The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Gardens

The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Gardens Anglo-Saxons encountered extraordinary changes to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. Still, home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the entire populace. Castles were more fundamental constructions and often built on blustery hills, where their people devoted both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were considerable stone buildings, mostly positioned in the widest, most fertile hollows. The serene method of gardening was impractical in these bleak bastions. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is exemplified in Berkeley Castle, which is most likely the most untouched example we have.Influence Norman Invasion Anglo Saxon Gardens 6006270574735.jpg It is said that the keep was created during William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to assailants intending to excavate under the castle walls. A scenic bowling green, covered in grass and surrounded by battlements clipped out of an ancient yew hedge, makes one of the terraces.

Outdoor Water Features Come in Many Shapes and Sizes

Outdoor Water Features Come in Many Shapes and Sizes Is it possible for you to convert your garden into a haven of peace? Incorporating a fountain into your yard provides tranquility as well as numerous powerful effects that come with having a water feature.

A dramatic impact is made when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water high into the air. If your pond is sufficiently big, it can be incorporated without hassle. You can find these in public parks or old mansions.

Outdoor water features are available in different forms, one of which is a chic wall fountain. These kinds of fountains make excellent water features even if you only have a small garden. Wall fountains are not flashy water features as compared to a spouting fountain. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, runs down a wonderfully textured wall, before being received at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Your garden’s style determines whether a themed fountain is suitable for you. A cherub holding a spout is one of the possible kinds of classical-styled statues you can use if you want your fountain to fit a rustically themed cottage or garden. think about installing something bolder and unique for a contemporary garden. Deciding what to do is completely in your hands.

Water streams down multiple levels in a tiered fountain.Outdoor  Water Features Come Many Shapes Sizes 111339130413448.jpg Water flows down multiple tiers in a cascading fountain.

The space required for an outdoor fountain can be extensive, therefore, a better solution is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. The reservoirs needed for these types of water features are hidden underground which helps you better use your limited space.

Tranquility and well-being are a few of the key sensations imparted by Japanese fountains. In this style of water feature the water runs through bamboo sticks. Water then flows into a bucket or a shaped stone, only to repeat the pattern over and over again.

Fountains made of glass are another type available. Providing a more classical look are trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Water features such as these are best suited to yards with many sharp corners as well as modern forms and designs. As the water flows over the top of the glass it produces a dazzling effect. In some cases, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows over the glass sheets. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain creates an interesting façade as the water softly trickles downwards.

The characteristic which differentiates a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its center. Low pressure is used to push up the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Water then streams as a delicate trickle down the sides of the rock to its base. This type of fountain is perfectly suited for small gardens. Water is moved at low pressure in this type of fountain, so you can rest assured that it will not spray all over should the wind pick up.

Solar fountains have recently gained in popularity because they are powered by sunlight. The reasons for this are diverse, from the absence of wires and the reduced complexities to the decreased power bills and the beneficial impact on our environment. The wide-ranging designs in outdoor solar-powered fountains means you will not have to compromise on style.

The Wide Array of Designs of Wall Fountains

The Wide Array of Designs of Wall FountainsWide Array Designs Wall Fountains 616493873037.jpg Wall fountains are well suited to little patios or gardens because they do not require too much space while also adding a touch of style and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. The multitude of designs in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one best suited to your tastes. While there are countless prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a custom-built fountain if none of these are pleasing to you.

Mounted and free-standing water features are obtainable on the market. You can hang a mounted wall fountain because they are little and self-contained. Typically made of resin (to look like stone) or fiber glass, these types of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Floor fountains are freestanding, large, and also have a basin on the ground as well as a flat side against the wall. Typically made of cast stone, these water features have no weight restrictions.

Landscape professionals often propose a customized fountain for a brand new or existing wall. Placing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work needs a expert mason to do it correctly. A fountain mask or a spout also needs to be incorporated into the wall. The cohesive look produced by customized wall fountains make them appear to be part of the scenery rather than an afterthought.

The Circulation of Garden Water Fountains Industrial Knowledge in Europe

Circulation Garden Water Fountains Industrial Knowledge Europe 3440166488534333238.jpg The Circulation of Garden Water Fountains Industrial Knowledge in Europe Contributing to the advancement of scientific technology were the printed papers and illustrated books of the time. They were also the main method of transmitting useful hydraulic ideas and fountain design suggestions all through Europe. An internationally recognized innovator in hydraulics in the later part of the 1500's was a French water fountain designer, whose name has been lost to history. By developing landscapes and grottoes with integrated and clever water features, he began his profession in Italy by receiving imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. He authored a book titled “The Principles of Moving Forces” towards the end of his lifetime while in France which came to be the basic tome on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Replacing vital hydraulic advancements of classical antiquity, the book also highlights modern hydraulic technologies. As a mechanized method to push water, Archimedes made the water screw, key among vital hydraulic breakthroughs. Sunlight heating water in a pair of vessels unseen in a room adjacent to an decorative water feature was presented in one illustration. The end result: the water feature is activated by the heated liquid expanding and rising up the pipes. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden pond designs are included in the text.

The Original Water Fountain Creative Designers

The Original Water Fountain Creative Designers Water feature designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a innovative legend, Leonardo da Vinci performed as an inventor and scientific expert. With his immense curiosity concerning the forces of nature, he researched the attributes and motion of water and methodically annotated his examinations in his now recognized notebooks. Early Italian water fountain designers altered private villa configurations into ingenious water exhibits full with emblematic meaning and natural beauty by coupling imagination with hydraulic and horticultural talent. The humanist Pirro Ligorio offered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli and was celebrated for his abilities in archeology, architecture and garden concepts. For the assorted estates close to Florence, other water feature developers were well versed in humanistic subjects as well as classical scientific texts, masterminding the incredible water marbles, water highlights and water antics.

A Chronicle of Outdoor Garden Fountains

A Chronicle of Outdoor Garden Fountains Pope Nicholas V, himself a well educated man, ruled the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of ancient classical Greek documents into Latin. In order to make Rome worthy of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope resolved to embellish the beauty of the city.Chronicle Outdoor Garden Fountains 140917853569416.jpg Beginning in 1453, the ruined ancient Roman aqueduct known as the Aqua Vergine which had brought clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away, underwent repair at the behest of the Pope. The ancient Roman custom of building an awe-inspiring commemorative fountain at the point where an aqueduct arrived, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was directed by the Pope to put up a wall fountain where we now find the Trevi Fountain. The Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains located in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona were eventually supplied with water from the altered aqueduct he had reconstructed.

Large Outdoor Water Fountains As Water Features

Large Outdoor Water Fountains As Water Features A water feature is one which is a big element through which water flows.Large Outdoor Water Fountains Water Features 00675905382714925334.jpg There is a wide array of such features ranging something as simple as a suspended wall fountain or as elaborate as a courtyard tiered fountain. The versatility of this feature is practical since it can be situated inside or outdoors. Pools and ponds are also considered water elements.

Consider putting in a water feature such as a garden wall fountain to your ample backyard, yoga studio, cozy patio, apartment balcony, or office building. In addition to helping you unwind, both sight and sound are enticed by the comforting sounds of a water feature. Their visibly pleasing design contributes to the embellishment of any space as well. The sound of water produces contentment, covers up unwelcome noises and also produces an entertaining water show.

An Introduction to Garden Herbs

An Introduction to Garden Herbs Some gardeners are enticed to natural herbs which can effortlessly be grown inside the house and out and are suitable in a wide array of cooking methods. These plants are easy to grow and have the appeal of instant gratification, as they can be used in soups, marinades, and other recipes. Herbs are very easy to manage and often do not demand daily care, but even better you can move these plants inside your home with the pots to assure they are going to be able to survive the winter weather that is liable to be cold and deadly for all plants. If you are thinking of adding perennial herbs to your garden, you are making a good choice because they don't die easily or need replanting after every year goes by. Give consideration to the types of flavors you enjoy cooking with (and eating)when picking out herbs for your garden. It is crucial to plant herbs that you will use. If you love to cook Latin food, you will definitely use cilantro. If you like Italian food, you should choose to plant basil, oregano, and thyme. You must choose where your herb garden will be planted in order to figure out which herbs will mature best. It may be easier to plant right into the soil if you live in a place that has warm winters and colder summers. This makes your back yard look breathtaking without the problem of making or buying planters.Introduction Garden Herbs 677313331111.jpg There is nothing you can do to escape harsh climate conditions that might affect your plants. However, there's hope because planters can be moved indoors whenever there's bad weather outdoors so they are flexible and practical for your herbs.

The Benefits of Installing an Indoor Wall Water Fountain

The Benefits of Installing an Indoor Wall Water FountainBenefits Installing Indoor Wall Water Fountain 2174500474929543469.jpg Your indoor living space can benefit from an indoor wall fountain because it embellishes your home and also lends it a modern feel. These types of fountains reduce noise pollution in your home or office, thereby allowing your loved ones and customers to have a worry-free and tranquil environment. Putting in one of these interior wall water features will also draw the attention and appreciation your staff and clients alike. In order to get a positive reaction from your most difficult critic and enthuse all those around, install an interior water feature to get the job done.

You can relish in the peace and quiet after a long day at work and enjoy watching your favorite program while sitting under your wall fountain. The rewards of an indoor water feature include its ability to emit negative ions with its gentle sounds and clear away dust and pollen from the air while creating a soothing setting.

Discover Serenity with Outdoor Fountains

Discover Serenity with Outdoor FountainsDiscover Serenity Outdoor  Fountains 499371256611533.jpg Simply having water in your garden can have a considerable effect on your well-being. The loud noises in your community can be masked by the soft sounds of a fountain. The outdoors and recreation are two of the things you will find in your garden. Many treatments use water as a healing element, going to places such as the seaside and rivers for their remedies. So if you desire a tiny piece of heaven nearby, a pond or fountain in your own garden is the answer.

The Magic of Wall Water Fountains

The Magic of Wall Water FountainsMagic Wall Water Fountains 96295675157794.jpg Your family and friends will appreciate the charm a wall fountain adds to your decor. In addition to the relaxing background sounds a wall water feature contributes to any living space, it also imparts charm. In order to leave a lasting memory on your friends, share the beauty and delicate sounds of your water feature with them.

A wall fountain can contribute a great deal of elegance, even to today's living areas. Stainless steel or glass are two of the materials used to make modern-day types which add a trendy component to your decor. Does your home or office have a small amount of space? The ideal choice for you is a wall water fountain. Since they are installed on a wall you can save your invaluable real estate for something else. Busy entryways in corporate buildings are often decorated with one of these types of fountains. Inside spaces are not the only places to install a wall fountain, however. Outdoor wall water features can be made of fiberglass or resin. Use water fountains made of these weather-proof materials to liven up your back yard, deck, or other outdoor space.

Wall fountains come in a variety of differing styles covering the modern to the traditional and rustic. The type most appropriate for your living space depends entirely on your personal design ideas. A city dweller’s decoration ideas might call for polished glass whereas a mountaineer might choose a more traditional material such as slate for a mountain lodge. The material you select depends solely on your decor ideas. Fountains are features which no doubt thrill folks who visit your home.

The Many Reasons to Add a Fountain

The Many Reasons to Add a Fountain The area outside your home can be polished up by adding a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project. A myriad of current designers and fountain artisans have found inspiration in the fountains and water features of the past. As such, the effect of adding one of these to your interior decor bridges it to past times. The water and moisture garden fountains release into the atmosphere draws birds and other creatures, and also balances the ecosystem, all of which contribute to the benefits of including one of these beautiful water features. For example, birds lured by a fountain or birdbath can be useful because they fend off irritating flying insects.

The space required for a cascading or spouting fountain is substantial, so a wall fountain is the ideal size for a small yard. You can choose to set up a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an connected basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and suspended from a wall. Make certain to include a fountain mask to an existing wall and a basin to collect the water at the bottom if you wish to put in a fountain to your living area.Many Reasons Add Fountain 39778683771343344842.jpg It is best not to attempt this job yourself as professional plumbers and masons are best suited to do this kind of work.

Bernini’s Very First Italian Water Fountains

Bernini’s Very First Italian Water Fountains One can see Bernini's earliest masterpiece, the Barcaccia fountain, at the foot of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. Roman locals and site seers who appreciate conversation as well as being the company of others still flood this spot. Today, the city streets around Bernini's water fountain are a trendy place where people go to gather, something which the artist would have been pleased to learn. Dating back to around 1630, Pope Urbano VIII mandated what was to be the earliest fountain of the master's career. A large vessel slowly sinking into the Mediterranean is the fountain's main theme. According to 16th century texts, a great flood of the Tevere covered the entire area in water, an event which was memorialized by the tremendous fountain. In 1665 Bernini journeyed to France, in what was to be his only prolonged absence from Italy.

Can Landscape Fountains Help Detoxify The Air?

Can Landscape Fountains Help Detoxify The Air? You can animate your living area by putting in an indoor wall fountain. Your eyes, your ears and your health can be favorably impacted by including this kind of indoor feature in your house.Can Landscape Fountains Help Detoxify Air? 616493873037.jpg Scientific research supports the theory that water fountains are good for you. The negative ions produced by water features are countered by the positive ions emitted by today’s conveniences. Positive changes to both your mental and physical health take place when the negative ions are overpowered by the positive ions. You can become more alert, calm and lively due to an increase in the serotonin levels resulting from these types of features. Indoor wall fountains {generate negative ions which serve to elevate your mood and eliminate air pollutants. They also help to eliminate allergies, pollutants as well as other types of irritants. Finally, these fountains absorb dust particles and micro-organisms in the air thereby affecting your general well-being for the better.

Keeping Your Water Wall Fountain Tidy

Keeping Your Water Wall Fountain Tidy Water fountains will keep working a very long time with routine cleaning and maintenance. A common problem with fountains is that they tend to collect dirt and debris, so it is essential that you keep it free from this. Another factor is that water that is exposed to sunlight is prone to growing algae.Keeping Water Wall Fountain Tidy 8887619052404958.jpg In order to prevent this, there are some simple ingredients that can be mixed into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. Another option is to mix bleach into the water, but this action can hurt wild animals and so should really be avoided.

Experts suggest that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough scrubbing every 3-4 months. Before cleaning, all the water must be taken out. When you have done this, scrub inside the water reservoir with a mild detergent. If there is detailed artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas. Any soap residue that remains on your fountain can harm it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

It is highly advised taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and get rid of any plankton or calcium. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it quicker to scrub. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain components that will build up inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain every day and add water if you notice that the level is low. Allowing the water level to get too low can result in damage to the pump - and you certainly don't want that!

A Smaller Garden Space? You Can Have a Water Feature too!

A Smaller Garden Space? You Can Have a Water Feature too! You can make your space look bigger due to the reflective effect of water. In order to generate the maximum reflective properties of a water feature or fountain, it is best to use dark materials. Night time is a great occasion to draw attention to the illuminated, colored underwater lights in your new water feature. Solar powered eco-lights are excellent during the day and submerged lights are perfect for nighttime use. Alleviating stress and anxiety with their calming sounds are some of the applications in nature medicine.

Your backyard vegetation is a fantastic place to blend in your water feature.Smaller Garden Space? Can Water Feature too! 752142340320398449.jpg Ponds, man-made rivers, or fountains are just some of the ways you can you can make it become the central feature on your property. Water features make great additions to both large gardens or small patios. The ambience can be significantly modified by placing it in the best place and using the right accessories.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Water Features

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Water FeaturesGian Lorenzo Bernini's  Water Features 82072040255.jpg There are many renowned water features in Rome’s city center. Pretty much all of them were planned, designed and constructed by one of the finest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Traces of his life's efforts are evident all through the roads of Rome simply because, in addition to his abilities as a fountain creator, he was additionally a city builder. Ultimately travelling to Rome to completely reveal their artwork, chiefly in the shape of public water fountains, Bernini’s father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son. The young Bernini received praise from Popes and relevant artists alike, and was an diligent employee. At the start he was celebrated for his sculptural expertise. He made use of his expertise and melded it effortlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. He was influenced by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest impact on his work.

The Public Water Features

The Public Water FeaturesPublic Water Features 045959373527933061.jpg Water fountains were initially practical in function, used to bring water from canals or creeks to towns and hamlets, providing the residents with clean water to drink, bathe, and cook with. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a technology without equal until the late nineteenth century. Fountains throughout history have been developed as memorials, impressing local citizens and visitors alike. The common fountains of modern times bear little resemblance to the first water fountains. Crafted for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the 1st fountains were basic carved stone basins. 2000 BC is when the earliest known stone fountain basins were used. The jet of water emerging from small spouts was pushed by gravity, the lone power source creators had in those days. The location of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along reservoirs, canals, or rivers. The people of Rome began building elaborate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were metallic or stone masks of creatures and mythological representations. A well-designed system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Origins Of Wall Fountains

The Origins Of Wall Fountains The dramatic or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, as well as delivering drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

Pure practicality was the original purpose of fountains. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs in the vicinity. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity. Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to adorn homes and celebrate the artist who created it. The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes.Origins Wall Fountains 32920674516832863.jpg During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. To show his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains made to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity enabled fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Contemporary fountains are used to adorn public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

Early Crete & The Minoans: Garden Fountains

Early Crete & Minoans: Garden Fountains 112239916963495960.jpg Early Crete & The Minoans: Garden Fountains Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have uncovered varied types of channels. These supplied water and removed it, including water from waste and storms. Rock and clay were the ingredients of choice for these channels. When manufactured from terracotta, they were typically in the format of canals and round or rectangle-shaped piping. These incorporated cone-like and U-shaped terracotta piping that were exclusive to the Minoans. Terracotta pipelines were installed below the floors at Knossos Palace and utilized to move water. These Minoan pipes were also utilized for gathering and stocking water, not just distribution. These clay pipes were required to perform: Underground Water Transportation: the obscure process for water distribution could possibly have been chosen to furnish water to certain people or functions. Quality Water Transportation: The pipelines could furthermore have been utilized to carry water to fountains that were distinct from the city’s normal system.
What Are Landscape Fountains Crafted From? Garden fountains these days are typically made from metal, though you can find them in other materials too.Metallic ones offer clean lines and unique sculptural accents and can accommodate nearly any decorative style and budget.... read more


The Use of Wall Fountains As Water Features The movement of water streaming in or through a large feature is what identifies of a water feature.There is an extensive array of such features ranging something as simple as a suspended wall fountain or as elaborate as a courtyard tiered fountain.... read more


The Source of Modern Day Outdoor Garden Fountains The translation of hundreds of ancient Greek texts into Latin was commissioned by the learned Pope Nicholas V who led the Church in Rome from 1397 until 1455.... read more


Landscape Fountains As Water Features The motion of water flowing in or through a large feature is what defines of a water feature.A simple suspended fountain or an intricate courtyard tiered fountain are just two examples from the broad range of articles available.... read more


The Grace of Simple Garden Decor: The Water Wall Fountain Since garden water fountains are no longer dependent on a nearby pond, it is possible to install them close to a wall.Digging, installing and cleaning a nearby pond are no longer a necessity.... read more


The Godfather Of Roman Outdoor Fountains In Rome’s city center, there are countless easily recognized fountains.Nearly all of them were designed, architected and built by one of the finest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini.... read more