Greece: Cultural Statues

Greece: Cultural StatuesGreece: Cultural Statues 82337374038764541.jpg Sculptors garnished the complex columns and archways with renderings of the greek gods until the period came to a close and most Greeks had begun to think of their theology as superstitious rather than sacred; at that instant, it grew to be more accepted for sculptors be compensated to depict ordinary people as well. Portraiture, which would be acknowledged by the Romans upon their annexation of Greek society became customary as well, and wealthy family members would sometimes commission a portrait of their forebears to be added in immense familial tombs. It is amiss to say that the arts had one aim during The Classical Greek period, a time period of innovative advancement during which the use of sculpture and various other art forms evolved. Whether to satisfy a visual desire or to rejoice in the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was actually an imaginative practice in the ancient world, which may be what draws our attention today.

Water Transport Strategies in Early Rome

Water Transport Strategies in Early Rome Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, residents living at higher elevations had to depend on local springs for their water. When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people living at raised elevations turned to water removed from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns.Water Transport Strategies Early Rome 2396635274607.jpg To offer water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they implemented the emerging tactic of redirecting the motion from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. Through its initial building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were installed at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. While these manholes were created to make it easier to preserve the aqueduct, it was also possible to use containers to extract water from the channel, which was carried out by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he invested in the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Although the cardinal also had a cistern to get rainwater, it didn’t produce sufficient water. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat just below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him access.

The Dispersion of Water Fountain Design Innovation

The Dispersion of Water Fountain Design InnovationDispersion Water Fountain Design Innovation 7548773653.jpg Throughout Europe, the chief means of dissiminating useful hydraulic facts and fountain design suggestions were the circulated pamphlets and illustrated publications of the time, which contributed to the advancement of scientific technology. An un-named French water fountain engineer was an internationally celebrated hydraulic pioneer in the late 1500's. With imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his work in Italy, acquiring knowledge in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and ingenious water features. The publication, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” authored near the end of his lifetime in France, turned out to be the fundamental writing on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Classical antiquity hydraulic breakthroughs were detailed as well as updates to essential classical antiquity hydraulic advancements in the book. Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, had his work highlighted and these included a mechanical means to move water. Natural light warmed the liquid in a pair of hidden vessels next to the decorative water feature were shown in an illustration. The heated water expands and then rises and closes the water pipes consequently triggering the water feature. The publication additionally mentions garden ponds, water wheels, water feature concepts.

Can Outdoor Garden Fountains Help Purify The Air?

Can Outdoor Garden Fountains Help Purify The Air? An otherwise lackluster ambiance can be pepped up with an indoor wall fountain. Pleasant to the senses and advantageous to your well-being, these indoor features are an excellent addition to your home. The science behind the idea that water fountains can be good for you is unquestionable. The negative ions generated by water features are countered by the positive ions emitted by present-day conveniences. Beneficial changes to both your emotional and physical health take place when the negative ions are overpowered by the positive ions. They also raise serotonin levels, so you start to feel more aware, relaxed and invigorated. An improved mood as well as a elimination of air impurities comes from the negative ions released by indoor wall fountains Allergies, pollutants among other annoyances can be done away with by these water features.Can Outdoor Garden Fountains Help Purify Air? 68501000.jpg And lastly, dust contaminants and microbes in the air are eliminated and lead to improved health.

The Original Public Water Features

The Original Public Water Features As initially developed, fountains were designed to be functional, guiding water from creeks or aqueducts to the citizens of towns and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking, cleaning, and drinking. In the years before electric power, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity alone, usually using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the nearby mountains. Inspirational and impressive, prominent water fountains have been designed as memorials in nearly all cultures. When you enjoy a fountain today, that is definitely not what the very first water fountains looked like. Basic stone basins created from local material were the very first fountains, used for spiritual purposes and drinking water. 2000 BC is when the earliest identified stone fountain basins were used. The first fountains used in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to manipulate the flow of water through the fountain. The placement of the fountains was driven by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along aqueducts, canals, or rivers.Original Public Water Features 9487053686824.jpg The Romans began constructing ornate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were bronze or natural stone masks of wildlife and mythological characters. Water for the community fountains of Rome was delivered to the city via a intricate system of water aqueducts.

The Innumerable Possibilities in Wall Fountains

The Innumerable Possibilities in Wall Fountains You can find tranquility and quiet when you add a wall fountain in your backyard or patio. You can have one custom-built to suit your specifications even if you have a minimum amount of space. A spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump are necessary for freestanding as well as mounted types. There are any number of models to choose from such as traditional, contemporary, classic, or Asian.

With its basin laid on the ground, freestanding wall fountains, or floor fountains, are generally quite large in size.

You can choose to place your wall-mounted fountain on an preexisting wall or build it into a new wall. This type of fountain contributes to a cohesive look making it seem as if it was part of the landscape rather than an added feature.

The Rewards of Having an Indoor Wall Water Element in your Home or Office

The Rewards of Having an Indoor Wall Water Element in your Home or Office One way to accentuate your home with a modern twist is by putting in an indoor wall fountain to your living area. Your home or office can become noise-free, hassle-free and peaceful places for your family, friends, and clients when you have one of these fountains. Your staff and clientele alike will take notice and complement your new indoor wall water feature. An interior water element is certain to captivate all those who see it while also impressing your loudest naysayers.

While sitting below your wall fountain you can revel in the peace it provides after a long day's work and enjoy watching your favorite sporting event. The musical sounds produced by an indoor water feature are known to discharge negative ions, eliminate dust and pollen from the air as well as sooth and pacify those in its vicinity.

Water Features A Definition

Water Features A DefinitionWater Features Definition 100586089280398802.jpg A water feature is a big element which has water flowing in or through it. The range of products available run the gamut from simple suspended wall fountains to fancy courtyard tiered fountains. Since they are so functional, these decorative elements can be placed either in your backyard or inside your home. Swimming pools and ponds are also considered water features.

Consider placing a water feature such as a garden wall fountain to your expanisive backyard, yoga studio, comfy patio, apartment balcony, or office building. You can relax to the gently cascading water in your fountain and satisfy your senses of sight and sound. Their aesthetically attractive form embellishes the interior design of any living space. The water’s soothing sounds contribute to a sense of tranquility, drown out unpleasant noises, and provide a wonderful water display.

The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens

Influence Norman Conquest Anglo Saxon Gardens 64406912466320.jpg The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century significantly modified The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But before concentrating on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Castles were more basic designs and often constructed on blustery hills, where their people devoted both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were major stone buildings, mostly positioned in the widest, most fruitful hollows. Tranquil pastimes such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. Berkeley Castle, perhaps the most uncorrupted style of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists in the present day. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time period. A massive terrace serves as a deterrent to intruders who would try to mine the walls of the building. On 1 of these terraces sits a stylish bowling green: it's covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.

Bernini’s Very First Italian Water Fountains

Bernini’s Very First Italian Water Fountains One can see Bernini's very first masterpiece, the Barcaccia water fountain, at the bottom of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. To this day, you will see Roman residents and vacation goers occupying this area to revel in chit chatter and being among other people. Today, the city streets around Bernini's fountain are a trendy area where people go to meet, something which the artist would have been pleased to learn. In around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII helped Bernini launch his professional life with the construction of his very first fountain.Bernini’s First Italian Water Fountains 0729761040.jpg A massive boat slowly sinking into the Mediterranean is the fountain's main theme. Period writings dating back to the 16th century indicate that the fountain was constructed as a monument to those who lost their lives in the great flooding of the Tevere. Absenting himself from Italy only once in his life for a long-lasting period of time, in 1665 Bernini traveled to France.

The Myriad Reasons to Include a Water Feature

Myriad Reasons Include Water Feature 19221324.jpg The Myriad Reasons to Include a Water Feature A good way to enhance the look of your outdoor living area is to add a wall water feature or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden layout. Historical fountains and water features have stirred the notice of contemporary designers as well as fountain manufacturers. Therefore, in order to connect your home to earlier times, include one these in your decor. The water and moisture garden fountains release into the environment draws birds and other creatures, and also balances the ecosystem, all of which contribute to the benefits of including one of these beautiful water features. For instance, irksome flying insects are usually discouraged by the birds drawn to the fountain or birdbath.

Wall fountains are a good option if your yard is small because they do not require much space in contrast to a spouting or cascading fountain. There are two types of fountains to choose from including the freestanding version with a flat back and an attached basin set up against a fence or a wall in your yard, or the wall-mounted, self-contained version which is hung directly on a wall. Adding a fountain to an existing wall requires that you add a fountain mask as well as a basin at the base to gather the water. It is best not to attempt this job yourself as skilled plumbers and masons are best suited to do this kind of work.

Taking Care Of Water Wall Fountains

Taking Care Of Water Wall Fountains A vital first step before installing any outdoor wall fountain is to think about the space you have available. A strong wall is absolutely necessary to hold up its total weight.Taking Care Water Wall Fountains 290360467027724.jpg Therefore for smaller areas or walls, a more lightweight fountain is going to be more appropriate. You will need to have an electrical plug in the vicinity of the fountain so it can be powered. Most outdoor wall fountains include simple, step-by-step instructions with respect to the type of fountain.

The general outdoor wall feature is available in an easy-to-use kit that comes with everything you need and more to properly install it. The kit contains a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir. The basin, if it's not too large, can easily be concealedin your garden among the plants. Other than the regular cleaning, little upkeep is required once your outdoor wall fountain is installed.

Replenishing and purifying the water on a routine basis is very important. It is important to promptly remove debris such as leaves, twigs or other dreck. Extremely cold temperatures can damage your outdoor wall fountain so be sure to protect it during winer. In order to avoid any damage, such as cracking, from freezing water during the cold winter season, move your pump indoors. To sum up, your outdoor wall fountain will continue to be a great addition to your garden if you keep it well looked after and well maintained.

"Old School" Water Feature Manufacturers

"Old School" Water Feature Manufacturers Multi-talented individuals, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century typically served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci as a innovative master, inventor and scientific virtuoso exemplified this Renaissance artist. He methodically documented his findings in his now famed notebooks about his investigations into the forces of nature and the qualities and mobility of water. Coupling inventiveness with hydraulic and gardening mastery, early Italian water feature engineers transformed private villa settings into innovative water displays complete of emblematic meaning and natural charm. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, distinguished for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, delivered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Well versed in humanistic themes as well as classic technical texts, some other fountain designers were masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water functions and water jokes for the numerous properties around Florence.

When and Where Did Water Features Emerge?

When and Where Did Water Features Emerge? The translation of hundreds of ancient Greek texts into Latin was commissioned by the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Church in Rome from 1397 until 1455. It was imperative for him to beautify the city of Rome to make it worthy of being called the capital of the Christian world. Starting in 1453, the ruined ancient Roman aqueduct known as the Aqua Vergine which had brought clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away, underwent reconstruction at the behest of the Pope. The ancient Roman tradition of marking the entry point of an aqueduct with an magnificent celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. At the bidding of the Pope, architect Leon Battista Alberti began the construction of a wall fountain in the spot where we now find the Trevi Fountain. Changes and extensions, included in the repaired aqueduct, eventually provided the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water supply.

The Godfather Of Roman Water Features

Godfather Roman Water Features 37655589551419173.jpg The Godfather Of Roman Water Features In Rome’s city center, there are countless famous water fountains. One of the best ever sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed, conceived and constructed almost all of them. Also a city architect, he had capabilities as a fountain developer, and remnants of his life's work are evident throughout the avenues of Rome. Ultimately moving to Rome to totally express their artwork, chiefly in the shape of community water fountains, Bernini’s father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son. An diligent worker, the young Bernini earned praise and the backing of many popes and influential designers. He was initially renowned for his sculpture. He made use of his expertise and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. He was influenced by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest impact on his work.

The Advantages of Photovoltaic Outdoor Fountains

The Advantages of Photovoltaic Outdoor Fountains Your garden wall fountain can be run by numerous power sources. Ecological solar powered fountains, which are now easily available, have substituted older fountains which run on electricity.Advantages Photovoltaic  Outdoor Fountains 2858428723.jpg The initial costs to run your fountain on solar energy are most likely going to be higher, but you should keep in mind that in the long run it will be the cheaper option. The most common materials used to make solar run water features are terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze. You should be able to buy the right type of fountain to meet your decoration requirements. If you are thinking about a fountain to complete your garden refuge, know that they are effortless to care for and a great way to contribute to a clean eco-system.

Interior wall fountains not only give you something beautiful to look at, they also serve to cool your home. An alternative to air conditioners and swamp coolers, they cool down your home by using the same principles. You can reduce your power bill since they consume less electricity.

Their cooling effect can be activated by fanning fresh, dry air across them. You can either take advantage of air from a corner of your living space or turn on your ceiling fan to improve the circulation in the room It is very important that the top of the water have air continually blowing across it. It is normal for fountains and waterfalls to generate cool, fresh air. A big public fountain or a water fall will produce a sudden chill in the air. Be certain to position your fountain cooling system where it will not be subjected to extra heat. Direct sunlight, for example, reduces the efficiency of your fountain to produce cold air.

Aspects of Outdoor Statues in Archaic Greece

Aspects of Outdoor Statues in Archaic Greece The first freestanding sculpture was developed by the Archaic Greeks, a recognized accomplishment since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Kouros figures, sculptures of young, handsome male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the greater part of the statues. Regarded as by Greeks to represent skin care, the kouroi were formed into stiff, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, well-developed, and athletic. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC.Aspects Outdoor Statues Archaic Greece 46439502668043737.jpg The Archaic period was an amazing point of transformation for the Greeks as they extended into new modes of government, formed novel expressions of art, and achieved insights of the people and cultures outside of Greece. However, these battles did little to impede the progression of the Greek civilization.
Characteristics of Outdoor Sculpture in Archaic Greece The initial freestanding statuary was developed by the Archaic Greeks, a distinguished accomplishment since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns.... read more


Taking Care Of Landscape Fountains Installing an outdoor wall fountain requires that you take into account the dimensions of the space where you are going to install it.In order to support its total weight, a solid wall is necessary.... read more


The Innumerable Choices in Garden Wall Fountains You can find tranquility and silence when you add a wall fountain in your backyard or patio.Even a small space can contain a customized one.Whether it is stand alone or fitted, you will need a spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump.... read more


The Positive Benefits of installing a Fountain in Your Living Area You can enhance your exterior area by including a wall fountain or an outdoor garden water feature to your property or gardening project.Contemporary artists and fountain builders alike use historical fountains and water features to shape their creations.... read more