Inventors of the First Water Fountains

Inventors of the First Water Fountains Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a innovative legend, Leonardo da Vinci toiled as an innovator and scientific expert. He carefully recorded his findings in his now celebrated notebooks about his investigations into the forces of nature and the qualities and mobility of water.Inventors First Water Fountains 945393383509116269.jpg Transforming private villa configurations into ingenious water displays complete with symbolic meaning and natural beauty, early Italian fountain creators fused creativity with hydraulic and gardening knowledge. The humanist Pirro Ligorio provided the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli and was distinguished for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden concepts. Other water fountain developers, masterminding the fantastic water marbles, water features and water humor for the various estates near Florence, were tried and tested in humanistic subjects and classical scientific readings.

Early Water Delivery Techniques in The City Of Rome

Early Water Delivery Techniques in The City Of Rome With the building of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to be dependent strictly on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. If inhabitants living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to depend on the other existing techniques of the time, cisterns that gathered rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from under ground. Starting in the sixteenth century, a brand new method was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean segments to supply water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made available by pozzi, or manholes, that were situated along its length when it was initially built. Whilst these manholes were developed to make it easier to conserve the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use buckets to pull water from the channel, which was exercised by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he purchased the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. The cistern he had constructed to obtain rainwater wasn’t sufficient to meet his water specifications. That is when he made a decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran below his residence.

Setting up a Wall Fountain In Smaller Backyards

Setting up a Wall Fountain In Smaller Backyards Since water is reflective, it has the effect of making a smaller spot appear larger than it is.Setting Wall Fountain Smaller Backyards 14788610229821.jpg In order to generate the maximum reflective properties of a water feature or fountain, it is best to use dark materials. If your objective is to highlight your new feature at night, underwater lights in various colors and shapes will do the trick. Solar powered eco-lights are great during the day and submerged lights are perfect for nighttime use. Relieving stress and anxiety with their relaxing sounds are some of the uses in nature medicine.

The greenery in your backyard is the perfect place to place your water feature. People will be centered on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your garden. Water features make great additions to both large gardens or small patios. The most appropriate accessories and the best location for it are important if you want to improve the atmosphere.

Taking Care Of Large Garden Fountains

Taking Care Of Large Garden Fountains An important first step before installing any outdoor wall feature is to analyze the area you have available. It will need a solid wall to support its total weight.Taking Care Large Garden Fountains 95335412349071654.jpg Note that smaller areas or walls will need to have a lightweight fountain. You will need to have an electrical outlet in the vicinity of the fountain so it can be powered. Whatever the style of outdoor wall fountain you choose, they typically come with simple to follow, step-by-step instructions.

Most outside wall fountains come in easy-to-use kits that will give you all you need to properly install it. A submersible pump, hoses and basin, or reservoir, are provided in the kit. If the size is average, the basin can be hidden away among your garden plants. Once fitted, wall fountains typically only require some light upkeep and regular cleaning.

Replace and clean the water on a regular schedule. Remember to clear away debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as fast as possible. Extremely cold temperatures can affect your outdoor wall fountain so be sure to protect it during wintertime. Bring your pump inside when the weather turns very cold and freezes the water so as to prevent any possible damage, such as cracking. All in all, an outdoor wall fountain can last for any number of years with proper upkeep and cleaning.

Ancient Greece: The Beginnings of Outdoor Statue Design

Ancient Greece: The Beginnings of Outdoor Statue Design Although the majority of sculptors were compensated by the temples to embellish the detailed columns and archways with renderings of the gods, as the time period came to a close, it became more prevalent for sculptors to depict ordinary people as well mainly because many of Greeks had started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred.Ancient Greece: Beginnings Outdoor Statue Design 83033424619298796903.jpg Wealthy individuals would often times commission a rendition of their forefathers for their big family tombs; portraiture also became prevalent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek civilization. The usage of sculpture and other art forms differed over the years of The Greek Classical period, a time of artistic growth when the arts had more than one goal. Whether to gratify a visual craving or to celebrate the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was actually an inventive approach in the ancient world, which could be what attracts our focus currently.

Where did Fountains Come From?

Where did Fountains Come From? A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were simply there to serve as functional elements. Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to supply drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains operated using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain.Fountains Come From? 03382090.jpg Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and memorialize the artist. Bronze or stone masks of animals and heroes were frequently seen on Roman fountains. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. To show his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains made to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

The end of the 19th century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. The introduction of special water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern fountains are used to adorn community spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

The Many Reasons to Include a Wall Fountain

The Many Reasons to Include a Wall FountainMany Reasons Include Wall Fountain 58566874248512161.jpg A great way to enhance the appearance of your outdoor living area is to add a wall water feature or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden layout. Contemporary artists and fountain builders alike use historic fountains and water features to shape their creations. As such, the effect of adding one of these to your interior decor binds it to past times. The benefit of having a garden fountain goes beyond its beauty as it also appeals to birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it releases into the atmosphere. Birds enticed by a fountain or bird bath often frighten off irksome flying pests, for instance.

Wall fountains are a good alternative if your yard is small because they do not require much space in contrast to a spouting or cascading fountain. Two possibilities to choose from include either a freestanding type with an even back set against a fence or wall in your garden, or a wall-mounted, self-contained type which is suspended on a wall. Both a fountain mask placed on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are equired if you wish to include a fountain. The plumbing and masonry work necessary for this type of work requires know-how, so it is best to hire a skilled person rather than go at it yourself.

An Introductory Guide to Herbs in Your Garden

An Introductory Guide to Herbs in Your Garden Herb gardening is a matter that many gardeners are attracted to. You'll enjoy instant gratification when you grow herbal plants in the garden as they can be employed in preparing sauces, soups, marinades and a variety of other recipes.Introductory Guide Herbs Garden 807706605422156.jpg Herbs are very simple to manage and often do not demand daily care, but even better you can relocate these plants indoors with the pots to assure they are going to be able to pull through the winter weather that often tends to be cold and dangerous for all plants. You can integrate a lot of things in your landscape, including perennial herbs especially because they don't need replanting at the close of the year and do not die easily. Think about the types of flavors you prefer cooking with (and eating)when selecting herbs for your garden. It is crucial to plant herbs that you will use. If you love to cook Latin food, you will undoubtedly use cilantro. If you like Italian food, you should choose to plant basil, oregano, and thyme. It is important to determine where your herbs will be planted in order to decide which herbs will thrive. It will be best to plant straight into the ground if your weather is on the milder side, with seasons that are not intense. This is a great way to spruce up your yard without having the problem of purchasing or creating planters. If you do not want to your plants to perish or become dormant after being exposed to overwhelming weather conditions, you can still rely on planters. They are practical and versatile and you can transfer indoors at any time.

Gian Bernini's Fountains

Gian Bernini's Fountains 549413267333.jpg Gian Bernini's Fountains There are numerous famous water features in Rome’s city center. One of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, virtually all of them were planned, conceptualized and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Traces of his life's efforts are obvious all through the avenues of Rome because, in addition to his capabilities as a water fountain designer, he was also a city architect. A famous Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father mentored his young son, and they ultimately transferred to Rome to fully exhibit their artwork, chiefly in the form of public water features and water features. The young Bernini received compliments from Popes and influential artists alike, and was an exceptional employee. At the beginning he was renowned for his sculptural expertise. Most particularly in the Vatican, he utilized a base of knowledge in ancient Greek architecture and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most profound impact on him, both personally and professionally.

The Wide Range of Exterior Water Features

The Wide Range of Exterior Water Features Is it possible for you to convert your yard into a paradise of peace?Wide Range Exterior Water Features 453543124784980.jpg You can benefit from a water feature by incorporating an outdoor fountain to your garden and creating a place of tranquility.

A dramatic impact is produced when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water high into the air. Large, existing ponds can have one of these incorporated without much trouble. These sorts of fountains are often seen in parks or historical stately homes.

One of the myriad examples of an outdoor water feature is a chic wall fountain. If you are eager to include a water feature, but are concerned because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to install one of these. Whereas spouting fountains produce an impressive effect, wall fountains are more understated water features. In a very simple procedure, the water flows out of a spout, trickles down a magnificently textured wall only to be pumped back to the top.

Themed fountains are perfect when the style of your garden allows for them. If your cottage or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should think about adding a traditional type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. Something special and striking could be an option for more modern gardens. Choosing what to do is entirely in your hands.

The central trait of tiered fountains is the numerous levels spewing out water. Due to the water moving down its various levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

The space needed for an outdoor fountain can be extensive, therefore, a better solution is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. These kinds of water features are perfect for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are concealed underground.

If you seek a feeling of serenity and calmness, put in a Japanese fountain as these are believed to bring about such sensations. In this style of water feature the water runs through bamboo sticks. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is placed at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the cycle repeated over and over again.

Fountains made of glass are another type available. A more vintage look is provided by trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. Gardens with a lot of sharp edges as well as modern shapes and designs are better for these sorts of water features. The water produces a spectacular effect when it runs down the outside of the glass. In some instances, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows down the glass panels. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) shows off water softly flowing down its façade.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with holes and then filled in the middle with tubes. Low pressure is employed to spout out the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Flowing towards the bottom of the fountain, the water returns as a slow dribble down the sides of the rock. Little gardens are ideal for this sort of fountain. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain inhibits water from being spattered about in case of a windy day.

The trend of installing solar powered fountains is becoming increasingly widespread. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electricity bills, and the beneficial effects they have on our environment. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide selection of designs to choose from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.

The Distribution of Water Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe

The Distribution of Water Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe Spreading useful hydraulic facts and water fountain design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the printed papers and illustrated publications of the time. A globally renowned innovator in hydraulics in the later part of the 1500's was a French water fountain designer, whose name has been lost to history. With imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his career in Italy, building expertise in garden design and grottoes with built-in and imaginative water hydraulics. The publication, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” authored near the end of his lifetime in France, turned out to be the fundamental text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Detailing the latest hydraulic systems, the publication furthermore updated key hydraulic advancements of classical antiquity. As a mechanized method to move water, Archimedes devised the water screw, chief among important hydraulic discoveries. Sunlight warming liquid in a pair of containers concealed in a room next to an ornamental fountain was presented in one illustration. The end result: the water feature is triggered by the hot water expanding and ascending up the piping.Distribution Water Fountain Engineering Knowledge Europe 09107231542841052478.jpg Garden ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature concepts are included in the book.

The Source of Today's Outdoor Fountains

The Source of Today's Outdoor Fountains Pope Nicholas V, himself a well educated man, reigned the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of old classic Greek texts into Latin. It was important for him to beautify the city of Rome to make it worthy of being called the capital of the Christian world. Starting in 1453, the ruined ancient Roman aqueduct known as the Aqua Vergine which had brought fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away, underwent restoration at the bidding of the Pope. Building a mostra, an imposing celebratory fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the entry point of an aqueduct, was a tradition revived by Nicholas V.Source Today's Outdoor Fountains 147748661268.jpg The present-day site of the Trevi Fountain was once occupied by a wall fountain commissioned by the Pope and constructed by the architect Leon Battista Alberti. Changes and extensions, included in the restored aqueduct, eventually supplied the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water supply.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Outdoor Water fountains

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Outdoor Water fountains Water fountains will last a very long time with routine cleaning and maintenance. It is easy for foreign objects to find their way into open-air fountains, so keeping it clean is important. Another factor is that water that is exposed to sunlight is susceptible to growing algae. To stay clear of this, there are some simple ingredients that can be mixed into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. There are those who choose to use bleach, but that is dangerous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.One Cleaning Solution NEVER Use Outdoor Water fountains 972530203214813.jpg

Experts recommend that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough scouring every three-four months. Before cleaning, all the water must be eliminated. Next use gentle and a soft sponge to clean the interior of the reservoir. If there is detailed artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas. Do not leave any soap deposits inside or on the fountain.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and cleaning the inside carefully. Soaking it in vinegar for a while will make it easier to wash. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain substances that will build up inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

And finally, make sure the water level is always full in order to keep your fountain running optimally. Low water levels can ruin the pump - and you don't want that!

Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In Minoa

Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In MinoaDecorative Garden Fountains Use Minoa 28942656690351.jpg During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, many kinds of conduits have been detected. These delivered water and eliminated it, including water from waste and deluges. Many were prepared from clay or stone. There were terracotta pipelines, both round and rectangular as well as waterways made from the same material. There are a couple of examples of Minoan terracotta conduits, those with a shortened cone form and a U-shape which haven’t been seen in any civilization ever since. Terracotta pipes were laid beneath the floor surfaces at Knossos Palace and used to move water. The piping also had other functions such as gathering water and conveying it to a central location for storing. These terracotta pipelines were used to perform: Underground Water Transportation: This system’s unseen nature might suggest that it was actually planned for some type of ritual or to allocate water to limited groups. Quality Water Transportation: The pipes may also have been used to move water to fountains which were different from the city’s standard technique.

What Makes Indoor Wall Water Features Good for You

What Makes Indoor Wall Water Features Good for You Indoor fountains are a useful addition in hospitals and wellness clinics since they contribute a peaceful, tranquil essence to them. People are entranced by the comforting sounds of softly moving water which can result in a state of internal contemplation.

In addition, convalescence is thought to go faster when interior water features are used in therapy. According to many doctors and therapists, patients are believed to recover more quickly when these are included in the treatment plan. Even the most stricken insomnia patient as well as those suffering from PTSD can benefit from the comforting, melodic sound of water.

An indoor wall water element is believed to produce an overall sense of wellness and security according to numerous studies. As humans we are naturally drawn to the sight and sound of water, both of which contribute to our well-being and the conservation of our eco-system.

The transformative power of water has long been considered as one of two essential elements used in the teachings of feng-shui. The main precepts of feng-shui claim that we can attain serenity and harmony by harmonizing the interior elements in our surroundings. Our homes must contain some sort of water element. A fountain should be placed close to your front door or entrance to be most effective.

If you are searching for a water wall that best suits your families’ needs consider one of the many types available including a mounted waterfall, a stand-alone water feature or a custom-built fountain. Based on the results of many research studies, people who have a fountain in a central room are thought to be more content, satisfied, and lighthearted than those who do not have one.

Can Outdoor Water fountains Help Cleanse The Air?

Can Outdoor Water fountains Help Cleanse Air? 735809639.jpg Can Outdoor Water fountains Help Cleanse The Air? You can liven up your environment by installing an indoor wall fountain. Your senses and your wellness can benefit from the installation of one of these indoor features. If you doubt the benefits of water fountains, just look at the science supporting this theory. Water features generally generate negative ions which are then balanced out by the positive ions released by the latest conveniences. The negative ions created by these kinds of water features overtake the positive ones resulting in positive changes to both your psychological and physical health. A rise in serotonin levels is felt by those who have one of these water features making them more alert, serene and lively. Indoor wall fountains {generate negative ions which serve to elevate your mood and eliminate air pollutants. In order to rid yourself of allergies, impurities in the air and other annoyances, be sure to install one of these. Lastly, the dust particles and micro-organisms floating in the air inside your house are absorbed by water fountains leading to better overall health.

The Advantages of Solar Powered Wall fountains

The Advantages of Solar Powered Wall fountainsAdvantages Solar Powered  Wall fountains 19211642988966303957.jpg Your garden wall fountain can be run by any number of power sources. While electrical power has been used up to now to power them, there has been renewed interest in environmentally-friendly solar powered models. Even though initial costs may be greater, solar powered water fountains are the most economical going forward. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are utilized to make solar operated water fountains. This wide array of alternatives makes it easier to buy one which fits your interior design. If you are looking to have your own garden hideaway, these kinds of fountains are ideal because they are easy to maintain and also have a positive effect on the environment.

If you are searching for something visually pleasing as well as a way to maintain your home cool, indoor wall fountains are an excellent option. An alternative to air conditioners and evaporative coolers, they cool down your home by employing the same techniques. Since they consume less energy, they also help you save money on your monthly energy bill.

Fanning crisp, dry air across them is the most common way used to benefit from their cooling effect. Either your ceiling fan or air from a corner of the room can be used to augment flow. It is very important that the surface of the water have air regularly blowing across it. It is normal for fountains and waterfalls to generate cool, crisp air. Merely standing in the vicinity of a large public fountain or waterfall will send a sudden chill through whoever is nearby. Placing your fountain cooling system in a spot where it will receive additional heat is not practical. Your cooling system will be less effective if it is located in direct sunlight.

Outdoor Wall Fountains: An Amazing Display

Outdoor Wall Fountains: Amazing Display 535773296976.jpg Outdoor Wall Fountains: An Amazing Display A wall fountain can be an important design element in your home or office, enough so that it leaves a good impression on your family and friends alike. Your wall water feature will not only add elegance to your living area but also provide relaxing background sounds. Imagine the positive impact it will have on visitors when they experience its wondrous sights and sounds.

A wall fountain can add a great deal of elegance, even to today's living areas. Also available in modern-day materials such as stainless steel or glass, they can add pizzazz to your interior decor. Is space limited in your house or office? The perfect choice for you is a wall water fountain. They take up no room since they are mounted on a wall. You may notice that many busy workplace lobbies have fountains. Wall fountains are not limited to inside use, however. Consider using fiberglass or resin for your exterior wall water feature. Use water fountains made of these weather-proof materials to liven up your garden, porch, or other outdoor space.

There is wide assortment of different styles in wall fountains running from the contemporary to classic and rustic. The type most appropriate for your living space depends entirely on your personal design ideas. A city dweller’s decor ideas might call for polished glass whereas a mountaineer might want a more traditional material such as slate for a mountain lodge. It is up to you to select the ideal material for you. Fountains are features which most certainly thrill people who visit your home.

The Use of Garden Water Fountains As Water Elements

The Use of Garden Water Fountains As Water Elements A water feature is a big element which has water flowing in or through it. The broad variety of models available vary from a simple suspended wall fountain to an elaborate courtyard tiered fountain. The versatility of this feature is useful since it can be placed inside or outdoors.Use Garden Water Fountains Water Elements 05098932185213547.jpg Ponds and pools are also included in the classification of a water feature.

Garden wall fountains are important additions to your living spaces such as yards, yoga studios, cozy patios, apartment verandas, or office buildings. You can chill out to the gently cascading water in your fountain and satisfy your senses of sight and sound. Their aesthetically pleasing form beautifies the interior design of any room. Gently moving water not only results in a sense of peace, it also masks irksome noises and produces an enchanting water show.

What Are Large Outdoor Fountains Made From?

What Are Large Outdoor Fountains Made From? While today’s garden fountains are made in a range of materials, the majority are made from metal. Those made from metals have clean lines and attractive sculptural elements, and are flexible enough to fit any budget and decor. If you have a modern look and feel to your interior design, your yard and garden should have that same style.

Today, a lot of people elect copper for their sculptural garden fountains.Large Outdoor Fountains Made From? 5243366002887408241.jpg Copper is used in cascade and tabletop water fountains as well as various other styles, making it versatile enough for inside and outside fountains. Copper is also versatile enough that you can select a range of styles for your fountain, from contemporary to whimsical.

If your style is more traditional, a brass water fountain might be perfect for you. Brass fountains are commonly designed with interesting artwork, so they are popular even if they are a bit conventional.

Of all the metals, stainless steel is recognized as the most contemporary-looking. A modern steel design will quickly increase the value of your garden as well as the feeling of serenity. Like all water fountains, you can find them in just about any size you prefer.

Fiberglass fountains are popular because they look similar to metal but are more affordable and much easier to move around. Keeping a fiberglass water fountain clean and working well is quite easy, another aspect consumers love.

The Distribution of Outdoor Garden Fountain Industrial Knowledge in Europe The published papers and illustrated publications of the day contributed to the evolution of scientific innovation, and were the primary methods of dissiminating useful hydraulic facts and water fountain ideas throughout Europe.... read more


A Smaller Garden Space? Don't Feel Left Out! You Can Still Have a Water Fountain Since water is reflective, it has the effect of making a small space appear larger than it is.Dark materials alter the reflective properties of a fountain or water feature.... read more


Outdoor Fountains Come in Many Shapes and Sizes Is it possible for you to transform your garden into a paradise of peace?The soothing feeling provided by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of installing a water feature in your garden.... read more


The Use of Outdoor Fountains As Water Elements The description of a water feature is a large component which has water flowing in or through it.A simple hanging fountain or an elaborate courtyard tiered fountain are just two examples from the vast range of articles available.... read more