Bernini: The Genius Behind Italy's Greatest Fountains

Bernini: The Genius Behind Italy's Greatest Fountains One can find Bernini's very first masterpiece, the Barcaccia fountain, at the base of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. To this day, you will find Roman locals and vacation goers occupying this area to revel in chit chatter and being among other people. Today, the city streets around Bernini's water fountain are a trendy area where people go to meet, something which the artist would have been pleased to learn. In about 1630, the great artist built the first water fountain of his career at the behest of Pope Ubano VIII.Bernini: Genius Behind Italy's Greatest Fountains 84430616735.jpg Illustrated in the fountain's design is a large vessel gradually sinking into the Mediterranean Sea. According to 16th century texts, a great flood of the Tevere covered the entire area in water, an event which was memorialized by the magnificent fountain. In 1665, France was graced by Bernini's one-and-only extended journey outside of Italy.

Use a Garden Wall Fountain To Help Improve Air Quality

Use a Garden Wall Fountain To Help Improve Air Quality You can liven up your environment by setting up an indoor wall fountain. Your senses and your wellness can benefit from the installation of one of these indoor features. Scientific research supports the hypothesis that water fountains are excellent for you.Use Garden Wall Fountain Help Improve Air Quality 43572195003695149.jpg Water features in general generate negative ions which are then counterbalanced by the positive ions created by modern conveniences. The negative ions produced by these kinds of water features overtake the positive ones resulting in positive shifts to both your psychological and physical wellness. The higher serotonin levels arising from these types of features make people more aware, serene and energized. Due to the negative ions it produces, an indoor wall fountain can improve your spirits and also eliminate impurities in the air. In order to rid yourself of allergies, impurities in the air and other aggravations, ensure you install one of these. And lastly, dust particles and microbes in the air are removed and lead to improved health.

Acqua Vergine: The Solution to Rome's Water Troubles

Acqua Vergine: The Solution to Rome's Water Troubles Rome’s 1st raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, people residing at higher elevations had to depend on natural streams for their water. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only technologies around at the time to supply water to segments of higher elevation. To furnish water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they implemented the emerging tactic of redirecting the current from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. During the roughly nine years he possessed the property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi utilized these manholes to take water from the network in containers, though they were previously established for the goal of cleaning and maintaining the aqueduct. He didn’t get a sufficient quantity of water from the cistern that he had built on his residential property to gather rainwater. That is when he made the decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran beneath his property.

What Are Landscape Fountains Created From?

What Are Landscape Fountains Created From?Landscape Fountains  Created From? 0729761040.jpg While today’s garden fountains are made in a variety of materials, most are crafted from metal. Metallic fountains, with their clean lines and sculptural accents, come in in a range of metals and can accommodate any style or budget. It is essential that your landscape reflects the style of your residence.

Presently, copper is very prevalent for sculptural garden fountains. Copper is trendy for both inside and outside use and is widely found in tabletop and cascade fountains, among others. Copper fountains also come in a wide array of designs - from fun and eccentric to modern and cutting-edge.

Also popular, brass fountains typically have a more old-fashioned appearance to them versus their copper counterpart. Though not the most modern, the creatures and sculptural features you find on fountains are mostly made of brass, thus making them very popular.

Most folks today see stainless steel as the most modern choice. Adding a modern-looking steel design will immediately add value to your garden and improve the overall atmosphere. As with most fountains, they are available in numerous sizes.

Fiberglass is a widely used material for fountains because you can get the look and feel of metal at a much lower price, and it is lightweight and easier to move than metal. The cleaning of fiberglass water fountains is quite simple, so they have many merits that people appreciate.

The Advantages of Solar Energy Powered Outdoor Water fountains

The Advantages of Solar Energy Powered Outdoor Water fountains There are many different electrical options you can use for your garden wall fountain. Older fountains have traditionally been powered by electricity, but due to a greater interest in eco-friendly fountains, solar energy is used in newer models. Although solar powered water fountains may be the most economical long-term option, the initial outlay is in fact higher. The most common materials used to make solar powered water features are terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze. If you are looking for one which compliments your home furnishings, the assortment available on the market makes this possible. If you are looking to have your own garden retreat, these types of fountains are ideal because they are easy to maintain and also have a positive effect on the environment.

Interior wall fountains not only give you something attractive to look at, they also serve to cool your house. Yet another alternative to air conditioners and swamp coolers, they employ the very same principles to cool your living area You can reduce your power bill since they use less energy.Advantages Solar Energy Powered Outdoor Water fountains 0148729073.jpg

One way to produce a cooling effect is to fan fresh, dry air across them. To enhance air circulation, turn on your ceiling fan or use the air from some corner of the room. Regardless of the technique you use, ensure the air is flowing over the top of the water in a regular manner. Cool, crisp air is one of the natural byproducts of fountains and waterfalls. You will feel a sudden coolness in the air when you approach a sizable waterfall or fountain. Your fountain cooling system should not be installed in an area which is especially hot. If you are looking for an efficient cooling system, it should be far from direct sunlight.

Find Tranquility with Garden Water Features

Find Tranquility with Garden Water Features Your mood is positively influenced by having water in your yard. The noise in your neighborhood and surrounding area will be masked with the soothing sounds of a fountain. Nature and recreation are two of the things you will find in your garden. Water treatments are common right now and often take place in the mountains or near beaches and rivers.Find Tranquility Garden Water Features 2772707398831596.jpg If you want a heavenly spot to go to relax your body and mind, get yourself a pond or water fountain.

The Beginnings of Modern Wall Fountains

The Beginnings of Modern Wall Fountains The translation of hundreds of classic Greek documents into Latin was commissioned by the learned Pope Nicholas V who led the Church in Rome from 1397 until 1455. In order to make Rome deserving of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope decided to embellish the beauty of the city. Restoration of the Acqua Vergine, a desolate Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away, began in 1453 at the behest of the Pope. A mostra, a monumental celebratory fountain constructed by ancient Romans to mark the point of entry of an aqueduct, was a practice which was revived by Nicholas V. The present-day location of the Trevi Fountain was previously occupied by a wall fountain commissioned by the Pope and built by the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The water which eventually supplied the Trevi Fountain as well as the acclaimed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona came from the modified aqueduct which he had renovated.

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Many Styles on the Market

Exterior Wall Fountains: Many Styles Market 9247038153.jpg Exterior Wall Fountains: The Many Styles on the Market You can design a place to unwind as well as add a touch of style to your porch or yard with a wall fountain since they are great adornments to fit into small space. When considering the many types of outdoor wall fountains available including traditional, vintage, modern, or Asian, you are certain to find one most suitable to your design ideas. While there are countless prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a customized fountain if none of these are appealing to you.

There are two distinct sorts of fountains you can buy: mounted and stand-alone. Mounted wall fountains are small and self-contained versions which can be displayed on a wall. Fountains of this kind need to be lightweight, therefore, they are usually made of resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass. Stand-alone fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, are of considerable size, have a basin located on the ground and a smooth side which leans against a wall. Typically made of cast stone, these water features have no weight constraints.

It is a good idea to incorporate a customized fountain into a new or existing wall, something often suggested by landscape professionals. Hiring an expert mason is your best option to build the basin and install the necessary plumbing. The wall will have to have a spout or fountain mask incorporated into it. Customized wall fountains contribute to a unified appearance because they become part of the landscape rather than look like a later addition.

Builders of the First Outdoor Fountains

Builders of the First Outdoor FountainsBuilders First Outdoor Fountains 2820589082024.jpg Frequently working as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-faceted people from the 16th to the late 18th century. During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci illustrated the creator as an creative genius, inventor and scientific virtuoso. He methodically captured his ideas in his now celebrated notebooks, following his immense curiosity in the forces of nature led him to explore the qualities and mobility of water. Remodeling private villa settings into imaginative water showcases packed of symbolic significance and natural beauty, early Italian fountain creators combined creativity with hydraulic and horticultural ability. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, celebrated for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, provided the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Well versed in humanistic subjects as well as classical scientific readings, some other water fountain makers were masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water attributes and water pranks for the various mansions near Florence.

The Many Kinds of Outdoor Fountains

The Many Kinds of Outdoor Fountains Turn your garden into what you have always desired – a haven of serenity. You can benefit from a water feature by integrating an outdoor fountain to your property and creating a place of tranquility.Many Kinds Outdoor Fountains 85113671206637300.jpg

A eye-catching impact is made when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water high into the air. If your pond is sufficiently large, it can be incorporated without difficulty. Parks and traditional mansions often have one these water features.

Outdoor water features are available in different shapes and sizes, one of which is a chic wall fountain. Even with a small backyard, it is possible to add one of these water features. Wall fountains are not flamboyant water features as compared to a spouting fountain. In this simple process. the water which is forced out of a small opening, moves down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the base before being pumped back to the top.

Your garden’s style determines whether a themed fountain is suitable for you. A cherub holding a spout is one of the possible kinds of classical-styled statues you can use if you want your fountain to compliment a rustically themed cottage or garden. Modern-day gardens, on the other hand, benefit from something more audacious. Deciding what to do is totally in your hands.

Water streams down several levels in a tiered fountain. Cascading fountains is another name used to identify this type of fountain because water flows down multiple levels.

Due to the fact that outdoor fountains can take up a lot of room, hang a wall fountain or a pondless fountain if the space you have is limited. The reservoirs needed for these types of fountains are concealed underground which helps you better use your limited space.

Install a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a sense of peace. Bamboo sticks serve as the tubing from which water flows in these kinds of water features. The repetition of water pouring into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main attributes of this sort of fountain.

Glass fountains make up a different category of fountain. A more conventional look is provided by trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. Water features of this type are an excellent option for gardens with many sharp edges along with contemporary forms and design. The water produces a dazzling effect when it runs down the surface of the glass. LED lights are also utilized in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows down on the glass sheet. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water softly cascading down its façade.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with holes and then filled in the center with tubes. In this kind of fountain, water is driven upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. Water then flows as a slow trickle down the sides of the rock to its base. Gardens with limited space are good spots to include this style of fountain. To guarantee that water is not sprayed around if it begins to get windy, this kind of fountain is the best choice since it only uses low pressure to move water.

The trend of installing solar powered fountains is becoming progressively prevalent. The reasons for this are diverse, from the lack of wires and the reduced complexities to the lower power bills and the beneficial effects on our environment. The numerous designs in outdoor solar-run fountains means you will not have to compromise on style.

Contemporary Garden Decor: Outdoor Fountains and their Beginnings

Contemporary Garden Decor: Outdoor Fountains and their Beginnings The dramatic or ornamental effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to providing drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

The main purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional.Contemporary Garden Decor: Outdoor Fountains Beginnings 13916322.jpg Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to supply drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Used until the nineteenth century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity. Acting as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also provided clean, fresh drinking water. The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. To show his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to exalt their positions by adding beautiful baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. The creation of unique water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern fountains are used to adorn community spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

A Wall Water Feature to Suit Your Decor

A Wall Water Feature to Suit Your Decor You can find peace and silence when you add a wall fountain in your garden or patio. You can have one custom-built to suit your specifications even if you have a minimum amount of space. A spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump are necessary for freestanding as well as mounted varieties. There are many different varieties available on the market including traditional, fashionable, classical, or Asian.

With its basin situated on the ground, freestanding wall fountains, or floor fountains, are generally quite big in size.

A stand-alone water feature can either be integrated onto a wall already in existence or built into a wall under construction. This type of fountain adds to a cohesive look making it appear as if it was part of the landscape rather than an added feature.

Outdoor Fountains As Water Elements

Outdoor Fountains As Water Elements The movement of water streaming in or through a large feature is what defines of a water feature. There is an extensive array of such features going from something as simple as a hanging wall fountain or as complex as a courtyard tiered fountain. Known for their adaptability, they can be utilized either inside or outside. Pools and ponds are also considered water features.

Living areas such as extensive yards, yoga studios, comfortable verandas, apartment balconies, or office settings are great spots to add a water feature such as a garden wall fountain. In addition to helping you relax, both sight and sound are enticed by the soothing sounds of a water feature. With their visibly pleasing shape you can also use them to accentuate the style in your home or other living area. You can also have fun watching the beautiful water display, experience the serenity, and avoid any unwanted noises with the soothing sounds of water.

Outdoor Fountains for Compact Areas

Outdoor Fountains for Compact AreasOutdoor Fountains Compact Areas 372037038.jpg Since water is reflective, it has the effect of making a small spot appear larger than it is. In order to attain the optimum reflective properties of a water element or fountain, it is best to use dark materials. When the sun goes down, you can use underwater lights in a variety of colors and shapes to light up your new feature. Sunlight is essential to power eco-lights during the day time while submerged lights are great for night use. Alleviating stress and anxiety with their relaxing sounds are some of the applications in nature medicine.

The greenery in your garden is the perfect place to situate your water feature. Turn your water feature such as a pond, artificial river, or fountain to turn the core piece of your backyard. Examples of spots where you can install a water feature include large lawns or small patios. The most appropriate accessories and the best location for it are important if you want to improve the atmosphere.

Caring For Large Outdoor Fountains

Caring For Large Outdoor Fountains Installing an outdoor wall fountain requires that you take into account the dimensions of the space where you are going to install it.Caring Large Outdoor Fountains 1741060975.jpg In order to hold up its total weight, a solid wall is necessary. So spaces or walls which are smaller in size will most probably require something lightweight. In order to operate the fountain, an electrical plug will need to be nearby. Most outdoor wall fountains include simple, step-by-step instructions according to the type of fountain.

Most outdoor wall fountains are available in "for-dummies" style kits that will provide you everything you need to properly install it. The kit contains a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir. The basin can normally be hidden away among your garden plants if it is not too big. Once fitted, wall fountains typically only need to have some light maintenance and regular cleaning.

Replenish and clean the water on a regular schedule. Rubbish such as twigs, leaves or dirt should be cleared away quickly. Excessively cold temperatures can affect your outdoor wall fountain so be sure to protect it during wintertime. Bring your pump inside when the weather turns very cold and freezes the water so as to prevent any possible damage, like as cracking. Simply put, your outdoor fountain will be a part of your life for many years with the correct care and maintenance.

How Technical Concepts of Fountains Spread

How Technical Concepts of Fountains Spread The published reports and illustrated pamphlets of the time contributed to the advancements of scientific technology, and were the chief means of transmitting practical hydraulic information and fountain suggestions throughout Europe. An unnamed French water feature engineer came to be an globally celebrated hydraulic leader in the later part of the 1500's. By developing gardens and grottoes with integrated and clever water features, he started off his profession in Italy by earning Royal commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. He wrote a publication named “The Principles of Moving Forces” toward the conclusion of his lifetime while in France that turned into the fundamental book on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The publication updated crucial hydraulic advancements since classical antiquity as well as explaining modern day hydraulic technologies. The water screw, a mechanical way to move water, and developed by Archimedes, was showcased in the book.Technical Concepts Fountains Spread 753886927324325.jpg Two hidden vessels warmed by sunlight in an room adjacent to the creative water feature were presented in an illustration. The end result: the water fountain is triggered by the hot liquid expanding and ascending up the piping. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden pond concepts are covered in the text.

Anglo Saxon Gardens at the Time of the Norman Conquest

Anglo Saxon Gardens at the Time of the Norman Conquest The arrival of the Normans in the later half of the eleventh century substantially transformed The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The expertise of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and agriculture at the time of the conquest. But yet there was no time for home life, domestic architecture, and adornment until the Normans had overcome the whole realm.Anglo Saxon Gardens Time Norman Conquest 229299015578271940.jpg Because of this, castles were cruder structures than monasteries: Monasteries were usually significant stone buildings set in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their residents devoted time and space to tasks for offense and defense. The calm method of gardening was unlikely in these dreary bastions. The finest specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. The keep is reported to have been created during the time of William the Conqueror. As a strategy of deterring attackers from tunneling beneath the walls, an immense terrace surrounds the building. A picturesque bowling green, enveloped in grass and bordered by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, forms one of the terraces.

Contemporary Sculpture in Historic Greece

Contemporary Sculpture in Historic GreeceContemporary Sculpture Historic Greece 78055295019297977550.jpg Sculptors ornamented the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the greek gods until the period came to a close and most Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred; at that time, it grew to be more standard for sculptors be paid to portray ordinary individuals as well. Rich families would occasionally commission a rendition of their ancestors for their large familial burial tombs; portraiture additionally became common and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek society. During the years of The Greek Classical period, a time of visual progress, the use of sculpture and other art forms changed, so it is erroneous to say that the arts served merely one purpose. Whether to gratify a visual desire or to rejoice in the figures of religion, Greek sculpture was an imaginative approach in the ancient world, which could be what attracts our interest currently.

The Basics of Herbaceous Garden Plants

The Basics of Herbaceous Garden Plants An Introduction to Container Gardens & Herbal Plants. Herbs are very easy to grow indoors or outdoors and offer near-instant gratification, they are utilized in marinades, sauces, soups and other fantastic meals. Maintaining your herb garden all year is easy to do as you can cultivate the herbal plants in pots and move them in when the weather conditions starts to turn cold. There are a couple of positive aspects of having perennial herbs in your garden such as the fact that they do not need replanting at the end of the year or don't die. Over and above this, you should really give consideration to your personal taste requirements when selecting herbs to flavor dishes. Basil, oregano, and thyme are great herbs to plant if you really enjoy cooking and eating Italian food. If you prefer Latin themed food, you may choose to cultivate cilantro instead. The site of your herb garden will define what herbs can be planted and how long they will survive. It will be simplest to plant straight into the ground if your environment is on the more gentle side, with seasons that are not severe. It is simultaneously an attractive way to landscape your yard and an effortless option because you do not need to construct or buy planters. If you don't want to your plants to die or become dormant after becoming subjected to extreme weather conditions, you can still rely on planters. They are practical and convenient and you can transfer indoors at any time.

Your Outdoor Living Area: A Great Place for a Fountain

Outdoor Living Area: Great  Place Fountain 943289891.jpg Your Outdoor Living Area: A Great Place for a Fountain A great way to enhance the look of your outdoor living area is to add a wall water feature or an exterior garden fountain to your landscaping or garden layout. Historical fountains and water features have sparked the interest of modern-day designers as well as fountain manufacturers. As such, the effect of integrating one of these to your interior decor binds it to past times. The advantage of having a garden fountain extends beyond its beauty as it also appeals to birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it emits into the atmosphere. For instance, irksome flying insects are usually discouraged by the birds attracted to the fountain or birdbath.

Spouting or cascading fountains are not the best option for a small backyard since they need a great deal of space. Either a freestanding fountain with an even back and an attached basin set against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted style which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the options from which you can choose. Make certain to include a fountain mask to an existing wall and a basin to collect the water at the bottom if you want to add a fountain to your living area. Since the plumbing and masonry work is extensive to complete this type of job, you should hire a specialist to do it rather than try to do it alone.

The Father Of Rome's Public Fountain Design And Style There are numerous famous fountains in the city center of Rome.One of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed, conceived and constructed almost all of them.... read more


The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Garden Design Anglo-Saxons experienced incredible changes to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans.The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power.... read more


Contemporary Garden Decor: Outdoor Fountains and their Roots The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complete your home.... read more


Garden Fountains for Tight Spaces The reflective properties of water means it can make small areas look bigger than they are.Water features such as fountains benefit from the reflective characteristics coming from dark materials.... read more


Cultural Statues in Old Greece Most sculptors were paid by the temples to enhance the intricate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods right up until the time period came to a close and countless Greeks started to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred, when it became more typical for sculptors to portray ordinary men and women as well.... read more


Early Water Supply Solutions in Rome Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, started delivering the people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had relied on natural springs up until then.... read more


Garden Water Fountains Defined The definition of a water feature is a big element which has water flowing in or through it.The variety of products available run the gamut from simple suspended wall fountains to intricate courtyard tiered fountains.... read more