The Dissemination of Water Fountain Design Knowledge

The Dissemination of Water Fountain Design Knowledge Contributing to the development of scientific technology were the printed papers and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the primary means of transmitting useful hydraulic facts and water fountain design ideas throughout Europe.Dissemination Water Fountain Design Knowledge 83033424619298796903.jpg An un-named French water feature engineer was an internationally celebrated hydraulic pioneer in the late 1500's. By designing landscapes and grottoes with integrated and ingenious water attributes, he started off his career in Italy by earning imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. He penned a book entitled “The Principles of Moving Forces” towards the end of his life while in France that became the essential text on hydraulic technology and engineering. Detailing modern hydraulic systems, the publication also modified critical hydraulic advancements of classical antiquity. Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, had his work showcased and these integrated a mechanized way to move water. An decorative spring with sunlight heating the water in two vessels stashed in a nearby room was shown in one illustration. The end result: the fountain is activated by the hot liquid expanding and rising up the piping. Yard ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature concepts are talked about in the book.

The Many Construction Materials of Outdoor Water fountains

The Many Construction Materials of Outdoor Water fountains Garden fountains today are mostly made from metal, although you can find them in other materials too. Metals tend to produce clean lines and unique sculptural accents and can fit almost any design preference or budget. It is very important that your landscape reflects the style of your residence.

A prevalent choice today is copper, and it is used in the making of many sculptural garden fountains. Copper is appropriate for many fountain styles, including tabletop and cascade water fountains, and can be placed either inside or outside - making it a great option. Copper is also versatile enough that you can choose a range of styles for your fountain, from contemporary to whimsical.

Brass water fountains are also common, although they tend to have a more traditional look than copper ones. Even though they are a bit old-fashioned, brass fountains are quite popular because they often include interesting artwork.

Probably the most cutting-edge of all metals is stainless steel. If you pick a cutting-edge steel design, both the value and tranquility of your garden will get a nice lift. Like other water features, they come in a variety of sizes.

For people who want the appearance of a metal fountain but want a lighter weight and more affordable option, fiberglass is the answer. Keeping a fiberglass water fountain clean and working correctly is quite effortless, another aspect consumers like.

The Vast Array of Outdoor Water Features

The Vast Array of Outdoor Water Features Turn your garden into what you have always desired – a haven of peace. Add a sense of tranquility to your garden with an exterior fountain and avail yourself of all the positive benefits of a water feature.

Sending a stream of water shooting into the air, spouting fountains leave a striking impression. It is feasible to have one of these fitted into an existing, ample pond. You can find these in public recreational areas or old mansions.

Outdoor water features come in different shapes and sizes, one of which is a chic wall fountain. These types of fountains make excellent water features even if you only have a small garden.Vast Array Outdoor Water Features 5905442437801.jpg Wall fountains make a subtle impression, contrary to the big impact created by spouting fountains. It is straightforward process wherein a small jet of water propels outwards in front of a splendidly textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Dependent on the style you have chosen for the garden, you could contemplate a themed fountain. In a rustic themed cottage or garden, a traditional styled statue for your fountain could include cherubs holding the spout. Modern-day gardens, on the other hand, benefit from something more adventurous. Feel free to let your hair down and go with something interesting and intrepid.

The main quality of a multi-tiered fountain is that water flows from a variety of different levels. Water flows down numerous tiers in a cascading fountain.

The space required for an outdoor fountain can be considerable, therefore, a better alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Due to the fact that the reservoirs necessary for these kinds of fountains are hidden underground, you can make the most of the space at your disposal.

Japanese fountains are believed to lend a sense of tranquility and well-being. The water moves through bamboo sticks in this type of water feature. Water then streams into a container or a shaped stone, only to repeat the pattern over and over again.

One of the many designs of fountain around is the glass fountain. Providing a more classical look are trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Water features such as these are ideal for gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and designs. A wondrous effect is created when water flows down the sheets of glass. Colored LED lights are also included in some fountains to illuminate the water as it down down the sheet of glass. Often made of fake rock, rock waterfall fountains have water gently trickling down its surface.

The feature which differentiates a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its middle. The gurgles and bubbles at the top are the result of the low pressure used to force the water upwards. Downward flowing water appears as gentle trickle as it moves down the sides of the rock to return to its base. This is yet another option for gardens with restricted space. To ensure that water is not sprayed around if it starts to get windy, this kind of fountain is the best choice since it only uses low pressure to move water.

Solar powered fountains have become more fashionable recently because they run on sunlight. There are numerous reasons for this newly found appeal such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a reduction in electricity bills, and the benefits to the environment. The wide-ranging designs in outdoor solar-run fountains means you will not have to compromise on style.

Water Transport Strategies in Historic Rome

Water Transport Strategies in Historic Rome Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, started off supplying the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had depended on natural springs up until then. When aqueducts or springs weren’t accessible, people living at raised elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to use the water that ran below ground through Acqua Vergine to deliver water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it more straightforward to maintain the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to pull water from the aqueduct, as we witnessed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he operated the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. The cistern he had made to gather rainwater wasn’t adequate to meet his water needs. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat directly below his residence, and he had a shaft established to give him accessibility.

Your Herb Container Garden: The Basics

Your Herb Container Garden: The BasicsHerb Container Garden: Basics 15911538.jpg A lot of gardeners notice that they are attracted to knowing more about herbal plants as they are painless to grow and enjoyable to use in cooking. These plants are easy to grow and have the appeal of instant gratification, as they can be used in soups, marinades, and other recipes. While you may believe you have to get out and prune daily with an herb garden this is not true, but even better you can keep it going all 12 months long by moving your pots inside in the fall. If you are thinking of adding perennial herbs to your backyard, you are making a good choice due to the fact they do not die easily or need replanting after every year passes. Over and above this, you might consider your personal taste inclinations when choosing herbs to flavor meals. Give consideration to the cuisine you prefer when picking out which herbs to plant in your garden. For instance, if you cook a lot of Italian food you may want to plant basil and oregano. If you like Latin food, go with cilantro. You must decide where your herb garden will be placed in order to decide which herbs will grow best. It may be less complicated to plant right into the earth if you live in a place that has hotter winters and cooler summers. This makes it so you do not have to worry about making planters. It is also a wonderful way to decorate your garden. There is absolutely nothing you can do to get away from harsh climate conditions that might hurt your plants. However, there is hope because planters can be moved indoors whenever there's bad weather outside so they are flexible and practical for your herbs.

A Brief History of the Early Outdoor Water Fountains

A Brief History of the Early Outdoor Water Fountains As originally conceived, fountains were crafted to be practical, guiding water from streams or reservoirs to the citizens of towns and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the flow and send water squirting from the fountain's spout, a system without equal until the late 19th century. Fountains all through history have been crafted as memorials, impressing hometown citizens and tourists alike. If you saw the very first fountains, you wouldn't identify them as fountains. A natural stone basin, crafted from rock, was the first fountain, used for containing water for drinking and religious purposes. The first stone basins are presumed to be from about 2000 B.C.. The spraying of water emerging from small jets was pressured by gravity, the sole power source builders had in those days. Situated near reservoirs or springs, the functional public water fountains supplied the local population with fresh drinking water.Brief History Early Outdoor Water Fountains 844596528160.jpg Fountains with embellished Gods, mythological beasts, and animals began to appear in Rome in about 6 B.C., made from stone and bronze. A well-designed system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Genesis Of Wall Fountains

The Genesis Of Wall Fountains The amazing or ornamental effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, as well as providing drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

Pure functionality was the original role of fountains. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs nearby. Used until the nineteenth century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their origin of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity.Genesis Wall Fountains 46578093385041180.jpg Serving as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also provided clean, fresh drinking water. Roman fountains usually depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create mini variations of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to extol their positions by adding decorative baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Urban fountains created at the end of the nineteenth served only as decorative and celebratory ornaments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. The introduction of special water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Contemporary fountains are used to adorn public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

The Rewards of Interior Wall Water Fountains

Rewards Interior Wall Water Fountains 86288100820262803292.jpg The Rewards of Interior Wall Water Fountains For many years now, hospitals and health care facilities have used indoor fountains to establish a stressless, tranquil ambiance. Lightly streaming water lulls people into a state of peacefulness.

Faster recovery is thought to be brought about by indoor fountains as well. According to many doctors and therapists, patients are thought to recover more quickly when these are added to the treatment plan. The soothing, melodious sound of flowing water is thought to help people with PTSD and acute insomnolence.

According to various reviews, having an wall fountain inside your house may contribute to an increased level of well-being and security. The existence of water in our environment is essential to the existence of our species and our planet.

The life-altering power of water has long been considered as one of two essential elements used in the art of feng-shui. The main tenets of feng-shui say that we can achieve serenity and harmony by balancing the interior elements in our surroundings. It is essential to add a water element somewhere in our homes. The ideal place to install a fountain is near your home’s entranceway or in front of it.

Any one of a number of options in water walls, whether a wall mounted waterfall, a freestanding feature or a customized fountain, will certainly provide you and your family many benefits. Placing a fountain in a central room, according to some reports, seems to make people happier, more content, and relaxed than people who do not have one.

Outdoor Wall Fountains: An Awesome Display

Outdoor Wall Fountains: An Awesome Display A wall fountain can be an important design element in your house or office, enough so that it leaves a good impression on your family and friends alike. Your wall water feature will not only add elegance to your living space but also provide relaxing background sounds. In order to leave a lasting memory on your guests, share the beauty and soft sounds of your water feature with them.

Even a living space with a contemporary look can be improved with a wall fountain.Outdoor Wall Fountains: Awesome Display 93581777724.jpg They can also add a touch of elegance to your decor since they are also built in modern-day materials including glass and stainless steel. Is the floor space in your residence or workplace scarce? A wall water fountain is probably the best option for you. Since they are mounted on a wall you can save your precious real estate for something else. You may note that many busy office lobbies have fountains. You can also install wall fountains on the outside. Fiberglass and resin are good materials to use for outside wall water features. Back yards, porches, or other outdoor spaces needing a stylish touch should include a water fountain made of one of these waterproof materials.

There is wide array of unique styles in wall fountains ranging from the contemporary to classic and rustic. The type you choose for your space is dictated by individual decoration preferences. The components utilzed to decorate a mountain lodge are different from that needed to embellish a high-rise apartment, the former perhaps requiring slate and the latter better served with sleek glass. The material you select depends solely on your decor ideas. No doubt however, fountains are sure to add to your quality of life and impress your visitors.

From Where Did Water Fountains Emerge?

From Where Did Water Fountains Emerge?Water Fountains Emerge? 83174521.jpg The translation of hundreds of classic Greek texts into Latin was commissioned by the learned Pope Nicholas V who ruled the Church in Rome from 1397 till 1455. In order to make Rome worthy of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope resolved to enhance the beauty of the city. In 1453 the Pope instigated the reconstruction of the Aqua Vergine, an ancient Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away. The ancient Roman custom of building an awe-inspiring commemorative fountain at the point where an aqueduct arrived, also known as a mostra, was resurrected by Nicholas V. At the bidding of the Pope, architect Leon Battista Alberti began the construction of a wall fountain in the spot where we now find the Trevi Fountain. The aqueduct he had refurbished included modifications and extensions which eventually allowed it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

Keep Your Large Garden Fountains Clean

Keep Large Garden Fountains Clean 89740025061561930.jpg Keep Your Large Garden Fountains Clean Water fountains will last a very long time with scheduled cleaning and maintenance. A typical issue with fountains is that they tend to accumulate dirt and debris, so it is vital that you keep it free from this. On top of that, algae can be a challenge, as sun hitting the water allows it to form easily. To stay clear of this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add straight into the water. There are those who choose to use bleach, but that is dangerous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

Experts recommend that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough scrubbing every three-four months. Before you start cleaning, all the water must be taken out. When you have done this, wash inside the water reservoir with a mild detergent. If there is detailed artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas. Make sure all the soap is completely rinsed off.

Calcium and fresh water organisms can get inside the pump, so you should really disassemble it to get it truly clean. Letting it soak in vinegar for a few hours first will make it much easier to clean. If you want to eliminate build-up in your fountain, use rain water or mineral water versus tap water, as these don’t contain any components that will stick to the inside of the pump.

Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by checking it every day - this will keep it in tip-top shape. Permitting the water level to get too low can result in damage to the pump - and you certainly do not want that!

Backyard Elegance: Garden Water fountains

Backyard Elegance: Garden Water fountains Nowadays you can just place your garden water fountain against a wall since they no longer need to be connected to a pond. Nowadays, you can eliminate digging, difficult installations and cleaning the pond. Plumbing work is no longer needed since this feature in now self-sufficient. Do not forget, however, to add water at consistent intervals. Empty the water from the basin and place clear water in its place when you see that the spot is grimy.

Any number of materials can be utilized to make garden wall fountains, but stone and metal are the most frequently used. You must know the look you are shooting for in order to decide on the best material. The best designs for your outdoor wall fountain are those which are hand-crafted, easy to put up and not too big to hang.Backyard Elegance: Garden Water fountains 3058722198734977.jpg Owning a water feature which needs little maintenance is important as well. Generally, most installations are straight forward because the only parts which may require scrutiny are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a little more difficult. You can effortlessly liven up your outdoor area with these types of fountains.

Taking Care Of Large Outdoor Fountains

Taking Care Of Large Outdoor Fountains An important facet to think about is the size of the outdoor wall fountain in relation to the space in which you are going to mount it. A strong wall is absolutely necessary to hold up its total weight. Therefore for smaller areas or walls, a lightweight feature is going to be more suitable. In order to power the fountain, an electric powered plug will need to be nearby.Taking Care Large Outdoor Fountains 3888421676.jpg Since there are many kinds of outdoor wall fountains, installation procedures vary, but the majority include user-friendly instructions.

Everything you will require to properly install your outdoor wall fountain is typically provided in easy-to-use kits. The kit provides a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir. Depending on its size, the basin can typically be hidden quite easily amongst the plants. Since outdoor wall fountains require little attention, the only thing left to do is clean it regularly.

Replace the water regularly so it is always clean. Remember to get rid of debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as swiftly as possible. Make sure that your outdoor wall fountain is shielded from bitterly cold winter temperatures. Bring your pump inside when the weather turns very cold and freezes the water so as to prevent any possible harm, like as cracking. To sum up, your outdoor wall fountain will continue to be a great add-on to your garden if you keep it well cared for and well maintained.

The Use of Garden Water Fountains As Water Features

The Use of Garden Water Fountains As Water FeaturesUse Garden Water Fountains Water Features 1691170374.jpg The description of a water feature is a big component which has water flowing in or through it. The broad variety of choices available vary from a simple hanging wall fountain to an elaborate courtyard tiered fountain. These products are so adaptable that they can be located outside or inside. Ponds and swimming pools are also considered water features.

A garden wall fountain can be a beneficial water feature to include in any yard, yoga studio, patio, balcony, or workplace. In addition to helping you relax, both sight and sound are enticed by the soothing sounds of a water fountain. With their visibly pleasing shape you can also use them to enhance the decor in your home or other living space. The water’s soothing sounds lead to a feeling of tranquility, cover up unwanted noises, and provide a wonderful water display.

"Primitive" Greek Art: Outdoor Statuary

"Primitive" Greek Art: Outdoor Statuary Archaic Greeks were known for developing the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were constructed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Kouros figures, statues of young, good-looking male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the greater part of the statues. Regarded as by Greeks to represent beauty, the kouroi were created into rigid, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were always nude, muscular, and athletic. The kouroi became life-sized beginning in 650 BC. A substantial period of modification for the Greeks, the Archaic period introduced about more forms of government, expressions of art, and a higher comprehension of people and cultures outside of Greece. Still, these conflicts did little to impede the advancement of the Greek civilization.

Bernini: The Master of Italy's Greatest Fountains

Bernini: The Master of Italy's Greatest Fountains One can find Bernini's very first masterpiece, the Barcaccia fountain, at the bottom of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna.Bernini: Master Italy's Greatest Fountains 67890898188066.jpg This area is still filled with Roman locals and tourists who enjoy exchanging gossip or going over the day's news. Today, the city streets around Bernini's water fountain are a trendy place where people go to gather, something which the artist would have been pleased to learn. In around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII helped Bernini start off his professional life with the construction of his very first water fountain. The fountain’s central motif is based on an enormous vessel slowly sinking into the Mediterranean Sea. Period writings dating back to the 16th century indicate that the fountain was constructed as a memorial to those who lost their lives in the great flooding of the Tevere. In 1665 Bernini traveled to France, in what was to be his only lengthy absence from Italy.

Greece: Cultural Statues

Greece: Cultural Statues Sculptors adorned the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the greek gods until the time came to a close and most Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred; at that instant, it became more standard for sculptors be paid to depict everyday people as well. Rich individuals would sometimes commission a rendering of their ancestors for their big familial tombs; portraiture also became prevalent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek society.Greece: Cultural Statues 9487053686824.jpg During the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of aesthetic progress, the use of sculpture and other art forms transformed, so it is incorrect to think that the arts served just one purpose. Greek sculpture is perhaps fascinating to us all today seeing that it was an avant-garde experiment in the ancient world, so it doesn't make a difference whether or not its original function was religious zeal or artistic pleasure.

The Advantages of Including an Interior Wall Water Fountain

The Advantages of Including an Interior Wall Water Fountain Your indoor living space can benefit from an interior wall fountain because it beautifies your home and also gives it a contemporary feel. These kinds of fountains reduce noise pollution in your home or company, thereby allowing your family and clients to have a stress-fee and tranquil environment. Installing one of these interior wall water features will also draw the attention and admiration your staff and clients alike.Advantages Including Interior Wall Water Fountain 4714382239796765592.jpg An interior water element is certain to please all those who see it while also impressing your loudest naysayers.

A wall fountain is a great addition to any residence because it provides a tranquil place where you sit and watch a favorite show after working all day. The benefits of an indoor water feature include its ability to emit negative ions with its gentle sounds and eliminate dust and pollen from the air while creating a soothing setting.

A Small Garden Space? You Can Have a Water Fountain too!

Small Garden Space? Can Water Fountain too! 71587541304305570.jpg A Small Garden Space? You Can Have a Water Fountain too! Since water makes a reflection, small spaces will appear bigger. Water features such as fountains benefit from the reflective attributes stemming from dark materials. When the sun goes down, you can use underwater lights in different colors and shapes to light up your new feature. Solar powered eco-lights are excellent during the day and submerged lights are perfect for nighttime use. Relieving stress and anxiety with their relaxing sounds are some of the applications in nature medicine.

The greenery in your backyard is the perfect place to situate your water feature. Your pond, artificial waterway, or fountain is the perfect feature to draw people’s attention. Examples of places where you can install a water element include large lawns or small patios. The most appropriate accessories and the best location for it are important if you want to better the atmosphere.

The Benefits of Solar Energy Powered Garden Fountains

The Benefits of Solar Energy Powered Garden Fountains There are various power sources which can be employed to power your garden wall fountain. Older fountains have traditionally been powered by electricity, but due to a greater interest in eco-friendly fountains, solar power is used in new models. Solar energy is a great way to run your water fountain, just be aware that initial costs will most likely be higher. The most common materials used to make solar powered water features are terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze. This wide array of choices makes it easier to buy one which fits your interior design. Easy to upkeep and an excellent way to make a real contribution to the environment, they are wonderful additions to your garden sanctuary as well.

Beyond its visible charm, interior wall fountains can also serve to keep your house at a comfortable temperature.Benefits Solar Energy Powered Garden Fountains 38248646.jpg Employing the same methods used in air conditioners and evaporative coolers, they are a great alternative to cool your home. You can also save on your utility costs because they use less energy.

Their cooling effect can be started by fanning crisp, dry air across them. Using the ceiling fan or air from a corner of the room can help to optimize circulation. It is crucial to ensure that air is consistently blowing over the top of the water. Cool, clean air is one of the natural benefits of fountains and waterfalls. The sudden chill we feel is normal when we come near a large public fountain or a waterfall. Situating your fountain cooling system in a spot that is very hot reduces its effectiveness. Direct sunlight, for example, reduces the ability of your fountain to produce cool air.

The Various Construction Materials of Fountains Garden fountains nowadays are typically made from metal, although you can find them in other materials too.Metallic ones offer clean lines and unique sculptural accents and will fit in with nearly any decorative style and budget.... read more


The Benefits of Solar Energy Powered Garden Water fountains There are many different electrical sources you can use for your garden wall fountain.Older fountains have traditionally been powered by electricity, but due to an increased interest in eco-friendly fountains, solar energy is used in new models.... read more


Original Water Delivery Solutions in The City Of Rome Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, started providing the people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had relied on natural springs up until then.... read more


The First Public Water Fountains Villages and villages relied on working water fountains to channel water for cooking, bathing, and cleaning from nearby sources like lakes, channels, or springs.... read more


The Benefits of Solar Outdoor Garden Fountains Your garden wall fountain can be powered by numerous power sources.Ecological solar powered fountains, which are now easily available, have replaced older fountains which run on electricity.... read more


Setting Up and Maintaining Large Outdoor Fountains A very important first step is to consider the size of the outdoor wall fountain with regards to the space you have available for it.It is essential that the wall where you are going to hang it is strong enough to support its load.... read more


The Magificent First Masterpieces by Bernini The Barcaccia, Bernini's first water fountain, is a magnificent chef d'oeuvre built at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna.This area continues to be filled with Roman locals and tourists who enjoy exchanging gossip or going over the day's news.... read more