Early Water Supply Solutions in Rome

Early Water Supply Solutions Rome 96986707216.jpg Early Water Supply Solutions in Rome Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, started delivering the people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had relied on natural springs up until then. When aqueducts or springs weren’t accessible, people dwelling at raised elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to make use of the water that flowed underground through Acqua Vergine to deliver drinking water to Pincian Hill. Throughout the time of its initial construction, pozzi (or manholes) were positioned at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it easier to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we viewed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he operated the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. Whilst the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it couldn't supply a sufficient amount of water. To give himself with a much more streamlined way to obtain water, he had one of the manholes opened, providing him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

Where did Landscape Fountains Come From?

Where did Landscape Fountains Come From? A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.Landscape Fountains Come From? 031947377061567695.jpg

Pure functionality was the original purpose of fountains. Residents of cities, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains had to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water source, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Artists thought of fountains as amazing additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and honor the designer responsible for building it. The main components used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create mini depictions of the gardens of paradise. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were intended to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

The end of the nineteenth century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to bring recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Decorating city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

The Many Construction Materials of Outdoor Water fountains

The Many Construction Materials of Outdoor Water fountains While today’s garden fountains are made in a variety of materials, most are made from metal. Those made from metals have clean lines and unique sculptural elements, and are versatile enough to fit any budget and decor. Your landscaping should complement the style of your house.

At present, copper is quite prevalent for sculptural garden fountains. Copper fountains are the best choice because they are perfect for the inside and outside. Another advantage of copper fountains is they are versatile and come in a wide range of styles.

Also popular, brass fountains often have a more old-fashioned style to them versus their copper counterpart.Many Construction Materials Outdoor Water fountains 954355853068256.jpg You will see a lot of brass fountains, as their intricate artwork makes them common even if they are on the more traditional side.

Most people today see stainless steel as the most modern option. Adding a modern-looking steel design will immediately add value to your garden and enhance the overall mood. Like all water fountains, you can find them in just about any size you choose.

Because it is both lighter and less expensive than metal but has a nearly identical look, fiberglass is quite common for fountains. Caring for a fiberglass water fountain is relatively easy, another benefit that consumers love.

The Source of Modern Day Outdoor Fountains

The Source of Modern Day Outdoor FountainsSource Modern Day Outdoor Fountains 666514092573805643.jpg Hundreds of classic Greek records were translated into Latin under the auspices of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V, who ruled the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. In order to make Rome deserving of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope resolved to enhance the beauty of the city. Restoration of the Acqua Vergine, a ruined Roman aqueduct which had carried fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away, began in 1453 at the behest of the Pope. A mostra, a monumental commemorative fountain built by ancient Romans to mark the point of arrival of an aqueduct, was a tradition which was restored by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was directed by the Pope to construct a wall fountain where we now see the Trevi Fountain. The water which eventually furnished the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona came from the modified aqueduct which he had renovated.

Short Outline of Herb Gardens

Short Outline of Herb Gardens An Introduction to Container Gardens & Herbal Plants. These plants are easy to grow and have the appeal of instant gratification, as they can be used in soups, marinades, and other recipes.Short Outline Herb Gardens 10755457030259.jpg Maintaining your herb garden all year is effortless to do as you can place the natural herbs in pots and move them in when the weather starts to turn cold. You can include a lot of things in your landscape, including perennial herbs specifically because they don't need replanting at the close of the year and do not perish easily. Over and above this, you really should consider your personal taste inclinations when choosing herbs to flavor dishes. It is important to plant herbs that you will use. If you love to cook Latin food, you will definitely use cilantro. If you like Italian food, you should choose to plant basil, oregano, and thyme. You must choose where your herb garden will be planted in order to figure out which herbs will mature best. If you live in a mild climate, with warm winters and relatively cool summers, it may be easiest to plant straight into the ground. This makes your back yard look striking without the trouble of making or buying planters. If you don't want to your plants to perish or become dormant after being subjected to extreme weather conditions, you can always rely on planters. They are handy and versatile and you can relocate indoors at any time.

A Small Garden Space? Don't Fret! You Can Still Have a Water Fountain

A Small Garden Space? Don't Fret! You Can Still Have a Water FountainSmall Garden Space? Don't Fret! Can Still Water Fountain 79273027464753.jpg The reflective properties of water means it can make smaller spaces appear bigger than they are. Augmenting the reflective attributes of a fountain or water feature are possible by using dark materials. If your intention is to highlight your new feature at night, underwater lights in varied colors and shapes will do the trick. Eco-lights powered by sunlight can be used during the day whereas you can use lights to enhance your backyard at night. Often utilized in natural therapies, they help to diminish anxiety and tension with their calming sounds.

Water just blends into the greenery in your yard. Turn your water feature such as a pond, artificial river, or fountain to turn the core component of your backyard. The flexibility of water features is that they can be installed in large backyards as well as in small verandas. The atmosphere can be significantly modified by placing it in the best place and using the proper accessories.

Select from Any Number of Exterior Wall Fountain Styles

Select from Any Number of Exterior Wall Fountain Styles Small verandas or courtyards are a perfect place to install wall fountains since they add style to an area with limited space. Traditional, antique, contemporary, or Asian are just a few of the styles you can pick from when looking for an outdoor wall fountain to your liking. If you are looking for a distinctive design, a custom-built one can be specially made to meet your specifications.

Mounted and free-standing water features are available on the market. You can place a mounted wall fountain because they are small and self-contained. Ordinarily made of resin (to resemble stone) or fiber glass, these sorts of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Large-sized free-standing wall fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, have their basins located on the floor and a smooth side leaning on a wall. Water features such as these are typically manufactured of cast stone and have no weight restrictions.

Landscape designers often propose a custom-built fountain for a brand new or existing wall. Hiring an expert mason is your best option to construct the basin and install the required plumbing. You will need to incorporate a spout or fountain mask into the wall. Customized wall fountains contribute to a unified appearance because they become part of the scenery rather than look like a later addition.

The Intriguing Beauty of Wall Water Fountains

The Intriguing Beauty of Wall Water Fountains Introducing a wall fountain as a design element will make a good impression on your family and friends. Having a wall water feature in your daily life not only stimulates the eyes with its loveliness but also your ears with the soothing background sounds it creates. Guests will walk away with a memorable impression of the pleasing sights and relaxing sounds eminating from it.

A living area with a modern style can also benefit from a wall fountain. Also made in modern materials such as stainless steel or glass, they can add pizzazz to your interior decor. Is space limited in your house or place of work? A wall water fountain might be the ideal option for you. Since they are mounted on a wall you can save your precious real estate for something else. These types of fountains are specifically prevalent in bustling office buildings. You can also put up wall fountains outside. Fiberglass and resin are great materials to use for outside wall water features. Spruce up your terrace, courtyard, or other outdoor areas with a water fountain made of these water-resistant materials.

Wall fountains come in a bunch of varying styles covering the modern to the traditional and rustic. You can choose the best style based upon your own style.Intriguing Beauty Wall Water Fountains 9809469470771418425.jpg A city dweller’s design ideas might call for polished glass whereas a mountaineer might want a more traditional material such as slate for a mountain lodge. It is up to you to pick the ideal material for you. Fountains are features which most certainly delight those who visit your home.

Your Patio: A Great Spot for a Wall Fountain

Patio: Great Spot Wall Fountain 022627754716.jpg Your Patio: A Great Spot for a Wall Fountain A good way to enhance the appearance of your outdoor living area is to add a wall water feature or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden design. A myriad of present-day designers and fountain craftsmen have found ideas in the fountains and water features of the past. Therefore, in order to connect your home to previous times, add one these in your home decor. Among the many attributes of these beautiful garden fountains is the water and moisture they discharge into the air which attracts birds and other wild life as well as helps to balance the ecosystem. Birds drawn to a fountain or bird bath often scare away irritating flying pests, for instance.

The area required for a cascading or spouting fountain is substantial, so a wall fountain is the ideal size for a small yard. You can choose to set up a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an attached basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and suspended from a wall. A fountain can be added to an existing wall if you include some sort of fountain mask as well as a basin to gather the water below. It is best not to undertake this job yourself as skilled plumbers and masons are more suitable to do this kind of work.

Did You Know How Technical Designs And Styles of Fountains Became Known?

Did You Know How Technical Designs And Styles of Fountains Became Known? Instrumental to the development of scientific technology were the published letters and illustrated books of the day. They were also the primary means of transmitting useful hydraulic information and water fountain design ideas all through Europe. An internationally renowned leader in hydraulics in the late 1500's was a French water fountain engineer, whose name has been lost to history. His expertise in designing landscapes and grottoes with built-in and ingenious water attributes began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany.Know Technical Designs Styles Fountains Became Known? 540790802640951206.jpg He authored a publication titled “The Principles of Moving Forces” toward the end of his life while in France which turned into the basic tome on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Explaining contemporary hydraulic systems, the book also modified critical hydraulic developments of classical antiquity. As a mechanized method to move water, Archimedes devised the water screw, key among important hydraulic discoveries. Two undetectable containers heated up by the sun's rays in an space adjacent to the creative fountain were found in an illustration. The end result: the fountain is stimulated by the hot liquid expanding and rising up the pipelines. Pumps, water wheels, water features and garden pond styles are included in the text.

Ancient Greece: The Beginnings of Garden Statue Design

Ancient Greece: The Beginnings of Garden Statue DesignAncient Greece: Beginnings Garden Statue Design 77390364224.jpg Historically, the vast majority of sculptors were compensated by the temples to decorate the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the period came to a close it became more common for sculptors to portray ordinary people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their institution as superstitious rather than sacred. Rich individuals would often times commission a rendition of their forefathers for their large family burial tombs; portraiture additionally became prevalent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek society. The use of sculpture and other art forms varied over the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of creative growth when the arts had more than one objective. Greek sculpture is possibly enticing to us all at present because it was an avant-garde experiment in the ancient world, so it doesn't make a difference whether its original purpose was religious zeal or artistic enjoyment.

The Benefits of Indoor Wall Water Fountains

The Benefits of Indoor Wall Water FountainsBenefits Indoor Wall Water Fountains 9977816437901527.jpg Hospitals and health care facilities have been using indoor fountains to create peaceful, stress-free environments for many years now. People are fascinated by the comforting sounds of gently moving water which can result in a state of internal reflection.

Faster healing is thought to be brought about by interior fountains as well. According to many doctors and therapists, patients are believed to recover more quickly when these are added to the treatment plan. People with PTSD or sleeping disorders, as well as other medical conditions, are thought to recuperate better with the soothing, delicate sounds of flowing water.

According to various reviews, having an wall fountain inside your house may lead to a higher level of well-being and security. Human beings, as well as this planet, could not survive without the sight and sound of water.

The transformative power of water has long been regarded as one of two essential elements used in the art of feng-shui. Harmonizing our interior environment so that it promotes tranquility and peace is one of the main beliefs in feng-shui. Our homes must contain some sort of water element. Placing a fountain in front of your home or close to your entrance is ideal.

You and your loved ones will no doubt benefit from the inclusion of a water wall in your home, whether it be a wall mounted waterfall, a freestanding water feature or a custom-built one. Based on the results of many studies, people who have a fountain in a central room are thought to be more content, satisfied, and lighthearted than those who do not have one.

Anglo Saxon Grounds at the Time of the Norman Conquest

Anglo Saxon Grounds at the Time of the Norman Conquest The arrival of the Normans in the later half of the 11th century significantly altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. Architecture and horticulture were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. However, there was no time for home life, domesticated design, and adornment until the Normans had conquered the whole realm. Castles were more standard designs and often constructed on blustery hills, where their tenants spent both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were considerable stone buildings, regularly situated in the widest, most fertile hollows. Relaxing activities such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. Berkeley Castle is most likely the most unchanged model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A massive terrace serves as a deterrent to invaders who would try to mine the walls of the building. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and enclosed by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

The Benefits of Solar Powered Outdoor Water fountains

Benefits Solar Powered  Outdoor Water fountains 777385592165268211.jpg The Benefits of Solar Powered Outdoor Water fountains There are various power sources which can be utilized to run your garden wall fountain. The recent interest in eco-friendly power has led to a rise in the usage of solar powered fountains, even though till now they have primarily been powered by electricity. The initial expenses to run your fountain on solar energy are most likely going to be higher, but you should keep in mind that in the long run it will be the cheaper option. Terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze are used to make solar powered water fountains. This wide array of alternatives makes it easier to purchase one which matches your interior design. Easy to care for and an excellent way to make a real contribution to the eco-system, they make wonderful additions to your garden sanctuary as well.

Indoor wall fountains are a superb option to cool your home as well as to provide an enticing addition to your living area. Applying the same methods used in air conditioners and swamp coolers, they are a great alternative to cool off your home. Since they eat up less electricity, they also help you save money on your monthly energy bill.

Fanning crisp, dry air across them is the most common method used to benefit from their cooling effect. You can either take advantage of air from a corner of your home or turn on your ceiling fan to improve the circulation in the room The most critical consideration is to ensure that the air is consistently flowing over the surface of the water. Cool, clean air is one of the natural benefits of fountains and waterfalls. Merely being in the vicinity of a large public fountain or waterfall will send a sudden chill through whoever is nearby. Be sure to position your fountain cooling system where it will not be exposed to extra heat. Direct sunlight, for example, diminishes the ability of your fountain to produce cool air.

A Short History of the First Water Garden Fountains

A Short History of the First Water Garden FountainsShort History First Water Garden Fountains 387435104358147.jpg The water from creeks and other sources was initially supplied to the inhabitants of nearby towns and municipalities via water fountains, whose purpose was mainly practical, not aesthetic. In the years before electric power, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity alone, often using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the nearby mountains. The beauty and wonder of fountains make them perfect for historic monuments. When you enjoy a fountain at present, that is definitely not what the first water fountains looked like. Created for drinking water and ceremonial purposes, the initial fountains were simple carved stone basins. Natural stone basins are thought to have been first used around 2,000 BC. The first civilizations that utilized fountains relied on gravity to drive water through spigots. The location of the fountains was driven by the water source, which is why you’ll usually find them along aqueducts, waterways, or rivers. Fountains with decorative Gods, mythological beasts, and animals began to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, crafted from rock and bronze. The people of Rome had an elaborate system of aqueducts that furnished the water for the many fountains that were situated throughout the urban center.

The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Public Fountains

The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Public FountainsCity Rome, Gian Bernini, Public Fountains 477003431837818.jpg There are countless popular water features in the city center of Rome. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the most brilliant sculptors and artists of the 17th century designed, created and produced almost all of them. He was furthermore a city architect, in addition to his skills as a water fountain engineer, and remnants of his life's work are evident throughout the streets of Rome. A celebrated Florentine sculptor, Bernini's father guided his young son, and they eventually transferred to Rome to fully showcase their art, chiefly in the form of public water fountains and water fountains. An diligent worker, the young Bernini acquired praise and patronage of many popes and influential artists. Initially he was celebrated for his sculpting skills. Most notably in the Vatican, he used a base of knowledge in ancient Greek architecture and melded it effortlessly with Roman marble. Though many artists had an influence on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

Bernini: The Master of Italy's Most Impressive Water Fountains

Bernini: The Master of Italy's Most Impressive Water Fountains The Barcaccia, a stunning water fountain constructed at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna, was Bernini's earliest water fountain. To this day, this area is filled with Roman locals and travelers alike who enjoy debate and each other's company. The streets surrounding his fountain have come to be one of the city’s most fashionable meeting places, something which would certainly have pleased Bernini himself.Bernini: Master Italy's Impressive Water Fountains 0567572639689733586.jpg In around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII helped Bernini launch his career with the construction of his first fountain. The fountain’s central theme is based on an enormous vessel slowly sinking into the Mediterranean. The great 16th century flood of the Tevere, which left the entire region inundated with water, was memorialized by the water fountain according to writings from the period. Absenting himself from Italy only once in his life for a lengthy time period, in 1665 Bernini traveled to France.

Exterior Water Features Come in Lots of Forms and Sizes

Exterior Water Features Come in Lots of Forms and Sizes Have you ever contemplated converting your garden into a haven of serenity? Add a feeling of tranquility to your garden with an exterior fountain and avail yourself of all the positive effects of a water feature.

Sending a stream of water straight into the air, spouting fountains create a spectacular impression. It is doable to have one of these installed into an existing, large pond. These kinds of fountains are often seen in parks or historical stately homes.Exterior Water Features Come Lots Forms Sizes 28433455.jpg

Select a fashionable wall fountain to put outside. If you are eager to include a water feature, but are doubtful because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to install one of these. While spouting fountains produce an impressive effect, wall fountains are more understated water features. In this simple process. the water which is forced out of a small opening, streams down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the bottom before being pushed back to the top.

Your garden’s style determines whether a themed fountain is right for you. In a rustic themed cottage or yard, a traditional styled statue for your fountain could include cherubs holding the spout. Consider including something bolder and unique for a contemporary garden. Just let your imagination to run loose.

Tiered fountains are charming because the water moves down multiple levels. Water runs down numerous tiers in a cascading fountain.

Since external fountains occupy ample space, think about putting in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Fit in one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are concealed from sight underground.

Add a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a sense of peace. Bamboo sticks act as the tubing from which water flows in these kinds of water features. Water then flows into a recipient or a shaped stone, only to repeat the cycle over and over again.

Fountains made of glass are another type available. Trellis-style fountains of this kind, feature shaped metalwork which provides a more conventional look. Gardens with numerous sharp edges as well as modern forms and designs are better for these types of water features. A magnificent effect is produced when water streams down the sheets of glass. Colored LED lights are also included in some fountains to illuminate the water as it moves down the sheet of glass. Often made of fake rock, stone waterfall fountains have water slowly trickling down its surface.

Bubbling rock fountains are big stones drilled with holes which are then filled with pipes in the middle. Low pressure is used to spout out the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Flowing towards the bottom of the fountain, the water returns as a slow dribble down the sides of the rock. This is yet another option for gardens with limited space. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is ideal because it prevents water from being sprayed around in breezy weather.

Solar powered fountains have become more popular recently since they run on sunlight. There are numerous reasons for this newly found appeal such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a reduction in electricity bills, and the advantages to the environment. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide selection of designs to choose from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.

Use a Garden Fountain To Help Improve Air Quality

Use a Garden Fountain To Help Improve Air Quality You can liven up your environment by adding an indoor wall fountain. Pleasant to the senses and advantageous to your well-being, these indoor features are an excellent addition to your home. The science behind the idea that water fountains can be good for you is irrefutable. Water features generally generate negative ions which are then counterbalanced by the positive ions released by contemporary conveniences. Undeniable positive improvements in mental and physical health occur when negative ions overpower positive ions. The increased serotonin levels resulting from these types of features make people more attentive, serene and energized. Due to the negative ions it produces, an indoor wall fountain can improve your spirits and also eliminate impurities in the air. Allergies, pollutants among other annoyances can be done away with by these water features. And finally, water fountains are excellent at absorbing dust and microbes floating in the air and as a result in bettering your general health.

The Rewards of Having an Indoor Wall Water Feature in your Home or Work Place

The Rewards of Having an Indoor Wall Water Feature in your Home or Work PlaceRewards Indoor Wall Water Feature Home Work Place 491144931587.jpg Beautify and modernize your living space by adding an indoor wall fountain in your home. Installing this kind of fountain in your residence or office permits you to create a place for your loved ones and clientele where there is little noise as well as minimal stress and maximum relaxation. An indoor wall water feature such as this will also attract the recognition and appreciation of employees and customers alike. Your indoor water feature will undoubtedly grab the attention of all those in its vicinity, and stymie even your most demanding critic as well.

You can enjoy the peace and quiet after a long day at work and enjoy watching your favorite program while sitting under your wall fountain. All those close to an indoor fountain will benefit from it because its sounds emit negative ions, eliminate dust and pollen from the air, and also lend to a calming environment.

Did You Know How Technical Designs of Fountains Became Known? Contributing to the advancement of scientific technology were the printed papers and illustrated books of the day. They were also the principal method of transferring practical hydraulic information and water fountain design suggestions throughout Europe.... read more


Attributes of Outdoor Statues in Archaic Greece The first freestanding statuary was developed by the Archaic Greeks, a distinguished achievement since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns.... read more


The Wide Range of Wall Fountains Having a wall fountain in your garden or on a terrace is great when you wish to relax.Even a small space can contain a custom-made one.A spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump are vital for freestanding as well as mounted types.... read more


The Dissemination of Water Fountain Design Knowledge The circulated reports and illustrated publications of the day contributed to the advancements of scientific technology, and were the chief means of transmitting practical hydraulic concepts and water feature ideas all through Europe.... read more


Decorative Garden Fountains And Their Use In Ancient Minoa During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, various varieties of channels have been found.These were made use of to provide cities with water as well as to reduce flooding and get rid of waste material.... read more


Garden Wall Fountains: An Amazing Sight A wall fountain can be an important design element in your home or office, enough so that it leaves a good impression on your family and friends alike.In addition to the relaxing background sounds a wall water feature adds to any living space, it also imparts beauty.... read more