spots of greater elevation. To provide water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they implemented the new approach of redirecting the flow from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it more straightforward to maintain the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we discovered with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he bought the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. The cistern he had built to collect rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water requirements. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat below his property, and he had a shaft opened to give him access.

The Many Reasons to Include a Fountain

The Many Reasons to Include a Fountain The area outside your home can be polished up by adding a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project. Many modern designers and craftsmen have been influenced by historical fountains and water features. As such, the effect of adding one of these to your home decor binds it to past times. The water and moisture garden fountains release into the atmosphere draws birds and other creatures, and also balances the ecosystem, all of which add to the benefits of having one of these beautiful water features. For example, birds lured by a fountain or birdbath can be helpful because they fend off irritating flying insects.Many Reasons Include Fountain 93609230325198.jpg

Wall fountains are a good choice if your yard is small because they do not require much space in comparison to a spouting or cascading fountain. There are two types of fountains to choose from including the freestanding version with a flat back and an attached basin set up against a fence or a wall in your yard, or the wall-mounted, self-contained variety which is suspended directly on a wall. A water feature can be added to an existing wall if you include some type of fountain mask as well as a basin to collect the water at the bottom. It is best not to attempt this job yourself as skilled plumbers and masons are more suitable to do this kind of work.

Short Summary of Herb Gardening

Short Summary of Herb Gardening A lot of gardeners see that they are pulled to understanding more about herbal plants as they are easy to cultivate and fun to use in cooking. You'll obtain instant gratification when you grow natural herbs in the garden as they can be employed in preparing sauces, soups, marinades and a variety of other recipes. While you may believe you have to get out and prune every day with an herb garden this is not correct, but even better you can keep it going all 12 months long by moving your pots inside in the fall.Short Summary Herb Gardening 448544661358369285.jpg If you are thinking of adding perennial herbs to your garden, you are making a good choice because they do not die easily or need replanting after every year passes. Your flavor and texture preferences in preparing food with herbs are key considerations in determining which herbs to grow. Take into account the dishes you want when choosing which herbs to plant in your garden. For instance, if you cook a lot of Italian food you may want to plant basil and oregano. If you like Latin food, go with cilantro. Where you put your herb garden will define which herbs can grow there. If you live in a mild climate, with warm winters and relatively cool summers, it may be easiest to plant straight into the ground. It is simultaneously an attractive way to landscape your yard and an easy alternative because you do not need to construct or buy planters. There is absolutely nothing you can do to escape harsh weather conditions conditions that might hurt your plants. However, there is hope because planters can be transferred indoors whenever there's bad weather outdoors so they are flexible and convenient for your herbs.

Greece: Cultural Sculpture

Greece: Cultural Sculpture Although most sculptors were paid by the temples to embellish the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods of old, as the period came to a close, it became more prevalent for sculptors to depict ordinary people as well mainly because plenty of Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred. Wealthy families would occasionally commission a rendering of their ancestors for their big family tombs; portraiture also became prevalent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek society. A point of aesthetic enhancement, the use of sculpture and other art forms transformed through the Greek Classical period, so it is inexact to suggest that the arts provided only one function. Whether to gratify a visual desire or to commemorate the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was actually an imaginative method in the ancient world, which may well be what attracts our interest currently.

Outdoor Garden Fountains Defined

Outdoor Garden Fountains DefinedOutdoor Garden Fountains Defined 412914433429582.jpg The motion of water flowing in or through a large feature is what defines of a water feature. There is a broad array of such features ranging something as simple as a hanging wall fountain or as elaborate as a courtyard tiered fountain. The versatility of this feature is practical due to the fact that it can be situated inside or outside. Swimming pools and ponds are also considered water features.

An outdoor wall fountain can be a useful water feature to add to any yard, yoga studio, patio, balcony, or workplace. The pleasant sounds of flowing water from this kind of feature please the senses of sight and hearing of anyone closeby. Their aesthetically attractive form beautifies the decor of any room. Gently moving water not only results in a feeling of peace, it also masks irksome noises and produces a captivating water show.

The Innumerable Options in Wall Fountains

The Innumerable Options in Wall Fountains A small patio or a courtyard is a great spot to situate your wall fountain when you seek out peace and quiet. Moreover, it can be made to fit into any wall space since it does not take up much room. Both the stand alone and mounted versions must have a spout, a water basin, internal tubing, and a pump.Innumerable Options Wall Fountains 90381481601180737.jpg There are any number of different types available on the market including traditional, contemporary, classical, or Asian.

Normally quite large, freestanding wall fountains, also known as floor fountains, have their basins on the ground.

A stand-alone water feature can either be integrated onto a wall already in existence or built into a wall under construction. This type of fountain adds to a cohesive look making it seem as if it was part of the landscape rather than an added feature.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Outdoor Garden Fountains

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Outdoor Garden FountainsOne Cleaning Solution NEVER Use Outdoor Garden Fountains 90381481601180737.jpg In order to ensure that water fountains last a long time, it is important to practice regular maintenance. It is easy for foreign items to find their way into outside fountains, so keeping it clean is essential. On top of that, algae can be a challenge, as sun hitting the water enables it to form easily. Either sea salt, hydrogen peroxide, or vinegar can be dissolved into the water to prevent this issue. Some people opt for putting bleach into the water, but the drawback is that it harms wildlife - so it should be avoided.

A thorough cleaning every three-four months is recommended for garden fountains. The initial step is to get rid of all of the water. As soon as it is empty, wash inside the reservoir with a mild cleanser. Feel free to use a toothbrush if helpful for any stubborn crevasses. Be sure to carefully rinse the inside of the fountain to make sure all the soap is gone.

Calcium and fresh water organisms can get inside the pump, so you should disassemble it to get it truly clean. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it easier to clean. If you want to minimize build-up in your fountain, use rain water or mineral water rather than tap water, as these don’t contain any elements that might stick to the inside of the pump.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain every day and add water if you notice that the level is low. Low water levels can damage the pump - and you don't want that!

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Outdoor Fountains

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Outdoor Fountains There are many popular water features in the city center of Rome. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, virtually all of them were planned, conceptualized and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. He was additionally a urban designer, in addition to his skills as a fountain engineer, and remnants of his life's work are evident throughout the avenues of Rome. Bernini's father, a recognized Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they ultimately relocated in Rome, to thoroughly show their artwork in the form of public water features and water features. The young Bernini received compliments from Popes and influential artists alike, and was an excellent worker.Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Outdoor Fountains 937547606029872948.jpg He was initially celebrated for his sculpture. Most notably in the Vatican, he made use of a base of expertise in ancient Greek architecture and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble. He was affected by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest effect on his work.

Bernini's First Masterpieces

Bernini's First Masterpieces Bernini's earliest fountain, named Barcaccia, is a breath taking work of art seen at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. To this day, you will see Roman residents and vacation goers occupying this area to revel in chit chatter and being among other people. The streets neighboring his water fountain have come to be one of the city’s most fashionable gathering places, something which would certainly have pleased Bernini himself.Bernini's First Masterpieces 23877553363.jpg Dating back to around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII mandated what was to be the earliest water fountain of the master's career. People can now see the fountain as an illustration of a great ship slowly sinking into the Mediterranean Sea. The great flooding of the Tevere that covered the whole region with water in the 16th was memorialized by this momentous fountain as recorded by documents dating back to this time. Absenting himself from Italy only once in his life for a long-lasting time period, in 1665 Bernini voyaged to France.

Sculpture As a Staple of Vintage Art in Archaic Greece

Sculpture As a Staple of Vintage Art in Archaic GreeceSculpture Staple Vintage Art Archaic Greece 5160280092341.jpg Archaic Greeks were well known for developing the first freestanding statuary; up until then, most carvings were constructed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of the freestanding statues were of young, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are known as kouros figures. The kouroi were believed by the Greeks to typify beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising firmness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, brawny, and nude. Around 650 BC, life-size models of the kouroi began to be seen. A significant age of improvement for the Greeks, the Archaic period helped bring about more forms of state, expressions of artwork, and a greater comprehension of people and customs outside of Greece. The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are instances of the kinds of battles that arose frequently, which is consistent with other times of historical change.

Your Large Garden Fountains: Upkeep & Routine Service

Your Large Garden Fountains: Upkeep & Routine Service Setting up an outdoor wall fountain requires that you take into account the dimensions of the space where you are going to install it. A strong wall is definitely necessary to hold up its total weight. So areas or walls which are smaller in size will most likely require something lightweight.Large Garden Fountains: Upkeep & Routine Service 9553267609622405807.jpg You will need to have an electrical outlet in the vicinity of the fountain so it can be powered. Whatever the style of outdoor wall fountain you select, they typically come with easy to follow, step-by-step instructions.

Generally, when you purchase an outdoor wall fountain, it will come in an easy-to-use kit that will include all the information needed to install it correctly. In the kit you will find all the needed elements: a submersible pump, hoses and basin, or reservoir. The basin, if it's not too big, can easily be concealedin your garden among the plants. Since outdoor wall fountains need little maintenance, the only thing left to do is clean it regularly.

Replenishing and cleaning the water on a routine basis is very important. Rubbish such as branches, leaves or dirt should be cleaned up quickly. In addition, your outdoor wall fountain should not be subjected to freezing winter weather conditions. If kept outdoors, your pump could break as a result of icy water, so bring it inside during the winter. All in all, an outdoor wall fountain can last for any number of years with proper servicing and care.

Choose from Any Number of Exterior Wall Fountain Styles

Choose from Any Number of Exterior Wall Fountain Styles If you want to have a place to relax and add some flair to a small area such as a patio or courtyard, wall fountains are perfect because they do not occupy much space. Conventional, antique, modern, or Asian are just a few of the designs you can choose from when looking for an outdoor wall fountain to your liking.Choose Number Exterior Wall Fountain Styles 68786055.jpg If you are looking for a distinctive design, a customized one can be specially made to fit your specifications.

Depending on your wishes, you can pick from mounted or freestanding models. Small, self-contained models can be placed on a wall are called mounted wall fountains. Typically made of resin (to resemble stone) or fiber glass, these sorts of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Sizable free-standing wall fountains, commonly referred to as floor fountains, have their basins located on the floor and a smooth side leaning on a wall. There are no weight restrictions on these types of cast stone water features.

Landscape professionals often recommend a individualized fountain for a brand new or existing wall. Hiring an expert mason is your best option to build the basin and install the necessary plumbing. A fountain mask or a spout also needs to be integrated into the wall. The cohesive look provided by custom-made wall fountains make them appear to be part of the landscape rather than an afterthought.

The Genesis Of Wall Fountains

The Genesis Of Wall Fountains The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home.

Pure practicality was the original purpose of fountains. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to provide potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and more elevated than the fountain so that gravity could make the water flow down or shoot high into the air. Serving as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also supplied clean, fresh drinking water. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often utilized by Romans to beautify their fountains. To illustrate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages introduced fountains to their designs. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were supposed to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.Genesis Wall Fountains 76542525.jpg

Urban fountains made at the end of the nineteenth functioned only as decorative and celebratory ornaments since indoor plumbing provided the essential drinking water. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for public spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational events.

The Dispersion of Outdoor Fountain Design Knowledge

The Dispersion of Outdoor Fountain Design KnowledgeDispersion Outdoor Fountain Design Knowledge 9410802433554248795.jpg The published papers and illustrated publications of the time contributed to the advancements of scientific technology, and were the primary means of spreading practical hydraulic facts and fountain ideas throughout Europe. An un-named French fountain designer was an internationally renowned hydraulic innovator in the later part of the 1500's. His know-how in making landscapes and grottoes with integrated and ingenious water attributes began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, near the end of his lifetime, he penned “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a book which turned into the primary text on hydraulic technology and engineering. Classical antiquity hydraulic breakthroughs were outlined as well as revisions to key classical antiquity hydraulic advancements in the book. Archimedes, the developer of the water screw, had his work highlighted and these integrated a mechanical means to move water. An decorative spring with sunlight warming the liquid in two vessels concealed in a adjacent area was shown in one illustration. The end result: the water fountain is stimulated by the hot liquid expanding and rising up the pipelines. Pumps, water wheels, water features and backyard pond concepts are included in the publication.
The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Outdoor Wall Fountains To ensure that water fountains last a long time, it is vital to perform regular maintenance.Leaves, twigs, and bugs often find their way into fountains, so it is important to keep yours free from such things.... read more


The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Garden Design Anglo-Saxons experienced incredible changes to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans.The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power.... read more


Statues As a Staple of Vintage Art in Historic Greece Archaic Greeks were well known for providing the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs.Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks.... read more


The Innumerable Choices in Garden Wall Fountains You can find tranquility and silence when you add a wall fountain in your backyard or patio.Even a small space can contain a customized one.Whether it is stand alone or fitted, you will need a spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump.... read more


Where did Garden Water Fountains Originate from? The dramatic or ornamental effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to providing drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.... read more


Water Delivery Strategies in Ancient Rome With the development of the 1st elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to depend entirely on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs.... read more


The Positive Benefits of installing a garden fountain in Your Living Area The addition of a wall fountain or an outdoor garden fountain is an excellent way to embellish your yard or garden design.Contemporary artists and fountain builders alike use historical fountains and water features to shape their creations.... read more